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THE RESIDENCE OF JOHN WARD, Esq. FORMERLY OF THE LATE Right Hon.
Mr. S. Young's comfortable little inn, the main road runs to Westerham. We the Cross at Keston, or Keston Mark, is kept along to the entrance gate of Holmentioned before as being at the north-east wiod, which we passed, having the park corner of the grounds belonging to Hol- palings on our left, till we came to a well wood. My friend W-- and I, on a in the road, which derives its water from second visit to Mr. Young's house, went springs within Holwood, and stands on a from thence, for the purpose of seeing the swell of meadow land, called “the War church and village of Keston, through which Bank.” Further on, and out of the road
to the right, lies the village of Keston, a few eminence, commanding (without the view houses embowered in a dell of trees; with of water) one of the most agreeable pro. a stone church, which did not seem to spects in this country, or perhaps in this have been built more than a couple of kingdom. centuries. A peep through the windows The house is a very small, old, plastered satisfied us that there was nothing worth brick building ; but being on the edge of a looking at within. We had heard of stone celebrated fox-hunting country, it was for. coffins having been found at the bottom of merly the residence of various gentlemen the War Bank, and we returned to that who hunted with the old duke of Grafton. spot; where, though the ground had been It afterwards came into the hands of the ploughed and was in pasture, we met with late Mr. Calcraft, the agent; and, small as much stone rubbish in the soil, and some it is, was used as a house of rendezvous by large pieces loose on the surface and in the the heads of the great party at that time, ditches of the hedge. These appearances where they privately formed their schemes indicated a former structure there; and an of parliamentary maneuvre, and partook old labourer, whom we fell in with, told us of Mr. Calcraft and Mrs. Bellamy's elegant that when he was a boy, his grandfather entertainment. used to talk of “ Keston old church” having From Mr. Calcraft it came into the hands stood in that spot, but becoming decayed, of the Burrell family; by them it was sold it was pulled down, and the church rebuilt to captain Ross, and was purchased of him in its present situation, with the materials by Burrow, Esq., (nephew of the late of the ancient edifice. If this information sir James Burrow,) who stuccoed the house, was correct, the coffins which were dis- added greatly to the grounds by various covered in that spot were more likely to purchases, grubbed and converted consihave been deposited there in ordinary burial, derable woods into beautiful pasture and than to have contained, as most of the pieces of water, and planted 'those' ornacountry people suppose, the bodies of per- mental shrubberies, which have rendered sons slain in battle on the War Bank. it so delightful and so justly admired a Besides, if that mound derives its name, as spot. tradition reports, from a conflict there be
Randall, Esq., ' an eminent shiptween the Romans and the ancient Britons, builder, purchased it of Mr. Burrow, and it must be remembered that our rude ab- he has since sold it to the right hon. Wiloriginal ancestors were unaccustomed to liam Pitt, à native of (Hayes) the adjoining that mode of sepulture, and that Cæsar had parish. work of more consequence to employ his Holwood is fourteen miles distant from soldiers on than such laborious construc- London, in the parish of Keston, Kent; tions for the interment of his officers. One which parish evidently, either by Latin or of these coffins is at Mr. Smith's, near the Saxon derivation, takes its name from the well-head on the War Bank, and another camp, commonly called Julius Cæsar's is at iady Farnaby's, at Wickham Court. Camp; on the south entrenchment of which
The little village of Keston is, of itself, Mr. Pitt's house stands, and some part of nothing; but, looking over it from the road the pleasure-ground is within the same. towards the weald of Kent, and particularly This celebrated camp, till within these Surrey, there is a sweeping view of hill twenty years, was tolerably perfect: it conand dale, arable and pasture, intersected
sisted of a circular double, and in some with woodlands. Its name is said to have places treble entrenchment, enclosing about been derived from Cæsar's (pronounced twenty-nine acres of land; into which there Kæsar's) town; but it is quite as likely to appeared to have been no original entrance have been a corruption of “ castrum," a but by the opening to the north-west, which fortress or citadel. There is little doubt descends to the spring called “ Cæsar's that the Romans maintained a military Spring.” This spring has long been conposition on the heights adjoining Keston verted into a most useful public cold bath; for a considerable time. The site they a dressing-house is built on the brink of it; held was afterwards occupied by the late it is ornamented with beautiful trees, and, right honourable William Pitt; and respect from its romantic situation, forms a most ing it, there was published in the year 1792 pleasing scene. the following
However antiquarians (from the variety
of fragments, coins, &c. discovered or ACCOUNT or HOLWOOD.
ploughed up in the neighbourhood) may Holwood-hill, at present the seat of the have been induced to differ in conjecture right hon. Willam Pitt, is a most beautiful as to the person who framed it, they all
agree that this camp was originally a hours was planting; which, as he pursued sưong and considerable Roman station, it only as opportunity enabled him, was though not of the larger sort; but rather withont system of purchase or order of from its commanding situation, and short arrangement, and consequently very expendistance from the Thames, a camp of obser- sive. After his death Holwood successively vation, or castra æstiva. At the same time, devolved into different hands, and the rethere is great reason to suppose it to have sidence and grounds were variously altered. been since possessed by other invaders. At length the estate was purchased by John
The beautiful common of Keston to the Ward, Esq. a merchant of London, who south-west of the camp, from its charming pulled down the house, and erected the turf, shade, and views, has long been the present edifice from a design by Mr. Burton, promenade of the neighbouring company; under whose direction the work was comand parties of gentry from even so far as pleted in the spring of 1827. Its exterior Greenwich, have long been accustomed to is chaste, and the interior commodious and retire with music and provision to spend in elegantly laid out. It stands on the suiminit this delightful spot the sultry summer's day, of a noble ascent, well defended from addrinking at Cæsar's Fountain, and making verse winds by full-grown trees and young the stupendous Roman bulwarks resound plantations. From the back front, a fine with the strains of instruments and the voice sweep of lawn descends into a wide spreadof social glee.
ing valley; and the high and distant woodThe above is some account of the coun lands of Knole, Seven Vaks, Tunbridge, try-seat of Mr. Pitt; but as an inhabitant and the hills of Sussex, forin an extensive of the capital may be desirous of knowing amphitheatre of forest scenery and downs, what works of taste, or of neighbouring as far as the eye can reach. The home utility, may have engaged the retirement of grounds are so disposed, that the domain our illustrious prime minister, the follow seems to include the whole of the rich and ing are the few improvements Holwood beautiful country around. has yet undergone.
In the rear of Holwood Mr. Ward is Whether from a natural antipathy to the forming a vineyard, which, if conducted animal, or from too much of “ Fox” in with the judgment and circumspection that other places, certain it is, the first order that mark the commencement, may prove that was issued, was for the utter destruction of the climate of England is suited to the open the “ fox earth,” being a lodgement in one culture of the grape. Mr. Ward has imside of the bulwarks, which the sagacious ported ten sorts of vines, five black and Reynards are supposed to have been in five white, from different parts of the Rhine quiet possession of ever since the Roman and Burgundy. They are planted on a abdication.
slope towards the S.S.E. Difficulties and The house standing on a high hill, the partial failures are to be expected in the gentlemen who have hitherto lived in it, outset of the experiment, and are to be judging “ not much good was to be had overcome, in its progress, by enlarged exfrom the North," had defended it on that perience and information respecting the quarter by large plantations of evergreens; treatment of the plants in foreign countries. but the present possessor has cut down That the vine flourished here several centhese plantations, and seems determined turies ago can be proved historically. There "to be open to every thing that comes from is likewise evidence of it in the old names that delightful region.”
of places still existing. For instance, in The house itself has undergone no other London, there is “ Vineyard-gardens," alteration than the addition of a small Clerkenwell; and in Kent, there is a field eating-room covered with pantiles, and a near Rochester cathedral, which has been curious new-invented variegated stucco, immemorially called “the Vines.” Many with which the whole has been done over : examples of this nature might be adduced. this stucco has now stood several winters, But far stronger than presumptive testiand only requires to be a little more known mony is the fact, that, in some parts of the to be universally adopted."
weald of Kent, the vine grows wild in the
hedges; a friend assures me of this from While Holwood was in the occupation of his own knowledge, he having often assisted Mr. Pitt he there seemed to enjoy the short when a boy in rooting up the wild vine on cessations he could obtain from official his father's land. duty. His chief delight in these spare decisive and extensive. Besides the erection
Mr. Ward's alterations at Holwood are European Magazine, Dec. 1792.
of a new and spacious residence, instead
of the old one, which was small and in It appears that he continued to reside at convenient, and ill suited to the com- Eyam after his ejectment, and the tradition manding character and extent of the of the place at this day is, that he was supgrounds, he has greatly improved them; ported by the voluntary contributions of and perfected a stately approach to the two-thirds of the inhabitants ; this may
Immediately within the great have been the cause of some jealousy in entrance gates, from Keston Common, is the those who might have been satisfied with elegant lodge represented by the engraving. his removal from the living. For the purpose of making the drawing, we His comparative disinterestedness, with obtained seats just within the gates. While other circumstances worthy of notice, are W. sketched it the silence was unbroken, recorded by his friend and fellow-sufferer save by the gentle rustle of the leaves in Bagshaw, usually called “the Apostle of the warm afternoon air of summer, and the the Peak ;" he concludes a most interesting notes of the small birds preparing for their account of Mr. Stanley in these words :vesper song; the rabbits were scudding “When he could not serve his people pubfrom their burrows across the avenue, and lickly, some (yet alive) will testifie, how the sun poured glowing beams from be- helpful he was to 'em in private; especially tween the branches of the magnificent trees, when the sickness (by way of eminency so and dressed the varied foliage in a thousand called, I mean the Pestilence) prevailed in beauteous liveries
that town, he continuing with 'em, when,
as it is written, 259 persons of ripe age, Circumstances prevent this article from and 58 children were cut off thereby concluding, as had been purposed, with When some, who might have been better notices of Holwood-hill as a Roman en- employed, moved the then noble earl of campment, and of “ Cæsar's Spring,” in Devonshire, lord lieutenant, to remove him the declivity, beneath the gates of Holwood out of the town; I am told by the credible, on Keston Common. Ån engraving of that he said, “ It was more reasonable that that ancient bourne, which Julius Cæsar is the whole country should, in more than said to have himself discovered nearly two words, testify their thankfulness to him, thousand years ago, and thither directed
who, together with his care of the town, had his legions to slake their thirst, will pre- taken such care as no one else did, to precede the remaining particulars in another
vent the infection of the towns adjacent.'” sheet.
Mr. Stanley died at Eyam 24th August, and was buried there on the 26th following, 1670.
I have thus extracted what, as an act of justice, ought to have been published long
since, and which, indeed, ought to accomTHE PLAGUE AT EYAM, pany every memorial of the plague at AND THE REV. THOMAS STANLEY. Eyam: though I scarcely regret that it has
waited for the extensive circulation the To the Editor.
Table Book must give to it-if it is so for
tunate as to be considered a communication Sir,—The publication of the paper, en to your purpose. My authority is, “ De titled “Catherine Mompesson's Tomb,” on Spiritualibus Pecci.
Notes (or Notices) “ The Desolation of 'Eyam, and other concerning the Work of God, and some of Poems, by William and Mary Howitt,” at those who have been workers together with p. 482 of the Table Book, gives me an God in the High Peak of Derbyshire," &c. opportunity, with your good offices, of 12mo. 1702. (Sheffield.) rescuing from a degree of oblivion the Some farther account of Stanley may be name and merits of an individual, who has seen in Calamy's “ Nonconformist's Me. unaccountably been almost generally over- morial," and Hunter's “ History of Hallamlooked, but who ought, at least, to be shire,” but both follow Bagshaw. equally identified in any notice of the I exceedingly regret that “ William and “ Plague at Eyam” with Mr. Mompesson Mary Howitt" were unacquainted with Mr. himself.
Stanley's services at Eyam. The Rev. Thomas Stanley was instituted
I am, sir, to the rectory of Eyam by the ruling powers in 1644, which he held till the
Your obedient and humble servant, * Act of Uniformity," in 1662, threw him out.
Nov. 9, 1827.
For the Table Book.
His face grew wan and bloodless-his eyes stood
Fix'd, and glazed-he stiffen'd, and he fell-
And o'er his prostrate body sunk his victiin!
I still pursued the conqueror with my eye
The earth grew desart as he rode alongAnd I saw, and beheld a white horse: and he that sat
The son turn'd bloody in the stagnant airon him had a bow; and a crown was given unto The universe itself was one vast ruin him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer. Then, stopp'd the Fiend. By him all mortal things
Revelations, vi. 2.
Had been destroyed ; yet was he unsated;
And his vengeful eyes still fash'd destruction.In nightly vision, on my bed, I saw
Thus, alone, he stood ; and reign'd-scle monarchA form unearthly, on a pale horse sat,
All supreme- THE KING OF DESOLATION ! Riding triumphant o'er a prostrate world.
Oct. 14, 1827.
O. N. Y.
ANCIENTS AND MODERNS.
THUNDER-LIGHTNING-AURORA BOREAHe passed by a city, whose huge walls,
LIS EARTHQUAKES And towers, and battlements, and palaces,
FLOWING OF THE SEA-THE LOADSTONE Cover'd the plain, aspiring to the skies : As he pass'd, he smil'd-and straight it fell
AND AMBER-ELECTRICITY-RIVERS. Wall, tower, and battlement, and glittering spire,
Some of the moderns have assigned Palace, and prison, crumbling into dust;
the cause of Thunder to inflamed exhalaAnd nought of this fair city did remain, But one large heap of wild, confused ruin.
tions, rending the clouds wherein they are The rivers ceas'd to flow, and stood congeal'd.
confined ; others, to the shock between two The sea did cease its roaring, and its wayes
or more clouds, when those that are higher Lay still upon the shore-
and more condensed fall upon those that No tide did ebb or flow, but all was bound
are lower, with so much force as suddenly In a calm, leaden slumber. The proud ships, to expel the intermediate air, which vigorWhich hitherto had travers'd o'er the deep,
ously expanding itself, in order to occupy Were now becalmned with this dead'ning stillness :-
its former space, puts all the exterior air in The sails hong motionless-straight sunk the mast commotion, producing those reiterated claps O'er the huge bulwarks, and the yielding planks which we call thunder. This is the exDropt silently into the noiseless deep :
planation of Descartes, and had but few No ripple on the wave was left to show
followers; the former had more, being that Where, erst, the ship had stood, but all was blank
of the Newtonians. For a third theory, And motionless.
which makes the matter productive of thunBirds in the air, upon the joyons wiog,
der the same with that of electricity, its Fell, lifeless, as the shadowy monster pass'd :
author, Dr. Franklin, is in no part indebted And hostile armies, drawn in warlike lines,
to the ancients. Ceas'd their tumultuous conflict in his sight
The notion of Descartes entirely belongs Conqueror and conquer'd yielding 'neath the power Of the unknown destroyer ! Nations fell ;
to Aristotle, who says, that “ thunder is And thrones, and principalities, and powers.
caused by a dry exhalation, which, falling Kings, with their glittring crowns, lay on the earth,
upon a humid cloud, and violently endeaAnd at their sides, their menials.
vouring to force a passage for itself, proBeauty and beggary together lay;
duces the peals which we hear.” AnaxaYouth, innocence, and age, and crime, together.
goras refers it to the same cause. I saw a murderer, in a darksome wood,
All the other passages, which occur in Wielding a dagger o'er a beauteous bosom,
such abundance among the ancients, reThreat'ning quick destruction to his victim :
specting thunder, contain in them the rea. The shadow pasu'd--the leaves grew sere and dropp'd– sonings of the Newtonians, sometimes comThe forest crumbled into ashes, and
bining the notions of Descartes, The steel dissolv'd within th' assassin's hand
Leucippus, and the Eleatic sect, held