Beyond Left and Right: The Future of Radical Politics
Stanford University Press, 1994 - 276 էջ
How should one understand the nature and possibilities of political radicalism today? The political radical is normally thought of as someone who stands on the left, opposing backward-looking conservatism. In the present day, however, the left has turned defensive, while the right has become radical, advocating the free play of market forces no matter what obstacles of tradition or custom stand in their way. What explains such a curious twist of perspective? In answering this question, Giddens develops a new framework for radical politics, drawing on what he calls "philosophic conservatism, " but applying this outlook in the service of values normally associated with the left. The ecological crisis is at the core of this analysis, but is understood by Giddens in an unconventional way - as a response to a world in which modernity has run up against its limits as a social and moral order. The end of nature, as an entity existing independently of human intervention, and the end of tradition, combined with the impact of globalization, are the forces which now have to be confronted, made use of and coped with. This book provides a powerful interpretation of the rise of fundamentalism, of democracy, the persistence of gender divisions and the question of a normative political theory of violence. It will be essential reading for anyone seeking a novel approach to the political challenges we face at the turn of the twenty-first century.
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active trust affluent Anthony Giddens areas argue authority autonomy basic become capitalism capitalist changes concerns connection conservative context cosmopolitan countries cracy create critique cultural deep ecology deliberative democracy democratic depends detraditionalization dialogic democracy domain ecological effects environment environmental ethical example force forms fundamentalism gender global green political high-consequence risks human Human Genome Project idea important individuals industrialized inequalities influence issues less liberal democracy lifestyle lives longer male manufactured risk manufactured uncertainty Marilyn French Marx means moral nation-state nature neoconservatism neoliberals Old Conservatism orthodox patriarchy philosophic conservatism positive welfare post-scarcity post-traditional poverty problems processes production productivism programmes question radical politics reflexive modernization relation revolution self-help groups sense sexual situation social order social reflexivity social solidarity socialist sphere tend theory thought tion tradition Ulrich Beck underclass utopian values violence welfare institutions welfare systems wider women