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tude to you. Nor is it in my power to reward IC YOUNGMEN AND BOYS.-The Summer Ses

HESTERFIELD SCHOOL FOR you. I hope pone of you will ever require such

sion of this Institution will commence the 18th of 5th a favor in kind as what you have bestowed on

mo. 1857, and continue twenty weeks. me. My name is T. C. Taylor. I reside in

Terms.-$70 per session, one half payable in West Winfield, Herkimer Co. N. Y. I was on advance, ihe other in the middle of the term. my return bome froin the West. A little before No extra charges. For further particulars address, 12 o'clock to-day I went down the stairs by the

HENRY W. RIDGWAY,

Crosswicks P. O., Burlington Co., N. J. mill above the bridge, to see how the machinery that turns the mill here was constructed. I TLDRIDGE'S HILL BOARDING SCHOOL.- The

E. lost my foothold at the edge of the rapids, and

next Term of this Institution will connence on was carried with great velocity in the water, the 18th of 5th month next and continue 20 weeks.

Scholars of both sexes will be received during the when suddenly I found myself on the rock where

coming Term. you found me. While there I saw the crowd Allibe branches of a liberal English education are gather on the bridge, but until I saw the ladder, thoroughly taught in this institution ; also the elements I had not the slightest hope that I could be of the Latin and French languages. rescued.

Terms $70 per session. To those studying Latin or French an additional charge will be made oi $3 for

each language. The attention of a little girl baving been called sical and Mathematical Books and Instruments.

No other extra charges except for the use of Clas. to a rose bush, on whose topmost stem the oldest A daily Stage passes the door to and from Philadelrose was fading, wbile below and around it three phia, beautiful crimson buds were just unfolding their

For further particulars address the Piincipal for a

Circular. charms, she at once and art lessly exclaimed to

ALLEN FLITCRAFT, her brother: “See, Willie, these little buds have

Eldridge's Hill, Salem County, N. J. just awakened in time to kiss their mother before she dies!"

REEN LAWN BOARDING SCHOOL FOR

GIRLS, bear Unionville, Chester County, Pa.

The summer session of this school will commence on PHILADELPHIA MARKETS.

the fourth of Firth month next, and continue twenty FLOUR AND MEAL.—The Flour market is firm. weeks. The course of instruction, by competent Sales of good brands at about $600. Sales ot better female teachers, will be extensive in all the usual brands for home consumption at $600 a 6 25, and branches comprising a thorough English Education, extra and fancy brands al $6_25 a 730. There is Drawing included. Terms tilly-five dollars per session, very liitle export demand. Rye Flour is pheid at one hali in advance. Fancy needlework at an extra $4 00 per barrel. Last sales of Corn Megl at $3 12 charge of three dollars. The use of all Class Book“,

Globes, Maps, Planisphere, Physiological Charts, Per's Grain.- Wheat is dull, but prices are steady. and Ink, tuo dollars per session. Those wishing to Sales of prime Pennsylvania red are making at $1 45 enter will please give their names as early as possible. a $1 46, and $1 55 a 1 62 for good white. Rye For circulars address the Principal, Unionville Post is steady; sales of Penna. at 80 a 82c. Corn is in Office.

EDITH B. CHALFANT. fair request, at 68c for new yellow afloat, and white 3mo . 28. 3t.

Principal. at 67c. Oats are scarce; sales of Pennsylvania at 50c per bushel. Last sales of Barley Malt at $2.

ONDON GROVE BOARDING SCHOOL FOR L

commence the Summer session of this Institution on RIENDS having business communications or

Lectures will be visiting in the vicinity of Cecil Monthly Meet the Ist 20 day in ihe 5th mo. next.

Also, ing, a branch of Southeyn Quarter, may reach that delivered on various subjects, by the teacber. section cheaply, pleasantly and expeditiously, by

on Anatomy and Physiology, by a medical practitiontaking a ticket by cars from Philadelphia at 1 o'clock er; the former illustrated by appropriate apparatus ; P. M., to Sassafras river, on 3rd, 5th and 7th days. the latter by plates adapted to the purpose. Fare to Sassafras River $1 50. Conveyance to be had

TERMS; 65 dollars for 20 weeks. No extra charge of RICHARD Turner, at Beiterton Landing on Sassa- except for the Latin language, which will be 5 dollars. fras River, to any part of the neighborhood.

For Circulars, including relerences, and further particulars, address

BENJAMIN SWAYNE, Principal, been in successful operation for the last 20 ycars,

London Grove P. O., Chester co.,

Pa. as a day school, will now receive six or eight female

3d mo. 14, 1857.
pupils, (girls under 13 years of age prelerred,) as DYBERRY BOARDING SCHOOL FOR GIRLS.
boarders in the family. Attention will be paid to The fourth session of this school, taught by JANE
health, morals, &c. They will be desired to attend Hillborn and Sisters, will commence on the 1st Second
Friends' Meeting on First days, accompanied by one day in the Fifth month, and continue twenty weeks.
of their teachers, also mid-week Meetings if required The usual branches ot a liberal English Education will
by parents or guardians. Terms $35 00 per quarter be taught.
of twelve weeks, (one-half payable in advance) in- TERMS: $60 per session, one half payalle in ad-
cluding board, washing, &c. For further particulars vance, the other half at the end of the term. For
enquire of

LETITIA MURPHY, Principal.
SARAH C. WALKER, Assistant.

Circulars, containing particulars, address,

JANE HILLBORN, Byberry P. O., Pa.
No. 158, Main st., Franklord Pa.

3d mo. 14, 1857.-8.
N. B. Plain and fancy needle-work taught.
3d mo., 21st, 1857,-41.pd.

Merrihew & Thompson, l'rs., Lodge St., North side Penna. Bank.

per bbl.

FRIEND

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PREFACE TO THE READER.

Every unsanctified pretender to preach the EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS.

gospel of Christ, deserves to have his mouth PUBLISHED BY WM. W. MOORE, stopt with that upanswerable query of our blessed No. 100 South Fifth Street,

Saviour to the Pharisees of old; ..O generation PINILADELPHIA.

of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, pay. things ? for out of the abundance of the heart

nie in urunre. Three copies sent to one address for the mouth speaketh.” Mat. xii. 31.
Fire Dollars.
tool madjetions must be addressed to the Publisher,

A practice of this nature abounds with the pul expense, to whom afl payments are to be made.'' grossest of absurdities, and stands emphatically

exploded, even in the time of the Mosaicddeck in acciant of the lije, travels, and Christian ex- Law, by the Royal Psalmist, in these words : periences in the work of the ministry of Sam uel “Unto the wicked God saith, what hast thou to do Bounn3.

to declare my statutes, or that thou shouldst take

my convenant in thy mouth ?” The following sheets exhibit to thy perusal a But alas ! self-interest prompts men to turn a plain man's plain and undisguised account of his deaf ear even to the most divine expostulations, own progress in religion : an artless narrative of (and unboly persons will, in despite of the most his sincere and hearty endeavours, as much express prohibitions, continue to intrude themas in him lay, to promote the doctrine of the selves beyond their bounds; and will be still gospel of Christ in the earth.

busying and employing themselves about external The motives inducing him to undertake the circumstances and ceremonies, while the life, office of a preacher, appear to have been perfectly spirit and substance of true religion is placed consonant to the precepts of holy writ, and to above their reach, and unattainable by them, the practice of Christ and his apostles, viz. until it shall please God, in the exceeding riches

Ist. A clear, cogent and convincing evidence of his grace, to cleanse their hearts from all unof a divine call, and heavenly impulse thereunto. righteousness; of which conversion we heartily

2dly. An indispensable sense of his duty neces- wish for a nearer prospect than we can discern sarily obliging him to yield obedience to that at present. call, and

We now return to the author of the ensuing 3dly

. The sweet returns of inward peace and narrative, who was another sort of preacher; a divine consolations accompanying his obedience free giver of what he himself had received, a therein, did greatly conduce to his confirmation liberal and open-hearted communicator of his and perseverance in the way of his duty. religious experiences un to all other men, without

To the performance of which he found himself respect of persons. measurably prepared and qualified; for his own He directed all the sheep of Christ to follow the experience of the love of God, and of the opera- voice of Christ himself, the good shepherd, whose tions of his holy spirit, in gradually purging out omnipresence renders his voice audible to every the corruptions of his own heart, did excite and one of his sheep, however separate or dispersed augment in him a Christian love to his fellow throughout the world. creatures, attended with an ardency of zeal, and His conversation was free, generous and affable; au incessant desire, for their conversion. neither did he shun the society of those whoni

An inward purgation from sin is so necessary, he was sent to convert; his mission being someand so essential a qualification of a gospel minister, what correspondent to that of his Lord and that no man can be such without it;

Master, who declared concerning himself: I am Nor doth God send any unclean' messengers pot come to call the righteous, but sinners to on his errand:

repentance. Mat. ix. 13. It being the constant method of his divine He was of a grave deportment, and of a tall, wisdom, under this gospel dispensation, through comely and manly aspect : his public preaching the purging of his holy spirit, to cleanse and was attended with such a divine authority and purify the inside of every vessel, which he majestic innocence, as commanded the attention permits to be made use of in the service of his of his hearers; and his voice being clear, strong sanctuary. Wherefore,

and distinct, was capable of conveying his profit.

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able exhortations to the ears and understandings leaving behind him this account of his life and of a very numerous auditory; of which a re- travels, be in some degree answered, and the markable instance appears in his preaching at prefixer of this Preface shall have the end he Jedburg in Scotland, mentioned in pages 46, 47, aims at, who with sincere desires for the saving of his account.

health and welfare of thee and all mankind, His literal accomplishments were but small, takes his leave, and bids thee heartily farewell. extending little farther than to enable him to

J. BESSE. read the Scriptures in his mother tongue; yet by constant use and application, he became AN ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE AND TRAVELS OF thoroughly versed therein, and enabled by the

SAMUEL BOWNAS. force of their testimony, to confront and confute I was born in Westmoreland, within the com. the gain-sayers of his doctrine, which was in all pass of great Strickland Monthly-mecting, about points strictly agreeable to, and consonant there. the year 1676, and was entered in that register; with.

and my father dying before I was one month In the religious society to which he was joined, old, I never knew him, but I bave been informed, he conducted himself as a man of peace and that he was very honest and zealous for truth in prudence, choosing to walk in the plain and his time, having been a considerable sufferer middle path, without declining to any extreme; for the cause of religion, both in loss of goods 80 that he neither idolized forms, nor contemued and liberty, the meeting being kept in his house good order.

in some of the hottest time of persecution in His estimation and repute among his friends King Charles the Second's reign. Being left and neighbors may appear by the testimony of so young, and my mother having but a scanty the Monthly and Quarterly-meetings of Bridport subsistence of about £1 10s. a year, with a in Dorsetshire, to which he belonged, given dwelling for herself and two children, I was forth since his decease, wherein they say, that about thirteen put to learn the trade of a black“It pleased the Lord to endue him with a large smith, with an uncle who used me unkindly; gift in the ministry, in which he was a faithful I was afterwards put an apprentice to a very laborer, and gave himself up for that service; honest Friend belonging to Brigflatt's Meeting, that he had a gift of utterance superior to many, near Sedberg, in Yorkshire, his name was Samuel sound in judgment and doctrine, and very con- Parat; but all this time I had no taste of relivincing to the understandings of those that heard gion, but devoted myself to pleasure, as much him.

as my circumstances would permit, though my This testimony concerning him is true, and a mother had kept me very strict while I was under man of his penetration and capacity could not her care, and would frequently in winter evenbut discern his own improvement in the gift he ings take opportunities to tell me sundry passages had received: wherefore he stood upon his guard, of my dear father's sufferings, admonishing me lest through self-love and conceit, he should de- still so to live that I might be worthy to bear part from that humility which is the ornament the name of so good a man's son, and not bring of every gospel minister, as in page 38 he has a reproach on myself and parents; also frequently particularly observed.

putting me in mind, that if she should be taken Which Christian virtue was generally his con- away, I should greatly miss her, both for advice comitant, during the course of bis pilgrimage ; and other ways to assist me; and advised me to and is remarkable in the composure of this fear the Lord now in my youth, that I might be account, in keeping it clear from, and unsullied favored with his blessing, which frequently with any the least tincture or symptom of self- brought me in great tenderness, being afraid applause.

that she would die before I was capable to live As in preaching, his declarations proceeded in the world; and she took me frequently to from his heart, so in writing, his relations of his meetings with her, where she often had some services, and his exhortations, sprang from the words in testimony: persecution being still very same fountain.

hot, and Friends locked out of our meeting-house Wherefore we recommend to thy serious con- at Strickland, we met at the door, and I remem. sideration what he has written, as comprehended ber at two several times when I was a child, and in that excellent description of a good man, given came to meeting with my mother, the informers by Christ himself, Luke vi. 45. “A good man, came, the first time the meeting had been over out of the good treasure of his heart, bringeth about half an hour, the second time not quite so forth that which is good.”

much, so that we escaped their hands both times; May the good brought forth out of this good but sundry Friends were in prison at Appleby man's heart effectually reach unto thine, and forattending that meeting, whom my, dear mother through the divine blessing operate to thyspiritual went to visit, taking me along with her, and we benefit, growth and improvement in that which had a meeting with the prisoners, several Friends is good.

from other places being likewise there by appointSo shall the design of the deceased author, in ment. What I obesrved was, though very young,

BY S. M. J.

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how tender and broken they were; and I was the doctrine of the gospel in the power and
very inquisitive of my mother, why they cried so spirit, plainly seeing a difference between a
much, which we called greeting) and thee greet preacher of the letter and of the spirit, which
too, (said I) why did thee? She told me that I till then I was wholly ignorant of, and unac-
could not understand the reason of it then, but quainted with, not having before that, the least
when I grew up more to man's estate I might. degree that I could perceive of divine under-

Now to return to my apprenticeship; I had a standing; but then upon looking back, and con-
very kind, loving master and mistress, and I had sidering what I had heard such and such Friends
meat enough, and work enough, but had but preach, which at that time I did not understand,
little consideration about religion, nor any taste but now I understood it clearly, which was a
thereof. On First-days I frequented meetings, demonstration to me, that all divine knowledge
and the greater part of my time I slept, but is from divine light, which we can't comprehend,
took no account of preaching, nor received any until we are assisted so to do by a visitation from
other benefit than being there kept out of bad heaven.
company, which indeed is a very great service

[To be continued.)
to youth. I took much liberty in discourse, and
was taken notice of as a witty, sensible young - Orthodory and Heterodoxy, as applied to
man: but often on my bed I ruminated on my

Quakerism, by a Lay Churchman. way of life with reluctance, yet frequently fell into the same way again : I never was given to swearing, nor any very gross vice, but what I When controversies and schisms take place in gave way to the most, was jesting, and turns of religious bodies, it is sometimes interesting and wit to provoke mirth, which gave me often (after instructive to be informed of the judgment proit was over) a heavy heart; and thus I went on nounced by disinterested spectators, concerning for near three years; but one First-day, being at the merits of the question, and the conduct of meeting, a young woman, named Anne Wilson, the parties. was there and preached ; she was very zealous, It may reasonably be presumed, that an outand fixing my eye upon her, she with a great sider, well acquainted with the subject

, and yet zeal pointed her finger at me, uttering these sufficiently removed to be free from the smoke of words with much power, “A traditional Quaker, the contest, will usually have a clearer view, than thou comest to meeting as thou went from it (the those who participate in the struggle. last time) and goest from it as thou came to it, Such were our anticipations, in taking up a but art no better for thy coming, what wilt thou pamphlet lately issued in this city, entitled, do in the end ?” This was so pat to my condition, *. Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy, as applied to Quathat, like Saul, I was smitten to the ground, as kerism, by a Lay Churchman." The author it might be said, but turning my thoughts inward, appears to have taken pains to inform himself in secret I cried, Lord, what shall I do to help concerning the history of the Society of Friends, it? And a voice as it were spoke in my heart and his work is written in a spirit of candor saying, Look unto me and I will help thee! and I and charity that deserves commendation. found much comfort, that made me shed abun. In his opening paragraph, he acknowledges, dance of tears. Then I remembered what my that “the Society in its history, principles and mother told me some years before, that when I practices, has ever merited public notice," and grew up more to man's estate, I should know that it has also “received a full share of the conthe reason of that tenderness and weeping, and fidence and admiration of Christian observers.' $0 I now did to purpose. I went home with a We may therefore conclude, that it is in no heavy heart, and could neither eat nor sleep as unfriendly spirit that he reviews the history of I used to do, but my work never succeeded bet- its schisms and examines its present condition. ter in my hands than it did at this time, nor my In regard to the terms Orthodoxy and Heteromind never less in it; but my conduct, as well doxy, he defines the former as " soundness of as countenance, was much altered, so that several faith," and the latter as “ directly the opposite," in the family were doubtful that I should fall but in order to show what is soundness of faith, into a kind of melancholy distraction; but I he says, “ That the church of England embodies longed for the meeting-day, and thought it a very in her creed the essential elements of Orthodox long week. When the time of meeting came, faith ; and so do many other churches, which are my mind was soon fixed and staid upon God, generally known as evangelical." It follows, of and I found an uncommon enjoyment that gave course, that“ those church organizations are con. me great satisfaction, my understanding being sidered unsound in the faith, wbo reject the chief opened and all the faculties of my mind so quick, doctrines of the so-called evangelical churches.” that I seemed another man; a divine and spiritual In this condition, the Society of Friends, as it sweetness abiding with me night and day, for originally appeared in the days of Fox and Penn, some time; and I began to see and understand is placed by this author, as well as by almost alí the scriptures, and the nature of preaching the others of his creed who have written on this sub

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ject. If the early Friends did not dissent from in time of public prayer, and then proceeds to the church of England, and other churches called notice more particularly the controversy with Orthodox, in some articles of faith deemed essen- Geo. Keith, and the separation which ensued tial, it must be admitted that they acted in the about the year 1691. The history of this schism most unreasonable and preposterous manner. If he considers important, because it involved the they really held the view then deemed orthodox same doctrinal differences which have, in later in regard to original sin, the Trinity and vicari- times, agitated the Society, and caused the sepaous atonement, why did they not say so in plain ration of 1827.8. The account he gives of the terms, and save themselves the vast amount of doctrines and conduct of Geo. Keith and his suffering they endured, on account of their alleged adherents, agrees substantially with that given in heterodoxy?

Smith's History of Pennsylvania, which may be The author of this pamphlet, in glancing at found in the 6th vol. of Hazard's Register. the “ Origin of Quakerism,” refers to the Jour- It appears, from the pamphlet before us that nal of Geo. Fox, where he says, “ The Lord Geo. Keith, a man of learning, and, at that time, opened to me by his invisible power, how that highly esteemed as a minister and writer, first every man was enlightened by the Divine Light evinced his dissatisfaction by proposing some of Christ. This I saw in the pure openings of changes of discipline, which were not agreed to the light, without the help of any man ; neither by the meeting. “ His next departure was that did I then know where to find it in the scrip- of accusing two ministers, Fitzwater and Stocktures; though afterwards searching the scrip- dale, with unsoundness of doctrine, for having tures I found it." After quoting this passage, preached that the light of Christ was sufficient our author speaks of G. Fox, as a “simple-mind- for salvation without anything else, He also deed, earnest, bold man”-having the very ele- clared that Wm. Stockdale preached two Christs, ments of character that were needed for that because he preached faith in the Christ within, “ time of gross darkness." He maintains that and Christ without us. During the discussion G. Fox,“ did not reject the Bible, but made it of these questions, there was, of course, the usual secondary to the light.' He found it in the display of testimony on both sides, which resulted scriptures after he saw it in its pure openings in the meeting before whom the trial was had upon his mind. His simple creed was • mind the admonishing and reprimending both parties and

. light,' and this constituted his 'heterodoxy.' For dismissing the case." this, he and his people suffered persecutions most “Subsequently, however, the disturbance was

renewed by the two ministers named above, “ What was the true import of this creed? bringing before the mouthly meeting a formal “ Fox did not say that the light' would lead all accusation against Keith, for denying the suffimen to be Quakers, or even cause them to for- ciency of the divine light for salvation.” sake heir forms; but that it would lead all who “ Both parties failing to be reconciled, the diswere governed by it, away from a dependence upon agreement resulted in a separation. Keith and anything but itself. This is Quakerism ; it is all his party, though much smaller than the others, of it that is essentially characteristic in doctrine. met together in a separate building; organized The proclamation of this simple idea, and the a meeting, and formally demanded of the two consistent adherence to it of the few who gath- ministers who had preached the “all sufficiency ered about Fox, in and around his native place, of divine light,' that they should desist from the was a new era in Christian history, of which the ministry, until they confessed their error, and world will do well to take note. It was a dis- became reconciled to the Keithian party.” “The covery in religion that simplified the faith of the new Yearly Meeting which was set up by the faithful, and at the same time thrust a rebuke at spurious Friends, assumed the name of " Christhe mere traditional ceremonies which for ages tian Quakers," and soon published what they had beclouded the human intellect."

called “A confession of faith in the most neces. This description of the essential characteristic sary things of Christian doctrine, faith and pracof Quakerism agrees with the opening para tice, according to the testimony of Holy Scripgraph of W. Penn's Christian Quaker ; in which ture.” This confession“ approached so nearly he speaks of the " Light of Christ within,” as to the creeds of other Christian professors,

that it " the great principle of God in man; the root was difficult to determine, on its own merits and spring of divine life and knowledge in the simply, whether it was a document of genuine soul; that by which salvation is effected for man, Quakerism, or whether it emanated from an eranand 'which is the characteristic of the people gelical body.” They were of course not accalled Quakers, their faith and testimony to the knowledged by the parent Society, their offence world.”

against whom was their orthodoxy." The “Lay Churchman," in reviewing some of It should be observed, that in the testimony the schisms which have taken place in the Soci- against Keith, given forth by the meeting of pubety of Friends, first adverts to the division lic Friends in Philada.”—they stated, as the chief caused by John Perrot, about taking off the hat Iground of complaint,“ his ungodly speeches, dis

severe.

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