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PUILADELPHIA,

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EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS. trary proceedings in our courts of justice, which

have met with great encouragement since his PUBLISHED BY WM. W. MOORE, lordship came here for Governor ; (meaning the No. 324 South Fifth Street,

lord Cornbury, who oppressed the people sorely.)

But there has never so successful a stand been Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, pay- made against it as at this time. And now, they able in advance

. Three copies sent to one address for threaten to send you to England chained to the Five Dollars.

Communications must be addressed to the Publisher, man-of-war's deck. Fear not, Samuel, adds he, free of expense, to whom all payments are to be made. they can no more send you there than they can

send me; for the law both here and in England An account of the life, travels, and Christian ex- is such, that every criminal must be tried where

periences in the work of the ministry of Samuel the cause of action is ; else why in England do Bounas.

they remove criminals from one county to anoth(Continued from page 227.)

er to take their trials where the offence was com. In his subsequent journey in New York, he mitted ? But you may, after the judgment of the met with much opposition from George Keith court is given against you, bring your appeal and the magistrates-being frequently indicted against that judgment; and you securing the before the latter and their courts. The charges in the like case, they dare not deny your appeal.

payment of such fees as are commonly allowed against him, his defence and controversies with But the Judge frets because he cannot have bis priests and judges, the pomp and ceremonies end against you. And besides, the Governor is with which their courts were opened, the judge's disgusted also, he expecting to bave made concharge to the juries, their lisagreement, and siderable advantage by it; but the country's

,

eyes are now opened, and you are not now alone, finally the judge threatening to send him bound but it is the cause of every subject; and they in chains to the man-of-war's deck to London will never be able now to get a jury to answer with other criminals, are minutely recorded in their end, the eyes of the country are so clearly

Ep.

opened by your case. Had, says he, the Pres

byterians stood as you have done, they had not When an account of ti s brought me,

I

so tamely left their meeting houses to the church. was under a great cloud, a... ; power of dark- But that people had never so good a hand at sufDess so very strong upon me that I desired death fering in the cause of conscience, as they have rather than life, fcaring that if I was so served, I had in persecuting others that differed from should be an object of derision to all on board ; them.” Here he blamed that people very much, and greatly doubting that I should not be able for being so compliable to all the claims of the to bear the suffering which I must undergo in Governor, although never so unreasonable and such a case, with that decency and honor that against law. was requisite in so good a cause.

And this honest man, as if he had been sent The Friends left me alone, and I having lost by divine commission, by his discourse raised my all ny faith, which was still worse than being drooping spirits, renewed my faith, and I was alone, I thought myself the most wretched among quite another man: and as he said, so it proved. men, and scarcely able to live under it. At They could not get the next jury to find the bill which time, an bonest old man* (his name was against me. Thomas Hicks, who had been Chief Justice in However, that court was adjourned for six the Province some years, and well versed in the weeks; and finding myself more closely confined

me, and on my standing up to than before, and not knowing when or how it shew my respects to him, he took me in his arms, would end, I began to be very thoughtful what

I saluting me with tears ; thus expressing him- method to take, not to be chargeable to my self: "Dear Samuel, the Lord hath made use friends. And as I was full of thought on my of you, as an instrumert, to put a stop to arbi- pillow about the matter, it came into my mind

He did not profess with us, but was almost one in to try if I could learn to make shoes; and apply. principle.

ing myself to a Scotch churchman in the neigh

his journal.

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borhood, one Charles Williams, a good natured now resolved you shall work no more for me afman, I made a proposal to buy a pair of shoes of ter these I have now brought. Why? what is him, cut out for me to make up, and to give him the matter ? said I. He added, you shall be a the same price as if made, witbal desiring him master as well as I. How can that be? said I. to let me have inaterials and tools to go on with He replied, you shall have leather of your own, the work, requesting that he would be so kind and by doing that, you may get eight pence, ten as to shew me how to begin and proceed in it. pence or a shilling a pair more profit than you I acquainted him with my reason for so doing. do now. But I told him I had rather work He replied, it is very honest and honorable in journey work for him than do so : for I knew you : but, added he, if one of our ministers not how to get leather and other materials, and was in the like state, they would think it too when I had it, I was a stranger to the cutting it mean for them to take up sucu a diminutive out. Trouble not yourself about that, said he, for practice, though it were for bread : and your I will do all this for you: and so he did with much friends perhaps will not like it. However, he cheerfulness, delighting to serve me effectually. readily fell in with me, that if I could get my I went on thus for several months, and he bread with my own hands, it was most agreeable came to me every day once or twice, and was a with Paul's practice; and accordingly next morn- very cheerful, pleasant tempered man, but too ing he brought me leather cut out, with materials much addicted to take delight in some of his and tools to work with, and with bis direction I neighbors' company, who too often were disguised closed one of the upper-leathers before he left me, with strong liquor, and he would often say, if and he put it on the last for me, and by night I you were to continue bere, I should overcome it, finished that shoe ; which when he came to see, and I verily believe should be a sober Quaker. he admired it was so well done, shewing me how I told him he must leave the company he too to mend the faults in the next, which I finished much frequented; which he not observing, I the next day. He then supposed I had done heard afterwards they proved very hurtful to him. something at the trade before, but was mistaken. We had very often serious conversation about And when I would have paid him, he refused it, religion, and it appeared to me he had been faand told me he would not take any money of vored with an enlightened understanding, and me; so I proposed, that if he would give the would confess if there was any such thing as leather, I would give my work; and so by con- preaching Christ truly, it was amongst the Quasent we gave the shoes to a poor honest man that kers; for both Churchmen, Presbyterians, Inde

go errands for us both. I had then more pendents, and others, all preach themselves, and work of him, and he was so pleased with it, that for their own advantage in this world; so that if he would allow me half pay for making it up, and there was no pay, there would be no preaching, was so forward to advance my wages in a few He frequently attended our meetings for a time. weeks, that unless I would take full pay, he But to return to the proceedings of the court, cheerfully told me, I must look out for another which adjourned from the 4th day of the First master. I as pleasantly replied, I did not desire month, 1702-3, for about six weeks, and so conto change. Well then, replied he, I sell the tinued by several adjournments to the last day shoes you make for as much as any of the like of the Eighth month following. The occasion of sizes made in my shop.

these adjournments was this; Judge Bridges I made such improvement in this business that was ill, and had been for some time declining, I could in a little time earn fifteen shillings per but was expected to be able to attend the service week, being three shillings their money for of the court, and take vengeance on me and the making a pair of large man's shoes, which was Quakers, none being thought so fit for that work my chief work. Now their shilling was about as he; yet he never did, but died some months nine pence sterling. This new trade was of very before I was set at liberty. great service to me, by both diverting body and I had in this time of confinement sundry vismind; and finding I now could supply my own its, two of which were more remarkable than the wants with my own hands, it gave me great ease rest. The first was by an Indian King, with indeed. But some Friends were uneasy that I three of his chief men with him; and the other should do it, as supposing it would be to their by one John Rogers from New London, and he dishonor; but others again were glad, and staid with me from the time he came about six thought it a great honor to the cause of the gos. days. An abstract of both conferences are as pel; and they rejoiced with thankful hearts that follows, viz. I succeeded so well.

I shall first take notice of the conference with Going on thus some weeks, my kind master the Indian King, as he styled himself; but bis came one morning, and did not bring so much nation was much wasted and almost extinct, so work as before. I asked him the reason ? ad- that he had but a small people to rule. However, ding pleasantly, what, doth my credit sink, that there was in him some marks of superiority above I have no more brought? He smiling said, the other three who attended him, who shewed It's not best to trust goal birds too far, and I am some regard to him as their sovereign.

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him I was.

This Indian, with these his attendants, came | not to destroy men's lives but to save them, and to visit me, and staid some time, enquiring the teaches us to do good for evil, and to forgive incause of my confinement: an account of which ljuries, then we can submit to providence, putI gave them as intelligibly as I could, finding ting our trust in the great God to save us from they understood English better than they could the violence and wrath of our enemies. The speak it. The conference was mostly between King said, Indeed this is very good ; but do you the King and me, the rest but very seldom put do thus when provoked by your enemies ? I in a word.

said, sundry of our Friends had done so, and been The King asked if I was a Christian? I told saved from the rage of their enemies, who have And are they, said he, Christians confessed our Friends to be good men.

Ay, said too that keep you here? I said they professed he, they are good indeed; for if all came into themselves to be so. Then he and his company

this way, there would then be no more need of shewed their admiration, that one Christian could war, por killing one or the other to enlarge their do thus to another. And then he inquired con- kingdoms, por one nation want to overcome the cerning the difference between me and them. I other. I then asked him, if this was not a right replied, it consisted of sundry particulars. First, principle; and what would much add to the my adversaries hold with sprinkling a little water happiness of mankind ? They all four said, it on the face of an infant, using a form of words, was very good indeed; but feared few would and the ceremony of making the sign of a cross embrace this doctrine. I said, all things have with their finger on the babed forehead, calling their beginnings, and 'tis now our duty to emthis baptism, and urging it as essential to future brace this Truth, hoping that others by this exhappiness : and I, with my brethren, can see no ample may do the same. They lifted up their good in this ceremony. Here they talked one eyes as a token of their assent, shewing by their with another again, but I understood them not. words their desire that this good spirit might After which they asked me, if I thought there prevail in the world. Then, said they, things was nothing in this ceremony of good to secure will go well. But wherein, added he, do you our future happiness? I said, I see nothing of differ more from them? I said, we held it un. good in it. I was right, they said, neither do lawful to swear in any case; but our adversaries we: asking, wherein do you further differ from did not. I found they had dot any notion about them? I proceeded, that they held it needful to oaths, and so they dropt it, being desirous of take at certain times, a piece of bread to eat, with introducing another subject; for having observed a small quantity of wine to drink after 'tis con- our friends behaviour in not pulling off their bats secrated, as they call it, which they pretend to as others did, they wanted to know our reasons do in remembrance of Christ our Saviour, urging for it: I said, upcovering our heads was a token this as necessary to our future happiness as the of honor we paid to the great God in our prayformer, calling ihis the Lord's Supper. He told ers to him; and we thought any homage equal me, that they had seen both these ceremonies to it ought not to be given to any of his crea. put in practice by the Presbyterians, but could tures. They said, it was all very good. Then pot understand, if it was a supper, why they used we sat silent some time; and I asked them, it in the middle of the day; but they looked what they thought of the great God? One of upon them both as very insignificant to the end them took a piece of a wood coal from the hearth, propused ; saying, The Mang Monettay* looked like charcoal half burnt, and made a black cirat the heart, how it was devoted, and not at these cle therewith on the hearth-stone, and said, they childish things. Asking, wherein do you differ believed the great God, (or Monettay, as they further from them? I proceeded, that they held then called him) to be all eye, that he saw every it lawful to kill and destroy their enemies; but thing at once; and all ear, that he heard every we cannot think that good and right in us; but thing in like manner; and all mind, that he rather endeavor to overcome our enemies with knew all things, and nothing could be hid from courteous and friendly offices and kindness, and to bis sight, hearing, or knowledge. Then I asked, assuage their wrath by mildness and persuasion, what they thought of the Devil ? (or bad Monand bring them to consider the injury they are ettay, as they called him.). They said, they did doing to such as can't in conscience revenge not look upon his power'independent from the themselves again. He assented, that this was good Monettay, but that what he did was by pergood. But who can do it? said 'he; when my mission ; nor indeed did they think he had any enemies seek my life, how can I do other than power at all, but what was given or suffered for use my endeavor to destroy them in my own de- him to exercise over Indians, to bring about fence? My answer was, that unless we were some good designs of the good Monettay for their under the government of a better spirit than our advantage, to reclaim them when they were bad, enemies, we could not do it; but if we are under and displeased the good Monettay. For they bethe government of the good spirit, which seeks lieved the good Monettay had all power, yet he

employed his servants or angels, as we term them, "The great God they frequently called so.

to execute his will. And the Indian that made

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the circle, described four several small circles, the yeo-cod are very poor, and they can't catch on the edge of the great one, and they shewed them; so in this extremity they desire to die, their opinion how their little gods were em- but can't; nor can they find any means to put ployed to chastise the Indians when bad, and to an end to this iniserable and wretched life, but comfort and encourage them in good. They like they must continue in sorrow and trouble with. wise supposed the four small circles to answer to out any hopes of end. Thus they described their the four quarters of the world ; that they had thoughts of a future state, either in heaven or in inferiors under them again to execute their will hell, according to their notions of both. when they received a commission from that great I then turned my discourse and asked them, mind; but that all derived their power from the what they thought of a good spirit that was supreme eye, ear, and mind; demonstrating their present with them in their mind? (finding they meaning by comparison thus: As supposing the had no notion of Christ, as to his bodily appearIndians bad, the good Monettay sees it, and he ance) they readily acknowledged, that a good gives orders to that in the North, and by him to spirit attended them, and did reprove, or make them under him, whereby we are by hard frosts, them sorrowful when they did badly. They great snows, and cold winds in the winter, very likewise did believe the bad Monettay, or Devil, much afflicted with want of food, and with cold; did persuade them in their minds to evil, and and in the summer, either extreme heat or wet the more they strove against the Devil, and prevent the fruits of the earth from coming to prayed for strength by and from the good and perfection, until we be made humble and good. great Monettay, the more they prevailed over Then we pray for relief, and commission is given these evil and wicked temptations of the Devil to the Monettay in the South, and by him to in their own minds, which had, they said, no them under him, whereby we have warm winds, power to lead them into evil, but by their own and pleasant rains in the spring, that makes yeo- consent; nor could do them any hurt if they did cod (meaning bucks) easy to be taken, and fat, not yield to his alluring and deceitful tempta. &c. And in the summer, fruitful good weather, tions. I further enquired, if all the Indians were neither too wet por too dry. Thus they account much of the same mind in these matters? but for all reigning distempers, and common calam- they could not resolve me. ities by sickness or famine; and on the other I also enquired, whether any amongst them side, health and plenty, &c. So in like manner were looked upon as inssructors, more than othfor war and peace, viz : When two nations are ers? They said, no; but the head of every famboth wicked, they are stirred up to destroy each lily ought to do their best endeavors to instruct other, either by the Devil, or by some of these their families, but it was neglected; yet they Monettay's by him employed, &c. I then pro- retained the practice of coming all together once ceeded to query, what thoughts they had of a sin a year, and the elder did advise the younger, future state after this life? First, desiring to what their parents and elders had told them, and have their opinion, whether they did not think thus they transmitted the knowledge of former they had a part in them that would never die? things from one generation to another, by having Which they readily granted, and gave me their them repeated in these assemblies. opinion, what both the state of the good and bad Here our conference ended : and as I could Indians would be in the other world ; that the treat them with some refreshment, I did, which good Indians would go into the south and south- they thankfully received ; and we parted in great west, where it was very warm and pleasant, and friendship and love, after a stay of one night and plenty of all things both for pleasure and profit. almost two days. As supposing, that they should have the delight

[To be continued ) of enjoying the comforts of eating, drinking, hunting, and all other pieasures they enjoyed

[Selected for the intelligencer.] here, in a more agreeable way to sooth and please

CLONMEL, 1788. their desires, than ever they could in this world. It is a favor that the best root needs no great Thus they described heaven, as best suited their profession or specious words to nourish it; it is natural senses, endeavoring to instil into their not strengthened by a multitude of luxuriant youth, as they said, principles of virtue and jus- branches, though if it be alive, it will discover tice, that when they die, as to this world, they itself by little buddings, blossomings, and fruit. may be fit and worthy of this good country or Whilst therefore we are not unprofitably anxious, heaven, where it always is serene and quiet, no in time of winter, for that which is not to be had, night, nor winter in this brave pleasant country; neither let us be too unconcerned, when the full but all things are plenty, very good, well and time is come for the manifestations of the life of comfortable. But then, the wicked and bad In- the tree, nor count them of little value ; but dians, when they die, go into the north and cherish and protect them, lest some indiscreet north-west, a country extremely cold, dark and hand, or spirit in ourselves, should rub off that unpleasant; no sunshine; they endeavor to get wherein is hiddenly contained the choicest fruit, something to satisfy their hunger, but can't, for and so render the coming of Spring and the

1

genial influence of the Sun of righteousness, in. I the dark and gloomy passage. She afterwards
effectual to us. Many cautions are necessary intimated that she “ saw brightness beyond it.”
under this simile; for even when a tree bids fair In the evening she thus addressed her brother
for profiting and enriching those who possess it, T.'s wife: “Dear sister, I have often thought
if that which is to produce in the fulness of time, of thee, perhaps more often than other of my
be gathered before it is ripe, it sets the teeth of connections. I have felt for thee in some of
the eater on edge, and causes the tree to be evil thy conflicts, and now I affectionately entreat
spoken of. Thus, on many hands, dangers thee to be more exemplary in thy dress and in
occur to us, in the conduct of our gifts, in reli- thy house and furniture, not looking to the world,
gious and civil departments. How needful it is, nor regarding the speeches of thy former ac-
then, to ask wisdom, where it is to be had, and quaintance, should they say, 'thou art grown
to use it when we have it; and also to cultivate very plain and art not fit for them to visit.'
that prudence which is her sister in service, and I have often thought, in some of my secret re-
which often opposes plans of our own continuing. I tirements, what an extraordinary woman thou
These are sentiments, which though thrown out would make, if thou wert faithful to what is
to you, tend to shew me where, and how, I made known to thee. Thou would feel great
often miss my way; and excite me to review the joy and peace if thou would but give up. Time
consideration of that merciful kindness, which is short, and I hope when the last conflict comes
is sometimes extended to us in a very low estate ; thou mayst have nothing to do, but hear the
when in our own eyes we seem most undeserving welcome sound, enter thou into the joy of thy
of that help which can alone lift up our heads Lord.' Great things are expected of thee, for
in hope, when the floods of affliction prevail, thou art wonderfully blessed beyond many.
and the billows pass over us. May we deepen in Thou hast affluence, a tender husband, and hast
our experience of the Lord's fatherly dealings been marvellously raised from a very low state of
with us ; that so, approving ourselves more and health, and what is it all for, but that thou
more babes in Christ, our knowledge of the should enquire, · What shall I render unto the
mysteries of the kingdom, may be pure, and of Lord for all his benefits ?' Let me again en-
that preserving nature that never puffeth up. treat thee to be exemplary, and not delay the

SARAH GRUBB. called for sacrifice, for the longer it is put off,

the harder it will be to yield. Cast the world SOME ACCOUNT OF ESTHER LEWIS, FORMERLY behind thee, for if thou looks out at it, thou FISHER, THE ELDEST SISTER OF THOMAS,

My own want of faithfulness has

occasioned great conflicts for these many months, (Continued from page 229.)

though at times light would break forth. I be1st mo. 25th, 1795.-Being the first of the lieve, had I been more faithful, my passage would week, Deborah Darby and Rebecca Young, who have been made easier.” visited her several times, called after the morn. 1st mo. 28.—She desired that those present ing meeting when she was in her chair. They might be still, and endeavor to feel that which each took their seats beside her, and a peaceful, her soul was travailing after, according to her solemn silence ensued for a short space, when little strength. And then after a short pause, D. De addressed her in sweet expressions of near said, “I know you, I know you all. This day unity and Christian fellowship and expressed an I feel a little revived in my mind; I was very undoubted prospect that her work was nearly low yesterday, but I now trust I shall be favored ended, and that her admission would be sure, with patience and resignation. If the Sustainwhere all sorrow ceases. Afterward R. Y. ing Arm is but underneath, it is all I care for.” kneeled in supplication, and the invalid, being In the afternoon her three brothers, sister unable to stand, in an- affecting manner joined Gilpin and her daughter and H. F., Jr., being therein, by kneeling by the side of Rebecca, in the room, she seemed under a lively engagewho, taking her by the hand, prayed earnestly, ment on their behalf, addressing them nearly as that she might be strengthened to finish her follows: “I have been solicitous on your acwork and to reveal the whole counsel of God, count, that you may be careful to live in love, that her way might be clear before her, and her and be so united as to become as one band in admission sure, where the morning stars sing the bond of peace, strengthening and sympathiztogether and the sons of God shout for joy. ing with each other. This is a badge of disciple

Ist mo. 26th. - This day she was so low that ship. In order to promote this love, more frequent it was difficult for her to speak, but the state of calls, if not visits, will show forth a concern for her mind was evidenced by the following espres- each other's welfare, and may draw down the disions feebly uttered by her.

vine blessing on your several families, so that "I am longing for my father to make all nothing will be able to scatter you. I have been ready and take me to himself,” praying that he earnestly solicitous that you might improve your would not forsake her in this time of close and remaining time more faithfully than I have done, pinching trial, but graciously conduct her through for I should have been a very different woman

wilt be gone.

SAMUEL R. AND MIERS FISHER.

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