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This sketch of Sir John Franklin's character and public services bas been written by one who served long under bis command, who during upwards of twenty-five years of close intimacy bad his entire confidence, and in times of great difficulty and distress, when all conventional disguise was out of the question, beheld his calmness and unaffected piety. If it has in some passages assumed the appearance of eulogy, it has done so not for the purpose of unduly exalting its subject, but from a firm conviction of the truth of the statements. On the other hand, the writer has abstained, in the only sentences in which it was necessary to speak of opponents, from saying a single word more of their conduct or motives than trict justice to Franklin's memory demanded. Franklin himself was singularly devoid of any vindictive feeling. While he defended his own honor, he would have delighted in showing any kindness in his power to his bitterest foe; and in emulation of that spirit the preceding pages have been penned.- Encyclopedia Britannica.

Of mine I speak not ;-He, alone,

Who form'd can truly know it;
Nor of my verse; I frankly own

Myself no lofty poet.
But I contend the Quaker creed,

By fair interpretation,
Hs nothing in it to impede

Poetic aspiration.
All that fair nature's charms display,

Of grandeur, or of beauly,
All that the human heart can sway,

Joy, grief, desire, or duty ;-
All these are ours—ibe copious source

Of crue poetic feeling :-
And woulust thou check their blameless course,

Our lips in silence sealing ?
Nature, to all her ample page

Impartially untolding,
Prohibits neither saint nor sage
• Its beauties from beholding.
And thus the muse ber gists bestows

With no sectariau spirit,
Her laurel wreaths invest the brows

Which such distinctions merit.
Through every age,

in

every clime, Her lavor'd sons have fourish'd, Have felt her energy sublime,

Her pure delights have nourish'd.
From Lapland's snow, from Persia's bowers,

Their songs are still ascenciing,
Tben, Quaker Poets, iry your powers !

Why should you lear offending!
Still uue to nature be your aim,

Abho ring affectasion;
You, with peculiar grace may claim

Each simpler decoration.
And with such yon may blend no less,

Spite of imputed weakness,
The godlike strength of gentleness,

The majesty of meekness!
The blameless pride of purity,

Chast’ning each soit emotion ;
And, from fanaticism Tree

The server of devotion !
Be such your powers ; and in the range

Of themes which they assign you,
Win wreaths you need not wish to change

For aught that fame could twine you,
For never can a poet's lays

Obtain more genuine honor,
Than whilst his Gilt promoles the praise

Of him who is its lonor!

THE QUAKER POET.
Verses on seeing myself so designated.

BY BERNARD BARTON.
“ The Quaker poet!”– is such name

A simple designation ;
Or one expressive of my shame,

And thy vituperation ?--
If but the former-1, for one,

Have no objection to it;
A name, as such, can startle none

Who rationally view it.
But if such title would convey

Contemp', or reprobation,
Allow me briefly as I may

To state iny vindication.
It is not splendor of costume

That prompts harmonious numbers ;
The nightingale of sober plume

Sings while the peacock slumbers.
The shallow brooks, in spring so gay,

In suinmer soonest fail us :
Their sparkling pride has pass’d away,

Their sounds no more regale us.
While the more deep but quiet streams,

By alders overshaded,
Flow on, in spite of scorching beams,

Their beauties uninvaded.
And on their peaceful verge we see

Green grass, fresh flowers; and round them Hover the butterfly and bee,

Rejoicing to have found them.
Is it the gayest of the gay,

The volaries of fashion,
Who feel most sensibly the sway

of pure and genuine passion 1 No!- hearts there be the world deems cold,

As warm, as true, as tunder,
As those which gayer robes enfold,

However proud their splendor.

For Frier.ds' Intelligencer,
Oh 'tis a glorious thing to walk

As dead to man, alive to God,
Nobly to view the given back
And steady keep, nor dare look back,

Lest doubt as ail
And fear prevail

To slay us on the road.
Awake, great God, this living fire

In every breast
Kindle afresh a new desire,

Nor let us rest
Short of that ever blessed rock
On which to build our heart's best hope,
Nor let us fear, ought but Thy frown,
For what is life, if not for thee to strive ?

We'd beiter die, than out of Thee to live. 7 mo. 6th, 1857.

R.

SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION.

The fearful conflagration of the large rope-magHow frequently do we read in the newspapers azine at St. Petersburg, as well as a fire at the of the outbreak of conflagrations, more or less de dockyard of Rochfort, in 1757, were ascribed to vastating in their character, to which it is diffi- similar causes. In 1757, the sail-magazine at cult to assign an adequate origin. Some of these Brest was entirely consumed in consequence of may doubtless be attributed to spontaneous com- heaping waxed cloths upon one another, which bustion-meaning by that term a conflagration had been painted upon one side and dried in the occasioned by the contact of substances wbich, sun. Authentic reports of experiments instituted innocuous in their normal condition, become to discover the cause, ascribe this calamity to sponfraught with danger when brought into collis- taneous combustion. Saladin and Carette have ion. A few notes upon this curious subject will demonstrated that vegetable stuffs, boiled in oil be interesting

or grease, and even some time afterwards placed Cotton which has been wetted with oil speed upon one another, burst into fames upon the ily takes fire. It is well known how difficult, admission of air ; and it is very remarkable that almost impossible, it is to prevent the escape of the same substances, if they were damp before oil from casks; and yet, the slightest quantity being placed in oil, speedily consume, while they of this liquid issuing from between the staves smoulder away into ashes without flaming if preupon cotton may produce combustion. Upon viously well dried. this point the following occurrence is to be found Papermakers know that the heaps of rags in the “ Philosophical Transactions."

which lie piled up in their factories, would speed466 Mr. Golding, an official of the East India ily break out into spontaneous combustion if preCompany, had left a bottle containing oil upon cautionary measures against their becoming una table in the arsenal, beside a chest filled with duly heated were not adopted in proper time. coarse cottons. The bottle was overturned in The danger of damp or wet hay kindling is a the night, probably by rats; it broke upon the matter with which no farmer is unacquainted. lid of the chest and the oil penetrated the cot- Wheat also occasionally becomes inflammable, tons. When the chest was opened upon the en- but far less frequently than hay, owing to its besuing morning, the cottons were found burning ing seldom stacked in so damp a condition, as and partially consumed, while the chest itself well as to greater care being exercised. Tobacco was upon the point of bursting into flames. In leaves in casks will likewise become heated at his first alarm Mr. Golding imagined that an at- times. tempt had been made to set the arsenal on fire ; Count Marozzo relates a case of spontaneous but as no traces of inflammable materials were combustion, accompanied by an explosion, which found, after the strictest search in the vicinity took place in a flour magazine at Turin. This of the chest, he communicated the matter to Mr. was ascribed to a quantity of flour dust, which, Humphries, a brother official. This gentleman in consequence of the removal of some of the had studied chemical works, among others that sacks, was floating in the air, having caught fire of Hopson, in which various cases of spontane at the flame of an open lantern, and having thus ous combustion were detailed. Struck by the communicated with the remaining contents of similarity of the occurrence which had just taken the magazine; but the cause of the conflagration place, to some of those of which he had read, he was never accurately ascertained. determined upon essaying an experiment. Frequent instances have been known of the

“For this purpose he moistened a piece of spontaneous combustion of wools, particularly of cotton, of a similar description to that which had those still in the grease ; pieces of cloth in a been burnt, with linseed oil, and placed it in a greasy condition have also been seen to burst small box, which he then locked." Three hours out into flames without apparent cause. Occur. after, the box began to smoke, and upon being rences of this description, however, have only opened, the cotton was discovered in precisely been observed to take place when the superinthe same condition as Mr. Golding had found cumbent substances possessed a certain amount the contents of his chest."

of dampness, the decomposition of the water by In 1781, some Russian ships at Cronstadt, the increased temperature occasioned by fermenupon which it was well known no fires had been tation feeding the conflagration. From this may lighted for five years, suddenly burst into flames, be seen how careful one should be in heaping without ostensible cause. The Empress gave bales of wool, which frequently arrive in a damp orders to the Academy at St. Petersburg to in condition, one upon the other, and how necessastitute inquiries and experiment upon the sub- ry to their preservation it is that they should be ject, and it appeared that the soot proceeding throughly dried before being placed in store. from vegetable substances—that is to say, pine- Cotton and oil should always be carefully sepatree soot, and such as proceeds from trees con- rated; the former should never be preserved in taining resin—when wetted with hemp-oil, is cellars, from their liability to impart dampness, liable to spontaneous combustion, which is not occasioning the very danger it is desired to avoid. the case with soot arising from animal substances. Wool and cotton smoulder, as long as no free

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current of air is admitted; when this takes place could be entertained that the Chinese were they burst into flames.

highly civilized long before Christ. The Chinese It is unnecessary to enter upon the many other understood the mariner's compass, gunpowder, cases in which spontaneous combustion may oc- the manufacture of glass, printing on blocks, cur. Its causes are extremely diverse, tending manufacturing paper, when the ancestors of more or less to the same conclusion—that the Englishmen were naked savages. They conutmost care should be observed in magazines structed canals thousands of miles in length, and which contain inflammable substances. These made roads superior to those built by the should never be stored in large quantities, espe- Romans. Every trade has its guild, as in the cially when in a damp condition; they should city of London; and every town its wards, as be frequently examined, and measures of pre-existed at the present time all over England. caution adopted if the slightest tendency to heat But about eight hundred years ago the high be manifested, for the least delay may lead to state of civilization in China appeared to be coniagration. If the examination is undertaken suddenly arrested; he knew not how, except by at night, it should not be by the light of a naked the will of the Great Redeemer, in consequence flame, as the gases which these substances de- of their refusal to acknowledge the true God. velop are frequently kindled by the contact. Certain it was that they were stopped short in Leisure Hour.

the advancement of knowledge in a most mys

terious manner, and from that time to the present CHARACTER OF THE CHINESE PEOPLE. they had rather retrograded than improved in Last evening, at the meeting of the Ethnolo- | civilization. It was like a spell placed upon gical Society, held at the Society's house, Caven- them for some distinct purpose unknown to man. dish square-Alderman Kennedy in the chair- The European could do anything with the

Dr. Hodgkin read a very interesting paper Chinese, and, with the exception of the inhabiupon the character of the Chinese people. The tants of Canton, where the people had been present he thought the most opportune moment taught to look upon them as barbarians and for endeavoring to dispel the prejudice against spiteful enemies, the Chinese regarded Eurothe poor Chinese, which had been so cultivated peans with much affection, and reposed the by many newspapers and books published in greatest confidence in them. As an illustration, England and America. He most strongly de- he stated that on one occasion upwards of 200 nied that the people of China were that worthless Chinese filed from him, when they could have race they were generally represented to be. crushed him had they so desired, for he only China was the most misunderstood country in menaced them with a small stick. They did the world. It had existed from the time of an not flee because they were afraid, for they would Prent, before the pyramids of Egypt were built, fight amongst themselves, and scorces would be bad outlived the Persians, Greeks, and Romans, killed during the day; but he was a European, and would outlive the Arabs; and now, although and that was enough. The Chinese too, were 80 ancient, China possessed as much vitality as the most industrious people in the world—they the youngest of nations. He strongly con- were the ants of the earth; their indefatigability demned the sweeping calumnies so generally was most extraordinary; they would turn sandcirculated against the Chinese people, who were banks into fields, which they would till with the a moral, intellectual, persevering, and altogether greatest success; they would reclaim waste land, an extraordinary race—a race the English nation and rapidly turn it to good account; their agrihad always been taught to despise, but one worthy culture was more like horticulture, so beautifully of the support of the whole civilized world. was it was managed. They were very coura

The Chairman, seeing the great traveller, geous when properly led, and their physical Montgomery Martin, in the room, and knowing power was extraordinary. He trusted steps his extraordinary knowledge of the character of would be taken to prevent an unnecessary the Chinese people, would be glad to hear a few slaughter at Canton, and to open the hand of remarks from him.

friendship to the Chinese of the s«uth, as the Montgomery Martin said the Chinese people Chinese of the north held it out to the Englishnumbered not less than 400,000,000, which man.

The Chinese people were eminently was a large proportion of the entire population adapted for religion, and gladly received any reof the earth—that being 1,000,000,000. There ligious instruction from whomsoever it came. were about 15,000,000 Tartars, who were the Then China had done much for England. The principal impediment in the way of progress at introduction of tea had achieved more than all the present time. Previous to 1614, when the the moralists in the world. Great freedom exTartars were first introduced, European nations isted in China. Any person might travel from were freely admitted into China, and enjoyed one end of the country to the other, without uninterupted intercourse with the natives. Any being stopped, or asked questions respecting tolls alteration that had taken place in this respect or passports. The press was perfectly free, and had been occasioned by the Tartars. No doubt newspapers were very numerous, and not a vil

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. lage existed without a library. The amount of GENRES, AT WHEATTLAND, MONROE CO.,

FOR printing was enormous, not even the smallest fishing village being without its printing press of sourteen weeks each.

N. Y. The School Year is divided inio Three Terms, The love of learning was extraordinary in the The Fall Term will commence on the 3d of 8th mo., extreme, and many sacrifices were made in order 1857. to gratify the wishes of the Chinese in that The Course of Instruction in this school, embraces respect.' In conclusion, he hoped the unhappy lish Education, including Drawing. Lectures will be

an elementary, practical, liberal, and thorough Engaffair at Canton would not extend, but would given on the different branches of Natural Science, result in a more extended intercourse with the which will be clearly and fully illustrated by experipeople, in order that peace and happiness might ments, with appropriate apparatus, prevail for the future.

The School is located in a healthy and pleasant

situation, within a hundred rods of Scottsville Station, The Archdeacon of Cardigan said he had re

on the Genesee Valley Rail Road, ten miles south of cently had an interview with the Bishop of Hong Rochester. Kong, who stated that the antagonisin to the I will be the aim of the Managers and Teachers to English was entirely confined to Canton, where render the pupils as thorough as possible in the studies he hoped soon to see missionaries allowed to pursued, and also to inculcate habits of older and pro

priety of conduct. enter, as in other parts of China.

No pains will be spared that tend to promote the After a few remarks from the chairman, in best welfare of the pupils. corroboration of the previous speaker, the meet

Terms, $42 per Session of 14 weeks, for Tuition, ing separated. -- London Morning Star.

Board, Washing, Fuel, Pens and Ink,-one half paya-
PHILADELPHIA MARKETS,

ble in advance, the other half at the end of the Term. Flour and Meal. The market is dull, and mixed which $1.50 per Term will be charged. No extra

Class Books furnished by the school, for the use of brands are offered at $7 00 per bbl., and brands for charges, excepi for Languages, which will be $5 per home consumption at $7 00 a $750, and extra and Term for each. Stationery furnished at the usual fancy brands at $7 85 a 8 75. There is very little

prices. demand for export, and little stock to operate in. Rye Flour $4 75 per barrel. Pa. Corn Meal 3 92 per barrel. shors, Wasb-Basin, Towels, Tooth-Brush and Cup.

Each Pupil will provide herself with a pair of OverGrain. There is little demand for Wheat.. Sales Each'article of clothing to be distinctly marked. of prime Pennsylvania red were made at $1 85 a 1 87, and $1 90 a 1 95 for good white. Rye is Guardians of each Pupil every month, showing the

Conduct-papers will be forwarded to the Parents or dull. Penna. at $102. Corn is in demand at 90c, afloat. Oats are steady; sales of Penna. and Delaware'at 53c: progress in study, ant general deportment.

For further particulars address, PRINGDALE BOARDING SCHOOL.- This

STEPHEN COX, Principal, School, situated in Loudoun Co., Va., was founded

Scottsville P. O., Monroe Co., N. Y. by an Association of friends belonging to Fairfax Quarterly Meeting, in order to afford to Friends'

7th mo. 25th, 1857.-41. children, of both sexes, a guarded education in accordance with our religious principles and testimonies.

BOARDING SCHOOL FOR

FARINGEN The next session will open the 7th day of the Ninth GIRLS.-Beulau S. Lower and ESTHER LOWER, month and close the 11th of Sixth month following. Principals. The first session of this school will com

Tborough instruction is given in the branches mence on the 141h of 9th mo. next. usua ly embraced in a good English education, and In this Iustitution will be taught all the branches of lectures are delivered on History, Natural Philosophy, a thorough English education, and no efforts will be and Chemistry. A philosophical apparatus, a cabinet spared on the part of the Principals in promoting the of minei als, and a variety of instructive books, have comfort and happiness of those under their care. been provided for the use of the school.

Terms.- For tuition, board, washing, the use of Experience confirms us in the belief, that in class. books and stationery, $75 per ses:ion of 20 weeks. ing together boys and girls in the recitation room, we French and Drawing each $5 per session extra. have adopted the right method, as it stimulates them For further particulars and references address B.S. to greater diligence, and improves their deportment. and E. LOWER, Fallsington, Bucks Co. Pa. They have separate school rooms and play grounds, 7th mo. 11th, 1837.-8w. and do not assuciale, except in the presence of their teachers. None are received as pupils except the chil

ur Boarding and Day School for the young of dren of Friends, or those living in Friends' families

either sex will re-open, after the Summer vacaand intended to be eucated as Friends.

tion, on the 10th of Eighih month. Descrip'ive eirTerms.-For board, washing and tuition, per term culars will be sent to any who may desire them. of 40 weeks, $115, payable quarterly in advance. Address either of the Proprietors, P. O. Attleboro', Pens, ink, lights, &c., titty cents per quarter. Draw-Bucks Co., Penna. iny, and the French language each $3 per quarter.

SIDNEY AVERILL, Books and stationery at the usual prices.

ELMINA AVERILL. The stage from Washington to Winchester stops at Seventh month 10th, 1857.

31.
Purcelville within two miles of the school. There is
fiom Point of Rocks, on

EMOVALM. GARRIGUES,
may be had to the school, a distance of 9 miles.- North Ninth Street, 6th door below Vine, east side,
Letters should be directed to Purcelville, Loudoun Philadelphia, where she still continues her former bu-
Co., Va.
S. M. JANNEY, Principal.

siness. HENRY SUTTON

61h mo. 15, 1857. HANNAH W. SUTTON } Superintendents. 7 mo. 111b, 1857.--8w,

Merrihew & Thompson, Prs., Lodge St., North side Penna.Bank

0

and Ox0 K Road

, to Leesbury, where a conveyance R Maker, removed from No. 235 Arch Street, to

FRIENDS

INTELLIGENCER.

VOL. XIV.

PIIILADELPHIA, EIGHTH MONTH 1, 1857.

No. 20.

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EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS. From our Monthly meeting held at Bridport, the

21st of the Ninth month 1755, to Friends at PUBLISHED BY WM. W. MOORE,

their Second-day's Morning meeting in LonNo. 324 South Fifth Street,

don. PHILADELPHIA,

Dear Friends and Brethren,-The journal of Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, pay, our dear and worthy friend Samuel Bownas, able in adranee. Three copies sent to one address for seems to break off somewhat abruptly, ending Five Dollars.

the 2d of the Ninth month, 1749, and we cannot Communications must be addressed to the Publisher, find he kept any account of his travels

, labors free of expense, to whom all payments are to be made.

and services in the ministry, from that time to

to the time of his decease, which was on the An account of the life, travels, and Christian ex- second day of the Fourth-month 1753, during periences in the work of the ministry of Samuel which time he took no long journeys, for being Bownas.

advanced in years, his hands shook and eye(Concluded from page 291.)

sight failed him much, but he was very diligent We have given copious extracts from the in attending meetings both at home and in the

neighborhood, for twenty or thirty miles round, the life and travels of this dedicated servant, as long as his health and strength continued ; to the year 1740, the time of his return from and his ministry was lively and powerful to the his second visit to Friends in America. The last

, to the edification and comfort of those that succeeding three years were occupied in visiting were favored with it, and his removal was a a second time the North of England, and great loss to Friends in these parts, but we have

reason to believe it was his great gain, for in bis Ireland, in which journey he says, “I travelled last illness, which was very short, he seemed in Ireland, exclusive of sea, six hundred and quite sensible of his approaching change, saying, seventy-eight miles, and in England, nine that he could not stay long with us, and hoped hundred and thirty miles, which in all is that kind Providence would be pleased to take sixteen hundred and eight miles, and save my him to himself. illness at Bury, had my health as well as I Signed in and on behalf of the said meeting, could expect, being bumbly thankful that I was by

JOSEPH CURTIS, 50 strengthend both inwardly and outwardly to

and several other Friends. accomplish my journey so well, not having, that I remember, left any thing undone in that

TOLITENESS AND TRUTH. nation, save something I had to say in the men's meeting at Dublin, but their hasty breaking up Many persons plead a love of truth as an prevented it, which gave me uneasiness for apology for rough manners, as if truth was never some weeks 'after, and I remurk it here for a gentle and kind, but always harsh, morose, and caution to others; for I missed such an opportu- forbidding. Surely good manners and a good nity as I could never more expect to have, and conscience are no more inconsistent with each this added to my uneasiness. Thus I saw that other than beauty and innocence, which are my fear of breaking in upon the meeting, and strikingly akin, and always look the better for hindering their business, made me lose my time, companionship. Roughness and honesty are inso that I came off with a burden upon my mind." deed sometimes found together in the same

person, but he is a poor judge of human nature A circumstantial account is given of the next who takes ill-manners to be a guarantee of prosix years, after wbich his journal appears to bity of character; or suspects a stranger to be a have been discontinued; but the following testi- rascal, because he has the manners of a gentlemony issued by the Monthly Meeting of which

Some persons object' to politeness, that

its language is unmeaning and false. But this he was a member, furnishes a brief account of is easily

answered. A lie is uot locked up

in his labors during the four years subsequent to phrase, but must exist, if at all, in the mind of his death.

the speaker. In the ordinary compliments of

man.

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