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unlooked for phenomenon.” And mark one of the results :-" Lords Derby and Sefton, who, by

Three little vessels, commanded by one Christheir opposition, forced the line from their es

topher Columbus, set sail from Palos, in Spain, tates, and compelled Mr. Stephenson to take it on the 3d of August, 1492, in search of a new over the worst part of Chat Moss, were afterwards world, far over a wide and unknown ocean. For found patronizing a second and rival line between sixtynine days the bold navigator steered westLiverpool and Manchester, on condition that the ward, before his glorious vision was realized. On line should pass through their property." Though the 7th of August, 1857-three hundred and not meant, this was a tribute to the genius of sixty-five years later, almost to a day—a squadthat unprofessional person who had now accom- ron of five noble steamships, belonging to two plished the great work of his life, and had begun great nations, set sail from Valentia Bay, in Irethe greater and the supremely good work of land, to bind to Europe, by the magical bond of drawing the ends of the earth together. And electricity, the world that Columbus discovered.

. yet, for years, Mr. Stephenson was not reckoned The enterprise of 1857 is almost as sublime in by the "C.E.'s” as worthy of being considered conception as was the enterprise of 1492. As a as belonging to the status of engineers, because scientific undertaking, it rather exceeds it. he had never been a student or an apprentice. Columbus had to skim the surface of seas then Even the mechanical engineers looked on him as unknown. But the Telegraph must be laid deep an interloper, and abused him in their magazines. in the bed of the ocean, among unknown and Dr. Lardner, who so satisfactorily proved the undiscoverable dangers. On the fourth day out impossibility of navigating the Atlantic by steam, from Valentia Bay, the cable was broken by some . just as the fact had been accomplished, declared, one of these unknown dangers of the deep, and " that in the proposed great Box Tunnel, on the the fleet returned to the British coast, not to Great Western Railway, the passage of a load of abandon the enterprise, but to profit by the ex100 tons would deposit 3,090 lb. of noxious gases, perience gained, improve the machinery, and try incapable of supporting life.”

The same philo. again. sopher, in 1824, advocated the plan of Mr.

There is great disappointment and no little Vallance for projecting passengers through a despondency among the friends of the enterprise tube large enough to contain a train of carriages, 'thus boldly undertaken, at this first serious accithe tube being previously exhausted of atmos- dent. But there is not half as much desponpheric air!

And finally, Col. Sibthorp anathe- 'dency as there was among Columbus's sailors. matized Stephenson and all his class, declaring We have not yet come to the mutiny point, and that he would rather meet a highwayman, and we do not yet need a high heroic soul to keep us adding his belief that a highwayman was the in spirits. To get out of heart because of a first more respectable man! As a sample of the dif- fracture, when four days out to sea, is quite unficulties encountered in surveying land for rail. worthy of the age that could present to the world ways, the following, having reference to the an undertaking so noble as this Atlantic TeleLondon and Birmingham, is among the more graph. The stock may go down, under the inamusing:

fluence of the disaster, combined with the com"At one point the vigilance of the landowners mon panic of the day. But how much lower and their servants was such, that the surveyors would have been the Discovery of the New were effectually prevented making the surveys by World stock, if that great work had been underthe light of day; and it was only at length accom- taken by an incorporated company, instead of plished at night by means of dark lanthorns. by one courageous man, aided by royalty. It Mr. Lecount mentions another instance of a will be time enough for us to despond, when our clergyman, who made such alarming demonstra- sixty-nine days of unknown sailing, of disasters, tions of his opposition, that the extraordinary disappointments and mutinies, are over.

It expedient was resorted to of surveying his pro- would be unworthy of the people of the world perty during the time he was engaged in the Columbus discovered, if we were to give up our pulpit. This was accomplished by having a glorious vision before the expiration of the time strong force of surveyors in readiness to com- required to fulfil bis. mence their operations, and entering the clergy- The Atlantic Telegraph is the greatest experiman's grounds on the one side at the same ment of the age, and, like all experiments, it is moment that they saw him fairly off them on the liable to failures and accidents. There has been other; by a well-organized and systematic ar- no one to dive down and trace every inch of the rangement, each man concluded his allotted task ocean-bed over which the cable must lie; no one just as the reverend gentleman concluded his to tell us of the mountains of rocks, the preci. sermon; so that, before he left the church, the pices, the chasms and crevices, over and in which deed was done, and the sinners had all decamped.” | the magical line must be laid. There is no [To be concluded.)

positive assurance that the waters are calm at

that great depth, and that there will be no chafing Less judgment than wit, is more sail than ballast. Tof the cable among the rocks. There is no proof

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of his age :


the good and Heavenly Pilot, you will be ena- ledgment is, Thou knowest best what to bestow bled to avoid those rocks, quicksands, and shoals or what to withhold. Thy will be done.” upon which many have been shipwrecked.” The tender, affectionate solicitude he felt for

He was concerned that the young should be his children is made manifest by the following, convinced that there was no gloom in religion. which was written in the 60th year “I would hold it up,” he says,

66 as that which “It is the desire of your father that you attend is so lovely in itself as to make it attractive and to the impressions of the Spirit of God, made inviting, as something which will enable us to upon your minds from time to time; be assured overcome every besetting sin, and elevate our as you attend to these impressions, you will becondition step by step in the scale of improve- come more and more acquainted with the teachment, until we become united with the inhabi- ings of the Grace of God, that brings salvation tants of that city which needs not the light of from sin, and the defilements of the human heart. the sun nor of the moon to shine in it, 'for the I most tenderly solicit you as a dear father, to glory of God doth enlighten it, and the Lamb is yield to its teachings. Be not ashamed to acthe light thereof.'”

knowledge yourselves under its government, He was exercised in regard to a disposition in although it will lead you out of the world's cussome to pervert the scriptures of truth, and con- toms, because it stands in opposition to the cerned that a right estimate should be set upon spirit of the world—it is to prepare the immorthem. His testimony left in writng is, “ As tal soul to dwell in the courts of Heaven, through we attend to the same principle which inspired an endless eternity; and not only to prepare for holy men of old, who wrote them, our under- enjoyment beyond the grave, but to qualify you standing will be opened, and we shall see a beauty to live as you ought, while here on earth. It and excellency in them which we cannot find by will enable you to love one another, to do good perverting them ; we shall not be undervaluing to all men, to be kind to all placed under your nor overrating them ; we shall consider them as care, and increase your desire for the relief of testimonies corroborative of those spiritual truths the oppressed. It will increase your love for which are sealed on our minds by the impress of religious meetings; you will not be ashamed to the Divine Spirit.”

wear a plain dress; you will be willing to follow He was frequently invited to attend funerals the example of the Son of God. of those not in membership with us, and being “If you reject the religion which God reveals concerned to improve every right opening, and in the heart, by the teachings of His Spirit, you to fulfil what be believed to be his mission to never can obtain any but that which is the work his fellow men, he frequently found it his duty of the systems of men. These can rise no higher to go often travelling many miles to accomplish than their fountain, but the teachings of the it. Although he often felt the weakness and in- grace of God will lead to God. Attend to it, firmities of the flesh to be many, and the conflicts and it will lead you from many sorrows.

Be of the spirit to be great, yet, at times, he could not deceived. Happiness does not consist in the feelingly rejoice that an interest was mercifully abundance of the possessions of the things of this granted through lim“ who giveth the victory world. Therefore, be more concerned to live a over all, and that the Lamb Immaculate is still life of dedication to your Divine Master, than to redeeming out of every nation, tongue and peo- get riches. Oh! attend strictly to the injuncple," and adding to his Church Triumphant, tion, Seek first the kingdom of God and His those whose names shall be recorded in the righteousness, and all these things shall be added book of life, because they submitted to His unto you.' Confiding in this promise, and government.

putting your trust in the Lord, blessings will Some time previous to his last illness he wrote descend upon your labors. He who blessed Jacob as follows:

and Joseph, will most assuredly bless you." " There are many sudden removals, and I am His last illness was lingering, but he mani. often unwell; if I should be suddenly taken fested much patience and resignation throughout, away, I have wished that my family might know being clothed with love and good will to all

. the comfortable feelings my mind partakes of. Under date 4th month 27th, 1856, he adOh! how I am filled with the goodness of God dressed his family in writing as follows: to overflowing, so as to raise the sensation of " When I was first taken sick I thought it Holy! Holy! Holy! Hallelujah to Israel's Shep- might be my last sickness. I have given the herd! Oh! glorious state! Oh! blessed abode! subject a very careful investigation, and believe When, oh! when shall I be there? These feel- an entrance will be mercifully granted me, into ings bring with them a complete surrender of that City described as “having walls of salvation, all selfishness. All centres in the Divine Will. and whose gates are praise.? I discover nothing Whatever attachment to the world, however in my way. He who is all wisdom, is also all strong the family ties, the love of the Heavenly •power. If He has a work for me to perform, He Father absorbs them all. His will is bowed to will raise me up for the performance of it, for He in humble submission of soul, and the acknow- knows I am ready and willing. I discover noth




ing worth living for, but to glorify His blessed

If I am taken away suddenly, do not Having in my possession the following letter, harbor the idea that it was in an unexpected mo- I thought it might be interesting to some of the ment, for I have been, and am watching the readers of the Intelligencer, who may remember time as if it were at hand. You have manifested the author in his travels through some parts of the greatest kindness towards me; you have done Pennsylvania and Maryland, previous to the all in your power to make me comfortable ; for writing of this letter, which evinces the deep which I trust you will be rewarded. When the interest he felt for the welfare of those whom he time of separation comes, resign me cheerfully, bad visited, and his earnest desires for their firm submit to the dispensation as ordered of God, establishment on the sure foundation. who does all things in his inscrutable wisdom for

6th mo., 1857.

A. K. good.” He requested that the testimony to plainness and simplicity should be carried out in his

Blount County, Tennessee, 1812. person even to the grave; that his coffin should

Dear and much beloved Friends, inhabitants be the natural color of the wood, and not var- of the town of Baltimore, and tbereaway, my nished, and that no stone or monument should heart salutes you in that which I trust proceeds be placed at his grave.

from the Father and fountain of all never-failing In a letter to a Friend dated 5th month 7th, love, and I hereby simply inform you that I got 1856, he says,

6. If

any Friends ask concerning well home the 26th of the 11th mo. last, and me,

inform them I hold the truth as professed by found my dear wife and all well, and so with them Friends, as dear as ever; that my desires and

am enabled to rejoice in the Lord.

And now, prayers ascend for its increase, that it may grow dear friends, having had some time of rest at and bright through us, as a professing people, and it in my own habitation, my mind, I think, hath will shine more and more as we mind the light.” not become idle, but hath often been led back to

On one of his friends taking leave of him, he contemplate on my late journey, and to think of said, “ Be faithful to the requirings of thy Hea- many of my dear friends with whom the Father venly Father, for at such a time as this it will brought me into an acquaintance; and in this afford more peace than all else beside.” Being contemplatory review you have often, yea very visited by his numerous friends, he continued to often, filled my wakeful hours with great desires bear similar testimonies, while able to write or for your present growth and establishment in the converse, giving evidence to the last that Divize truth, so that indeed you might become pillars Goodness was his support.

in the spiritual building, that should go no more The last three weeks of his life he was nearly out, but being preserved and supported by the deprived of speech by paralysis, yet his last words great superintendent of his children, you might were, “peace, peace, sweet peace, ready, wait. be as able props and true supporting pillars in ing,” evincing the truth of the declaration, the great cause of righteousness in the earth. “ Blessed is that servant whom, when his Lord Ah! friends, great indeed is the work wherecometh, is found ready and waiting.”

unto we are called, and I think the mighty arm He died the 28th of 8th month, 1856, in the of the Lord by whom this work through your 72nd

year of his age, and we feel an assurance faithfulness is to be carried on, hath been made that bis immortal spirit is centered in that glo- visible to many of you : therefore, Oh ! friends, rified state, of which he had a foretaste, when he let us not retard the great work which the Lord could ascribe hallelujah to Israel's God. by the wooing spirit of his love is designing to

His remains were taken to the Meeting House bring about to establish the mountain of his own at Shappaqua and interred, after a large and sol- house, on top and above all the works of man, emn meeting, in which several testimonies were and to exalt it above the imaginations of his borne to his circumspect life, and dedication to heart. And so through the faithfulness of his his Master's cause; and the feeling that we had children to make it visible that nations may draw lost a beloved friend and father in the church near and find that the Lamb dwells there by whom seemed to pervade every mind.

thus are we taught of the Lord, for it is the meek Signed by direction of Shappaqua Monthly that he teaches of his ways, and enables them to Meeting, held in New Castle, 8th of 1st month, walk in his paths, so coming to be rebuked by 1857.

him, that pature that would lust and war is done

away, so that there is no need of carnal and out.
ward weapons. Oh ! this is what the Lord de-
sires to bring about, and this is what the faithful

ones long to sce; so that the declarations which Cheerfully acknowledge merit in others, and the shepherds heard through the sound of the in turn you will always receive that kind con- voice of the angels might be heard sounding sideration which you desire. When you cannot from the Arctic to the Antarctic pole, which was consistently praise, by all means keep silent, un glory to God in the highest, peace on earth, less there be a manifest wrong deserving censure. I and good will towards men. Now, friends, I be

Kachel M. PIERED

; } Clerks.


seech you put on the whole armor of God, so, united to God, so that there will be but one that you may be able to stánd, and having done shepherd, and one flock, Christ and his gathered all to stand, if the language of the times should Church; gathered from the vain imaginations of proclaim to thy tents, Oh! Israel. Oh! then you man into the holy path of humility; and so acmay gather into the hollow of his holy hand and cording to the language of holy writ, he that find a hiding place, while the judgments of the humbleth himself shall be exalted and brought Lord are poured forth against all the workers of to Zion's heights, from whence the Lord alone is iniquity and those that know not the Lord; and praised.

WILLIAM WILLIAMS. while the potsherds of the earth smite one against another, and vex one another, until the inhabi.

BIBLE TESTIMONIES CONCERNING THE NATURE tants of the earth learn righteousness, and so come to know the Lord, for when thy judgments, Oh! Lord, are in the earth, the inhabitants of the The inspired writers generally take man as world will learn righteousness, for I do believe they find him; assume his character as it apif the Lord cannot woo the children of men by pears at particular times and in special circumhis holy spirit of love, that he will turn aud over- stances. Those passages whose strong language turn the powers of the earth until his great day is so eagerly quoted as decisive, are almost alis brought about, for indeed the kingdom of his ways local in their application, and their force dear Son is sent and his glorious sceptre is held definitely restricted by the context. forth, and they that will not bow in mercy

shall Still, not alone for speculative, but practical bow in judgment, for it is written that every knee reasons, we would know, if we may, on divine shall bow, and every tongue confess to God;' authority, what our nature is. There are to this yea, for the Lord hath his pure witness in the end some sentences in the New Testament, heart which is to bring salvation or condemna- i whose conclusiveness, I feel there is no way of tion. So now, dear friends, may I use the words ' resisting. Observe, that we wish to know, not

I of the beloved disciple, yea, it is the language of the acquired character, but the original nature my heart at this time. I write to you, dear fath- 1 of the human soul. This nature exists pure only ers and beloved mothers, because you have known in the child. This, the advocates of total dehim who was from the beginning; I write to you, pravity, I presume, do not all admit; for their dear young men and precious young women, be- language is, that we are born depraved, that sin cause you have known something of that power is innate, hereditary, substantial in the very eswhich is strong, where by you may overcome the sence and constitution of the mind. The soul evil one; and I exhort you, dear youths, to be of a child is therefore its absolute principle and faithful, so that not only a few but all of you may embodiment. Now, we have six parallel declacome to fill up the place of them that were strong rations of the Evangelists, Matthew, Mark, and men in Christ, and had overcome the evil one ; Luke on this very point, expressing, not what first a young man, then a strong man in Christ, they thought of the child's nature, but what so being prepared by the growth of the everlast- Jesus thought and declared; that is, six passages ing truth and spirit of the Lord, you may become giving the decision of the highest authority. • elders and pillars in this the day of your gener. The burden of these passages is, that of such as ation, having learned in the school of Christ little children, is the kingdom of heaven; that to rule over and govern yourselves, so that you to be converted and become like them, is the only be by the Holy Ghost made to fill useful stations and necessary title of entrance into that kingin the church. Dear young friends, the love dom ; that to be humble as a child makes one that I felt for you when in your town, revives the greatest in that kingdom ; that to receive a in my heart whilst I thus write, and may I not child in Cbrist's name is to receive him; and, in call you by the endearing name of the children still another passage, he gives it as a warning of the kingdom, you who have had a godly edu- against despising one of those little ones, that cation; and also you, dear hearts ! who have their angels (by which I think he must mean the given up the expected pleasures and vanities of spirits of departed children) do always behold of this world for an iuheritance in society; it, I the face of his father in heaven. I know not think, is evident that the spirit of the Lord is that there are in the Christian records any other poured out on all flesh, by which the Lord will testimonies upon the primary, simple nature of bring his sons from far and daughters from the man, and upon those testimonies I decliue all ends of the earth, and cause them to sit down reasoning. under the calming influence of holy love, with If human nature be fatally subjected to the Abraham in that kingdom that hath no end, law of the members—the helpless sport and hapwhere there is both room and food for them; less victim of appetite and passion, then to talk and you, dear hearts, so hold fast that which you of human sinfulness at all is a fiction of speech. have received that no man take away your crown; A machine cannot sin. Sin is wicked, unlawful thus pursuing the paths of truth you will feel choice. Necessity has no choice nor law, and yourselves united to all those that come to be mankind, instead of being thus convicted of their


actual transgressions, are universally absolved, they do rest from their labors, and their works do

R. H. H. and made as innocent as the animals in obeying follow them.” their irresistible instincts. Thus, a great objec. tion to the doctrine of total depravity is, that it A Stated Meeting of the Committee of Management takes a light view of sin, a technical and nega- 1 of the Library Association of Friends, will be held on tive view from which the singer easily escapes.

Fourth day evening the 16th inst., at 8 o'clock.

Jacob M. Ellis, Clerk. Under the semblance of a severe, it is really a Philadelphia, 9th Mo. 5th, 1857. licentious doctrine.

C. A. B.

For Friends’ Intelligencer. FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

(Continued from page 374.) PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 5, 1857. As he spoke, I observed he was not himself

upon the true foundation, nor acquainted with

the mind of the Lord on that account ; but spoke ** The righteous shall be had in everlasting remembrance." Died,-On the 6th of 5th mo., 1857, Mercy E. from his own imagination and partiality to his Brown, wife of Ira Brown, of Canada West, and own sect, as he and they desired it should have daughter of Henry Widdefield. In recording the death been; his mind natural and carnal, and his views of this dear friend, we feel that a bright light has gone outward, toward the power and dominion of this îrom us. She was a woman of sterling worth-little in her own estimation, but careful to occupy the talent world, as the Jews were at the time of the apcommitted to her care. Of her, it may truly be said, pearance of Christ among them; and as soon as "she saw well to the ways of her household, and ate he came to a period, finding my mind filled with not the bread of idleness."

the sweetness and meekness of divine truth, I In the early part of her sickness, she gave much

replied. excellent counsel to her children, saying she took that opportunity to impart her feelings of solicitude on

- The Divine Providence is indeed great over their beha'í, not knowing how her illness might ter. the children of men, and apparently over this minate. No memorandum was taken of her exercises, nation and her dependants at this day; and the but there are those who will feel the truth of the necessity of a right and thorough reformation is saying —" she being dead, yet speakerh."

By her death, society has sustained a great loss. very great, and, in the proper time and way of Her weighty deportment in our meetings plainly evi- the Almighty, will be brought to pass. But dlenced that she was holding sweet communion with neither by the means, por instruments now in the divine mind. She sometimes in our assemblies, your view; for all the contenders, one against gave utterance to a few words, which were the “few another, by destructive force, are of one spirit words fitly spoken.” Her disorder was very severe; divided against itself, under different forms and but her sufferings were borne with Christian patience. When near her close, she looked on her husband with views, in which the strongest will advance themserenity and sweetness, and said -“ My dear, I believe selves and their own way; but cannot, by such I am now going ;' and to her children who were around means, reform either themselves or others, as they her, she said, “ Farewell, dear children, and the way ought to do in the sight of God, who does not apto fare well is to do well. Put your trust in the Lord, and lIe will be with you."

prove or countenance violence, bloodshed, and unPickering, Canada West, 8th mo., 23d, 1857. righteousness in one sect, aud condemn the same

Died,—At his residence, in Waynesville, Ohio, on things in another; and will therefore bring about The 9th of 7th mo., 1857, of paralysia, Arnold Boone, that right reformation, by instruments of a difformerly of Georgetown, D. C., in the 76th year of ferent kind, and by another means and way : as tis age. The deceased was a valuable member of it is written, Not ly might nor by, power; but Miami Monthly Meeting of Friends.' Being gifted with excellent qualities of head and heart, he was

by my spirit saith the Lord.(Zech. iv. 6, Mic. peculiarly qualified to sympathize with the afflicted iii. 8.) and oppressed of all classes and conditions in life; but Upon this the stranger was much broken in especially were his feelings drawn forth, in great spirit, and the tears ran down his beard, and tenderness, towards that portion of the African family who are held in bondage by their fellow men. He dropped upon his knee, as he sat by me, and was their unflinching advocate whilst residing in a after that, being filled with love, (the same which slaveholding community, and for some years past has had reached him from my spirit,) he embraced . persisted—through many dificulties—in abstaining me in his arms, rejoicing that he had met with from using the products of unrequited toil; endeavor me ; (with some encomiums I don't think.proper ing, both by precept and example, to impress this to write) but said no more on any religious subdivine injunction upon the minds of those who came within his influence: “ Therefore, all things what-ject. Soon after he departed, and I saw him no soever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even

I now proceed with the account of my so to them.” Although his death was sudden, and further progress. very unexpected to his friends, it was evidently not so to himself.

In writing the last paragraph of the foregoing He told his aged companion a short time previous piece, which I inscribed to the saints in Zion, * thereto, that he believed the time of his departure was at hand, and (to use his own emphatic language) * They gazed upon me; they said I was mad, dis“his peace was made.” “ Blessed are the dead who tracted and become a fool; they lamented because my die in the Lord: yea, henceforth saith the spirit,-for I freedom came. See note at the bottom of page 345.

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