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At my suggestion, the Captain ordered the fore- standing on the quarter-deck. Some jumped mast to be cut away, which was done about 6 over and put off from the now rapidly descendo'clock.

ing ship, and seized on whatever they could. From 4 o'clock till 8 the water was kept at No one shrieked or cried, but all stood calm. bay. An attempt was made to raise steam in The Captain behaved nobly, and said he would the donkey boiler. Berths were torn out and not leave the ship. I promised him I would thrown into the furnace to raise the steam to remain with him, as also did the second officer, start the pumps, but all to no avail. The cause Mr. Frazer. All at once the ship, as if in the I could not learn. A drag was prepared, but agony of death herself, made a plunge at an failed, and the ship continued in the trough of the angle of 45 degrees, and, with a shriek from sea. "Bailing still went on rigorously, and was the engulfed mass, disappeared, and five hunkept up all night by gangs who were exchanged dred human beings floated out on the bosom as often as they became exhausted. Towards of the ocean with no hope but death. At morning the men were beginning to fail and the 1} o'clock in the morning the Norwegian bark water increase and grow up in the hold of the Ellen came running down with a free wind. ship. At 4 o'clock on the morning of Saturday, The cries of distress reached those on deck, and the 12th; the gale abated, with a heavy sea run- they hove to under short sail. The task of ning. They were encouraged by myself and rescuing the passengers was nobly commenced, others, with the assurance that the ship would hold and by 9 o'clock the next morning forty-nine out. Every passenger remained cool, and seemed had been picked up. Diligent search was made to forget bis danger in the united efforts to save until 12 o'clock, but no more could be seen. the vessel. There was no weeping or exhibition They then bore away for Norfolk with a fair of despair, even on the part of the females. At wind, and arrived at Cape Henry on the 17th, 8 o'clock another attempt was made to raise where myself and four others embarked in the steam in the donkey boiler, to pump the ship, pilot-boat and arrived in Norfolk. but without avail. Some one proposed to box Among those who were rescued by the brig the pumps, but, on inquiry, no carpenter or Ellen were two young men named Casey. They tools could be found, and the water gained are twin brothers, and bear a very close resemrapidly. The lee shaft was shrouded in heavy blance to one another. They were originally blankets to stop the leak, but the water burst from Sebastian county, Arkansas, and have been through. At 2 o'clock on Saturday a sail was in California for some years. When the passenreported to windward, and at 3 o'clock she gers were called upon to commence bailing they came under the stern. Boats were immediately fell into the line, and both continued to assist lowered, but two were stove iostantly by the sea. until a quarter of an hour previous to the vesThree boats still remained, one in a bad condi- sel’s sinking. When they left the cabin they tion. At 4 o'clock the work of removing the went on the hurricane deck and made preparaladies and children to the deck of the Marine tions to meet their fate. They stood together was commenced. The brig, being much lighter near the burricane deck within a few feet of than the ship, had by this time drifted away to Lieut. Herndon, who still continued calm and leeward. The distance was considerable, and self-possessed in his actions. But a minute bethe boats were long in making the trips, and fore the vessel sauk one of the brothers saw there being a heavy sea but few could be carried bim, and he was still without any apparent exat a time. After sending the ladies and children, citement. As the ship gave her last lurch, the the engineer and some fifteen others were em- brothers were standing by one another. barked on the brig. By this time it was dark. moment they were engulfed in the vortex of the The work of bailing was still kept on, but the waters, amid the din of the death cries of hunwater gained faster and faster upon the vessel. dreds of despairing beings, the cracking of timAs the boats successively approached the ship a bers, and the violent rushing of the waters as the simultaneous rush was made by the passengers seas surged together over the sunken steamer. to get aboard, and it was apprehended that the When they arose to the surface they were far boats would be filled and stove; it as now apart. One, feeling a plank within his reach, dark; about two hours before the sioking of grasped it, and at once swam with it from the ship, a schooner ran down under her stern, among the scores of beings which were surbut could not render her any assistance for want rounding him, knowing, with the instinct of selfof boats. The work of bailing went on until preservation, that to get clear with it constituted within an hour of her going down. Two lights his only hope of safety, and, as he left them, he of the above vessel were seen far to leeward. heard the cries of the drowning men, each Rockets were fired from the wheel, but went struggling with the other in their efforts to seize downward. The immediate sinking of the ship the few fragments of the wreck which were floatfollowed. Captain Herndon remained on the ing about, that they might perchance be saved. wheel up to the moment of her going down, By the aid of this plank he swam for several which was 8 o'clock on Saturday night. I was hours, till about 2 o'clock in the morning, when,

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discovering the brig Ellen, he hailed her, and, then we were obliged to pump the ship, and to their course passing near where he was, they use every effort to save

For two heard bis cry, threw him a rope, and he was days and nights we were in continual fear of the drawn upon deck.

sinking of the vessel. Our only comfort was His brother, on coming to the surface, swam that we knew the men were making every exerto one of the hatchways. He was hardly seated tion in their power. They worked like horses. on it before two others joined him, and in a I never saw men work so in my life. When minute three more had also reached it, and the the extent of the danger first became known six held it with the tenacity of despair to buoy among the ladies, we were very much frightened, them up. Three of these, however, became though none of us became at all frantic. There exhausted after being in the water for several was great fear, but no panic. We knew that hours, and fell off and drowned. The others every man on the ship was at his post and doing retained their hold until about 7 o'clock on San. his duty, and the captain told us that if they day morning. They were then discovered by the would work manfully the ship would be saved. Ellen and taken on board, the brothers learning He said, however, that if they did not work, for the first time of each others' safety.

there would be no hopes of saving either the It is stated by many of the survivors of the vessel or their lives. Captain Herndon behaved Central America's passengers, that there was nobly. He deserves all praise. Poor fellow ! seldom so large an amount of money owned by I am sorry that he is not alive to receive his passengers as in the case of those who came reward. by the Central America. Many were persons

It was about 10 o'clock on Saturday morning of large means, and there were but very few when we saw the brig that rescued us. When whose immediate wealth did not amount to hun- she came in sight, and we knew that she was dreds, while some reckoned their gold by the going to stay by us, we all thought that we thousands of dollars. The greater portion of would be saved. It cheered our spirits greatly, the passengers were returned miners, some com- and it encouraged the men also. The captain ing hither to invest the capital they had realized, came down and told us that the ladies would be in hopes to live a life of greater ease as the result saved first. But the sea ran so high that the of their industry, and others to get their families brig could not approach us with safety, and we and once more go to the land of gold. But as were still kept in peril and suspense. the storm continued to rage, less and less of The men continued at their work, but it was gold was thought of, and when, on Saturday, excessively wearisome, and it gradually wore it became evident that they were likely at any them out. When the ladies found that the moment to be buried beneath the wares, wealthy men could not hold out much longer, some of men divested themselves of their treasure belts them proposed to work themselves at the pumps. and scattered the gold upon the cabin floors, tell. But they were not suffered to do this. The ing those to take it who would, lest its weight men took fresh courage and stayed at their posts, a few ounces or pounds might carry them to and did their duty bravely, even when they their death. Full purses, containing in some were long past being fit for it. instances $2,000, were laying untouched on The ladies were in no worse spirits towards sofas. Carpet-bags were opened by men, and the end than they were at the beginning of the the shining metal was poured out on the floor danger. In fact, we all appeared to grow more with the prodigality of death's despair. One of calm and resigned. Those that had no little the passengers, who has fortunately been rescued, children to take care of, and to be anxious for, opened a bag and dashed out about the cabin were quite as brave and hopeful as the men. $20,000 in gold dust, and told him who wanted But as for myself, I must confess that, being to gratify his greed for gold to take it. But it sick and weak, and with these two helpless little was passed by untouched as the veriest dross. ones clinging to me, I became somewhat disA few hours before he would have struck down couraged and disheartened. A few of the ladies the man who would have attempted to take a showed no signs of fear and kept up to the last. yrain of that which he now spurned from him. It was wonderful to see their composure. In

fact, it was wonderful that we were not all NARRATIVE OF MRS. BOWLEY.

frantic. Mrs. Isaac McKim Bowley, with two young We were all weak and reduced, from having children, was bound for New York from Cali- pothing to eat of any consequence, for two days fornia. Her husband, who was not on board, before the ship went down. There was no fire had come to this city two or three months pre- to cook anything, and there was no chance to get vious, where she was to rejoin him. Her chil. any hearty, sustaining food. We hardly had dren are Charles M., aged two years, and Isa- water to drink. Some of the men, at work, bebella, aged one. In narrating her story to one came so exhausted that they dropped down in of our reporters, she said:

their places as if they were dead. We had rough weather for some time, and After the brig came nearer, and a boat bad

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been launched, Captain Herndon sent word to men on deck caught hold of me and pulled Captain Burt, “I have five hundred souls on board, and a million and a half treasure ; and All the women and children were saved in want you to stand by us, to the very last possible this manner. It seems almost miraculous, but moment.” Capt. Burt sent back word that he not one was lost, not even a single child. would stay by the wreck until Capt. Herndon We were very kindly received, and very genshould put up a flag as a signal that nothing erously treated on board the brig. The captain, more could be done.

who opened his whole heart to us, gave us every In transferring the ladies from the steamer to conceivable thing which could conduce to our the brig, it was my lot to go with the third comfort, and which was in his power to give. boat. The sea was very violent, and the pros- But the stores of the brig were scanty in the pect of outriding it in such a little frail craft first place, and in the next place they had to be was terrible. Before going off I put on a life- divided among a great many extra persons. We preserver, which was the only preparation I were three days on allowance. There were not could make for my escape, but neither the life- enough of provisions even to do anything more boat nor the life-preserver seemed like safety; than just keep us from starving; and yet the for it is impossible to describe the roughness captain shared them with us.

I did not eat any. of the waves, and the brig was a great way off. thing for nearly three days, but kept my little

The rope-noose was tied around me, and was allowance to feed my children with. If they had swung out over the water into the boat. The not had the food, they must have died. We all life-boat could not come close to the side of the suffered intensely on the brig, but this one thing steamer, and we all had to take our chance to we shall all recollect, in connection with our jump at it. Some of the ladies, in leaping, fell trials—that there cannot be a better man than into the water and some into the boat." But Capt. Burt. Capt. Herndon and Capt. Burt they were either hauled up again by the rope- proved themselves both to be noble men. Capt. noose, which was still around them, or they McGown of the Empire City has also shown us were caught by the sailors that manned the every kindness in his power. Capt. Herndon is boats, and pulled in over the sides.

now past praise, but I want to say of the captain Some of the ladies fell two or three times into of the brig that he deserves to be rewarded; for the sea before they could be got into the boat. he robbed himself, even of his own clothes and One of them, the stewardess, fell in three times, blankets, and parted with everything which he and once was pinched between the boat and the had for our sakes. side of steamer. A heavy wave dashed the boat against the ship, and struck the poor woman a severe blow. This, however, occurred not in

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. getting from the steamer into the life-boat, but The Winchester bushel, which is the one in in getting out of the life-boat into the brig. use in the United States, is 8 inches high and

After I got safely into the little boat, and my 181 inches diameter, and contains 2,150.42 cubic babes with me, I had but little hope of getting inches, struck measure ; beaped measure it conto the brig. The peril then seemed to be tains 2,815 cubic inches. greater than ever; but, as the ship was in a A ton of wine is 252 gallons. sinking condition, the only hope seemed to be A Scotch pint contains 105 cubic inches, and in attempting even this dangerous escape from is equal to 4 English pints. her. The water dashed into the boat, and we One hundred and forty-four pounds Avoirdahad to keep dipping it out all the time. Two pois are equal to 175 Troy. high waves passed entirely over us, so that it A chaldron of coal is 584 cubic feet-30 bush. seemed as if we were swamped and sunk; butels. the boat recovered from them both.

The men

Anthracite coal weighs 80 pounds to the bushrowed bravely, for their own lives as well as cl, which makes 2,880 to the ton. ours were at stake. The commander of this boat A commercial bale of cotton is 400 pounds, was the mate of the brig, and he encouraged the but those put up in the different States vary from sailors to keep every nerve steady, and told them 280 to 720 pounds. that it would require the exercise of all their A bale of hay is 300 pounds. skill and courage to reach the brig in safety. A cord of wood 128 feet, in the United States;

It was fully two hours and a half before we in France 576 feet. got to the Marine, and then we took our chance

A perch of stone is 24.75 cubic feet; if in of getting on board. The boat was tossed about the wall 22 cubic feet. so violently that the only way of getting out of A bushel of limestone weighs 140 pounds ; her was to watch a fortunate opportunity and after it is burned, 75 pounds, showing that 65 seize hold of the brig's rigging and ropes on the pounds have passed off as carbonic acid and waside. I caught hold with one hand and hung ter. It is said this will absorb 20 pounds of for some minutes over the vessel's side, till the water.

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One hundred cubic feet of hay, in solid mow and tri-weekly from the former place. The winter will make a ton.

term will commence on the 20 of 11th mo. next, and To find the number of bushels in a bin :

continue twenty weeks. The course of instruction

embraces all the usual branches, comprising a thorough Multiply the length, breadth and thickness in English Education, Drawing included. Terms: $57, inches together, and divide by 2,150,42 and it including Board, Washing, Tuition, use of Books, will give the number of bushels, struck measure. Pens, Ink and Lights. The French, Latin and Greek A stone is 14 pounds.

Languages taught at $5 each, extra, by experienced

and competent teachers, one a native of New HampScripture Measure.-A “Sabbath day's jours shire, and a graduate of a popular College in that ney, is 1,155 yards—two thirds of a mile. A State, whose qualifications have gained her a place day's journey 35} miles.

amongst the highest rank of teachers. The house is A palm, 3 inches.

large, and in every way calculated to secure health A Greek foot is 224 inches.

and comfort to thirty-five or forty pupils.

For Circulars, addressA cubit 18 inches.

EDITH B. CHALFANT, Principal. A great cubit 11 fcet.

Union-Ville, P. O., Chester County, Pa.

9th mo. 5th, 1857.–8 t. A WOODEN MAN IN THE POST OFFICE.

BOARDING SCHOOL FOR M. Salles, arquebusier to the Emperor Napo. L YOUNG GENEANO BONIS. Les intended the leon, has invented a post office automaton, which commence the next Session of this Institution on the takes up every letter thrown in the box, places for reference and further particulars, inquire for cir

2d of 11th mo., 1857. Terms: $65 for twenty weeks. it under the stamp, where it receives the post- culars of

BENJ. SWAYNE, Principal. mark and date, and throws ii out again for de. London Grove, P. O., Chester County, Pa. to .

'LDRIDGE HILL BOARDING SCHOOL.-The fice has made a trial of the invention, which has E

Winter session (for the education of young men turned out satisfactorily, and it is now in treaty and boys) of this Institutioni, will open on the oth of with M. Sailes for machines to be furnished to 11th mo., and continue 20 weeks. all the principal post offices throughout France. thoroughly taught by the most approved methods of

The branches of a liberal English education are PHILADELPHIA MARKETS.

teaching founded on experience. FLOUR AND MEAL.—The Flour market is very

Also ihe elements of the Latin and French languages. dull. Holders are offering standard brands at $5 50 a

Terms, $70 per session. $5 75. Sales to retailers and bakers, for fresh ground

Those wishing to enter will please make early apat $51 a $6! per bbl. and fancy brands, from $6j up to

plication. $84. Rye Flour is now selling at $4 37 per bbl.,

For full particulars address the Principal for a cirand Corn Meal is held at $4 per barrel,

cular. GRAIN.-The receipts of Wheat have fallen off,

ALLEN FLITCRAFT, but there is very little demand for it. Good red is

Eldridge Hill, Salem County N. J. held at $1 25 a $1 35, and $1 35 a $1 45 for good

29, 1857 - 8 w. white; only a few samples were offered. Rye is held at 75 cts. Corn is scarce, with small sales of yellow G WEE DR BOARDING SCHOOL FOR YOUNG

MEN AND BOYS. c Oats are in fair supply. New Delaware are

this School will commence on 2d day the 9th of lith selling at 34 a 35 cents, and Penna. at 37 a 38 cents month, 1857, and continue Twenty weeks. Terms

$70 per session. Those desirous ot entering will CF THESTERFIELD BOARDING SCHOOL FOR further information, address either of the undersigned.

please make early application. For circulars giving YOUNG MEN AND BOYS.-The Winter ses. sion of this Institution will commence on the 16th of

DANIEL FOULKE, Principal. 11th month 1857, and continue twenty weeks.

HUGH FOULKE, Jr., Teacher. Terms—$70 per session, one half payable in advance,

Spring House P. O. Montgomery County, Pa. the other in the middle of the session.

8 mo. 22, 1857–8 w. No extra charges. HENRY W.RIØGWAY, Crosswicks P. O., Burling Fistitution, baving been in successful operation for ton Co., N. J.

the last twenty years, will now receive six or eight 10th mo. 3-3 m.

female pupils as boarders in the family. Age under BA! BOARDING SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, near the Chel.! thirteen years preferred. ton Hills Station, on the North Pennsylvania Rail

Careful attention will be paid to health, morals,&c. road.

and they will be required to attend Friends' Meeting Gayner Heacock will open a school 12th mo. 7th, on First days, accompanied by one of their teachers, and continue 16 weeks, where the usual branches of also mid week meetings if desired by parents or guaran English education will be taught, and every atten-, dians. Terms moderate, tion paid to the health and comfort of the children.

LETITIA MURPHY Principal. Terms $40. No extra charges. Books furnished

SARAH C. WALKER Assistant. at the usual prices.

No. 158 Frankford St. Frankford, Pa. Address JOSEPH HEACOCK,

REFERENCES. Jenkintown P. O., Montgomery Co., Penna. John Child, 510 Arch Street. 9 mo. 26--8 t.

Thomas T. Child, 452 N. 2d Street below Poplar. | REEN LAWN SEMINARY is situated near

Julia Yerkes, 909 N. 4th Street above Poplar.

Wm. C. Murphy, 43 S. 4th Street above Chestnut. south west of West Chester, and sixteen north west

Charles Murphy, 820 N. 12th Street below Parrish. from Wilmington; daily stages to and from the latter, / Merrihew & Thompson, Prs.,Lodge St., North side Penna. Bap}

8 mo.

per bushel.

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FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

VOL. XIV.

PIILADELPHIA, TENTH MONTH 10, 1857.

No. 30.

EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS.

the time. While on the water I was sensible

of gospel love towards the inhabitants of PortPUBLISHED BY WM. W. MOORE,

land, and wished we could land there instead of No. 324 South Fifth Street,

at Weymouth; but I feared avowing so much PHILADELPHIA.

lest the vessel might not safely anchor there, so Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, paya üle in advance. Three copies sent to one address for said nothing until 7th day, when being about to Five Dollars.

proceed and looking over maps for a while, I Communications must be addressed to the Publisher told my companions I did not believe the line free of expense, to whom all payments are to be made would be discovered there, at least for me, and

acknowledged the prospect I had of this Island. EXTRACTS FROM THE LIFE OF MARY DUDLEY. “ After making some necessary arrangements (Continned from page 435.)

we went a mile and a half to the ferry, but not Ninth month, 1792. While waiting to being able to procure any conveyance at the be summoned on ship-board, a sweet parting other side, had to walk a long way upon rough season crowned this visit, wherein a consoling gravel. At length after E. Hatton had gone on hope was felt that through many infirmities the to try for a cart for us, B. Rotch discovered one arm of the Lord had not only been near to sustain, returning to Weymouth, and representing the but graciously strengthened for the work where: poor woman as tired, and offering generous unto He had called, so that in renewed faith payment, we obtained possession, and found His great cause might be committed to His holy our friend E. H. at the inn sending off a conkeeping; whilst the belief was satisfactorily veyance to meet us. Here we were kindly revived, that these Islands would learn more received, and found that Deborah Darby and and more to wait for His law, and trust in His Rebecca Young had held a meeting in a very Dane. He can gather without instrumental large room in the house, on being put ashore means, and complete His own work by the there in going to Guernsey. effectual operation of Almighty power. I felt “We appointed a meeting for eleven o'clock a rest in this assurance beyond all that I can in the morning, finding the Methodists held set forth, and some deep conflicts respecting these theirs at nine, and it felt unpleasant to interparts seemed, as it were, swallowed up in that fere with the hour of other professors. The ocean of love, which I verily believe will Isle of Portland is divided into several little operate, until the knowledge of the Lord cover villages, our men friends gave notice in the one the earth, as the waters cover the sea. Under we passed through, and that we were then in, these precious feelings, praise renewedly waited but I apprehend the intelligence reached as in the gates of Zion, for heavenly acceptance, further, as several came on horseback and many and after getting on board the vessel so strong were in the house before the appointed hour. did the current of gospel solicitude continue to The room though very large was not only filled, flow, that I was constrained to express a few but the stair case and adjoining chamber seemed words to a number of persons who were col. crowded, and a solemn favored season it proved; lected on the pier. Holy support was near one wherein the poor could be invited to partake through this exercise, and peace succeeded, for of durable riches. The people are mostly of a which pledge of divine acceptance wbat is too laboring, industrious class, reckoned very honest, dear to part with? May all our imperfections and diligent in attending their place of worship, and short comings be mercifully forgiven and which is the establishment; there has been every deficiency supplied, for the language is, 1 lately opened a Methodist meeting, and a rich trust, deeply inscribed, 'to us belongeth confu- man of that profession, named Brackenbury, has sion of face.'

settled there with a view of benefitting the “We were favored with a fine passage of less inhabitants in a religious sense: he was from than twelve hours to Weymouth, a distance of home, but some of his family were at the meettwenty-four leagues, and having a fair wind all the ing, and conversed freely with us afterwards; way, were able to stay upon deck, and partake they appeared solid persons, and were very of the captain's provisions, feeling much better friendly. A steady looking man, a preacher, than I could have expected, though sick part of I came after dinner, and invited us to this gentle

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