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BY F. P. W. GREENWOOD.
should go, and when he is old he will not depart| The voice of merriment, and of wailing, the from it."
steps of the busy and the idle, have ceased in Was there with all classes that amount of so the deserted courts : weeds choke the entrances, licitude and concern to cultivate and improve the and long grass waves upon the hearthstone. growth of the heavenly seed sown in the heart, The works of art, the forming hand, the tombs, proportionate to its importance, what a vast the very ashes they contained, are all gone. change would be witnessed ; the sword beaten While we thus walk upon the ruins of the into a ploughshare, the spear into a pruning hook, past, a sad feeling of insecurity comes over us, the downtrodden and oppressed relieved and re- and the feeling is by no means diminished when stored to liberty. “ The envy of Ephraim would we arrive at home. If we turn to our friends, depart, and the adversaries of Judah would be we can hardly speak to them before they bid us cut off ; Ephraim would not envy Judah, and farewell. We see them for a few moments, and Judah would not vex Ephraim.” “ The glory of in a few moments more their countenances are the Lord would then cover the earth, as the changed, and they pass away. It matters not waters cover the sca." “ For he whose mind is how near and dear they are ; the ties which bind stayed on the Lord is kept in perfect peace ;” and us together are never too close to be parted, or this is the happy condition designated for man to too strong to be broken. occupy while in this beautiful world, and the Nor is it enough that we are compelled to inestimable privilege offered to each without surrender one, or two, or many of those we love; distinction.
D. I. for tears were never known to move the king of Dutchess Co. N. Y., 18th of 9th mo. 1857. terrors, and though the price is great, we buy
no favor with it, and our hold upon those who
remain is as slight as ever. The shadows all CHANGE AND DECAY.
elude our grasp, and follow each other down the
valley. Change and decay follow each other in such We gain no confidence, no feeling of security, rapid succession, in the world through which by turning to our cotemporaries and kindred. we are passing, that we can almost catch the We know that the forms which are breathing sound of universal wasting, and hear the work around us, are as short-lived and fleeting as of desolation going on busily around us. " The those were which have been dust for centuries. mountain falling cometh to nought, and the The sensation of vanity, uncertainty, and ruin, rock is removed out of its place. The waters is equally strong, whether we muse upon what wear the stones, the things which grow out of has long been prostrate, or gaze upon what is the dust of the earth are washed away, and the falling now, or will fall so soon. hope of man is destroyed.”
If everything which comes under our notice Conscious of our own instability, we look has endured for so short a time, and in so short about for something to rest upon, but we look in a time will be no more, we cannot say that we vain. The heavens and the earth had a begin- feel the least assurance by thinking of ourselves. ning, and they will have an end. The face of When a few more friends have left a few more the world is changing daily and hourly. All hopes deceived, and a few more changes mocked animated things grow old and die. The rocks us, “ we shall be brought to the grave, and shall crumble, the trees fall, the leaves fade, and the remain in the tomb; the clods of the valley shall grass withers. The clouds are flying and the be sweet unto us, and cvery man shall follow waters are flowing away from us.
All power will forsake the strongest, The firmest works of man are gradually giv- the loftiest will be laid low, every eye will ing way. The ivy clings to the mouldering be closed, every voice will be húshed, and tower, the briar hangs out from the shattered erery heart will cease its beating. And when window, and the wall. Hower springs from the we have gone ourselves, even disjointed stones. The founders of these per- ries will not stay behind us long. A few of the ishable works have shared the same fate long near and dear will bear our likeness in their ago. If we look back to the days of our ances- bosoms, till they too, arrive at the end of their tors, to the men as well as to the dwellings of journey. former times, they become immediately associa- A stone, perhaps may tell some wanderer ted in our imaginations, and only make the feeling where we lie, when we came here, and when we of instability stronger and deeper than before. went away; but even that will soon refuse to
In the spacious domes which once held our bear us record. “Time's effacing fingers” will fathers, the serpent hisses, and the wild bird be busy upon its surface, and at length will wear screams. The halls which once were crowded it smooth; and then the stone itself will sink or with all that taste, and science, and labor could crumble, and the wanderer of another age will procure ; which resounded with melody, and pass, without a single call upon his sympathy, were lighted up with beauty, are buried by their over our unheeded graves. own ruins, and mocked by their own desolation. But there is one Being to whom we can look
with a perfect conviction of finding that security plates the power, wisdom, and goodness of which nothing about us can give; a Being in God. — Penn. whom there is no change. To this Being we can lift up our souls, and on Him we may rest FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER. them exclaiming in the language of the monarch of Israel: “ Before the mountains were brought PHILADELPHIA, TENTH MONTH 10, 1857. forth, or ever Thou hadst formed the carth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting the 30th of sth mo., Mary Evans, in the 64th year
DIED,— At her residence, in Westfield, N. J., on thou art God."
of her age, daughter of William and Rachel Evans. “Of old hast Thou laid the foundations of Naturally retiring, and many years a sufferer under the earth, and the heavens are the work of thy the hand of affiiction, she seldom mingled with her hands. They shall perish, but Thou shalt en
friends from home, she expressed to a friend a few dure; yea, all of them shall wax old like a gar- ment and home to be her boundary, evincing her resig.
weeks previous to her decease, she believed retirement, as a vesture shalt thou change them, and nation to the will of an all-wise Creator. they shall be changed; but Thou art the same, and Thy years shall have no end."
PARENTS AND CHILDREN--TEMPTATIONS OF CITY Here, then, is a support which will never fail, a foundation that can never be moved, the ever
"LEAD T'S NOT INTO TEMPTATION." lasting Creator of countless worlds, “the high It is quite a common thing for honest-minded, and holy One that inhabiteth eternity.” What frank-hearted, but somewhat ambitious country a sublime conception! “Inbabiteth eternity!" | farmers, to send their young sons to the city to occupies this inconceivable duration, pervades be educated, or to acquire a knowledge of busiand fills throughout this boundless dwelling; ness, but without subjecting them at the same
Ages upon ages, before even the dust of which time to the kindly and constant guardianship of we are formed was created, He had existed in some intelligent relative or friend. This is a infinite majesty, and ages upon ages will roll sad mistake, and it often leads to the most deaway, after we have all returned to the dust plorable circůmstances. The temptations of city whence we are taken, and still He will exist : life are many and various. They present themliving in the eternity of his own nature, reigning selves in a thousand different forms, some of in the plenitude of His own omnipotence, forever which are of the most seductive character. The sending forth the word which forms, supports moral restraints necessary to resist them must and governs all things, commanding new-created be of no ordinary kind, and it can scarcely be light to shine upon new created worlds, and looked for in the inexperienced and thie young raising up new-created generations to inhabit And when once the path of error is entered upthem.
on, and an evil habit is resorted to, it is diffiThe contemplation of this glorious attribute cuít indeed to retrace the footsteps. Perhaps of God, is fitted to excite in our minds the most the most powerful temptation to the gentle sex animating and consoling reflection. Standing, is dress. It bewilders, intoxicates, fascinates, as we are, amid the ruins of time, and the wrecks and often leads to ruin. This is especially the of mortality, where every thing about us is crea- case in this country, where the mistress and ted and dependent, we rejoice that something is maid vie with each other in adorning their persons, presented to our view which has stood from ever- where the classes are not distinctly marked, and lasting, and will remain forever.
where respectability is often measured by the When we have looked upon the pleasures of apparel. Dress, indeed, forms the leading tolife, aud they have vanished away; upon the pic in almost every female circle, and may be works of nature, and perceived that they are said to constitute the passion of the sex. But changing ; upon
the monuments of art, with young men there are many more tempta. and seen that they will not stand; upon tions. In the first place, they are nearly all our friends, and they have fled while we were taught to live beyond their means. They learn gazing; upon ourselves, and felt that we are as to smoke when they are mere boys, not a few fleeting as they ; upon every object to which we chew the narcotic weed, while drink in its various can turn our anxious eyes, and all have told us forms is deemed by a great inajority as a matter that they can give us neither hope nor support, of course. The wonder is, not that a few fall we may turn with confidence to the throne of under these circumstances, but that so many the Most High. Change and decay have never escape the shoals and quicksands of city life. reached it; the revolution of ages has never The lessons of self-restraint cannot be inculcatmoved it; the waves of eternity are rushing ed too early. Moral and religious precepts and past it; but it is fixed, and can never be dis principles should be constantly instilled. But turbed.
more than all, some regular habit of industry,
some visible mode of livelihood, should be conThe country is both the philosopher's garden sidered as essential. Idleness is the parent of and library, in which he reads and contem- many vices, and it is especially so in great cities.
Another and a fearful evil which prevails, is the fidence would be revived and deepened, and the existence of clubs or private gaming houses. hearts of both parties would be made to kindle These are every way fascinatiog, and while they and glow towards each other. Youth, we reare managed in comparative secrecy, they win peat, is beset with a thousand temptations, espeaway the young, the excitable and the unsuspi- cially in a great city like this, and while every cious, until ruin stares them in the face. The possible restraint should be inposed, a spirit of country is exempt from these subtle dens of ini- forbearance, generosity, kindness and considerquity. At first the unsophisticated youth is ation should always be exercised. The father, induced to visit one of these resorts from mere moreover, who plays the domestic despot, who curiosity. He is then stimulated, induced to avoids, neglects and drives his son from him, play for a trifle, and whether he win or lose, the assumes a fearful responsibility, and one that will excitement seizes upon his mind, and the chances return to him some day, in bitterness and sor-are, that he will return again and again. Those row.-Philadelphia Inquirer. who have no passion for gaming, and who have never indulged in its many forms, can have no adequate idea of the power of its temptation ! The following remarks on the subject of fuWe some days since conversed with a gentleman nerals, from a daily paper, are so in accordance of this city, who, from the force of habit and in with the views entertained by Friends, that we to resort to card-playing occasionally, to pass his read them with pleasure. We fear there is a evening hours. He has outlived all excitement growing tendency among us to deviate on these upon the subject, plays mechanically, and never occasions from that simplicity which is so beaurisks a farthing. But he informs us that he tiful and dignified, and which is, no doubt, aphas seen some terrible cases-cases in which not preciated by many not members of our society. only the young, but the old have been decoyed
ED. step by step, until they became infatuated, mad,
FASHIONABLE FUNERALS. and at last bankrupt. The art of a finished gambler consists of coolness, caution, courtesy, The increasing expensiveness of funerals and a peculiar adaptation to character. And thus should be a subject for scrious consideration, it is that the young and credulous, who fall in- and most of all by those by whom the mere pecuto their hands, have but a parrow chance of niary expense may be no object. Where grief escape indeed. In the humbler classes, and is real, it is worried with a most dangerous toramong the younger mechanics, associations of ture in going through all the forms and the various kinds, and all of an apparently useful or processes that custom increasingly demands at a benevolent object, are often full of danger. fashionable funeral. The imposing pomp of Thousands have been ruined in this way. Evil grief, even the closed windows of the darkened habits have been formed, ruffianism has been house of death, dangerously augment the depres. taught, and terrible results have been produced. sions of sorrow, while the irritating details of Nay, it is almost impossible for the most vigilant, ceremony, the changes of garments, the host of to watch, guard, restrain and protect youth strangers brought into the house and in contact in a great city. It is difficult to bave an eye with the harrowed mourners in the hour of wo, upon them at all times, while temptations may render the funeral of a dear friend a matter of be said to be in every path. The young, too are unnecessary torture, danger and injury incalcuimpulsive, reckless and easily deceived, and thus lable, to the living. they are readily led astray. Hence, every effort The expense also is not to be overlooked. Of should be made, to direct their thoughts, tastes course there are families of wealth that love and habits into proper channels. They should , ostentation, even at the edge of a mother's be afforded opportunities of proper enjoyment, grave, and to wrap around with pomp and pride of a character to interest their minds and touch even the insignia of the tomb. Their comfort the hearts, and at the same time to yield rational is to gild over everything, even the handle of recreation. The mistake of too many parents is, the scythe of death himself, and to glove his that they do not mingle sufficiently with their skeleton fingers. For such we do not write. children. They keep them at a distance, and Let them console themselves by display. But thus lose and impair their confidence and chill there are thousands of both rich and poor, who their sympathies. It is indeed a rare thing to really love their friends, and for that reason find fathers and sons mingling together, and would not wish to seem to slight their memory participating in the same science and enjoyments. by the failure of any seeming respect that money Some allowance should of course have been could procure, even though it should pinch them made for age and habit, but there are times and for a year or two afterwards, but yet who hate seasons when friendly communion would be ceremony and display, and are tormented by it at found mutually advantageous when the ties of times like these. There is, perhaps, a love of consanguinity would be strengthened, when con- offering costly gifts at the graves of those we
A TRUE LIFE.
love, and of breaking alabaster boxes to their every color, and in vehicles of all sorts, sizes, memory, that is natural. All of this we would ages and hues. A simple prayer, an earnest not reprehend. But we do plead against im- plea to the living, a brief account of the latest posing all the gew gaw displays of a modern and best wishes of the deceased and a friendly fashionable funeral; the nest of pompous coffins, group of neighbors to carry him to his grave. the array of hired carriages, the entire change of The earth is dropped softly on the coffin lid by dress, the troublesome and expensive hospitality friendly and affectionate hands, and then all is frequently indulged in on these occasions still and all disperse. from a conviction that it is a necessary mark of Such are the two extremes. We have seen respect either to the dead or to the living something of both, and do earnestly protest that These things distract the mind of the sufferer, simplicity is the best ceremonial, inspires the and therefore the whole ceremonials and manage greatest respect for the deceased, and produces ment of affairs are often placed in the hands of in every way the most wholesome effect on the men who do not and cannot sympathize in the living. Let all be quiet, simple and sincere. anguish they witness.
Neither offend custom nor affect display. Could All that ought to be required at such times this simplicity but be established, and funeral should be, as far as possible, those marks of re- feasts and mourning be abolished, it would conspect that can and are freely rendered by at- tribute to real respect, and bless many a widow tached friends and sympathizing neighbors. The in times like these.-Philada. Ledyer. duties of the undertaker should be as simple and unimposing as possible. If any of our readers has witnessed the funeral of some great A true life must be simple in all its elements, public character in England, while it may be animated by one grand and ennobling impulse. hardly possible to escape the pressure of the All lesser aspirations find their proper places in sympathetic gloom in which the whole atmo- harmonious subservience. Simplicity in taste, sphere is artificially involved, he must have felt in appetite, in habits of life, with a correspondthe comparative heartlessness of the whole af- ing indifference to worldly honors and aggranfair. The funeral of the late duke of Welling. dizement, is the natural result of the predomiton was of this character. The Apsley house nance of a divine and unselfish idea. was darkened, hardly a ray of light strayed into Under the guidance of such sentiments, virtue a single apartment. As you approached the is not an effort, but a law of nature, like gravibody lying in state, all the light was from a few tation. It is vice alone that seems unaccountawax tapers, the rooms were hung around in ble, monstrous, well nigh miraculous. Purity is black cloth; the attendants, in deep mourning, felt to be as necessary to the mind, as health to were silent and apparently weeping; the visitors the body; and its absence alike the inevitable were in black-all was black. Black plumes of source of pain. ostrich feathers waved from every horse's head A true life must be calm. A life perfectly in the final procession to the tomb, and the directed, is made wretched through distraction. horse without its rider, and the mournful We give up our youth to excitement, and wonder
i marches of a dozen bands of martial music made that a decrepit old age steals upon us so soon. the air thick with grief, until under the great We wear out our energies in strife for gold or dome of St. Paul's, the velvet coffin surmounted fame, and then wonder alike at the cost and by the coronet, was at last deposited in the worthlessness of the meed. vault.
“Is not the life more than meat ?" Ay, truly ! Sometimes these ceremonials take place at But how few have practically, consistently, so midnight, amid the rumbling of the organ, and regarded it ?. And little as it is regarded by the the roaring of cannon, and the solemn thrilling imperfectly virtuous, how much less by the vistrains of martial funeral music. But yet it is cious and the worldling ? What a chaos of strugall pompous and heartless. It rolls forth fu- gling emotions is exhibited by the lives of the neral anthems in tones that seem as if they multitude! How like to the wars of the infurimight wake the dead who have slept for ages ated animalculæ, in a magnified drop of water, in the vaults around. It seems as if it was all is the strife constantly waged in each little mind ! designed to impose upon the dead of past ages How sloth is jostled by gluttony, and pride that sense of the importance of this new tenant wrestled with by avarice, and ostentation bearded of the tomb now come to their fraternity, which by meanness! The soul which is not large enough he could no longer enjoy here.
for the indwelling of one virtue, affords lodgment, If from an extreme like this, any one has and scope, and arena for a hundred vices. But passed to some simple country funeral in the their warfare cannot be indulged with impunity. back woods, how striking the difference! A Agitation and wretchedness are the inevitable plain coffin and a simple shroud, a room where consequences, in the midst of which the flames all is covered with pure white, where the friends of life burn flaringly and swiftly to its close. A and neighbors gather, neatly dressed, but in true life must be genial and joyous. II. G.
CHINESE SUGAR CANE.
several yards. In these vats the sap is subjected OnFriday morning last we enjoyed the gratifica- to the action of lime, to destroy the acidity and tion of visiting, in company witá a friend from the precipitate the green vegetable matter. It is south west who is familiar with the production then conveyed through large brass cocks into a of sugar in Louisiana, the farm of Mr. N. J. great iron boiler, where it is subjected to the Willett, distant about a mile and half southeast heat of a small anthracite furnace, with flues of Haddonfield. Our object was to witness the and dampers capable of heating either or both attempt to make syrup or sugar from sorghum of two other boilers in the same range, to be raised in Canden county. Mr. W. has eight used in succession in the after process. After acres of the reed in the most flourishing con- having been concentrated to a certain degree in dition, from twelve to fifteen feet in height, this boiler, the juice is bailed over into the next with a few more acres on shares with Mr. Gill, succeeding one, where it is evaporated to a connearer to Haddonfield. To test the value of this, siderable extent, and the green, feculant matter Mr. W. has purchased and erected a small mill rising to the surface is carefully removed by a for grinding, and vats and kettles for concen- copper skimmer pierced with fine holes. The tracting and reducing the juice. The question liquid is then bailed into the third kettle, where of the practicability of raising sugar economically it is reduced to the condition of New Orleans in this latitude is so highly interesting that we molasses or syrup with constant stirring. Nr. considered ourselves fortunate in finding the W. has not yet carried the process further, mill in motion, and all the processes, from crush- though he has a distinct, and we think altogether ing to testing the molasses, in full operation, unnecessary, granulating kettle detached from Mr. W. being engaged in a second or third ex- the main range, and will employ it hereafter periment or boiling. An observation on such a when his supply of juice is more ample. subject, made so near home, will prove its own Such is the process, which is much more com. apology with our readers for occupying some plex than that employed in Louisana. Mr. W. space in describing what we saw.
is probably wrong in preferring anthracite for The crop resembles, almost exactly, somewhat fuel. We are indebted to a friend of our comenlarged broom corn, with a rather short brush; panion, who is a practical sugar planter on the It is planted in rows five feet apart, at distances Mississippi, for the information that they there of about a foot from stem to stem, in part of the prefer the dried or refuse cane of the mill and field, and from six to cight inches in the balance. ordinary brushwood, with their lively, quick The former portion produced by far the larger flame, for heating the boilers. Mr. W. having cane, but the latter the greater weight of cane burnt a portion of his syrup, seems to be afraid of a to the square foot, and the heavier amount of leaf boiling temperature. He wastes time in too slow for forage. A few rows only had been thinned an evaporation, in dread of too great heat: while out as yet, to supply the mill. Two plantings the Louisaina planters keep the liquid after had been made on the first and second Mondays clarification in a full boiling state, and, fearless in May, respectively. The seed is just begin of the remaining green matter in solution, (which ning to brown, or approach ripeness. Probably disappears long before granulation,) they conthe plant has not yet developed the highest tinue the concentration until granulation comamount of saccharine principle in the sap.
They then ladle out sugar from the Mr. W. is operating utterly without previous bottom by means of their strainers, and place it experience, and has obviously' committed several in perforated hogsheads over tubs, to allow the errors, both in the erection of his works and in molasses to drain gradually out. Meanwhile the treatment of the juice. His success, which the process goes on uninterruptedly in the evais highly flattering under these unfavorable porating kettle, fresh clarified juice being added, circumstances, is the more interesting, as show- until all is expended. They regard the resiing more positively the certainly profitable char-duum of syrup to be mainly or entirely due to acter of the crop in this latitude, even during a the presence of the juice of immature cane. remarkably cool and wet sunimer.
Under all disadvantages and want of exLet us describe the operation. The mill, perience on the part of Mr. W. he reduces from worked by two horses, like a tanner's circular four gallons and a half of the crude juice, one bark mill, has three perpendicular, hollow iron gallon of rich, delicious syrup, undistinguishable rollers at the centre for crushing the cane, from the very best of that found in the New (stripped of its leaves,) which is fed by hand. Orleans market. The quantity of juice to the A self feeding, horizontal mill, would be more acre has been tested elsewhere in the Northexpensive, but vastly preferable. The crude west, but the statements are not before us. juice from the rollers flows down through metal Memory whispers, however, that it equals or tubes into a funnel and pipes, which convey it exceeds four bundred gallons. At all events, to two small wooden vats with metallic linings, the experiment of Mr. Willett proves that this placed in another building, at the distance of cane is a more profitable crop than the cereals,