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even in New Jersey. We may have occasion for further remark on this subject hereafter.

Evening Bulletin.

A HARVEST HYMN. O Father, merciful and good !

O Giver ever kind,
Who feedest us with daily food
For body soul and mind !
We worship Thee, we bless Thee,

We praise Thee evermore;
And heartily consess Thee

The God whom we adore !
How thick with corn between the hills

The laughing valleys stand!
How plenteously Thy mercy fills
The garners of our land!
And therefore we will raise Thee

Our humble anthem thus,
And, sinful children, praise Thee

For all Thy love to us!
As
year by year, in ceaseless love,

Thy bounty never fails,
But still the blessing from above
O’erflows our bills and dales,
So, truly we adore Thee,

Thou Giver of all good,
And offer now before Thee

Thy people’s gratitude !

THE LEAF.

SAMUEL G. GOODRICH.

ARE OAKS PRODUCED WITHOUT ACORNS?

This question as to whether oaks are produced without acorns, seems to have set several people to thinking. Let them think. Thought is the germ that produces all that man can produce in improving the condition of life. The most useless mortal on earth is one who never thinks. None but an unthinking drone will say: “Let this question alone; science has settled it long ago ; why think more about it?”

Science has not settled it, except by its ipsi dixit-it must be so--nothing ever was, ever will, or ever can be produced without seed of its kind. "Perhaps so : we don't deny it; we only ask men to think.” To the Editor of the N. Y. Tribune.

It is a well-known fact that the removal of one species of forest is followed by a growth of one entirely different, and it is supposed the one species has exhausted the materials necessary for its growth, while the soil has been gathering materials adapted to the other.

It is another well known fact that seeds buried in the ground below a certain depth retain their vitality for years, and, when brought under favorable circumstances, germinate as surely as the seed of the past year.

Some time since, while excavating, a number of peach pits were found, where they must have been buried for at least 30 years; they were planted, and produced trees. May not the removal of the dense foliage admit the warmth of the

sun, and thereby wake from their long sleep the germs from the forests of past centuries supplied with more perfected materials for a more perfect growth than their progenitors, they to run their course and give place to a yet more advanced species in accordance with the great law of improvement?

How or when the first oak was made we know not; but may not this long sleep have imparted to the buried germ a strength and vigor to be obtained only in this way, thereby producing a tree quite unlike its ancestor ? The influence produced by this rest has engaged the attention of scientific minds, and it may yet prove a valuable auxiliary to a more rapid improvement in the productions of the earth.

May not the spirit or life principle remain intactible and invisible, disrobed of material substance, yet retaining its power to draw from its surroundings a body—and may not this account for the fact that such germs are destitute of the leaves which invariably attend the newly planted acorn ? That these suggestions may lead to a research into this interesting field of investigation is the wish of S. L. E. E.

It came with spring's soft sun and showers,
'Mid bursting buds and blushing flowers;
It flourished on the same light stem,
It drank the same clear dews with them ;
The crimson tints of summer morn,
That gilded one, did each adorn.
The breeze, that whispered light and brief
To bud or blossom, kissed the leat;
When o'er the leaf the tempest flew,
The bud and blossom trembled too;
But its companions passed away,
And left the leaf to lone decay :
The gentle gales of spring went by,
The fruits and flowers of summer die.

The autumn winds swept o'er the hill,
And winter's breath came cold and chill;
The leaf now yielded to the blast,
And on the rushing stream was cast.
Far, far, it glided to the sea,
And whirled and eddied wearily,
Till suddenly it sank to rest,
And slumbered in the ocean's breast.
Thus life begins; its morning hours
Bright as the birth-day of the flowers;
Thus passes like the leaves away,
As withered and as Just as they.
Beneath the parent roof we meet
In joyous groups, and gayly greet
The golden beams of love and light,
That kindle to the youthful sight.
But soon we part, and one by one,
Like leaves and flowers, the group

is

gone. One gentle spirit seeks tbe tomb, His brow yet fresh with childhood's bloom; Another treads the path of fame, And barters peace to win a name ; Another still tempts fortune's wave, And seeking wealth, secures a grave. The last grasps yet the brittle thread, Though friends are gone and joy is dead;

From Household Words.

THE COCO-PALM.

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nose.

Still dares the dark and fretful tide,

the

grey of the trunk and the green of the leaves And clutches at its power and pride,

of the coco-palm. High up the trunk, the clusTill suddenly the waters sever, And, like the leaf he sinks forever.

ter of the monkey-beads or cocos is observable just where the leaves will best shelter them from the blaze of the sun. Homely comparisons to tables and umbrellas must not be allowed to

obscure the lofty grace and glorious loveliness of The Spaniards call apish tricks "cocos,” and the scenery of the palm-islands. The Grecian the phrase " es un coco” means, "you monkey.” architects borrowed from the palm-trees the ideal The black bogies of the Spanish children are of the columns which gave dignity and elevation “cocos.” The word “coco” is of genuine quad to their architecture. The trunks of the cocorumanal origin; being derived from the monkeys palms are curiously scarred by the marks of the themselves, the Indian species of which, called fallen leaves. The tidal waves, by washing away Maimons, cry“ Co-co!" Undoubtedly, the the white sand, occasionally lay bare the roots, monkeys have a right to name themselves; and which often run out forty feet long and below the Indians and the Spaniards only acted sensi- the high-tide mark, and which are of a brown bly in adopting the name of the highest authori- color turning to red. What frequently completes ties in monkey-science. Monkey, or little monk, the strange beauty of these tropical shores is a is a name which paints them well ; and there is line of blue painted on the white strand by the a nut which resembles the head of a coco suffi- innumerable ianthine or blue snail shells left at ciently, for the Spaniards to frighten their chil- high-water mark by the tide. dren with it, by making them believe it is a The dazzling whiteness of the shores obliges monkey or a bogie. There is even a point formed the natives to protect their eyes with green

a by the joinings of the shell, which is not a bad vizors. Something of enchantment is given to model of the little

pug

As the nut came the view of the hilly islands when the coco-palms to be called the coco from its resemblance are seen climbing up the sides of the hills, and to the animal, the tree became known as the wearing their crowus of green leaves, and their tree of the coco-like-nut. It is mistake gigantic sheathes of golden flowers. Moreover to call it the cocoanut tree, as the word the electric touch and thrill of human feeling is "cocoa" belongs to a tree of a different family. added to heighten the effect of all, when the The tree of the monkey-nut is a palm. The simple islanders are seen in their canoes laden rude resemblance to the face of a monkey having with cocos. given a name to the nut, the likeness of the leaf The general aspect of the coco-palm forests is to the palm of the hand gives a name to the tree; often singularly modified by the winds, which and the coco-palm ought consequently to be the play fantastical tricks with these grand umbrellas name of the tree. When described according of the sea-shore. Bernardin de Saint Pierre to the place in which it likes best to grow, this mentions the effects of the hurricanes upon the palm-tree would be called the shore-palm; but, coco-palms of the Mauritius in bending them the nut is far more widely known than the like bows about two-thirds up, and thickening habitat.

them at the bend. When the coco-palms do not The coco-palms are the trees of the tropical grow in forests close enough to protect each other, shores. Stray coco-palms may be found indeed, they gradually stoop before the reigning southas far south, and as far north, as twenty-seven east winds. The long leaves, instead of surdegrees of both latitudes, or, in other words, rounding the trunk regularly, are all turned in seven degrees further north than the Tropic of one direction, and seem to take flight in the way Cancer, and further south than the Tropic of of the wind. Sand-slips and hurricanes freCapricorn. Voyagers within the tropies describe quently upset the coco-palms; but when these in rapturous terms the astonishing beauty and accidents happen, they only call forth and bring magnificence of the coco-islands. When the into action the marvellous resources of nature. low-lying coco-islands are seen from afar they One of the most interesting objects ever seen resemble magnificent tables standing up in the upon the tropical shores is a fallen coco-palm, sea. As the tallest trees border the ocean, and three months after having been felled by a stormy the shortest grow inland, the green tables seem The lower part is still nearly flat and level with to slope from their edges towards their centres. the ground, and a goat may, perchance be seen The scene changes when nearer. Then, under standing on it and contemplating the surrounda clear sky, every tree suggests a resemblance to ing scenery. The roots seem completely torn an umbrella planted upon the water. The top up, except a few suckers on the undermost side, of the gigantic umbrella is green, the span of it which still have a slight hold of the soil. The is about forty feet, and the height of the grey puts are prematurely, scattered on the beach. handle is from seventy to a hundred feet. It is The trunk, however, is bent upward ; the bead set in a white bank of coral sand. The gleam of is high in spite of misfortunes; the falling tree the water, and the white of the sand, set off welll is putting out fresh suckers. The square form which the stem assuines remains as the most they contradict each other flatly respecting night singular record of the disaster.

and day, summer and winter, seed-time and This feat of the coco-palm is beyond denial. harvest, and they have entirely different notions “When,” says Dr. Charles Reynaud, “a coco- respecting most of the modes of vegetal growth palm has been uprooted by any accident whatever, and life. The oak has branches, while the or even when the roots encounter a soil upon palm shoots straight up without them. When which they cannot creep solidly, or when it does a cut is made across a branch of an oak, each not furnish them with enough of nourishment, year's growth is seen recorded in successive it pushes out a great quantity of new roots from layers of fibres ; when a cut is made in the trunk its swelled base which diverge toward the soil. of a palm, the bunches of fibres appear to be disBy this admirable mechanism of nature, it persed irregularly. The differences are so reassures its stability, and, at the same time, it markable, that a French botanist divides the doubles the organs destined to absorb the nutri- vegetal world according to them. The wood tive elements. It is not rare to see the coco- which surrounds the circumference of the cocopalms overthrown by a falling in of the earth, palm is very hard and almost horny, the interior and which hold still by a small number of roots, is tender, of a rosy color, and hardens as the without delay, (thanks to the means of repara- tree ages. If an adult tree is cut, the interior tion we have indicated,) raise themselves up will corrupt into dust, and the rind part will towards their leafy end, vegetating most beauti- scarcely be fit to form laths. If an old coco-palm fully, and so well that at the end of several years is cut, the wood will be found to be of the color they present the singular spectacle of a trunk of a beautiful chocolate, streaked lengthwise which

may be said to grow square.” A litho- with little veins as hard as ivory. graph, published by Monsieur Pitot, of the The coco-palm bears five new leaves to replace Mauritius, lies before me while I write, which five old leaves every year. The scars left by the represents a coco-palm, three months after it has fallen leaves upon the trunk would be a satisfacbeen knocked down by a storm, in an attitude tory record of its age if they were not too much half raised up, and partaking curiously of both obliterated and confused. The leaves, to the the prostrate and the erect positions.

number of from twenty to twenty-five, are The oaks and pines of Europe would never arranged spirally, and form a crown around the think of trying such a feat, and could not do it top of the column. The leaf is like a quill, if they tried, on account of the structure of their twenty feet long; and the folioles, or barbs of roots. The suckers of what is called the axis of the feathery leat, have the forms of swords. the root develop in them; and, in the palms, The flowers of the coco-palm are enclosed in a they waste away. The roofs of the palms which sheath, four or five feet long, and four or five are developed, are what are called the secondary inches thick, which is triangular in the middle roots surrounding the axis. Issuing separately and conical at the summit. The sheath is out of the trunk, vertically and horizontally, streaked white and green, and with time hardens and straightly or twinedly, they are only of about and grows brown until it becomes horny.

horny. The the thickness each of a goose-quill and do not sheath issues out of the arm pit of a leaf; and penetrate far into the sand. They seize the out of the sheath comes sidewise the branching soil in a matted and entangled manner for a sheathlet or spadice, whose graceful branches, range of about twenty or thirty feet around the at first white and then brilliantly golden, seem tree, and form, by their interlacing, a solid mass proud (as all nature is) of their reproductive force amidst the loose and sandy soil. At the side and beauty. White when they first issue from nearest to the sea the roots extend sometimes as the sheathlet, the flowers of the coco-palm grow much as forty feet; and, when laid bare, their gradually yellow; and then the male flowers usual bro color becomes blood-red under the become greenish an

the female flowers greep. influence of the light. They are rather flexible After a time, first the male and then the female and tough, and have a somewhat hard skin, flowers fall, and while most of the ovaries wither which covers a spongy substance continued from away, the fifteen or twenty fecundated ovaries the trunk. The feat of the fallen coco-palm in develop in the form of little balls. Each ovary raising itself up, is not without its parallels in consists of three lodges, two of which atrophy,

, the vegetal world. As everybody knows, leaving only one, which enlarges as a single when a young willow is planted topsy-turvey, cavity, with white and soft sides, and full of although the aërial buds do not become roots, liquid. When three months old the coco is not the trunk sends forth new roots tipped with much larger than a gouse's egg, and is perfectly spongioles to receive food from the humidity smooth and brilliantly green, and the base of the around them.

nut is inserted to the depth of about a third in The oak and the palm are indeed vegetal anti-a reddish cup which supports it. The coco podes, if I may use à learned word for a fact reaches its full growth after seven months, or literally and naturally true. Their roots point dimensions varying from the size of the head of at each other through the width of the earth; a monkey to the size of the head of a man.

Soft

1

libres now run along it from the base to the top; | time it carried its point. The unfailing energy and the nut becoming too heavy for its stalk of this ant cheered the rough soldier, and restorbegins to grow downward. During five months ed his courage. It is said he never forgot the more the coco hangs and ripens. When a year lesson he learned from this little teacher.' old, the coco has acquired the hard brown and “Well done, little ant!” exclaimed Freddy, fibrous appearance familar to us all, and falls “I'll treat my lesson as you did your food. I upon the ground with a noise that is heard from guess I can get it after all.” afar. The wind may bring cocos down all And Freddy did get his lesson. A little through the year, and the last remaining coco effort conquered it, and he jumped up with a generally entrains in its fall the stalk and the laugh in his eye, shouting as he leaped across sheath. Bernardin de Saint Pierre says, naively, the floor and saying: the sound which the cocos make in falling upon “I've got my lesson!” the ground is intended “to call more than one guest to come to his refreshment.” The sound The first watches, of which we have any acis therefore, I suppose, of the kind of the dinner-count, were made at Nuremberg, in the seven

I bell or breakfast-gong Thomas Hood may have teenth century, and were called Nuremberg eggs. had this notion in his mind when he sung- To Dr. Hooke belongs the honor of inventing There is a land of pure delight

the hair spring. The pendulum was suggested Where omelets grow on trees,

to Galileo by the swinging of the chandelier in And roasted pigs come crying out,

the cathedral at Pisa. Iluggens soon after in0! eat me if you please,

vented the maintaining power. George Graham The food view of the coco-palm which the originated the gridiron and the mercurial pennumerous guests of the nut banquet unanimously dulums. The first pendulum turret clock in take, gives an unrivalled interest to every detail Europe was made and erected by Richard respecting the life of this wonderful tree, from Harris, of London, in 1641. Perhaps, the most the long brown roots upwards to the fibrous remarkable clock ever made was that by a clergymonkey-nuts. I must not omit in the pages of man, named Hahn, in the eighteenth century. a journal devoted to aid the conversations of the It was a sort of historical orrery, embracing a fireside to talk about the cocos as we know them period of about ten thousand years, and portray, in Europe, and as they come into our hands and ing the chief incidents from the erection until households.

after the apocalypse.
[To be continued.]

For Friends' Intelligencer.
Review of the Weather, &c., for NINTH

month. I CAN'T GET MY LESSON. "O, dear, I shall never get my lesson! It's Rain during some portion of the 24 hours, 18 d’s 19 d's awful hard, and I'll give it up.

do. the whole or nearly the whole

day, So said young Freddy Faintheart the other Cloudy without storms, . .

1 « day, as he sat with his elbow on the table, one Ordinary clear, : hand in his hair and the other turning down amount of rain falling during the month, 4 in dog's ears in his book. And then he gave such Deaths in the city of Philada. during the

current weeks of the month, 864* a yawn that his mouth seemed stretched from

The Average mean temperature of the ninth month, ear to ear-almost. His mother was star- for 68 years past has been,

65.92 deg. tled by the noise, and said:

The Highest during that entire period, Why Freddy, what is the matter ?”

(1793-1804)

700 The Lowest, do.

do. “O, nothing, only I can't get this lesson. It

(1840.) 609

It will be seen, that the temperature of the month is tougher than a pine knot, and I shall give it under review this year, exceeded the average for the up," replied the boy pettishly.

past sixty-eight years, almost one degree; while it “Give it up, Freddy? Never, my son.

was about half a degree less in 1857, than in 1856. Don't let it be said that a little lesson, which a Quite a contrast, however, will be found in the quantity thousand other children have learned, conquered the month of this year, than last.

of Rains, having been nearly three inches less, during you. Remember the ant that cheered the Tartar conqueror, Timour, and master your lesson."

The writer bas been unable to procure an official

account of the deaths for the month, of this year. “Tell me about the ant, mother?”

J. M. E. “ Timour," said the mother, “ was once forced ”

Philadelphia, 10th mo., 1857. to flee from his enemies. He hid, in a ruined building and gave way to feelings of sadness. THE PRODUCE MARKET is feeling the money Presently he saw an ant toiling to carry a piece pressure, and lower prices for flour, wheat, corn, of food into its cell in the old wall. But his and cotton satisfy the holders. Our debts have load was too heavy.

Timour saw it roll back got to be paid off, and in this process prices will with its load sixty-nine times ! But the seventieth have to go still lower, and become settled, and

For the Children.

1856

1857

.

1 5 < 10 6 16 «

.

106

a

food be so cheap that we can afford to go to work and tri-weekly from the former place. The winter before business will flourish again. As all prices continue twenty weeks. The course of instruction

term will commence on the 2d of 11th mo. next, and are settling at the same time, the relative values embraces all the usual branches, comprising a thorough of exchangable products will not be much altered English Education, Drawing included. Terms: $57, by this reduction, so that farmers will really get including Board, Washing, Tuition, use of Books, as much of exchangable value for their products Pens, Ink and Lights. The French, Latin and Greek as they did under high prices. They may get and competent teachers, one a native of New Hamp:

Languages taught at $5 each, extra, by experienced but one dollar for their wheat, but if that dollar shire, and a graduate of a popular College in that purchases as great a supply of groceries or domes- State, whose qualifications have gained her a place tic goods as two dollars did during the expan- amongst the highest rank of teachers. The house is sion, they do not lose by the reduction. When large, and in every way calculated to secure health one dollar does the work that two previously ef- and comfort to thirty-five or forty pupils. fected it is evident that it will not require so

EDITH B. CHALFANT, Principal. much capital to set industry in motion, or give Union-Ville, P. O., Chester County, Pa. labor an opportunity to help itself by its own phy- 9th mo. 5th, 1857.—8 t. sical energies.

L to

YOUNG MEN AND BOYS. It is intended to Blest is that man whose happiness is increased commence the next Session of this Institution on the at the reflection, that his piety, his wisdom, his 2d of 11th mo., 1857. Terms: $65 for twenty weeks.

For reference and further particulars, inquire for cirkindness, his example, bis counsel, his attention, culars of

BENJ. SWAYNE, Principal. his diligence, has made a little family community London Grove, P. O., Chester County, Pa. more happy, useful and virtuous.

'LDRIDGE HILL BOARDING SCHOOL.-The

Winter session (for the education of young men Gratitude is the homage the heart renders to 11th mo., and continue 20 weeks.

and boys) of this Institution, will open on the 9th of God for his goodness : cheerfulness is the ex- The branches of a liberal English education are ternal manifestation of that homage.

thoroughly taught by the most approved methods of

teaching founded on experience. PHILADELPHIA MARKETS.

Also the elements of the Latin and French languages.

Terms, $70 per session. FLOUR AND MEAL.-The Flour market is very

Those wishing to enter will please make early apdull. Holders are offering standard brands at $5 50

plication. per bbl. Sales to retailers and bakers, for fresh ground at $53 a $6 per bbl. and fancy brands, from $62 up to

For full particulars address the Principal for a cir

cular. $71. Rye Flour is now held at $4 37 per bbl.,

ALLEN FLITCRAFT, and Corn Meal is held at $4 per barrel, Grain. The receipts of Wheat continue light, 8 mo. 29, 1857–8 w.

Eldridge Hill, Salem County N. J. and there is very little demand for it. Mixed red is held at $1 22 a $1 24, and $1 23 a $1 28 for good WYNEDD BOARDING SCHOOL FOR YOUNG white; only a few samples were offered. Rye sold J MEN AND BOYS. The next winter session of at 70 a 73 c. Corn is scarce, with small sales of yellow this School will commence on 2d day the 9th of 11th at 73 a 75 c afloat. Delaware oats are in fair supply, month, 1857, and continue Twenty weeks. Terms at 42 cents per bushel.

$70 per session. Those desirous of entering will

please nuke early application. For circulars giving THESTERFIELD BOARDING SCHOOL FOR further information, address either of the undersigned. YOUNG MEN AND BOYS.-The Winter ses

DANIEL FOULKE, Principal. sion of this Institution will commence on the 16th of

HUGH FOULKE, Jr., Teaches. 11th month 1857, and continue twenty weeks. Terms—$70 per session, one half payable in advance, 8 mo. 22, 1857–8 w.

Spring House P. O. Montgomery County, Pa. the other in the middle of the session.

No extra charges. For further information address RANKFORD SELECT SEMINARY.–This luo HENRY W. RIDGWAY, Crosswicks P. O., Burling- stitution, having been in successful operation for ton Co., N. J.

the last twenty years, will now receive six or eight 10th mo. 3--3 m.

female pupils as boarders in the family. Age under

thirteen years preferred. B CARII BOARDING SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, near the Chel- Careful attention will be paid to health, morals,&c.

ton Hills Station, on the North Pennsylvania Rail- and they will be required to attend Friends' Meeting road.

on First days, accompanied by one of their teachers, Gayner Heacock will open a school 12th mo. 7th, also mid week meetings if desired by parents or guarand continue 16 weeks, where the usual branches of dians. Terms moderate. an English education will be taught, and every atten

LETITIA MURPHY Principal. tion paid to the health and comfort of the children.

SARAH C. WALKER Assistant. Terms $40. No extra charges. Books furnished

No. 158 Frankford St. Frankford, Pa. at the usual prices. Address

REFERENCES.
JOSEPH HEACOCK,
Jenkintown P. O., Montgomery Co., Penna.

John Child, 510 Arch Street. 9 mo. 26-8 t.

Thomas T. Child, 452 N. 2d Street below Poplar.

Julia Yerkes, 909 N. 4th Street above Poplar. LAWN SEMINARY near GEnion-Villes Chester County, Pastimated miles

Wm. C. Murphy, 43 S. 4th Street above Chestnut.

Charles Murphy, 820 N. 12th Street below Parrish. south west of West Chester, and sixteen north west from Wilmington ; daily stages to and from the latter' Merrihew & Thompson, Prs.,Lodge St., North side Pedna. Bank

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