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“ For where is the man who has the marks of him nothing, and he would be as sounding brass, covetousness ever so plain upon him, who will or a tinkling cymbal.” confess he is a covetous man? Yet it is very “ Notwithstanding religion does not consist in plain to those whose eyes are single to the Lord, bodily conformity or plainness of apparel, but is that there are too many such, though they will in and from the heart, as also, on the other hand, not confess it. It was, we find, a great tempta- pride is in the heart, and not in the outward tion in the days of old, and therefore, our bless clothing, yet true religion leads into simplicity ed Lord bade them take heed, and beware of in all outward things.” covetousness. His holy apostles told the be- The effect of going forth on an errand of love, lievers it was idolatry; the love of money was as Joseph Pike did, in the spirit of humility, the root of all evil; and that covetousness ought and with clean hands, is thus narrated in his not to be so much as named among them; with journal, in which he states that they (the commany such like expressions in Scripture, all which mittee) visited all the families of Friends in Cork. show that it was an abominable evil in the “In doing which, we first sat down with them sight of the Lord then, and it is the same together, and as we found a concern to come upon now."

our minds suitable to their respective states and He was himself a faithful steward over the conditions, we gave them advice and counsel, temporal things committed to his care, and used and particularly to keep close to the witness of them as one who was fully sensible that he would God in themselves, the gift and measure of His have to give an account of his stewardship. holy Spirit, by which they might come to know

The fervency of his spirit, and his circumspect and experience a growth in the Lord's holy walking, eminently qualified him for usefulness truth, whereby the inside would be made clean, in religious society. Accordingly he was much and then the outside would be made clean engaged among his brethren, to encourage and also. strengthen them, to live and act consistently with “ After we had spoken what was in our minds the profession they were making to the world. relating to spiritual things, we then proceeded His station in the church was not that of a min- to other things relating to conversation, and beister, but an elder ; yet, in the expressive lan- haviour, &c., as occasion offered. And I can, in guage of conduct, he was, in the best sense of great humility of mind, say, the Lord owned us the term, a preacher of righteousness.

in our service by the attendance of his living In 1692, he was, with others, appointed to presence, which in several places broke in upon visit the meetings and families of Friends in his our spirits, and some of their's also, bowing their own neighborhood, to endeavor to promote a re- hearts into great tenderness. Some, who had not formation in their manner of living, and some been so faithful, por so orderly in their converother things that were thought to be out of order sation as they ought to have been, were so reached among them.

by what was spoken, that in much brokenness of Previous, however, to entering upon this ser- mind, they acknowledged the same, with desire vice, Joseph Pike, and a friend who was to be a that, for the time to come, they might be more fellow-laborer with him, made a close investiga- faithful to the Lord, and walk more circumspectly. tion into their own households, to put things in And, indeed, we had very melting seasons in order, before going forth with counsel and advice many places, all which greatly strengthened and for others. The consequence was, they found confirmed us in our service and labor of love ; the work of reformation was to begin at home, and I do not know that we met with any oppoand some extravagant, and merely ornamental sition or stubbornness in all the places we visitwork and furniture in their houses, was to be re-ed, but a general condescension in all, to put moved, and replaced with that of a plainer and away superfluities in apparel and household furmore useful kind. He

says, we thoroughly niture, which was accordingly done some time reformed our houses ; and if any should think after. So that there was a pretty thorough rethat we placed religion barely in outward con- formation in this city.” formity and plainness, such are greatly mistaken: And in regard to this kind of labor, he also so far from it, that if we should outwardly con- says, “and this way of particular dealing has form in everything in which the Holy Scriptures sometimes proved inore effectual than public direct us unto, or that godly elders are moved preaching, which we have experienced in these of the Lord to advise, yet, if our hearts are not visits : some being reached by close dealing, and right in His sight, and we do not witness a growth have, with sorrow, confessed their offences. Thus in His holy truth, all the external conformity it proved with David, who read and understood and plainness in the world, though good in it- the outward law, and well knew he had transself, will avail us nothing as to Divine accept-gressed against it; yet he was not brought by ance : no more than, as the Apostle tells the be- the law, which was public, to so near a sense of lievers, that if he gave his body to be burned, or his great sin as when Nathan came, and said his goods to the poor, &c., yet, if he wanted char- unto him, “ Thou art the man ! Then it was ity, (which is the love of God,) all would profit that he was brought to a true sense of his great

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transgression, and confessed the same ; and, upon Lord ! He did not leave nor forsake me in the his repentance, the Lord forgave him." time of my great weakness and extreme pain of

Thus was this truly dedicated servant of the body; for His dew rested almost continually Lord concerned through life to occupy the gifts upon me, and the sweet incomes of His living committed to his care, to the praise and honor and comfortable presence supported me under of Him who gave them, as well as for the bene- all; so that my bed of suffering was very often fit of his fellow-beings.

made as a bed of pleasure.” In the latter part of his journal, he thus speaks After this aged servant of the Most High had of his object in writing it, and humbly acknow- thus patiently endured these sufferings for a sealedges, that for every good work in which he was son, it pleased the Lord to raise him up again, engaged, the praise is due unto the Lord alone, and he continued weak in body, but strong in who gave him strength and ability to perform it. spirit for about two years longer, when he was

“And now, in the conclusion of this narrative suddenly removed by death, and passed away in of my life, wherein I have not studied elegancy a remarkably easy mauner, in the seventy-third of speech, while I endeavor to make things very year of his age. plain, which is more my intention than to set The spirit in which he had long waited for forth fine words, I can, in sincerity of soul, say this event is clearly manifested in the following that I have not written anything with a design testimony, which he penned in old age, when to exalt myself, or gain the applause of men, but dwelling on some of the Lord's merciful visitafrom my being pressed in spirit, in order to leave tions to his soul in younger life. it behind me for the instruction and information “ The remembrance of such seasons is reof my children in particular, and others who may newed within me at this time, for which my soul read it.

is melted into tenderness, with humble thanks“ And in whatever I have done, or in what- giving and praise to Ilis holy and divine majesty, ever I was concerned, as to religious matters or that he has kept me alive in spirit now to old worldly affairs, that in any way appears com- age, to bear this testimony for Ilim, from my own mendable, I did but my duty therein, as all others experience, that His holy truth waxes not old, ought to do, according to their respective sta- as doth a garinent; for although I am decayed tions; for I neither could nor can do anything in body, and through the weakness thereof, seem of myself, which I confess to the whole world, to be near the brink of the grave, yet to the praise that would be acceptable to the Lord without his of the Lord, I can say, I am as strong in Him, divine help and assistance. I have nothing to and in the power of His might, and feel my spiglory in, as to myself, save my infirmities. And rit as zealous for His holy name and testimony, in looking back through the whole course of my as at any time of my life; for which all that is life, I cannot but admire, and in humility of soul within me magnifies and extols, even with my commemorate, the gracious and merciful deal. mouth in the dust, the holy and eternal name of ings of the Lord to me, to this day, both spirit- the Lord of Heaven and earth, who liveth for ually and temporally, far beyond my deserts ; ever and ever!' for which my soul and spirit, and all that is within me, bows with deep reverence and thankful

CHILDHOOD. ness, rendering unto Him alone, the Lord of Heaven and of the whole earth, the honor, praise, power, and dominion forever !"

Childhood, sweet and sunny childhood, In the early part of his life, he frequently went

With its careless, thoughtless air,

Like the verdant, tangled wildwood, abroad; but for several years previous to his Wants the training hand of care. death, his bodily powers were so feeble, that he

See it springing all around uswas unable to travel far from his own residence;

Glad to know and quick to learn ; yet, when favored with ability, he was always Asking questions that confound us : ready for any good word or work which was laid

Teaching lessons in its turn.

Who loves not its joyous revel, In the latter part of the year 1726, he took a Leaping lighily on the lawn, violent cold, and was soon after so affected with Up the knoll, along the level, the asthma, as to be obliged to sit up in a chair

Free and graceful as a lawn! for about six weeks. He was also severely af

Let it revel; it is nature fected with the gout, and with the palsy in his

Giving to the little dears

Strength of limb, and heal hful featuse, right hand and tongue. He was thus for some For the toil of coming years. time entirely unable to converse. But under

He who checks a child wih terror, these severe and complicated trials, his faith and

Stops its play, and stills its song, patience failed not; and in writing of them, he Not alone comınits an error, thus cominemorates the mercy and goodness But a great and moral wrong. of the Lord towards him. 6 But oh ! for ever

Give it play, and never fear itmagnified and praised be the holy name of the Active life is no defect;


upon him.

Never, never break its spirit

For, says the governor,


you have, I will give Curb it only to direct.

you money for them. Why no, he had not any Would you dam the flowing river,

thing to sell. Then, says the governor, suppose Thinking it would cease to flow ?

we should make a bank of paper money, how do Onward it must go foreverBetter teach it where to go.

you expect to get it? Wliy, truly, he did not

know. Childhood is a fountain wellingTrace its channel in the sand,

Let us run in debt less, spend less, and pay And its currents, spreading, swelling,

more, be more frugal and industrious, and we Wil] revive the withered land.

shall soon find our affairs mending; our debts, Childhood is the vernal season ;

both public and private lessening, and money Trim and train the tender shoot :

become plenty. For the scarcity of money is a Love is to the coming reason

disease that will work its own remedy, and make As the blossom to the fruit.

a plenty as in other merchandize. But it must Tender twigs are bent and folded

be in a way of industry and frugality, and Art to nature beauty lends ;

whenever money becomes plenty in any other Childhood easily is moulded ; Manhood breaks, but seldom bends.

way, it does more hurt than good, as it creates
idleness and wickedness among a people, of

which we have already too much.
How shall I act ! O gracious God,
Towards my fellow man,

To fit me for a dwelling place

(Continued from page 479.)
Within thy favored land?

Coco bread and coco water, coco almonds, coco How shall I calm my weary soul

butter, coco brushes, coco baskets, coco brooms, When to despair 'tis driven?

coco bowls, coco boxes, coco bonnets, coco cups, 6 Forgive," a sweet toned voice replied, And thou shall be forgiven.

coco candles, coco carpets, coco curtains, coco Then should thy foes encompass thee,

charcoal, coco cream, coco cabbage, coco combs, And thy good name deride,

coco fans, coco forks, coco hats, coco jaggary, Oh, hearken to that angel voice ;

coco linen, coco lamps, coco mats, coco masts, Let kindness be thy guide.

coco nets, coco oars, coco oil, coco paper, coco Let not thy soul from quietness

pickles, coco pots, coco pudding, coco ropes, By these harsh acts be driven ;

coco spoons, coco sandals, coco sauce, coco ships, Forgive, forgive the spirit cries,

coco torches, coco wood, coco vinegar, coco And thou shalt be forgiven.

arrack, coco toddy! Nothing less than a trecfui And though from anger, for the wrong, of monkeys could call out the word coco often Seven times thou shouldst refrain,

enough! Cocos are both food and drink. The And though thy soul should be oppressed, Yea seven times again;

coco-palm alone can furnish almost everything

necessary for a home, and can absolutely and Be not at last through weariness To fierce resentment driven ;

completely supply everything needful for a ship. Remember thou must still forgive

While, in a drawing-room, after dofling their Or never be forgiven.

coco bonnets, one lady may fan herself with a Let angry passions disappear

coco fan ; another may sit down upon a coco Like moonlit clouds away,

chair, and write on a coco desk, upon coca paper, Like snow that falls where water glides, by the brilliant light of coco oil in a coco lamp, Like mist of early day.

which stands upon a prettily inlaid coco table. Let not thy love by angry foes

No wonder the authors of the oriental romances From its repose be driven ;

had such wild and gorgeous fancies when their But 0, forgive, and rest assured, Thou too shalt be forgiven.

imaginations were fed with such marvels. The wonderful bottles of the wizards of the stage are

poor plagiarisms of the prodigies of this single CURE FOR HARD TIMES.

tree. After furnishing kitchens and drawingWhen the good governor Talcot presided over rooms, and after equipping boats and ships, and Connecticut, a poor simple man came to him one after supplying food and drink to infants and day, complaining very bitterly of the hardness adults, and hats and bonnets to gentlemen and of the times, and the scarcity of money, and that ladies, here is an enchanted thing which pours he was unable to get any, and wondered they forth by natural magic, milk and water, cream did not make money, and would have him use and vinegar, and wine and arrack and toddy. his influence to have a bank made.

The geographical distribution of the palms After hearing the good man through, he turns begins where the range of cereals ceases, and a to him, and asked him, if he had any pork or similar domestic interest invests both these famibeef to sell ? No. Any wheat or grain of any lies of plants. Like oats in northern, and wheat kind ? No. Any butter, cheese, wool or fax?lin southern Europe, palms are familiar house

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hold things on the tropical shores—only surpas-, was near a spring, and carried a pitcher full of
singly more useful, more interesting, and more water. He told Temana and Grandpre to wait
wonderful. The coco-palms are blended with for him a little, because he wished to talk with
the whole lives of these coast folks. When the the old woman and learn her age. She re-
Portuguese were boasting about Portugal to cer.plied;
tain Indians, and telling them they ought to go “I have already seen one coco-palm die; after
and see it, the Indians asked :

which, I have planted another, which is already “Does the coco-palm grow upon your shores?'' grown old, and does not give me any more than The answer being in the negative, they said. a few rare and little fruits." By this she in“We shall not go there to seek our bread, for timated that she was about a century and a half

a this one tree is worth all Europe.”

old. The Tahitians say that the first coco-palm Indeed the good and evil of human nature came from a human head which sprouted in the mingle more or less with this invaluable tree. earth. When the wise dark mothers repeat this When the natives of New Caledonia made war myth to the children around their knees, a good upon the inhabitants of neighboring islands, meaning, a practical truth may perhaps be de. they used to make a point of destroying all the tected sparkling in the depths of their black fruit trees, and especially the coco-palms, of eyes. There are no seeds equal to human heads their enemies. Among themselves, the owner in fertility. Hominal nuts are the most fecund of much cultiveted land and of many coco-palms of all nuts. No doubt the coco resembles much was deemed a great chief. The Tiko-pians, wishmore macaca maimon, and the name may come ing to preserve the Mitre island, or Fatacca, for forom the maki mococo, but monkey heads are the shark-fishing, are careful to destroy all the all sterile. There is nothing like the hominal coco-palms upon it, lest their neighbors should nut for producing useful plants. Tahitian fathers be attracted by seeing them to come and occupy and mothers, pondering upon this truth, would it. The improvident and reckless inhabitants see clearly how the success or failure of their many islands, having allowed themselves to dechildren in life depends upon the learning of pend almost exclusively upon their fruit trees this lesson. The boy who mastered it best for sustenance, are sometimes reduced to famine would become the man with the most fruitful by hurricanes and bad seasons. When thus trees. The English farmer has begun to have overtaken by calamity, the more desperate of some inklings of this truth since the epoch of them embark in canoes, and, committing themfree trade, with excellent results in regard to the selves to the currents and the waves, in the hope cultivation of the cereals. Most certainly it is of finding more favored shores, depart to be the human head which germinates and sprouts heard of no Europeans, Portuguese, when the coco-palm yields bread and wine and Dutch, French, and English have, since they houses and ships.

began to voyage in the tropical seas, set useful When an infant is born in Malacca, the father examples to the natives of intelligence, industry, plants a coco-palm; which belongs henceforth to and foresight in the culture of the coco palms. the child. The young palm begins to yield fruit Britons have especially distinguished themselves at five years old, is in full bearing about eleren, by planting their beads in the coils of the shores' and enjoys its maturity from the age of twenty palms. ' Dr. Charles Reynaud records numerous to fifty; when it ages slowly, reaching the term cases in which English-speaking men have of from ninety to a hundred years before it dies. planted cocos where they were unknown before, Naturally, the natives of the coco shores identify and have obtained four or five fold more fruit their lives with the lives of their trees: from the from their well-tended trees than were yielded prosperity or misfortunes of which they augur by the neglected palms of the natives. Ceylon their own fate. The ideas of M. Flourens and appears to be the only place where the steamother physiologists, who think man was intended engine is applied to the extraction of coco oil. to live a century, are confirmed by the experi- Persons who have only seen the coco-palms of ence of the inhabitants of the tropics. Abd- Ceylon or the Mauritius, must not estimate the Allah ben Abd-el-Kader, in his narrative of his vital forces of these trees by their limited obserVoyage along the Eastern coast of the Peninsula vation. The wild vitality of the coco-palms is of Malacca in 1838, relates an anecdote which is only seen on the shores of the coco-islands be. illustrative of the double biographies of the In. tween the fifteenth of northern and the twelfth dians and their palms. He entered into a village of southern latitude. Their natural soil is the in the Kalanthan country, where grew coco. coral sand. Polypes, or little animals, of a strucpalms, dourains (Durio Zibethinus), and all sorts ture so simple that they have been said, not quite of fruit trees. While walking, he observed an correctly, to be nothing but stomachs, or sacks old woman about the height of a child of twelve, alive, possess the faculty of secreting lodgings her back bent with age, her skin all wrinkled for themselves with their bases and sides. The into ridges, and her hair, which was not four calcareous secretions join each other and form fingers long, as white as carded cotton. She what are called animal plants, which were long


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mistaken for plants of which the animals were All the camels, with three exceptions, em only the flowers. These animals are innnmer- ployed in this expedition, are females, while the able as the sands of the sea-shore, and many regular burden camel of the Easi is of the male islands have been formed by them. The waves species, and capable of carrying nearly twice the

, of the sea pound the exposed coral reefs into weight of his mate. So that this disadvantage dust, which is thrown as white sand over the must be added to others in estimating the results compact reefs, and forms the coral or madrepore thus far. It was particularly noticed that the shores. On the shores already made, the coco camels consumed, and seemed to prosper upon, palms are shedding their fruits all the year a sort of food rejected even by mules, and which round, and what Bernardin de Saint Pierre grows in rank luxuriance in the most barren of deemed a summons to a banquet, the fall of the the American deserts. This food is known as nuts, is really a phase in the wheel of coco life. the greased wood, a small bitter bush, with no The nuts are washed away by the waves, and known use whatever except in being now valuare carried by the currents, until growing heavy able as camel forage. They would eat grass and saturated with sea-water, they are left to when staked out, but if left to follow their own germinate upon far-distant coasts and newly- instincts, would leave the best ground, and formed islands. Cocos have sometimes been browse greedily on bushes of any kind in preborne by the currents as far north as the coasts ference. The apprehension entertained at the of Scotland and Norway. The first coco I ever starting of the expedition, that the feet of the saw was washed ashore upon the sands at Aber- animals would give out in crossing the gravelly deen. The fall of the nuts is the preliminary of road from San Antonio to El Paso, was not verithe process of seed-sowing, which is effected by fied in any particular. The whole route between the machinery of the ocean currents. The coco- those two points is stated to be terribly trying palms love the newest coral sands--the secretions on unshod feet, being covered with a small gravel of animals at work everywhere and at this hour, of coarse, angular, and flinty formation, which and their very soil is impregnated with animality. acts on the feet like a steel rasp. All the The madrepore sand is interlaced to form the camels journeyed without injury, while every bases of the noble palm column, and the frequent unshod horse and mule struck lame. This difrains pour down their sides while warm currents ference is attributed not so much to the spongy and hightide waves of the tropics lave the long substance which forms the foot of the camel, as roots of a tree, which may be said to be natur- to the regularity and motion with which the ally far more a product of the ocean than of the foot is raised and put down. earth.

What we have heretofore known of the pature (To be continued.)

of the camel, has been fully established in the

present expedition. He is docile, patient, manTHE CAMEL EXPERIMENT.

ageable and much more easily worked than the A letter from Lieut. Beale, of the Army, to mule. He kneels willingly down to receive his the Secretary of War, dated at El Paso, in July, load, and waits to be packed without any resistfurnishes gratifying intelligence of the entire ance. During part of the journey, the camels success of the experiment authorized by Congress were sometimes without water for twenty-six for introducing camels as means of transport- hours, with the mercury scoring 104 degrees, ation across the distant plains and deserts that and when offered drink at the end of that time, lie on the route of many of our outposts. He they seemed indifferent to it, and some of them states that though laboring under all the disad- refused. It is quite manifest from these facts, vantages arising from ignorance of the habits and that this useful animal is destined to become a mode of packing the camel, the party bad tra- denizen of our western plains and a means of versed a long distance and rough region through civilization in promoting regular and prompt

Texas, without an accident, and with the beasts in intercourse between remote points in the vast much better condition than if the service had deserts which stretch away on the frontiers of been performed by mules. At starting, each New Mexico, and have heretofore raised serious camel was packed with seven hundred pounds, barriers to transit between the Mississippi and and the journey was pursued in this way, until Pacific. the forage of which the burthen was mostly composed, was gradually reduced. This experience encourages the confident belief that the rest of The last Congress, it will be remembered, formthe transit will be accomplished without difficul-ed a new Territory under the name of Dacotah. ty and with corresponding success. If so, the The Independent, published at Sargeant's Bluff, value of the experiment, as a permanent auxi- says the Territory includes a great part of the liary to transportation for the army, and doubt- valley of the Sioux, the valleys of the James less, eventually, for the purposes of remote com- and 'Vermillion rivers, and large tracts of merce in New Mexico and the adjoining terri- beautiful bottom lands lying on the Missouri. tory, will be demonstrated satisfactorily. In regard to the climate, it becomes milder to


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