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pietism or fanaticism. The circumstance that Erfurt; and when this produced no effect, with he had frequently ordered New Testaments and the Elector himself. His object was not, howother pious books from Luneburg occasioned a ever, to restore him to his station at Erfurt; he report that he was circulating heretical books wished to retain him in his own dominions. At among the people. The magistrates issued an the same time he received invitations from seveorder that no such books should be brought into ral of the neighboring Princes : but the finger the city. Francke did not, as was natural, sup- of Providence seemed to him to have already pose that such books as he had sent for were pointed out the path of duty. The same day forbidden by this edict, and continued to circu- that he was ordered to leave Erfurt, he received late them. They now gave directions to take a letter from the Elector of Brandenburg, invi. possession of every package that was directed to ting him to his dominions; and about a month him. Very soon after, one arrived ; Francke afterwards he received the appointment of probeing called before them, was asked how he had fessor of Greek and Oriental languages in the new dared to disobey their order; he assured them University of Halle, and pastor of the church of that he had not done so. The officer, to convict St. George, in Glaucha, a suburb of that place. him of guilt, caused the package te be brought This offer he accepted and removed to Halle. and opened, when to his surprise and confusion Francke found the church at Glaucha in a most it was found to contain nothing but New Testa- deplorable condition. The last pastor had been ments. Francke was of course honorably dis. dissolute and abandoned, and had been deposed missed. The effect of the affair was to make it from his office for some flagrant crimes. His known through the city that he had New Testa-influence left the village not only without any ments to dispose of, and thus to increase the de- thing like piety, but without even external promand for them.
priety of conduct. Vice in almost all its forms He had now resided fifteen months at Erfurt, was practiced, and as a consequence, poverty and when in consequence of some secret insinuations misery prevailed. He found, therefore, a wide of his enemies, which came to the ears of the field for labor, and one which few persons would Elector of Mayence, he sent a decree to Erfurt, have attempted to cultivate. But he devoted which directed that, “inasmuch as Mr. Francke himself to this work, and for the first two years was a leader of a new sect of fanatics, and the almost exclusively, trusting in the promise of cause of much disturbance, he should be dis- divine assistance to those who labor faithfully missed from his office, and ordered immediately in the Lord's service. to leave the city.” As soon as Francke heard One of the means among the many which of this he went before the council, and com- Francke employed for doing good and bringing plained to them, but without effect ; for he was about a better state of things in his parish, was
; immediately deposed from his office, and ordered the writing and circulation of tracts. Some of to leave the city within twenty-four hours. He these were intended especially for his congregadid not resist this order; but conscious of his tion, and some for general distribution. They innocence, wrote a letter to the magistrate calmly breathe a spirit of piety and of affection towards representing the impropriety of condemning him his people, which must have given them much unheard, and even without letting him know the influence in addition to the interesting and sol. crimes of which he was accused ; thus denying emo truths which they contained. From one of him a privilege which was granted even to rob. them, entitled " Scriptural Rules for Living," we bers and murderers. A large and respectable make the following extracts : body of citizens petitioned in his behalf, and the “ 1. Rules for our conduct in company: children of his congregation came and asked upon “Company offers many temptations to sin. If their knees that he might remain. But it was you would preserve a good conscience in the all in vain, and he was compelled to prepare for sight of God, remember that Ele, the Majesty of his departure.
heaven and earth, is present; and that in such a The few hours that he was allowed to remain presence a solemn awe becomes you. in the city, he spent in exhorting his friends who “Never speak of your enemies except in love, assembled at his house, to continue steadfast in for their good, and the honor of God. the grace which they had received. They wept “ Do not speak much. When it is necessary, sore at the thought of his departure; but he was to say anything, do it respectfully, advisedly, and comforted by the abundant consolations of the kindly. Always speak with earnestness, with Holy Spirit, and left the city in a very happy clearness, and deliberation. state of mind. He returned to his mother and “Do not make the things of this world a subfamily at Gotha, and by the way composed a jeet of conversation, except when God may be beautiful hymn, expressive of his peace and joy. honored, or good done to your neighbor thereby.
The Duke of Gotha, when he heard of these “ Avoid all severe and reproachful language, proceedings, sent one of his ministers to enquire and every thing that might excite evil feeling. into the affair ; and being convinced of Francke's Enquire of a friend whether you ever offend in nnocence, expostulated with the magistrates of this way; for you may do it unconsciously.
“ Profanity is a great sin. If you use the it froin men, God beholds your inmost soul, and name of God, do it with reverence, as if in his knows your thoughts afar off. presence. Never make the name of God or Christ| “Do nothing in private which you would avoid a mere by.word. He who honors. God in his in the presence of the wise and good. You have heart, will not dishonor him with his lips. respect for them; ought you not to respect the
Be cautious in narrating any thing, that you Great Jehovah ? adhere strictly to truth. Men sometimes supply These were the means which this truly excelsome circumstances from their own invention, lent man applied with so much fidelity. In every which their memory has not retained. Think department of labor, whether social or public, afterwards whether you have not in your conver- be seems to have acted in view of that day, when sation done this.
he should render an account of his stewardship. “ Trifling jests and anecdotes do not become a And his efforts were not in vain. The state of Christian. When you are in conversation, avoid society improved in Glaucha, and the Lord evispeaking of yourself, or desiring so to do. dently blessed his endeavors to do good. “Never change the conversation from a profita
(To be continued.) ble subject. Much is to be learned, both in the discipline of the mind and in the collection of
THOMAS STORY. facts, by much conversation on the same topic.
(Continued from page 487.) “ Never interrupt a person who is speaking,
And desiring to see Friends in some other and be silent if you yourself are interrupted.
places, I went a short journey with Andrew “ If you would reprove another for some mis. Taylor, a powerful and able minister in his day, conduct, take care first to conquer the fear of of an affable and cheerful temper, and one of my man. But it is well beforehand to think of your particular friends : and on the 20th day of own defects, that you may reprove with meek- the Twelfth month, 1621, we went from Heatherness and with love.
side, in Kirklington, in Cumberland, and that “ Avoid unnecessary mirth. All laughter is night lodged at Joseph Epon’s, two miles beyond not sinful, but it should be the mark of a peace
Alston; and thence next day to John Moore's at ful and joyful, not a trifling state of mind. If Welgill; on the 22nd to Thomas Williamson's; others laugh at foolish jests, and improper ex- on the 23 rd to Francis Shield's at Walk mill; on pressions, do not join with them. If they are the 24th to Archibald Gillespy's at Steel; on not pleasing to God, why should they be to you? the 25th to John Hunter's at Benfieldside ; If you laugh with those who delight in these having meetings at several of these places. things, you are a partaker of their sin ; if, on the [I have now written about fifty-two pages folio, contrary, you preserve a grave countenance, you of Thomas Story's Journal entire, except a little
“Cultivate a talent for directing conversation abridgement of one paragraph, and now at this in a proper channel.
commencement of his first journey about the be“ Never think more highly of yourself than of ginning of the year 1682, I would propose making another, on account of any advantage of station copious extracts, as the whole will be too voluwhich you may possess. Both of you are dust minous for the columns of "Friends' Intelligen
“ . and ashes, and equal in the sight of God.
“ Love is humble, and secures the respect and cer.” I am willing, however, to be advised in that friendship of others, but a haughty man is disa- matter, though it occupies a considerable portion greeable to all.
of my time. I feel as if I had introduced to “Remain not a moment in society, when your Friends a welcome and interesting companion, only object is, that you may thus pass time away. who has given us faithful account of the most
“ 2. Rules for Solitude.
“ If you are truly convinced of the presence important part of his life, (the days of his youth,) of God, when you are alone, you need have no
his early convincement, without instrumental weariness of solitude. Will you weary
His method of argument with oppoeternity spent in his presence where you hope to nents, his irrefutable defence of Friends' princi. find your perfect happiness?
ples and doctrines, especially on silent worship, “ Fear nothing, visible or invisible, but God, perfection, justification, the resurrection, the sacwho can save and can destroy.
“ Engage in no un profitable work; for you rament, baptism, &c., and all this while he was a shall give an account of every moment of your young man. time, and of the manner in which it has been
He goes on with his journey with Andrew employed.
* Read no trifling nor useless books, for the Taylor, to New Castle, Shields, Sunderland, sake of passing away time.
Shotten, Hawthorn, Durham, Auckland, StockIndulge no thought which you would be ton, &c., in all about forty places. Concerning ashamed to utter; for though you may conceall the meeting at Sunderland he says :)
The meeting being appointed at Sunderland, i journey, than being frequently much tendered to begin about the middle of the day, and we now in the several meetings, to my great satisfacobliged, by reason of the high wind, to go round tion, and to the comfort of many who wished by New Castle, it was put off till the evening ; me well for the Truth's sake, and desired my which proved a very comfortable time of the prosperity therein. And this journey, being
. enjoyment of the good presence of the Lord ; finisbed, I went home to my father's house in with which my mind and heart, being plentifully the evening; and having taken much cold, so furnished, it moved by its own divine force, that I was hoarse, I spoke with difficulty when I greatly tendering me, and bathed me in a flood went into the house ; yet through a very sensible of tears, from divine melting love, and had the operation of the divine truth, and the healing like effect over the meeting; and this happened virtue thereof, under which I sat in silence for in time of silence. After which Robert Wardell, about half an hour, I was perfectly healed; by a ministering Friend at whose house we lodged, which I was forever confirmed in the belief of spoke some sentences; by which I perceived he the miracles of Christ recorded in Holy Scripture. thought I should have uttered some words by After this I remained at my father's house, way of public ministry at that time. But I did though under many inward loads and burdens in pot apprehend my time was then come for that the family, not one soul of them having any service; and it had the same effect, and perad- sense of Truth ; and keeping constantly to meetventure more than if I had uttered words : for it ings, and living near the divine Truth, I was was a ministration of the word by a more imme- thereby preserved from the attending evils and diate operation and a great mystery.
tenuptations, till the Lord opened a way for After the meeting many Friends came to me, another journey ; which was as followeth : and expressed so much love and respect as gave
On the 2d of the 12th month we arrived at me occasion to consider what could be the reason Edinburgh, and were at the Quarterly Meeting of it; for they were ali strangers to me and I to there on the same day; which being ended, we them : and being but a child in the knowledge met with Thomas Rudd, who had some days of the invisible operation of the word of Truth, before come from England by way of Glasgow, and its effects, by instruments, in a way of silence and had been several times through the city and and sympathy, I looked at its effects only in colleges of Edinburgh, crying, “ Wo to the myself for my own strength and consolation, and sandy foundation,” with some other words of the yet could not but observe, that at the same in. like import. The next morning being about stant as truth broke in upon me in an eminent' to depart the city homewards, John Bowstead manner, (with which, in other places, I had been and I went with him to take leave of William often favored before) it effected the living part Miller, (at the king's gardens) and his family; of the meeting the same way, at the same time: , where we had been but a short time, 'till the and it is clear to my understanding, by experi- concern returned upon Thomas Rudd to go ence, that there is a communion of divine love again through the city; and, after great exercise, through the one spirit, and that unspeakable, and travail in spirit, he became willing and went: among the sanctified in Christ, at this day, as and the most of his message was in these words, well as in time past; and that in a state of holy Ho! all people; O all be warned this day, to silence, as the members of Christ sit together in fear before the Lord, the mighty God of heaven their heavenly places in him.
and of earth ; and every one turn from the evil of For some days after the meeting at Sun- your ways. He had a voice suited to the meaderland, my mind was very low, and not so sure of his words, with an innocent boldoess in sensible of the same degree of the divine his countenance, frequently lifting his right presence as some time before; and a ques. hand towards heaven as he passed along, which tion possessed my mind, whether I ought not was with a slow and grave pace. John Bowstead to have uttered some words in that meeting? and I, though we had a good will to the cause, But, by degrees, I attained my former tran- and personal love to our friend, sufficient to have quillity.
engaged us with bim on any service warranted On the 23rd we went to John Banks's, at by any degree of the like concern and call, and Rodgergill; and the next day to the meeting at to go with him through the city; yet we were Pardshaw: after which we went to the bouse of not willing to hazard our lives, or liberty, as Margaret Faucet, an ancient widow, having an intruders into his concerns, not finding anything estate of six or seven pounds per annum, out of from the Lord so to do. We therefore went to which she entertained all travelling Friends our friend Bartholomew Gibson's, where we coming that way, besides her own family, and lodged, to wait the issue of our friend's underhad always plenty, and so desirous was she to taking; where we had not sat down 'till it entertain all, that she was commonly called the pleased the Lord to give us a more evident covetous widow of Cumberland; she was a woman fellow-feeling for our friend's concern, in great truly honorable in the truth during her time. brokenness of heart, in which we were con
I bad no other public ministry in this strained to go up into the city after him, where
we found him delivering his message to a great thinketh no evil and speaketh no guile, is the multitude of people; some of whom had thrust clothing of that mind which dwells with the Evhim down into a low shop in the high street; from whence, ever as he attempted to move, the erlasting Father and Prince of Peace. “By
If, therefore, rabble pushed him back : nevertheless the power your fruits shall ye be known.” of the Lord was over the multitude, both in him instead of the establishment of this peaceable and in us; so that all fear of them was removed kingdom, we see divisions and sub-divisions taking from us, by the protecting arm of the Lord, who place in our midst, we are certainly safe in the is ever near to deliver such as act in his council, in the time of greatest danger.
conclusion, that where these exist, the love of the (To be continued.)
Father doth not prevail. If we profess to have
this love, and evince an opposite spirit toward FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER. our brother, we number among those who “ do
not the truth.” Unhappily for us, we have sufPHILADELPHIA, TENTH MONTH 24, 1857.
fered a differenee, even an honest difference of “This, then, is the message which we have sentiment to produce discord; and instead of being heard of him and declare unto you, that God is of one household, banded together in love, we light and in him is no darkness at all. If we say show to the world a divided body, each part that we have fellowship with him and walk in claiming the original title of the Society of darkness, we lie, and do not the truth. if we walk in the light as he is in the light, we
Friends. Tbe inconsistencies which have grown have fellowship one with another, and the blood out of this state of things are pitiable to behold, of Jesus Christ bis Son cleanseth us from all and he who has pitched his tent within the sasin."
cred enclosure of divine light and love, cannot This message, received by the Apostles, and but mourn over the desolations which they have renewedly proclaimed by the founders of the occasioned as evidences of a sad departure from Society of Friends, still goes forth from the spi. the ancient watch-word, to “mind the Light.” rits of those who, having witnessed the blessed For all, but particularly for those with whom we effects of “that true light which lighteth every are in membership, we would express the earnest man that cometh into the world,” are concerned solicitation, that we may individually gather to that all should come under its purifying influence that fountain of wisdom which is open for all, by walking in it, whereby the blood or life of and from which we may receive instruction in Christ, the wisdom and power of God, would be heavenly things, a knowledge that maketh truly known to “cleanse from all sin,” and we should wise, and which as far surpasses the wisdom that be made partakers of that holy fellowship which is from beneath as “ the heavens are higher than leads into a oneness of spirit, and constitutes the the earth.” In the plentitude of divine good
When we consider how long ness, we have received innumerable blessings, this doctrine of the internal light has been the both of a spiritual and temporal character; have prominent feature of our profession, we are hu- not many of us appropriated these gifts as our miliated under a view of the small advance that
too unmindful from whence they came, and we, as a people, have made toward that state of are thus in danger of loving the gift more than perfection in righteousness into which the spirit the giver? If so, let us remember it is declared of Truth—the Light-leads its followers. In that “ he who loves anything more than me, is what way shall we account for our delinquency, not worthy of me.” other than having suffered the eye to wander It was said formerly to have been “ an evil from this internal luminary and heavenly guide, thing and bitter," that Israel bad “ forsaken the the body has become filled with darkness. “ If, fountain of living waters, and so it must ever therefore,” said Jesus, "the light that is in thee prove unto those who turn from Him who “only be darkness, how great is that darkness ?" Had hath the words of eternal life.” Their course we been faithful to the openings of Divine Light, must be as the ship without a pilot, or sheep withshould we not have been preserved in brotherly out a shepherd. The glorious principle to which love and condescension ?-"God is love, and we have been invited, “ leads not to bewilder, nor they that dwell in love, dwell in God and God in dazzles to blind,” but it is the true Light that them.” In this condition there can be no strife makes manifest not only that which we have nor bitterness of feeling, for the charity which I done, but all that is necessary for us to know
bond of peace.
and agreeably to the Scripture, they that follow I went, welcome visiters. But they have been suddenly it shall not walk in darkness, but have the light neighbors, but especially the poor, mourn their loss.
taken away, and we feel greatly stripped ; friends and of life.” If, then, we would prove worthy the A large and solemn meeting was held, on both occa.
sions, at the Meeting House, where the language was pame of Friends, we must “mind the light,” proclaimed “well done, good and faithful servant, thou and by walking therein we shall be able to pro has been faithful over a few things, i will make thee duce those peaceable fruits of the spirit which ruler over many things, enter thou into the joy of thy
Lord;" that this welcome salutation was given to the mark an abiding in the vine. For“ as the branch faithful servant with two talents, as well as to the cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the ful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of
one with five. Again it was said, “ Be thou faithvine, neither can ye, except ye abide in me.” life. The cheering hope was entertained that
these promises and rewards were peculiarly apMARRIED,-On Fifth day, the 8th instant, with the plicable to the departed, and would be also to other's
of like character. And as the mantle that fell from approbation of Haddonfield Monthly Meeting, at the Elijah, was taken up by faithful Elisha, so may the house of Samuel Allen, in Haddonfield, Clayton Ru- mantle that has fallen from these dear departed lon, to Elizabeth T. Hance, of the former place, all Friends' be taken up by those on whom the han of Camden County, New Jersey.
the Lord has been laid; for surely he can as in for
mer days " raise up Judges as at the first, and counselDiep, On the 22nd of 9th mo., Salathieu Cleaver, lors as at the beginning." a member of Gwynedd Meeting, in Montgomery 10th mo. 14th, 1857.
Joseph Foulke. County, Penna., in the 78th year of his age. He attended meeting on the 15th, (though unwell,) on his
At her residence on Fourth day, the 26th of way home he took a chill, after which he gradually her age, 'she suffered extreme agony, yet she was
8th month, ELIZABETH Dudley, in the 45th year of declined one week, when he finished his course. During his illness his wife, Mary Cleaver, nursed him able to speak to those around her in this language, “my faithfully and attentively, and at the time of his fune- stay is short here, but O, my work is done, I have ral, which took place on 6th day the 25th, bore up She was a member of Chester Monthly Meeting, N.
gained the crown, happy are they that die in the Lord." under the pressure of her great bereavement with for: titude, and becoming patience and resignation. She J., diligent in the attendance of meeting, and one who had been his devoted companion in all their joys and felt an interest in society; kind and fai!hsul among the sorrows for about 49 years. She attended meeting sick, always ready to assist those that stood in need; on the following First day, though quite unwell: on
her loss will be felt by many. Second day she was confined to her chamber, where
On Fifth-day, the 1st of Tenth mo., MARY she continued about four days when she followed her Clara, daughter of Miles S. ard Lucinda M. Spencer, husband, and died on Fifth day evening ihe 1st of ihe of disease of the lungs, aged eight months and seven of the present month, having just entered the 72nd days. year of her age.
Salathiel Cleaver was a man remarkable for his faithfulness, uprightness and punctuality, and such
“ To be blind is not miserable ; not to be able to was the order and system in the arrangement of his bear blindness, that is miserable.” domestic concerns, that they did not interfere with his religious duties. His diligence in the attendance not choose to see; how many which I might be
“How many things are there which I should of meetings, is worthy of commendation. He was an elder nearly thirty years; he served on many appoint- unwilling to see ; and how few remaining things
; ments of the meeting, and also occasionally went as
are there which I could desire to see ! Neither companion of travelling Friends, which services occu- am I concerned at being classed (though you pied much of his time. His lite and conversation think
miserable thing,) with the among men were such, that they even now vividly blind, with the afflicted, with the sorrowful, hold forth the encouraging language to others to go with the weak, since there is a hope, that, on and do likewise." He was a conscientious observer of Friends' testimony to plainness in dress and address. this account, I have a nearer claim to the mercy Being just in his dealings, and economical in his and protection of the sovereign Father. There habits, he was favored to enjoy a large amount of is a way, and the Apostle is my witness, through rational and domestic happiness, and I trust he has gone to that home, where the wicked cease from weakness to the greater strength. May I be troubling, and the weary are at rest.
one of the weakest, provided only in my weak. In relation to dear Mary, it may be said she was a ness that immortal and better vigor be put true help-meet to her husband. “They were diligent forth with greater effect; provided only in my in business, and fervent in spirit, serving the Lord.” She was a faithful overseer of our meeting for many doth but the more brightly shine: for then I
darkness, the light of the divine countenance years. She had the rare gift of imparting admonition, even to offenders, without giving offence. Invested shall at once be one of the weakest, and the with a spirit of cheerfulness, accompanied with kind- most mighty; shall be at once blind, and of the ness, her council would rest upon the visited as dew most piercing sight. Thus, through this ipfirupon the opening flowers. For several of the last years of her life, she and her husband, having retired mity, should I be consummated, perfected ; thus, from the cares of business, rode round among their through this darkness, should I be enrobed in children, their friends and their neighbors, especially light. And, in truth, we who are blind are not among the sick and afflicted, both in body and mind. the least regarded in the providence of God; who, Mary had a peculiar gift in finding out where to go as we are the less able to discern anything but and what to do; and to stimulate others to do likewise, and her husband appeared always ready to himself, bebolds us with the greater clemency second her motion, and they were, wherever they land benignity.