« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
The divine law, the divine favor, has made us | arsenic, be bitten by rattlesnakes, offended by not merely secure, but, as it were, sacred from the sight of toads or neuts, or sickened by the injuries of men; nor would seem to have noxious effluvia. We should find out their brought this darkness upon us so much by in- properties, and shun those that are hurtful, at ducing a dimness of the eyes, as by the over the same time that we turn to advantage those shadowing of heavenly wings; and not unfre that are beneficial. Deadly as the white oxide quently is wont to illumine it again, when pro- of arsenic is when taken into the human stomach, duced by an inward and far surpassing light." arsenic, used for proper purposes, is a highly
Milton. valuable substance. Some of its oxides are
beautiful paints, others give purity to glass, A THRIFTY WALKING-STICK.
hardness to the metal of printing types and the When the old Laird of Dumbiedikes gave to mirrors of telescopes ; and even the deadly poison his son the memorable injunction, “ Jock when
itself is the most effectual remedy in some ye bae dae thing else to do, ye may
diseases. Prussic acid, again, which in certain
a sticking in a tree; it will be growing Jock, states is a more deadly poison, perhaps, than when yo're sleeping," his advice had a deep able medicine, as well as a most essential ingre
even arsenic, is not only in other states a valusignificance, which few are wise enough to profit by. The sound philosophy of the precept dient in some of the most grateful tastes and was vividly brought to our mind, a day or two odors, but it is highly probable that it tends as since, by the sight of a big apple, the history of much, and perhaps more than any other subwhich is fit “ to point a moral or adorn a tale.” stance in nature, to produce the colors of those Some four or five years ago, a lad, passing an
flowers which render the fields and the gardens orchard when the proprietor was thinning out
so gay. These are, no doubt, extreme cases ; but and trimming bis trees, picked up a very slender they are cases to the purpose; and with them sapling, which had been thrown away to serve
before us, we must learn not to have an aversion as a temporary walking-stick. Having used it to, or to despise, any one of nature's productions, for this purpose, he carelessly stuck it in the until we can be sure that we know all its proper
ties and all the purposes that it will answer. thinking no more of the circumstance. There And as that is a degree of knowledge at which ground when he returned home, and left it! it remained undisturbed until it took root, and we never can arrive, it is tantamount to saying, there it is still, being now a flourishing tree, in that we should never despise, or cease further bearing condition, producing Astrachan apples,
to examine, any natural object whatsoever; a noble specimen of which, of this season's because, even in the most common and neglected growth, brought to us by the young man, has one, there may be properties more really useful suggested this article. Is not this occurrence a
than those of that upon which we, with our prestriking illustration of the wisdom of the
sent knowledge, whatever the extent of that gestion of the old Scotch Laird ?-Salem Re- knowledge may be, set the highest value. gister.
There was a time, when people little dreamed
that common coal might be made to circulate in Think how many times thou hast been mis- pipes like water, and light up streets, roads, and taken in thy own judgment; and learn, by that dwellings, and yet be nearly as serviceable as experience, not to be positive and obstinate.
ever for common fires, and more serviceable in all cases where smoke is objectionable; and there was also a time when, if any one had said
that the elements of water, mixed in the same To beware of sligh:ing anything, on account proportion in which they form that liquid, of its supposed insignificance, is the grand pre- could, by being burned from the state of two caution for those who would pleasantly and profit- separate airs to the state of liquid water, produce ably study nature ; but there are a few others. about the most intense heat that could be proWe must not abstain from the examination of duced, the statement would have been treated anything on account of the ignorant having a as the dream of a distempered imagination. prejudice against it. It has been already said, There are innumerable cases, too, in which that that no production of nature is ugly; and it may which has for centuries been thrown away as be added, that when we are properly acquainted the refuse, has, upon further discovery, been with them, none of the productions of nature found to be the most valuable part of the whole are injurious. It is true, that there are some composition. The ore of zinc, which, united that would poison us, if we ate them; others with copper, forms brass, used to be considered would burn the body, if they came in contact as an useless incumbrance by the miners in sevwith it; and others, again, offend, and even eral parts of the country. The bones of meat, waste and wear our organs of sense. But it is which were once scattered both unsightly and our own fault, if we allow them to produce any unprofitably over the waste places, are now, in of these bad effects. We need not swallow consequence of a few very simple discoveries,
BEWARE OF SLIGHTING ANYTHING USEFUL.
made probably more valuable, weight for weight, begets custom, and a habit of things, to facilithan the meat itself; and the very dust and rub- tate what thou couldst not conceive attainable bish of the houses, which, in the places where at the first undertaking. it collects, is absolute filth, is found very serviceable in many of the arts, so that large for
From the New York Evening Post. tunes are made by people who collect it at their
THE MORAL OF THE TIMES. own expense. It is scarcely possible to turn In times of trouble and disaster, all our selfone's attention to any one branch of industry in ish instincts are first awakened to activity. This which there shall not be found some substance is apt to be the case with the most disinterested, of the greatest importance and value, which so long as they see the means of guarding themused on former occasions to be despised. There- selves and their own firesides from impending fore, as we must beware of neglecting small harm. It is not till they find that the storm of things, so also we must not refrain from observ- desolation can be stayed by no human band, and ing and examining any thing, though that thing is liable at any moment to sweep over them, that may be neglected or despised, or even derided; they lift up their eyes and follow the lightning's for a thing, which is any or all of these, may shaft to the hand that directs it. Then our contain the substance of the most valuable dis- selfish impulses give way to more generous ; covery that is possible for us to make. There emotions; we find ourselves involuntarily drawn is no substance and no event independent and towards our fellow-sufferers by the ties of a comof itself alone. They belong to the great mon brotherhood, and bow reverently to dispensafamily of nature and the vast succession of ap- tions which prove in the end, to all rightpearances; and whatever their aspects may be to thinking men, blessings in disguise. our mere gaze, they may have a long tale to tell There is much in the present state of affairs of the past, and a most important revelation to in the financial world to move our sympathy, make of the future. To the unreflecting ob- and there is much to arouse our selfish impulses. server the chalky cliffs of Kent, with their dis- So many and such great changes of fortune as persed nodules of flint, may seem very dull and have occurred within the last month have rarely, sepseless instructors ; and yet those beds of chalk if ever before, been witnessed in this country. have once been sea shells, and those fints bave While it was supposed that the range of the once been sponges ; so that the two together tell storm was circumscribed, so long as the wary us that those very cliffs, which now stand beet- and the wealthy believed they could keep be. ling over the ocean, must at some period or other yond its reach, they naturally flattered themselves have been far below its surface. Indeed, there that they had been more prudent, and perhaps is not a substance with which we meet, or an more deserving, than their unfortunate neighbors. appearance that can strike any of the senses, but This complacency on the one hand, and prewhich, if we will hear it, has got an interesting cautions for their own security on the other, left story; and whether we visit places thickly ten- them little time, and less inclination, to concern anted with animals, places thickly planted with themselves much about the troubles of others. vegetables, the barren wilds, the ocean shores, Presently the cloud, which was no bigger than a the wide expanse of its waters, or the wastes of man's hand, covers the whole horizon with its drifting sand,—nay, even if we could mount up darkness. No one can any longer comfort himfrom the earth altogether, and visit the region self with the assurance that he is beyond the of clouds, we should find enough to exercise all reach of its accumulating terrors. The wise our observation, occupy all our thoughts, and man begins to realize his weakness; he is ashamed gratify and delight us to the full measure of our of his harsh judgments of others, and his capacity for enjoyment. We speak of the waste too flattering judgments of his own wisdom and and the wilderness; but, in truth, there are goodness ; his indifference about the troubles of none such in nature: the only deserts in creation others, which he might hare relieved, and did are human senses which do not observe, and a not, fill his heart with remorse. The curtain of human mind which cannot compare and think. selfishness which bounded his vision seems to be
Popular. Guide. suddenly drawn aside, and he discovers for the
first time bow little he has had, himself, to do HOLLAND-ABOLITION OF SLAVERY. with the accumulation of property upon which The Government of Holland are about to be has presumed so much; how it may
have present the States General a Bill for the abolition been sent to him for the very purpose of being of slavery in the West Indies—that is, in the taken from him again under circumstances like Antilles and Dutch Guiana. The slaveholders these, and as the best means of revealing to him are to reccive an indemnity, and the expense is a sense of his daily dependance upon Providence estimated at rather more than £2,720,000. and upon bis fellow-man. Looked at from this
point of view, who shall speak of the recent Be industrious, and difficulties will give breaking up of the great deep of commercial place. Use makes practice easy; and practicel credit as a calamity? Who knows how many,
in consequence of it, will experience for the first rid us of other people's errors, but not of our time the enduring pleasure of obeying a generous own. impulse, and of sacrificing a selfish one? Who Being in a measure rid of the faults which, knows how many it will teach to think moder- as a nation, we inherited or were taught, it is ately of their own achievements, and judge now time that we make war upon our own; and leniently the short-comings of the less success- we can conceive of no lesson more efficacious for ful? How many will learn from it, what they that purpose than that we are now receiving. never experienced before, that the acquisition All our past follies are coming to light; the of wealth is neither a test of a man's merits, nor great men of the Exchange, to whom we bowed any security for his happiness. Can any one with a selfish idolatry, are proving to be but doubt that this crisis will develop in many a wooden images; the powers that we higher morality, a more enlarged and compre- customed to regard as irresistible, crumble up hensive benevolence, a more watchful domestic like paper in the fire. Nothing proves in these economy, less ostentatious habits of life, and a times to be strong, but the virtues which as a corresponding respect for those whose obscure nation we have most neglected to cultivate. and humble lives may have been teaching the Their value is being proved and vindicated, and inattentive world around them, from infancy, we already begin to see the fruits of it. We how little the splendid fortunes, which we spend witness every day striking instances of forbeartoilsome lives in accumulating, contribute to our ance and consideration for each other's troubles goodness or to our happiness?
among commercial men. They are less disposed What, after all, is the loss about which we to judge hastily, even where there is rooin for make so much ado? The money or the property, censure, while multitudes spend their whole for the want of which so many fail, is not lost time in doing what they can to relieve and assist The absolute losses--such as occur, for example, their less fortunate accquaintances. There are by fire and shipwreck—have been less for the men of wealth among us, who go about quietly last six months than usual. The wealth of the doing good in this way, like nurses in an hospi. country is merely changing hands. Some of tal, by night and by day, who but for some such those who had it, perhaps, will be þetter off crisis would never perhaps have revealed their without it; some will be benefitted by the trial own noble attributes to others, por would they which their pride or their vanity will experience have learned how much better and truer from losing it; it will unite many domestic hearts than they had ever suspected are beating circles which wordly influences were separating, around them. and it may remove unsuspected temptations from the path of young people who were not prepar
MORTALITY. ed to resist them. On the other hand, there Oh! why should the spirit of mortal be proud ? are those in the lowlier walks of life who require Like a fast flitting meteor, a fast flying cloud, the discipline of prosperity. The lessons of A flash of the lightning, a break of the wave, adversity may have been lost upon them. Their He passes from life, to his rest in the grave. hard hearts may require to be broken, as the The leaves of the oak, and the willow may fade, eagle is said sometimes to break the shell of the And the young and the old, and the low, and the high,
Be scattered around, and together be laid, tortoise by beariog it high into the air, and then shall moulder to dust and together shall lie. letting it fall upon the rocks. Shall we murmur
The child whom a mother attended and loved, at this dispensation till we know, better than the mother that infant's affection who proved, man possibly can know, how nearly and deeply The husband that mother and infant who blest, we may all be interested in the results which : Each, all, are away to the dwelling of rest. are to come from it?
The maid on whose cheek, on whðse brow, in whose The unexampled prosperity of this country, and the prompt reward which every species of Shone beauty, and pleasure-her triumphs were high, intelligent industry commands here, have made And the memory of those who have loved her, and Americans the most conceited and self-reliant Are alike from the mind of the living erased.
praised, people upon the face of the earth. So far as the hand of the king, that the sceptre hath borne, this self-reliance has emancipated us from the The brow of the priest, that the mitre hath worn, tyranny of traditions, and has begotten habits of The eye of the sage, and the heart of the brave independent thinking, it has served a great, Are hidden and lost in the depths of the grave. we believe a Divine purpose. But it has long The peasant, whose lot was to sow and to reap; fulfilled that purpose, and for some years past The herdsman, who climbed with his goats to the we have been growing, as a nation, grasping,
steep; arrogant, quarrelsome, indifferent to interna- The beggar that wandered in search of his bread, tional obligations, and tolerant of private as
Have faded away like the grass that we tread. well as public fraud. It requires something The saint, that enjoyed the communion of Heaven ; more than self-confidence to produce an elevated The wise, and the foolish, the guilty, and just,
The sinner, that died with his sins unforgiven ; national character. Our conceit may help to Have quietly mingled their bones with the dust.
So the multitude go, the flower and the weed, Self-denying, single-hearted, not for selfish ends thou That wither away, to let others bucceed;
wroughtSo the multitude comes, who are those we behold, Just the simple truth, the kernel straight in everything To repeat every tale that hath often been told.
thou sought, For we are the same things that our fathers have been, Holding fast the Faith sustaining, on thy rock of Duty
firm, And we see the same sights that our fathers have seen, Thou upheld thine own convictions, fearing never We drink the same stream, and we feel the same sun,
man, the worm. And we run the same course that our fathers have Not for thee a form unmeaning, only kept that men
may laud, The thoughts we are thinking, our fathers would Thou wast called to preach the freedom which befit. think;
teth sons of God! From the death we are shrinking from they too would So thou blessed the world in walking bravely in thy shrink;
line of light, To the life we are clinging to, they too would cling, Leaving unto God the issue of thy warfare for the But it speeds to the death like a bird on the wing.
Right. They loved—but their story we cannot unfold; And thou lived with us in sweetness, frank and genial: They scorned—but the heart of the haughty is cold ; as a child, They grieved --but no wail from their slumbers may Keeping still the morning fresbness and the loving
spirit mild. They joyed— but the voice of their gladness is dumb. But there came a change of sadness—failing strength
and trembling kneeThey died--ay, they died ! and we, things that are And thou leaned on us, dear father, who had leaned now,
so long on thee ! Who walk on the turf that lies over their brow,
Self-forgetting, still thy spirit throbbed for bowed Who make in their dwellings a transient abode,
and suffering man, Meet the changes they met on their pilgrimage road. While thy dear face grew yet paler, and more slow Yea, hope and despondence, and pleasure and pain,
the life-tide ran. Are mingled together like sunshine and rain ; Meekly thou accepted sickness; thou had worked And the smile, and the tear, and the song, and the while it was day ; dirge,
And from all the years behind thee, memories sweet Still follow each other, like surge upon surge.
came round thy way,
And the peace of God divinely o’er thy thankful spirit 'Tis the twink of an eye-'tis the draught of a breath, rolled. From the blossom of life, to the paleness of death; While the faithful Hand thou'd trusted led thee gently From the gilded saloon, to the bier and the shroud,
to the fold. 0! why should the spirit of mortal be proud ?
Oh! the sweets of many Hayings o'er yon meadow
And the hearts of olden summers tremble in these MY FATHER'S BIRTHDAY.
leaves to-day, On these green fields dearer beauty from thy virtues
has been cast'Tis again our father's birthday! changed, how Unto us the ground seems holy over which thy feet changed from birthdays old,
have passed. Blessed in other sunny harvests, crowned with sheaves Darkness is not left behind thee, for we know the and waves of gold.
just man's way, Still the summer air is laden with the fragrant breath As a shining light still shineth more and more to perof hay,
fect day! Still the rustling grain is ripening through the long Loving more, and more uplifted grow we for our and quiet day;
sainted dead; Birds and breezes still are singing olden songs in house- Blooms immortal here are watered by the tears which hold trees,
love has shed, And, from farm to farm outringing, sounds of gongs Oh! we deal with things eternal-earth is lighted from are blent with these ;
above ; But they call not thee, dear father, to thy place Sorrows, mysteries, wrongs, and changes, quench not the board beside
Beauty, Truth and Lo e ? Summoned to another table--gathered with the sanc. For the rich celestial sweetness good men leave where tified;
they have trod : And of all the kindred faces which around thee daily For my father housed from tempest, bless I Thee, my drew,
Tather's God. With their love, and hope, and gladness, here, to-day, are only two.
COCO PALM. Backward, past the buried summers, have I gone in
(Concluded from page 495.) thought to-day,
Of course there are many varieties of coco Gone where Hope, the Morning Singer, chanted wild palms. Some of the dwarf kinds are not much
her early lay : And along the years, O father, firm and wise, and bigger than uubrellas. Several varieties are just and mild,
not good to eat. There are spherical cocos, and Was thy presence as a shelter dear and ample to thy needle cocos, distinguished by peculiarities in child;
the forms of the nuts. Difference of color mark There thy strong heart bore our burdens, there thy other races of cocos (the words races, breeds,
smile and tone remain, Sweet as when thy words of soothing strangely chased varieties, and sometimes, I may say, by the way. away our pain.
species, are synonymes), and there are red, black,
BY ANN PRESTON.
and brahma colored cocos :the brahma color, because it is hoisted up too high upon an un-
The interest of these displays of vegetal life Many new observations are needed to explain must not prevent me, however, from pursuing the circumstances of soil and climate which the products of the coco-palm. Coco bonnets produce the varieties of the coco-palm. The are made out of the insides, of the stalks of the tendency which there is in all the forms of life leaflets of the leaves, which are stripped off and to transmit and perpetuate peculiarities once plaited. The natives of the Sechell Islands acquired, is one of the great laws of physiology. used to plait excellent garden hats, which were The application of the great principles of physio- light, cheap, and pretty. Lacking the impress logy, however, to unveil the secrets of the lives of European superiority, the prestige of the of the coco-palms, their circulation, respiration, London and Paris fashions, they were disdained, secretions, and races, remains to be made. Un- of course, by the ladies of European origin in the luckily we are likely to have to wait some time tropics. Coco fans are very curious toys. Al. for this application, as there is a decided difference though rare in Europe, it costs only about a of taste at present between the sciences and the shilling where it is made. When folded up it palms respecting climate. The sciences prefer is far from having the portability and elegance the temperate, and the palms the hot latitudes. of the most common European fans: yet it can
The abortions of the coco-palms, according to be carried in the hand, or put in the pocket the observations of Dr. Charles Reynaud, occur without inconvenience. The fan is round, and almost always upon marshy soils. Two nuts is made of a thin, white, light, and elastic sometimes grow under one envelope of fibres. material. When the nut withers, the husks generally grow
Human industry and ingenuity, which make largely. Nuts are found which are not longer fans and bonnets of the folioles and stalks, than a finger length, nor more than an inch produce a vast variety of useful things from the thick, and which are of a triangular form. trunks, leaves, leaflets, fibres, flowers, and fruits. Curiosities are frequently manufactured out of Coco-wood is used to make laths, and roofs for nuts, one side of which has stopped growing, cabins, waterpipes, bridges, scaffoldings, javel. while the other half has grown enough for both. lins, marqueterie, boats and ships. The boats of The trunks are, of course, not to be outdone by the Maldive and 'Laquedive islands are built by the nuts in drollery. The trunks sometimes hollowing middle-aged coco palms, and making split into two, three, four, and, once upon a flexible planks of them, which are fastened totime, into thirty trunks. Rumpbius saw
Rumphius saw near gether by coco-ropes, caulked with tow of cocoBombarde, a coco-palm which, when it reached fibre, and pitched with a preparation of coco-oil. the height of about thirty feet, divided into | The Malays weave the leadets into sails for their thirty trunks, like the branches of a candelabra: prahus. The sheaths of the leaves of the cocoA three-trunked coco
co-palm was deemed the fatal palms are made into sieves and sacks. The tree of the Indians inhabiting the mountain green cocos are placed in these sacks to preserve called Oud-Keytello, and when it fell suddenly, them from bats. The laborers of Tahiti make they ceased fighting the Dutch, saying: coarse clothes out of these sheaths, which they “ Our power has fallen with that tree."
wear when doing rough work. The leaves of The roots, as usual, however, surpass all these the coco-palms are used to thatch cabins. Of eccentricities. The islanders of the Mauritius, the thick stem of the leaf, the Cingalese make says Dr. Charles Reynaud, frequently throw the oars for their boats, palisades for their little refuse of their fruit in manure heaps over the gardens, and the doors, ceilings, and windowroots of the coco-palm. A slimy mass is formed, sashes of their cabins. When split into little, which prevents the rain-water from reaching and thin, and spread-out canes, and bound together nourishing the roots. A green moss then covers with thread, they are transformed into mats and the trunk and by-and-by the bark peels off from curtains. The leaves are the food of the dobelow upwards, and all the central part of the mestic elephants. But this is not all. The trunk is transformed into a prodigious quantity Cingalese form beautiful floral arches with the of new roots, which cover over the old ones. It coco-leaves, on the fete-days of their idols. Nor is said commonly in these islands that the coco- is this all. When burnt the leaves yield the palm bas remounted upon the top of the rubbish. soda which is used in washing linen in Ceylon. heap. The coco-palm bas escaped the sullying The leaflets rival the leaves in usefulness. The miass, but it is at the risk of its life. The ex.
woman of Tongu Tabou make combs of the traordinary absorption of sap, enfeebles the tree nerves of the leaflets, which they sell to voyfor a long time, during which the leaves grow agers. They are manufactured into visors, thin, the flowers are sterile, and the fruits are capes, kilts, and paper. The capes consist of abortive. However, after a time the coco-palm a couple of mats to protect the shoulders from regains something of its pristine vigor, although the rain. On Palm Sundays the folioles or never recovering all its former solidity, probably I leaflets of the coco palms are used in the reli