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pass their youth in serenity, their manhood in Lord Chief Justice, in order to have a fine passed tranquillity, and their old age without remorse. upon an estate offered in mortgage for security There is nothing in this world fit to be com- of a sum of money, there came to me upon the pared with it; all its wishes and desires tend to pavement near the office a man well dressed, and celestial enjoyments, which are not liable to of grave behaviour, desiring to have some conchange. The virtuous man looks back on his versation with me, in which I could not gratify past conduct without regret, because his fate him then, being instantly engaged in the busicannot but be happy. His mind is the seat of ness I went about ; but when I had finished it, cheerfulness, and his actions are the foundations and was come out from the office, I found him of felicity; he is rich amidst poverty, and no waiting; and advancing towards me, he began one can deprive him of what he possesses, he is to discourse about George Keith, saying, “ That all perfection, for his life is spotless; and he has we (meaning the body of Friends) had missed nothing to wish for, since he possesses every our way in contending with him as we did ; for thing. Alexander was celebrated for his cour- he being a man of learning and knowledge might age; Ptolemy for his learning; Trajan for his have been very serviceable to our Society, in love of truth; Antoninus for his piety ; Constan. helping us over some mistakes we labored under.” tius for his temperance; Scipio for his conti. I replied that we were not under any mistake pence; and Theodosius for his humility. 0! about the Christian Faith, or religion, or any glorious virtue, which, in some way or other, part of it; and did not want instructions from rewards all its admirers, and without which George Keith or any other like unto him, we there can be no real happiness !
being taught of the Lord, and by such as he
raises, qualifies, and sends in his own name and FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER. power ; and these we know, own, and receive, in
the same love in which they are sent. PHILADELPHIA, TWELFTH MONTH 12, 1857. Then he moved one of George Keith’s notions
and subjects of debate by way of question ; Died, At the residence of her mother, Elizabeth o whether we believe that Jesus Christ is now in Gawthrop, in Londongrove township, Chester Co., heaven, in the same body in which he suffered Pa., on the 8th of 10ih mo., 1857, ANN GawTHROP, in the 54th year of her age.
on the cross on earth ?” I replied that we believe
all that the Holy Scriptures relate concerning -, In Marmington, Salem Co., N. J., on the the Lord and his body; that he ascended until morning of the 11th of 9th mo., Burtis Barber, in the 70th year of his age, a member and elder of Salem a cloud received him out of the sight of the witMonthly Meeting.
nesses who saw him ascend; but as to the idenSuddenly, in Friends' Meeting House, on tity or sameness of his body, or the mode of its Race street west of 15th, during the morning sitting existence now in heaven, as I do not remember of First day, 1st of 11th month, Peter Lippincott, of that to be revealed in the Holy Scriptures, 'tis Cinnaminson, N.J. His death is a sad bereavement to his family and a large circle of friends, and his loss Keith, or any other, to take upon him to define
a little too presumptuous, I think, in George is deeply felt in the community in which he has been a valuable citizen for a number of years.
or meddle with it; being a mystery of which he hath no knowledge or idea, nor could he transfer the true notion of it to the understanding or ap
prehension of any other person, if he had any [Continued from page 600.)
such thing himself. Therefore all he pretends About this time, George Keith, that infamous
to on that subject, can be no other than an un and contentious a postate from the truth of God profitable dream of his own head, on a subject once made known to him, made great distur- strife and envy, as fully appears by his exercise
undeterminable by any mortal, tending only to bances in and about London, as he had done be- therein, and its evil fruits of division and sepafore in divers parts of America ; endeavoring to ration, and if persisted in would remain so to the impose some unprofitable, hurtful and false no- end of the world ; and is to be declined as a tions of his own and others upon Friends, contending fiercely about them; and had also ob. spare and temptation of the adversary, for mis
chief and destruction. tained some regard from envious and prejudiced persons of divers sects and societies.
Then he urged “That the body of Christ in * And as I was going one day to attend the
heaven must be a real body; and if so, then ma
terial, and circumscribed, as all such bodies are, * I have in several cases given the substance of the like Satan disputing about the body of Moses:
yet wonderfully glorified.” I replied, this is arguments and position of our author on subjects Friends in our day fully unite in. But in this instance, (Jude 9.) These words “ wonderfully glorified,' as the whole is not very lengthy, and the oppositions of George Keith constituted a large portion of the suf- Penn, I propose giving it entire, as it shows the ferings and troubles of Friends soon after the death of danger of unwarrantable speculations on subjects George Fox, and especially the afflictions of William wisely vailed from human wisdom.
exhibit nothing to the understanding; though I of God, &c., to all which I answered in much do not intend to enter into a disquisition con- plainness, and I believe to her satisfaction, viz. cerning bodies material or immaterial ; glorified Asto the two sacraments; the National Church or not glorified ; circumscriptive or not so. But owns that a sacrament is an outward and visible I remember what the Apostle Paul hath written sign of an inward and spiritual grace; and if it concerning the Lord Jesus on this point, viz: is a sign, it cannot be the thing itself. That In that he ascended, what is that but that he also grace, of which those symbols are called signs, first descended into the lower parts of the earth ? hath appeared, and doth appear, unto all men, as He that descended is the same also that ascended well where those signs are used, as where they up far above all heavens, that he might fill all are not used or heard of ; so that there can be things : (Eph. iv. 9-10.) If then he filleth all no advantage in the use of such things, but in things, how and by what is he circumscribed ? that grace, which through Christ, is given of the To this he answered, “ That his filling all things Father unto all men, being a divine, active prinwas spoken of him as he is God omnipresent, and ciple and power, illuminating, instructing and not as man; who is, as such, not omnipresent, guiding the minds of all that believe therein, that being an attribute of the divine nature only." into all Truth neces:
essary for the salvation of the I returned to this, That it would not be spoken soul, &c. of Christ as he is God, because he who is omni- [Thus he proceeded, establishing the doctrine present is so from all eternity, and at all times, that Friends were called to turn all from a and cannot properly be said to ascend or descend dependance on shadows, signs and symbols, to into any place; for that would imply his absence the substance; to call all away from the shadow from those places to which he was said to ascend to the substance, and from the mere name of a or descend; which in the notion of it would op- thing to the thing itself. In relation to women's pose the essential and necessary attribute of his preaching, bis last paragraph runs thus:) divinity, and confound the rational consideration And though the Apostle Paul takes some exof it, so that the apostle's assertion here, I think, ceptions, and that with sharpness, against some must refer to Christ in some other way than as women as to that exercise in the church, yet not he is the Word of God.
against all ; for himself declares how women, “Then (said he) these are secret and intricate using the exercise, ought to be circumstanced ; things, bard to be understood or defined ; so that and recommends Phebe as a minister of the it may be proper to decline any farther procedure Church which was at Cenchrea : and Philip had thereon at this time.” That I grant, (said I four daughters, all preachers : and Priscilla, as and it was not of my moving ; nor did I engage well as Aquila her husband, was a preacher in in this discourse with any other view, but to the days of the apostles ; and she, as well as he, demonstrate to thce how little good can be reaped instructed Apollo, further in the way of Christ, or expected by contests on the subject, or by any though he had been a preacher before. I conof George Keith's notions, or of any others about clude, therefore, with truth, that women both it. And so we parted in a friendly manner, after may and ought to preach, under the gospel dishe had made himself known to nie under the pensation, when the spirit of the Lord is upon character of Doctor English ; a Scotchman by them, and thereunto called, and qualified therenation, and a physician by profession.
by; and many such we have now among us, very In this same year (1690) I was concerned in acceptable in their ministry, so that we know by the love of Truth to visit the meetings in a gen-experience that they are sent of God according eral
way in the north of England, and likewise to the various degrees of their gifts, as well as in Scotland, and in discharge of that duty, set the men, and receive them accordingly in the forward from London, on the 6th or 7th of the Lord. Fifth month, accompanied by Henry Atkinson ; She heard what I said with candor and pawho was at that tine a very tender and hopeful tience, and I took leave of her with great satisyoung man, but had not appeared in a public faction in my mind. And this visit being over, ministry, though Truth was working in him I returned to the house of our friend Alice Hays; towards it.
where I related the passage, with other circumWe went by Waterford, where I made a visit stances here oniitted, to several Friends there at to the Countess of Carlisle, (intending to have that time, which well affected them; and we were seen the Earl, but he was gone to London,) and all favored with the divine presence on the ocshe received me in her closet with respect, none casion, and had a very comfortable time together being present but IIelen Fairly, who had been in prayer, after which we departed thence towards her gentlewoman; but having been lately con- Albans, where we had appointed a meeting that vinced, another was then in her place. The afternoon, after which we went to Ilartford. Countess asked me divers questions concerning The next day we had a meeting there (at Hartthe way of Truth as professed by us; of the ford) which was at first very hard and shut up, sacraments, commonly so called; of women's but ended well, in a weighty sense of the divine preaching; of our marriages ; and of the grace presence. [Thus he travelled on to about twenty six meetings, and giving an account of an “ act IMPROVEMENTS IN AGRICULTURE. of the General Assembly of the Kirk of Scot- The improvements in manufacturing textile land,” and writing a long but interesting letter fabrics, especially those made of cotton, have been to an unknown friend, occupying together, with so great during the last century, that progress an account of the meetings, about thirty pages, in other directions has been almost overlooked. he states ou page 121 :) After this, the same sum- The attention which has been concentrated on mer, I had an interview and conference with the one branch by the productive arts, has withdrawn same person, who was convinced of the way of observation from all others. Truth ; but being engaged in election of mar- Yet the changes which a hundred years have riage, would not decline that, nor embrace the wrought in agriculture, are scarcely less wondercross of Christ, and despise the shame; and so ful than those which have been brought about fell back, and never made any profession with us. in manufactures during the same period. If
On First-day, about this time, came Thomas the spinning jenny has supplanted the household Kent, preacher to the separate meeting at Harp wheel; if one power loom now does the work of Lane, London, and Arthur Ismay, another sepa- fifty family ones; if ingenious machines have rate preacher out of the country, to our meeting emancipated wornan from the drudgery of the in Whitehart Court, in Grace-Church street, and distaff and shuttle, not the less have the steammany of the separates of Ilarp Lane meeting with reaper, the steam-thresher, and the steam plow them, with intent (as appeared by their manage- lightened the severe labors of the farmer, trebment) to impose themselves and preachment upon led the capacity of mother-earth, and produced our said meeting, which was very large. And an entire revolution in husbandry. Ismay, being of a large body, and a bold and un
In these improvements, England, in the main, mortified soul, with a loud, strong voice, began has led the United States. When Arthur early, before the meeting was half gathered ; and Young wrote, eighty years ago, whole counties went on with abundance of ranting matter, such of Great Britain, which are now among the as he used to vent, and held it till near the time richest corn-producing regions in the world, to break up the meeting ; and then Thomas Kent were comparatively barren heaths. The introsnatched an opportunity to pray ; in which he duction of roots, the practice of drilling, the made many protestations to the Almighty of his cultivation of finer breeds of cattle, the study of innocence, in things of which several persons scientific manures, and a general reform in agri, there present knew him to be guilty. But as his cultural implements of all descriptions, had own disciples, and several other weak and inad- wrought miracles in English farming, even bevertent persons, together with some strangers, fore steam began to be applied to husbandry. not of our communion, moved their hats in pos- It has only been within the last fifteen years ture of prayer at the same time; though Friends that this mighty motive power has come into generally kept their hats on, and some reproved use in farming, even in Great Britain ; but in Thomas Kent in the mean time for his imposition that period it has spread with great rapidity. on the meeting ; and I being there and under The single town of Lincoln turns out annually a very great concern, by reason of this attempt five hundred agricultural steam engines. In all and usurpation, as soon as the meeting was broken the purely rural counties there are one or more up over his head, I called to the people to stay, firms wholly devoted to this business. The reand hear me a few words, which generally they form, too, is only in its infancy. Long before
And then I said, “That considering the the century is out, steam will be employed in disturbance and confusion which had then hap- farming, to an extent which few, except the pened ; where when one goes to prayer, or pre- most sanguine, dream of even now. tends to pray to the Almighty, as if he were the And these United States will be the theatre mouth of the assembly in that exercise, some on which its greatest victories will be achieved. seem to join with him, some reprove and forbid The vast plains of the West seem as if created him in the meantime, and the greater part reject for this very purpose. Over their level surface him and his performance, as not having any unity the steam plow will move, in a few years, as un. with him therein ; (which might perplex many, noticed as the locomotive does at present; for it and be offensive to several sober persons there will have become a fixture in every neighborpresent, who could not know the reason of such hood, if not on every farm. It was but a few conduct,) I therefore put them in mind of the months ago that a spectator, standing on a swell direction of our Lord Jesus Christ, where he of land in Illinois, counted inore than a hundred saith, “ If thou bring thy gift to the altar, and reaping machines cutting grain all around the there rememberest that thy brother hath ought horizon. In less than another generation, the against thee, leave there thy gift before the altar, steam-plow will be as ordinary a sight. Already, and go thy way, first be reconciled to thy brother, in England, experiment has demonstrated the and then come and offer thy gift.'” (Mat. v. practicability of a machine of this description. 23–21.)
An engine and apparatus, costing about four thousand dollars, has there ploughed its ten acres
(To be continued.)
HOW RAIN IS FORMED.
daily, working well over all soils except rocky THE INVENTION OF SPECTACLES. ones, but especially on clays. The steam-plow,
Familiar as we are with spectacles, they were however, is only in its infancy. It is destined to be greatly simplified and cheapened, as has not invented immediately upon the invention of been the case with all other similar inventions ; has indeed remarked, that through a glass-ball,
transparent glass. A writer of old Rome, Seneca, and when thus made more practically available, filled with water the letters of a book were seen who can doubt that it will come into almost uni- in a magnified form ; and an Arabian writer of versal use?
These improvements in agriculture, it is the eleventh century, named Alhazen, states, worthy of note, make their appearance precisely that by neaus of a glass ball, all kinds of smal
There was a when most needed. The tendency of modern civilization is to aggregate masses into cities, to of this fact, and the representation of such fat
long interval, however, between the knowledge the neglect of the country and the disturbance tened, round (convex) ground glasses, as render of the true equilibrium of society. This ten the same service in a much better and more condency has its origin, in part, in the less la- venient way. The use of such glasses, raised borious character of handicraft occupations. But the introduction of machinery into agri: on both sides, for eye-glasses or spectacles, was
. culture removes much of the drudgery of farm- taught to modern nations by the Italians. The ing, and so far forth obviates a principal ob- first inventor of spectacles was a nobleman of jection to that pursuit
. The period of time is Tuscany, named in the inscription on his graverapidly approaching, indeed, in consequence of stone in the Church of Maria Maggiore at Flor
ence : Salvino degli Armati. He died in 1317. these reforms, when agriculture will be regarded as a pursuit peculiarly fitted for intelligent men. Alexander de Spina, who died in 1313, belongs
According to others, to the Dominican monk, In fact, it has already become so, and needs,
, only time to have it acknowledged.' Happy will a part of the glory of the invention, or at least it be for the world, when the cultivation of the of its more common application. For whcu soil occupies, once more, a just proportion of Spina had seen and admired a pair of spectacles mankind.-P. Ledger.
and he in vain inquired of the man, in whose possession they were, how they were made, he betook himself to work, and without further de
lay, fell upon the plan of giviug a couvex surTo understand the philosophy of this pheno- saucer-like concave cup, and by rubbing or grind
face to a round disk of glass by placing it in a mena, essential to the very existence of plants ing it down for a long time with a fine powder and animals, a few facts, derived from observa- of rotten stone or emery. Two glasses of this tion and a long train of experiments, must be description, were at first placed in a fraine, at a remembered. Were the atmosphere everywhere: distance from each other corresponding to the at all times, at a uniform temperature, we should
distance between the eyes, and fastened to a cap never have rain, hail or snow. The water ab. sorbed by it in evaporation from the sea and the tacles were to be used, and afterwards pushed
which was drawn over the brows when the specearth's surface would descend in an impercept- back. Soon the bows or arms of the spectacles ible vapor, or cease to be absorbed by the air, were added, made of horn, and the spectacles when it was once fully saturated. The absorbing power of the atmosphere, and consequently were bent in front so as to rest upon the nose. its capability to retain humidity, is proportionably greater in warm than in cold air. The air
AN EASY METHOD FOR KNOWING TIIE PRINCIPAL near the surface of the earth is warmer than it is in the region of the clouds. The higher we ascend from the earth, the colder we find the
When the almanac shews the rising, setting, atmosphere. Hence the perpetual snow on very
or southing of a star, observe which of the first high mountains, in the hottest climates. Now magpitude is so posited at the given time; and, when, from continued evaporation, the air is by then noting its arrangement with other stars highly saturated with vapor-though it be in- or constellations, it may be known ever after, if
— visible--if its temperature is suddenly reduced a fixed star; or for the present season of the by cold currents descending from above, or rush-current year, if one of the planets. Thus, even ing from a higher to a lower latitude, its capa- their friends and one another, by pointing out
children may innocently and instructively amuse city to retain moisture is diminished, clouds are several of the most conspicuous, by name, and formed, and the result is rain. Air condenses as it cools, and, like a sponge filled with water finding the time of night by them with the aland compressed, pours out the water which its diminished capacity cannot bold. How singular, yet how simple, is such an arrangement for Flowers are the alphabet of angels, wherewith watering the earth.- Scientific American. they write on hills and plains mysterious truth.
"Be still and know that I am God."'--Psalm 46: When anguish chills the wildered heart,
And seals the eyes that long for tears ; When words no comfort can impart ;
When through the storm of doubts and fears, Comes a still voice-a voice from Heaven,
That bids us humbly bear the rod :
To feel in silence-it is God.
Thus came the word in days of old,
And now, though myriad days have rolled,
To melt the iciness of woe,
Dwells my sister.
Yet she is my sister.
Such is my sister!
Pity my sister.
Still she's our sister,
But hath some little flower
And scent the evening hour.
By grief and sorrow down,
To love and call its own.
From the New York American.
THE MOUNTAIN IN THE MAIN. " They made a funeral oration at the grave, after which Lord Dufferin sailed from Iceland in his they prayed, then turning the face of the deceased towards schooner-yacht, the Foam, a little vessel of Heaven, they said—“Go in peace.” Hebrew ANTIQUITIES. about eighty tons burden, being accompanied in Go thou in peace-we may not bid thee linger his expedition by a French steamer of 1100 tons, Amid the sunlight and the gloom of earth,
the Reine Hortense, on board of which was his Where every joy is touched by sorrow's finger, And tears succeed the brightest hour of mirth;
Imperial highness Prince Napoleon. The prince Thine upward gaze is fixed upon the dwelling suggested that the Reine Hortense should take
Where sin and sorow never more are known, the Foam in tow; and in this way over 300 And seraph lips, the loud hosanna swelling,
miles of the voyage to Jan Mayen was performed. Have caught the music of celestial ione.
At this point, however, the French vessel, falling Go thou in peace-thy home on earth now leaving short of coal, was obliged to return, leaving Lord In the lone chainber of the dead to dwell,
Dufferin, who was unwilling to go back, to buffet Thou hast no portion in the sorrow heaving The hearts whose anguish tears but feebly tell
forward amidst fog and ice, as well as A path of light and gladness is before thee,
the skill and hardihood of himself and crew, and The hope of Israel in fruition thine,
the sailing powers of his little schooner, might And thou wilt gaze upon the beams of glory enable him."I confess,' says he, “our situation, Around the throne of Israel's God that shine.
too, was pot altogether without causing me a Go thou in peace-why are the loved ones weeping little anxiety. We had not seen the sun for
Aroun i the spot where now thy form is lain, two days ; it was very thick, with a heavy sea, There is no cause for grief that ihou art sleeping, Free from each trial, and untouched by pain;
and dodging about as we had been among the Thy path has been through many a scene of sorrow, ice, at the heels of the steamer, our dead reckon. The weary form has needed this repose;
ing was not very much to be depended upon. Calm be thy rest until the eternal morrow
The best plan, I thought, would be to stretch Its light and glory on thy dwelling throws.
away at once clear of the ice, then run up into Go thou in peace-temp’ation cannot sever
the latitude of Jan Mayen, and, as soon as we The tie that now unites thee to thy God;
should have reached the parallel of its northern The voice of sin-of unbelief-can never
extremity, bear down on the land.' Enter the precincts of thy low abode : We leave thee here with mingleid joy and sadness,
The ship's course was shaped in accordance Our hearts are weak, our faith is low and dim,
with this view, and as about mid-day the weather Yet to the Lord we turn with chasteneil gladness, began to moderate, there appeared a prospect And yield our friend--our brother up to him. of getting on for some time favorably. By four
M. J. W. o'clock in the afternoon, they were skimming