« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
This brief sketch of LUCRETIA M. CLEMENT, I that you should manifest by outward show and whose death was published on the 21st ult., has ceremony your sense of the importance of the
you undertake. been forwarded to us for insertion :
Nature leads men to manifest their emotions " Full many a gem of purest ray serene, by ceremonials, or more enduring movements; The dark unfathomed caves of Ocean bear;
and these manifestations have their reflex acFull many a flower is born to blush unseen,
tion--for evil if the emotion be evil-for good if And waste its sweetness on the desert air."
that be good. It is seldom our lot to witness the passing
We must not then abandon pomp and cereaway of one so young, and yet so ripe for immortality. The subject of this notice, though much devoted to childish things; but rather admortality. The subject of this notice, though mony as childish, because they have been so in the early morning of life, possessed the taste here to them, and direct them upward. We are and aspirations of an exalted mind of mature years; desirous of, and seeking for mental and yet too feeble in our moral nature to be loyal to moral culture, sbe sought the companionship of
the abstract good, without the aid of concrete those persons and books, whose example and signs. In all times men have used public cerelanguage tended to lead the mind onward and In the early ages, to show their respect for bod
monials to mark their sense of great occasions. upward to the pure fount of truth and love, ily strength and courage ; in the later ones for whose never-failing streams alone are sufficient to satisfy the craving of an immortal spirit. there wust be the supposed element of greatness.
intellectual power and acquirement; but in all She is
and we feel a loss; but can we This is the thing they honor. grieve? can we grieve for one who, when about
Now the occasions which call forth public cer. to embark for an unknown world, looked round with a calm and peaceful smile, while the beemonies are among the best tests of the height
which a people has gained in true civilization ; reaved and stricken sister smiled in return, in for people honor most what they most desire to full assurance of the happy exit of the beloved bestrong and brave, rich and luxurious, pow. one, from a world wherein they both had learned erful and dominant, learned and furious, or wise that to taste of sorrow is the lot of mortals.? and good, according to the nature of the call, are And though the bereaved feel a blank, a loneliness which cannot be filled, yet they bow in they who hear and heed it. It was easy to call submission to Him who gives, and who has the together vast multitudes to found a monument
on Bunker Hill; it would be hard to get a dozright to take away, knowing that He doeth all
en to found a light house-yet a light house is things well.
the nobler monument. Paulsborough, N. J.
Hospitals are nobler monuments, even, than
-. The following address by Dr. Howe, who is light houses. They are the jewels which'shine
out with redeeming light through the cloud of well known as the instructor of Laura Bridge-greed and selfishness which broods over the land. man, contains much that is interesting. One of To the eyes of angels they shine brighter than the violations of the natural laws to which he the church spires wbich tower so ambitiously
above them. alludes, is the marriage of those too nearly rela
Works done in them, if done in ted. The statistics collected with great care by to God than even prayers and praise.
the spirit of love, are more acceptable offerings those interested in the subject, fully justify the But, as the stars differ in brightness, so do wisdom of that part of our discipline which for- hospitals differ in the beauty and holiness of their bids such connections.-Ed.
mission. They differ in the nature of the works
they have to do; and the order in which people Address of Dr. Ilowe on laying the corner-stone provide them usually corresponds with the rising
of the Pennsylvania Institution for Idiotic scale of their own civilization. Hospitals for Children.
the wounded usually precede those for the sick. You have gathered together this day to show Beside the honor in which war is held, a man your regard for a work which will awaken little struck down in battle, or in the street, seems public interest and excite no public enthusiasm. more nearly like one of us than he who falls It will be uuknown or disregarded by the many sick. Worldly men may shake their heads at you, with Provisions for the sick usually precede those pitying looks of superior wisdom; and foolish for the insane, upon the same principle. Sickmen may even indulge in witticisms at your ex- ness seems nearer to people than insanity does. pepse.
Every one feels that he, or his child, or his But the most unsympathetic and unapprecia. brother, may be sick at any time, but he thinks tive of all will be those unfortunates in whose it less likely that any of his kith or kin will go behalf you labor ; who can never understand what mad. Hence you find hospitals for the sick you do for them, nor lessen your satisfaction by among people who have not yet risen to a con. their thanks. Nevertheless, it is meet and proper sciousness of their duty to the insane.
In appeals to the people and to government in ; impulses slumber in the hearts of the people, behalf of hospitals, you have at first to press and circumstances will arise to awaken them to strongly the economical considerations. These are action. easily understood and promptly answered. Many Throughout the North there is a general ada man's reluctance to vote an appropriation for mission of the justice of the claims of certain an insane hospital has been overcome by the ar- classes of the infirm upon their more favored fel. gument that it would restore many to reason, lows; and this, too, without putting them upon and so turn over to the public productive work- the mere ground of charity: ers instead of insane paupers.
This is practically admitted with regard to A hospital for incurables, even if it were not the deaf mutes, and the blind, and places our open to other objections, would obtain less favor institutions upon a higher plane than those of than an ordinary one. You would have to ad. Europe, where they are considered, for the most duce higher motives, and they might be above part, as purely charitable, if not eleemosynary. popular reach.
The institutions for the blind and those for The same principle holds with regard to the the deaf mutes in New England, New York, treatment of different classes of the infirm. The Pennsylvania and the great States of the West, wounded, the sick and the insane are usually are not properly asylums or charitable establishprovided for before any organized effort is made ments; they are public schools ; and the pupils in behalf of the blind and the deaf mutes. are as much entitled to the benefits thereof as
It is the same in the treatment of these two ordinary children are to the benefits of common classes. People provide asylums for the blind schools. It is true that the State pays for their long before they rise to consciousness of their board, which it does not do for ordinary chil. spiritual wants, and provide schools for their in- dren ; but this is because it is cheaper to construction.
vey them all to one center school and keep them Tried by this test you will find that the extent there than it would be to provide special means to which public provision is made in the Old of instruction in the neighborhood of every citiWorld for the suffering and the infirm, corres- zen who, by paying his tax, has a claim upon the ponds very nearly with the elevation of the dif- State for the instruction of his child, whether ferent countries in the scale of civilization. that instruction has to be given through the eye, There may be an occasional exception, as where or the ear, or the touch. a superstitious notion that the insane are pos- This is the true view to take of these institusessed by a spirit causes Mussulmans to make tions; and it is one which saves the self-respect provisions for their care. But it is in Christian of pupils and of parents. and civilized Europe alone that hospitals are
(To be continued.) founded and maintained in a high spirit of beneficence.
But even there you will see that they flourish or languish according to the moral tone of the “Keep good company, or none. Never be people. For instance, favored by the generous idle. If your hands can't be usefully employed, impulse of the French Revolutionary Govern- attend to the cultivation of your mind. Always ment, schools for the Blind were planted by the speak the truth. Make few promises. Live up Abbé Haüy, from Madrid to Petersburg; but, to your engagements. Keep your own secrets, if while they multiply and flourish in France, Eng- you bave any. When you speak to a person, land, Germany, Holland and Belgium, they, for look him in the face. Good company and good the most part, languish elsewhere; and you will conversation are the very sinews of virtue. find that a little Canton of Switzerland maintains Good churacter is above all things else. Your schools better appointed than the royal estab- character cannot be essentially injured except lishments of Spain and Russia.
by your own acts.
If any one speaks evil of It is much the same in this country. Hospitals you, let your life be so that no one will believe and Asylums abound everywhere in the North, him. Drink no kind of intoxicating liquors. nowhere in the South. A call for an effort in Ever live (misfortune excepted) within your in. behalf of any class of infirm, who have been long come. When you retire to bed think over what neglected, is responded to eagerly by people and you have been doing during the day. Make no legislatures through the Northern and Western haste to be rich, if you would prosper. Small
, States, but finds only a faint echo in the South and steady gains give competency with tran. and South West, from an enlightened few. The quillity of mind. Never play at any game of social institutions do not encourage the spirit of chance. Avoid temptation; though you fear humanity in the people. New York, Pennsyl- you may not withstand it. Earn money before vania, and even little Massachusetts, each expend you spend it. Never run into debt unless you more for several classes of the infirm, tban all see a way to get out again. Never borrow if the Southern and South-Western States together. you can possibly avoid it. Do not marry until This will not always be so; for the same humane you are able to support a wife. Never speak
MAXIMS FOR YOUNG MEN.
evil of any one. Be just before you are gener-, apostolic language feelingly quoted by our fathers
Keep yourself innocent, if you would be and mothers in the Truth, which we are now happy. Save when you are young, to spend fully prepared to adopt and reiterate : when you are old. Read over the above maxims
“ That at least once a week.”
we have no greater joy than to see the children
walking in the Truth." FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER
We deprecate tbat state of mind which would
desire to shut up the kingdom of heaven against PHILADELPHIA, TWELFTH MONTH 26, 1857. men, or anathematise any for differences of opinAll who are acquainted with the early history
ion in religion ; but believing as we do, that the of the Society of Friends, know that our fore. Society of Friends has had a very important misfathers had much to endure from the spirit of sion in the world, and that its mission is not persecution, manifesting itself in edicts by which ended, we deplore our short-comings, and earthey were subjected to imprisonment, ignominy, nestly desire that there may be such an unreconfiscation of property, and that some of them served submission to the divine will in the hearts sealed their testimony with their blood. Did all
of many, that they may become faithful laborers these cruelties shake them from the foundation
in His vineyard ; and that the promise may be upon which their faith was built ? a foundation realized, " That judges will be raised up as at upon the rock of ages ? a faith in the immediate the first, and counsellors as in the beginning." revelation of the will of God to the soul of man?
We most assuredly believe, that the power rea teaching of His spirit, adapted to every indi- mains the same, which qualified and supported vidual state, and a worship without creeds or
the faithful in former generations in their advoforms, in spirit and in truth? Nay! they had cacy of the Truth, and all that is wanting is a digged deep, and could not be shaken from their submission and devotion like theirs. foundation, though the rains beat and the winds blew.
Died, In Byberry, 23d Ward, Philadelphia, on the A writer half a century since remarked, that BOLD, widow of the late Samuel Newbold, in the 70th
morning of the 19th of 11th mo., Elizabeth W. Newas a Society the frowns of the world were a bal- year of her age. last to our vessel, and contributed to its safety County, New York, after an illness of twenty hours,
mo. 23d, in Poughkeepsie, Duchess amidst the storm. Having now to substitute for Arthur LOCKWOOD Arnold, son of Levi M. and Susan this ballast, the lighter lading of its friendships Arnold, in the 10th year of his age.
On First day morning, the 13th inst., REBECand favors, we must be strictly on the watch ca R. Ruoavs, a member of Green st. Monthly Meetnot to unfurl our sails too much, but in all
In Frankford, Philadelphia County, on the things implicitly submit to the control of our 25th of the 11th month 1857, Hannau K. MendenHeavenly Pilot."
Some of us who have been long on the stage of action, and to whom the testimonies of Truth, which have been so nobly borne and so ably ad
Advices from Havana state that the African
Four vocated, are very dear, do long to find in those Slave Trade was never more flourishing, who are now entered and entering upon the stage within ten days. Three of the vessels which
cargoes of negroes had been landed on the island of action, such an appreciation of their value brought them were built, and are, it is thought, as will induce a willingness to walk in accord- owned in Massachusets. The French had placed ance therewith. We do not want to speak of a a large steam propeller in the coolie trade, and degenerate Society, or to take up a lamentation landed from her eight hundred and forty-two over it, but rather to encourage to a faithfulness and by them to sub-contractors, for labor, real
Chinese, who were sold by first hands to others, and devotion like that of the early sons and izing a profit for each party.
Each speculator daughters of the morning, who were not ashamed made about $180 profit per head, and the full of the simplicity of the gospel, but were exemp- price for a Chioaman (with hair uncut) was lars of it in life and conversation, as well as in $420 75. The authorities in the different ports the support of a living ministry unshackled by
of entry openly connived at the traffic.
It is only by labor that thought can be made When we were young, we frequently heard the healthy, and only by thought that labor can be
THE SLAVE AND COOLIE TRADES.
say, at home:
made happy, and the two cannot be separated I wish they were less vain and sensitive, since in with impunity. All professions should be libe- that case they would improve more rapidly.” ral, and there should be less pride felt in pecu- In the course of our conversation the gentleliarity of employment, and more in excellence man gave an amusing instance of the very of achievement.-Ruskin.
sensitiveness which he condemned. I happened, casually, to speak of the Icelandic language.
“ The Icelandic language !" he exclaimed. “So, Correspondence of the New York Tribune.
you also in America call it Icelandic, but you NORWAY AND SWEDEN.
ought to know that it is Norwegian. It is the
same language spoken by the Norwegian Vikings, Carlstad, Sweden, Sept. 10, 1857. who colonized Iceland—the old Norsk, which We spent four days in Christiania, after com- originated here, and was merely carried thither.” pleting our Norwegian travels. The sky was “We certainly have some reason,” I replied, still perfectly clear, and up to the day of our de "seeing that it now only exists in Iceland, and parture no rain fell. Out of sixty days which has not been spoken in Norway for centuries; we had devoted to Norway, only four were rainy but let me ask you why you, speaking Danish,
degree of good fortune which rarely falls to call your language Norsk ?” “Our language, the lot of travellers in the North.
as written and printed, is certainly pure Danish, Christiania, from its proximity to the Conti- said he ; “but there is some difference of accent nent, and its character as capital of the country, in speaking it.” He did not add that this difis sufficiently advanced in ihe arts of living to ference is strenuously preserved, and even inbe a pleasant resting place after the desagremens creased, by the Norwegians, that they may not and privations of travel in the interior. It has be suspected of speaking Danish, while they two or three tolerably good and very exorbitant resist with equal zeal approach to the Swedish. hotels, and some bankers with less than the Often, in thoughtlessly speaking of the language usual amount of conscience. One of them of- as Danish, I have heard the ill-humored reply: fered to change some Prussian thalers for my “Our language is not Danish, but Norsk.” As friend, at only 10 per cent. less than their cur. well might we
" We speak rent value. The vognmand from whom we pur- American, not English.” chased our carioles endeavored to evade his I had the good fortune to find Professor bargain, and protested that he had not money Munck, the historian of Norway, at home, enough to repurchase them. I insisted, how- though on the eve of leaving for Italy. He is ever, and with such good effect that he finally one of the few distinguished literary names the pulled a roll of notes, amounting to several country has produced. Holberg, the comedian, hundred species, out of his pocket, and paid me was born in Bergen, but he is generally classed
, the amount in full. The English travellers among the Danish authors. In Art, however, whom I met had not fared any better, and one Norway takes no mean rank, the names of her and all of us were obliged to recede from our painters, Dahl, Gude and Tidemand, having a pre-conceived ideas of Norwegian character. But European reputation. Prof. Munck is about enough of an unpleasant theme, I would rather fifty years of age, and a fine specimen of the praise than blame, any day; but I can neither Viking stock. He speaks English fluently, and praise nor be silent, when censure is a part of I regretted that the shortness of my stay did not the truth.
allow me to make further drafts on his surplus I had a long conversation with a distinguished intelligence. In the Museum of Northern Norwegian on the condition of the country peo- Antiquities, which is small, as compared with ple. He differed with me in the opinion that that of Copenhagen, but admirably arranged, I the clergy were to some extent repsonsible for made the acquaintance of Prof. Keyser, the autheir filthy and licentious habits, asserting that, thor of a very interesting work on the “Reli. though the latter were petits seigneurs, with con- gion of the Northmen,” a translation of which, siderable privileges and powers, the people were by Mr. Barclay Pennock, appeared in New York jealously suspicious of any attempt to exert an some three years ago. influence upon their lives. But is not this a I was indebted to Prof. Munck for a sight of natural result of the preaching of doctrinal re- the Storthing, or National Legislative Assembly, ligion, of giving an undue value to external which is at present in session. The large hall forms and ceremonies ? “We have a stubborn of the University, a semi-circular room, somepeople,” said my informant; "their excessive thing like our Senate Chamber, has been given up self-esteem makes them difficult to manage to its use, until an appropriate building shall be Besides, their morals are perhaps better than erected. The appearance and conduct of the would be inferred from the statistics. Old body strikingly reminded me of one of our State habits have been retained in many districts, Legislatures. The members were plain, practiwhich are certainly reprehensible, but which cal-looking men, chosen from all classes, and spring from custom rather than depravity. Il without any distinguishing mark of dress. The speaker was quite a young man, with a mous- own interests the preference and shapes the gov. tache. Schweigaard, the first jurist in Norway, ernment accordingly. The State has no debts; was speaking as we entered. The hall is very on the contrary, its treasury is full, an abundance badly constructed for sound, and I could not of silver, its bank-notes in demand, order everyunderstand the drift of his speech, but was ex- where, and, as you see, an increase of prosperity, ceedingly struck by the dryness of his manner. with a flourishing commerce. Here lies a state. The Norwegian Constitution has been in opera- ment before me, according to wbich, in the last tion forty-three years, and its provisions, in most six months alone, more than a hundred vessels respects so just and liberal, have been most have been launched in the different ports.” thoroughly and satisfactorily tested. The Swedes, Author—" The Farmer-Legislature, then, as I and a small conservative party in Norway, would remark, takes care of itself, but it is niggardly willingly see the powers of the Storthing curtailed and avaricious when its own interests are not a little, but the people now know what they have concerned ?" got, and are further than ever from yielding any part of it. In the house of almost every Nor. In very many respects this reproach cannot be
Statesman—" It is a peculiar state of affairs. wegian farmer one sees the Constitution, with the facsimile autographs of its singers, framed done for science, or for so-called utilitarian ob
made against the farmers. If anything is to be and conspicuously hung up. The reproach has
If been made that it is not an original Instrument jects, they are always ready to give money. -that it is merely a translation of the Spanish wanted for beneficial purposes, Insane Asylums,
a deserving man is to be assisted, if means are Constitution of 1812, a copy of the French Hospitals, Schools, and such like institutions, Constitution of 1791, &c.-but it is none the worse the Council of State are always sure that they for that. Its framers at least had the wisdom will encounter ng opposition. On other occato produce the right thing at the right time, sions, however, these lords of the land are as and by their resolute and determined attitude to hard and tough as Norwegian pines, and button change a subject province into a free and independent State: for, carefully guarded as it is, up their pockets so tight that not a dollar drops
out. the union with Sweden is a source of strength and security
duthor_" On what occasions ?” One peculiarity of the Storthing is, that a
Statesman—“ Why, you see (shrugging his majority of its members are, and necessarily shoulders,) these farmers have not the least commust be, farmers--wheuce Norway is sometimes prehension of statemanship! As soon as there nicknamed the Farmer State. Naturally, they is any talk of appropriations for increasing the take very good care of their own interests, one army, or the number of officers, or the pay of of their first steps being to abolish all taxes on foreign ministers, or the salaries of high official landed property; but in other respects I cannot persons, or anything of that sort, you can't do learn that their rule is not as equitable as that anything with them !” of most legislative bodies. Mügge, in his re- Author (to himself)—"God keep them a long cently-published Nordisches Bilderbuch (North- time without a comprehension of statesmanship! ern Picture Book) gives an account of a conver- If I was a member of the Storthing, I would have sation which he had with a Swedish statesman on as thick a head as the rest of them." this subject. The latter was complaining of the On the 5th, Braisted and I took passage for stubbornness and ignorance of the Norwegian Gottenburg, my friend having already gone home farmers. Mugge asked (the remainder of the by way of Kiel. We had a smooth sea and an dialogue is too good to be omitted):
agreeable voyage, and awoke the next morning “The Storthing then, consists of a majority in Sweden. On the day after our arrival, a fire of coarse and ignorant people ?”
broke out in the suburb of Haga, which con. Statesman.“
.-“I will not assert that. A cer- sumed thirteen large houses, and turned more tain practical understanding cannot be denied than two hundred poor people out of doors. This to the most of these farmers, and they often give gave me an opportunity to see how fires are mantheir sons a good education before giving them aged here. It was full half an hour after the the charge of the paternal fields. One there- alarm-bell was rung before the first engine began fore finds in the country many accomplished to play; the water had to be hauled from the men: how could there be 700 students in Chris- canal, and the machines, of a very small and tiania, if there were not many farmers' sons antiquated pattern, contributed little toward
stopping the progress of the flames. The interAuthor. ~" But does this majority of farmers vention of a row of gardens alone saved the whole in the Storthing commit absurdities; does it suburb from destruction. There must have been govern the country badly, burden it with debts, from six to eight thousand spectators present, or enact unjust laws ?”
scattered all over the rocky knolls which surround Statesman—" That cannot exactly be admit. Gottenburg. T'he fields were covered with piles ted, although this majority naturally gives its of household furniture and clothing, yet no guard
among them ?”