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and the importation of negroes into the Southern vate and perfect their disposable labor in a manStates becomes then perfectly proper. For the ner which may render it possible for them to do party programme which was successful, Novem- without British custom ; instead of this they wish ber 4th, established the absolute equality of to draw from Africa still further importations of slavery and free labor as relatiug to the Federal the rawest labor, to increase the production of government, and it is therefore an unavoidable cotton to an unnatural degree, and thereby to inference that the latter cannot impose any ob- make still worse their condition of dependance stacle to the introduction into the South of that upon foreign custom. If they persevere in this kind of labor which the South prefers. Accord suicidal design, let them be careful lest they are ing to their own principles, therefore, the Demo- suddenly hurled from the height of political cratic party will be able to offer no resistance to power which they have attained in the Union. the demand of Gov. Adams; unless the dread They play "va banque.” If then that take place of Noribern indignation and respect for the in- wbich Gov. Adams points to with such uneasy terests of the more northern slave States, (espe- forebodings, if in the course of a generation the cially Virginia and Kentucky,) whose chief staple production of cotton in the East Indies and product is negroes, which would fall in value if Algiers should increase to such an extent as to the slave trade were renewed, force them to make supply the demand of Europe, then will the a temporary pause in their march of “ progress.” southern states find a njarket for their cotton

But, however near or however far the ideal only in the northern states (whose industry will of Mr. Adams may be from its realization, he meanwhile have enormously increased,) and will has at all events proved one thing: namely, the fall into a state of dependance upon the latter, superfluousness and the absurdity of all those which, as far as we can see, will be the death long-winded treatises on the American slavery: blow to their political power and to their “ pecuquestion, which proceed on the supposition that liar institution in its present form.” the slaveholders would gladly get rid of slavery if they could ; that it is only maintained as a

We are requested to insert the following necessary unavoidable evil, and that any statesman would show the slave-holders a great kind. notice. ness who should suggest to them a method and The time of holding Salem Quarterly Meeting means for the gradual abolition or amelioration has been changed to the 5th day after the first of the “ peculiar institution.” Mr. Adams only 20 day in the 30, 6th, 9th, and 12th months. repeats what has been preached for years in The next Quarter will be held at Woodstown in countless Democratic organs (from the New Or

li leans Delta, the Charleston Standard and Mer. the 3d month, instead of the one which under cury, the Richmond Enquirer and Examiner, to the old arrangement would have been on 5th day the New York Day Book) when he says “slavery last. is the most secure and permanent foundation for free state institutions.” But in the very mo. ment when he boasts its strength and perman- Township, Centre Co., Pa., JANE WAY, daughter of

MARRIED,-On the 1st of 1st mo. 1857, in Half Moon ence, he betrays its Achilles' heel. How in.

Robert and Hannah Way, the latter deceased, to Isaac genuous is bis confession that the existence of Brown, of Clearfield Co. slavery is rendered doubtful as soon as Europe

On the 4th of this month by Friends' cerecan do without American cotton, and that the mony, Alexander V. Manning, to Sallie MarEast Indies already produce more cotton than Suall, daughter of Joseph Marshall, all of the city of the United States did in 1820.

Trenton, New Jersey. And thus Mr. Adams affords us a deep insight into the political and financial consequences Cooper, aged 14 years, daughter of James and Lucy

Died,-On the 22d of 12th month last, REBECCA of his much boasted institution. Raw and sim

Cooper of Woodbury. ple slave labor can be applied to nothing but the

of scarlet fever on the 22d of 1st month, production of raw stuffs, and on this single branch Lydia, daughter of Robert and Martha Way, of Half of production hangs now the financial existence Moon Township, Centre Co., Pa., aged two years and of the slave States. There is no industry in two months.

At her residence in Kent County, Maryland, foreign customers. Wbile the northern and on the 201h of 1st mo. 1857, Hannah Atkinson, in the northwestern States form a self-dependent fivan- 85th year of her age; she was for many years an elder

of Cecil Monthly Meeting of Friends. cial community, the southern States must con

At his residence on Duck Creek, Henry Co., fess that their whole existence depends upon Ind., on the evening of the 16th of 1st mo. 1857, foreign conjunctures over which they have no Hugu Mills, aged about sixty-two, an Elder in control. And instead of being brought, by the Friends' Society twenty-two years. He was a man threatening prospects which the competition of of sterling integrity, and in his death a wife has lost a the East Ludies and Algiers opens to them, to father, and the neighborhood a usetul and exemplary

kind husband, a large family a tender and beloved the perception of the fact that they must culti- citizen.

A. J. P.

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31

LECTURES ON PALESTINE.

For Friends' Intelligencer.

the month either equal to or exceeding it for Review of the Weather, &c., for First Month. instance:

1856 1857 On 2d mo. 8, 1857, the thermometer at 9, 12 Rain during some portion of the 24 hours, 31's 2d's and 3 o'clock respectively stood at 52–60–64 Snow,

12 Cloudy days without storms,

degrees--on 2d mo. 30, 1842, at 57–61–61, and Ordinary clear days,

12 11 on 2d mo. 4, 1812, at 63–65—65 degrees.

Second mo. 20th and 23d, 1840, and Second 31

mo. 15, 1851, each exceeded the 8th instant, but Temperatures, Deaths, &c.

these were later in the season ; and the five days The average mean Temperature of this month here enumerated constitute the only days during for the past Sirty-Eight years has been about 31 any Second month since 1836, inclusive, equal deg.,--for 1856 it was 24.15 deg., and for 1857, to, or exceeding in height of temperature the 22.37 deg

before-mentioned 8th instant. We can find nothing on our record as low as Philadelphia, 2d mo. 9, 1857. this, for this month, as far back as 1790 inclu

J. M. E. sive-nothing less than 26 deg. has occurred during that entir period, except in the years 1832, 25 deg.–1810, 24 deg., and last year, (1856) 24.15 deg.

Jerusalem. In broad contrast stand the years 1790, 44 “ How does the city sit solitary that was full deg.–1793, 40 deg., and 1828, 39 deg. The of people ?” These opening words of the Lamen23d and 24th days of the present month of this tations of Jeremy will break upon your lips as year may well be remembered for intensity of at the close of a toilsome day your eyes first fall cold in this city. Thermometer varying from 3 upon the sad gray walls which hide all that is left to 7 degrees below zero.

of the once proud Jerusalem. "Is this the city It is useless to attempt to chronicle all the that men called the perfection of beauty, the joy items in reference to the late “cold spell.It of the whole earth ?" These mocking words will may safely be said not to have been equalled in follow you like an echo as you pace silently along the memory of the “ oldest inhabitant.“ All the narrow streets, arrested only by the cries of along the frontier of New York State the mer- petty traffic and of lying beggary. Dim indeed cury was down ten, twenty and forty degrees be. has the fine gold become when the wretched low zero, and at Waterton the quick-silver froze remnant of the tribes of Israel are spurned along up at thirty seven below!” (so says the New York the ways of their Holy City by the scornful

Tribune ) “The terrible snow storm of the 18th, curse of their oppressors. Here, according to has not been equalled for many years. The hu- prophecy, are “the stones of the sanctuary morously called "Express Train” from New-poured out into the top of every street;" the York being 48 hours in making the trip, while soldiers of the heathen defile with their touch on the Baltimore Railroad, nineteen locomotives the marble which might once have been in courts were employed in endeavoring to clear the track, of the Lord. The “ rampart and the wall” are which was even then accomplished with difficulty. there; but “they languish together;" the watchThe James River, in Virginia, is frozen over, as men of Zion walk no more about them, and the also Long Island Sound, froin the Connecticut cheers of the spearmen no longer encourage the • shore to Long Island. New Haven harbor is fainting hearts of the people of God. The whole

frozen tight, and nothing but ice cau be seen spectacle before you at Jerusalem is one of profrom the topmost of a vessel with a spy-glass, phecy illustrated. This is the deepest impression &c., &c.

that you bring away. The region around NazaThe deaths recorded for 1st mo., 1856, amounted to 866 reth repeats to you strikingly the parables of the

1857,

1357 Saviour; the hills and plains of Galilee and To present a fair view of the case, however, it Judea show you again the customs and the life must be stated that 1857 records five weeks ; but of the ancient Jewish ages ; Carmel and Sharon even then, if we deduct for the week ending 1st and the Jordan tell over again their histories of mo. 3d, 218 cases, we still have the startling miracle; but from Jerusalem you learn chiefly increase of two hundred and seventy-three deaths how true, bow vivid, how solemn are the utterin four wecks.

ances of prophecy, which have described the fu

J. M. E. ture and declared the doom of the house and The following additional particulars were re- them in their glorious seat.

people who rebelled against the God who had set ceived after the above was in type :

Prophecy haunts you, as, in obedience to the The unusually warm weather of the 8th inst., rhythmic command of the Psalmist, “ you walk (First day) deserves a passing notice. The about Zion to tell the towers thereof, and mark writer has searched his diary as far back as 1836 well her bulwarks.” These are weak now, and inclusive, and can find but two days so early in the space which they embrace is small, scarce

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half of that which the army of Titus saw en- of lepers, hideous to see, whose repulsive touch closed and defended when they encamped on Christians need not the statutes of Moses to that northern plain. In a single hour you have make them shrink from. Fanatic dervises coun

gone round" the city. Gray and old are these terfeit well there the men “possessed with walls, and high they scem when you can look devils,” gaining the reputation of sainthood by down from them into the deep ravines; but they their frenzy and their rags. At one hour of the would make a poor defence against the assaults day you may see, at the gate of St. Stephen, of modern warfare. Along their eastern side the horsemen set themselves in array." At you may see the great stones, worn smooth by all hours, in the gate toward Jaffa, you may see time, which the Jewish captives kissed at their them turn aside the poor and reject them who parting, which our Savicur saw when he was led sit for alm.s. from Gethsemane to the high priest's house. The Many of the ancient gates of Jerusalem, of battlements would be beautiful in their long, which we read in the Book of Nehemiah, have symmetric, wedge-shaped ranges, if Saracen skill been closed ; of some, the place is now uncertain. could seem beautiful on the walls of Jerusalem. N can be identified with the few modern enWas it not said, “ The sons of strangers shall trances that suffice for the reduced city. On the build up thy walls"?

south, at the end of a long street, is the “ Zion's And here, by the western gate, is the fort of Gate;” but it does not stand where the sacred gate the city, mounted with a few rusty guns, which once stood, through which David and the priests utter themselves only on the days of official holi- came in on their solemn days. It opens only day or Moslem festival. Was the fort in which for the few who go out on Mount Zion to pray David dwelt, from which, as they say, he looked at the tomb of David, or for the occasional prodown upon the house of Criah, and saw first the cession, when the body of some Christian monk mother of Solomon, was this so small, so vile, or stranger is borne to burial. The “ Valley so poorly garnished, so weakly garisoned as the Gate” and the “Water Gate” may, perhaps, be castle which your guide so boastfully points out, represented by those which bear now respectiveas if it were a marvel of strength and grace? ly the names of Jaffa and St. Stephen; the one You may stop to trace the junction of the inodern on the west, the other on the east. The “Gate with the ancient portion; to see how much of the of Benjamin” post likely was in that hollow once famous tower, which IIerod built, remains; where now caravans from Damascus enter the to conjecture the sight of those companion towers city. You may sce, though you may not exof the palace of Herod ; of all the magnificentamine, the elaborats structure in the eastern cisterns and granaries and halls which were once wall, which marks the site of the “ Beautiful gathered on the spot; but here, too, will come Gute,” the Golden Gate where Peter healed the in that sentence of Isaiah, “ The forts and towers lanie man and where Jesus came in on his trishall be for dens forever.”

umphal day. The fear of the Moslems keeps it The best life of an ancient Jewish city was to solidly walled up and closely guarded, since, be seen in its gateways. The modern gates of through this, destruction is expected to come to Jerusalem show as well the characteristic features their power. Other gates walled up may still of its life. There the heavier traffic of the market be detected; but the effort to identify these with is settled ; and the merchants of the city meet the “ Fish Gate,” or the “Sheep Gate,” the the wayfarers of the wilderness, who lead thus“ Prison Gate,” or the “ Dung Gate” ends with far their laden camels, but hesitate to descend conjecture. The antiquary has a chance for the dangerous streets. The captain of the guard study in the architecture of the gates which sits there, with an air as arrogant, an indolence remain in the arches of the Beautiful Gate, the as stately, and a train of servants as obsequious lions of the Gate of Stephen, the fantastic ornaas any ancient king. The mollahs of the mosque ments of the gate on the north, and massive are there to represent the class of Pharisees and tower of the gate on the west. Scribes; not a few are ready with scanty ma- One needs to learn carefully the rules concernterials to ply their literal trade, though they ing these gates, else in the walks about Jerusalack the learning of the Jewish scribes. Each lem he may meet with some uncomfortable surjanizary is a Sadducee, if want of faith and picty prises. In the Apocalypse, it is said of the make Sadducees now. If wisdom crieth not now celestial city, that “ the gates of it shall not be in the openings of the gates, there is “war” shut at all by day,” and “there shall be no night there, a continual, fierce war of words, fiercest there." In this respect the earthly city does not at the closing of the gates, and inflamed, as in agree with the new Jerusalem. There is night the days of the Judges, by the “new gods"' there, and it begins when the sun goes down; which the races have chosen. Beggars abound and it requires hard pleading and patient waiting there, loathsome as Lazarus at the gate of Dives and liberal backish to persuade the obstinate Blind men beg there for charity, earnest as Bar- guard to open for you, if you have lingered on timeus, though less hopeful than he of cure. the hills beyond the hour. On Friday, the Along the pathway outside the portal are a row i Moslem Sabbath, the gates are closed for three

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hours in the middle of the day, to give the in the book of truth, that at one time there did faithful leisure for safe and uninterrupted prayer; a storm arise, and those that were in the ship and many are the curses without of those who became very much afraid, lest they should be must tarry for the deliberate worship of those cast away ; but their dear Saviour, even the within. The gates are opened at morning with spirit of Truth, commanded the winds and the the first light; and long before sunrise the wares to be still, and they obeyed him, and merchants have started on their journey to the those that were in the ship were saved; and so coast, and the monks have gone out to their it would be with you. Each one of us may be matins at the Tomb of Mary.

likened unto a ship, sailing, as it were, upon the It is equally difficult to identify the streets of broad ocean of time, and those many things modern Jerusalem with those of the ancient city. which beset us, and tempt us to do evil, may be The plough which passed over them eighteen likened unto the winds and waves, which, if they centuries ago, the ruins which have so often were not hushed into silence, would, in time, choked them, have obliterated so far the ancient carry us far away from that straight pathway, lines, that even the course of the vallies have been and we should never reach the port of Hcaren. changed. The valley of the Tyropoon or "cheese- Philudelphia, 1st mo. 31st, 1857. mongers,” which once girdled Mount Zion on the north and the east, separating it from Akra and Moriah, is now so nearly filled up that the

THE WORK AND WAY OF LIFE. street above it seems but little depressed from “ Ponder the path of thy feet, and let all thy ways be the streets adjoining. The pavement of all the

established," streets arrests attention, made up as it evidently Why are we here? To be and to do what, is, of the fragments of ancient edifices, the pala- has God placed us on the earth ? What is the ces and warehouses and temples of the ancient object of life? We are in the midst of a world, city. Wherever you walk you tread upon stones each part of which has its work to do. Erery “polished after the similitude of a palace.” The thing around us, is tending to some end. Sun, grain merchants sit at the corners of the streets and moon, and stars, the blade of grass, the mote on the broken columns which once stood in the in the sunbeam, bave their object: God created porches, and the dogs eat from what may once them for accomplishing it. We are parts of this have been the rich man's table. You are re- same creation, creatures of the same God, links minded, too, at every turn, of the words of of the great chain; and are we alone, in this Jeremy: "Seest thou not what they do in the world of activity, left with no certain end whither streets of Jerusalen ? The children gather to tend, no work to do, nothing to strive for? Is wood, and the fathers kindle fire, and the wo- man alone objectless ? What mean all these men knead their dough to make cakes to the rich gifts which he has reccived, bis strength, Queen of Ileaven, and to pour out drink offer- his aspirations, his reason ? Can they all be ings to other gods." For are not these small meaningless, and this best work of the creation unleavened loaves sold in the courts of the be made for nought? Is mian so richly endowed Lord's house, in honor of Mary the immaculate ? to do nothing? It cannot be : God is not wont and are not many gods remembered in the con- thus to create for no purpose. Man, then, must fusions of nations and religions there?

have some destiny to work out: his life here is [To be continued.]

meant to be one of labor and striving for some

end. For Friends' Intelligencer.

But we can go one step farther. In all else, How many wiles, how many snares,

we see that the gifts of the Creator to each To entice the youthful mind away.

creature are exactly proportioned to what it has I have always felt that we could not begin too to do. He does not give any superfluous strength soon to do well. In the days of our youth let nor any unnecessary faculties.

There is no us love the Lord, and let it be our concern through waste in the divine adaptation of means to ends ; the days of maturer years; and, when we but each creature has just those powers and that have grown old and feeble, we will be remembered degree of strength which it needs to accomplish by the God of our youth. My dear young its object. For humble offices, faculties are friends, seek the Lord now while you are young; bestowed, humble, yet sufficient, and continually hearken to his gentle admonitions ; listen to increasing as we ascend in the scale of being that still small voice within ; for it is the spirit and the work increases in magnitude. of truth, sent unto you, to lead you gently along, Now, what inference can we draw from this, step by step, from earth to Heaven. Ö, listen as to man's object? It must be one worthy of to it, obey its dictates, and you will find in God his noble powers : it cannot be anything low a father and a friend. I have never found a and grovelling, that he was put into the world better nor a surer guide than this; although it to accomplish. God has not been so lavish of may lead you in ways that you have never be his gifts to him, only that he might do the work fore walked in, yet be not afraid. For we read of a tree or an animal. We can assune, then,

in the beginning, that there lies before us in life like these ancient navigators, by the stars alone, some object to be accomplished, and that no which are set in the sky to testify of the way mean and sordid one.

homeward ; for these are obscured by the passWhat, then, is this exacted object of human ing cloud, and fail us in storm and in tempest, life? What is that which gives a meaning to when we need them most. But in addition, God all our endearments and which should be the has given us the same compass, the divinely end in all our strivings?

poised finger, which points out the way alike in We know no better practical answer to give to sunshine and in storm. The materials, then, the question, than that we were placed in the are placed before us; the opportunity for using world to build up a perfect character. For this them is given, and the rule by which we may purpose has the Creator made us. It is his will know how to use them aright. That this should be the object of life.

Here, then, is a worthy object for which to But what is this work? What is the building live. This great, this never-ending work we

, up of a character ? Let us commence with the were placed in the world to labor on; we are to beginning. When we come into the world, we strive to build up for ourselves the perfect charare not entering upon the hopeless task of re- acter. Here is the all-embracing object : nothpairing the ruins of a broken down nature; but ing can be so small tbat it may not aid in accomwe have no character, good or bad. To settle plishing it, nothing so great that it is not included which of it shall be, is the all-important question, in it. This is the centre round which all other which our life is to answer. The materials are interests move, and toward which they gravitate. given into our hands plastic and unformed; we They are the means, this the end; and unless are to mould them into whatever shape of beauty tending to this, are vain and worthless. or deformity we will. We have tendencies; we This exalted end is then before us as the true have capacities; our faculties are imparted to us. ' object of life. But do we recognize it as the These are to be developed, each in its appropri. actual one which we are pursuing? Do we ate way. Our passions are to be controlled; uur really make all else subservient to this ? Let us desires regulated, and kept from clashing with look around us, let us look within us and see how each other; our tendencies, good if properly re- faithful we have been to it. We shall find that strained, are to be contined within these proper there are many things substituted in its place. limits; good acts are to be confirmed into habits, It may not always, or often, be that these unand good emotions hardened into principles. I worthy objects are pursued in consequence of a Here, then, are the materials upon which we are deliberate act of choice; perhaps, without ever

We are placed, too, in the midst of acknowledging it to ourselves, we practically circumstances and in relations which give our seek them. faculties opportunity to act, and our capacities to We have seen men, who have appeared to live develop: all these we are to use as means of for nothing bigher than mere sensual pleasure. growth. Our life is the workshop where this They have degraded their noble powers into the wonderful product is fashioned, not all at once, servants of excess. They seemed to act on the but slowly, year by year, and hour by bour. Each Epicurean maxim, “Let us eat and drink; for moment furnishes us opportunity to develop it; to-morrow we die.” If thus they have lived, it each event, however slight. It is forming in our might be well for them, if they would die; but work and our recreation, in our idleness and in there is life eternal for the sensualist as for the our toil; it is ever forming when we think noth saint. The grave does not offer bim an evering of it, as well as when we are most earuestly lasting sleep; the end is not yet. Aud what striving

shall then be the terrible consequences of a life But a rule is needed to guide us to the right worse than wasted, what shall be the fearful formation of character. We must know what revelations of that future state, no man knoweth the true way is, if we would walk in it. This But how awful the results even here! We have rule God has planted within us. It is no un- spent the time given us for growth, in weakencertain and indefinite thing; and, when our ing and corrupting the faculties we ought to nature is calmly interrogated, the answer is clear have developed. The manlike has been steadily and decided. The aspirations which we feel are sinking into the animal, and as far as was in our too plain to be mistaken; but in our lives, there power, the divine in us has been extinguished. are storms of passion and trouble, when this Or it may be that we have not chosen an inner voice becomes obscure and ambiguous. We altogether bad object for which to live, but have are therefore not left to this alone; in addition exalted one tbat should be merely secondary into to the intuitions implanted in our natures, God the first place in our regards. It would be easy has sent a messenger to show us the way, and to give illustrations of this. There is worldly give us new motives for walking in it. The light gain, which occupies, and rightly, much of men's of nature is confirmed and brightened by the time and thoughts

. But some seem to act as if light of revelation. We are at the belm, and being's end and aim” was, by some base alare to direct the voyage; but we do not stcer, chemy, to transmute whatever faculties they are

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