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As from the seed the flower must fall away

in her home with all that wealth and cultivated Ere it can ripen into fruit or grain,

taste could bring together of refined luxury, it So must these outward walls of flesh decay, Ere the pent soul its fulness can attain.

was still to the poor around her that she saw

the thoughts of her parents ever directed as a The tender plants that here refused to grow, Shall be perfected in a heavenly state,

prominent duty. At her father's dinner-table, In the celestial gardens thou shalt know

and in her mother's drawing-room, she was early And claim thy expanded flower-be still and wait. accustomed to listen to some of the philanthro. New York, 2d mo. 1857.

M. pists of the day discussing various schemes and

theories which had for their object the relief and

education of the poor. FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE.

“She had been born at Florence during a We give the following extracts from an interesting biographical sketch in the Dover (Eng) turn to England, the inheritance of a large for

temporary residence in Italy; and on their reChronicle, written, it is understood, by an inti- tune and estates led to the formation of two mate friend of F. Nightingale :

family homes in the counties of Hampshire and At the time when reports of the disastrous Derbyshire, where the early lives of herself and state of affairs in our hospitals at the seat of war, her sister were passed in more than usually close the year before last, reached this country, filling contact with the surrounding peasantry. To every heart with the deepest commisseration and their benevolent father and mother these poor dismay, there were thousands of women who neighbors were held of even more importance would gladly have undertaken to do what in than their wealthy acquaintances; and it was a them lay, to mitigate the awful amount of suffer- part of every day's duty of the little girls to visit ing which the daily papers laid bare to their the cottages of the poor who dwelt on or near readers; but there was, perhaps, but in one won their father's estates. In sallying forth on the man the sense of due preparation and practical morning walk, a basket, packed with some little experience to qualify her for taking the lead in comfort or delicacy for an invalid, or a book from such an undertaking. It was Florence Nightin- which to read to some old, infirm neighbor, was gale alone, who not only possessed the high na- a never failing accompaniment. In the adjoin

a tural requirements to fit her for the task, whose ing village, schools were established by their whole previous life had been in some respects a father and mother, for the education of the chil. preparation for it--but, above all, who had espe- dren of the poor-not as a mere relief to their cially trained herself for nursing the sick and consciences, that in the spending of a large forwounded, and for understanding the systematic tune so much should be given towards a generorganization of a hospital, and the government ally acknowledged good purpose, but with a deep of a staff of assistant nurses. It was, perhaps, and earnest desire that through those schools a the first in the chain of secondary causes which number of their fellow-creatures should be raised prepared Florence Nightingale for such a devo- in the scale of being, and trained to usefulness tion of her life to her fellow-creatures, the fact and happiness both here and hereafter. These that her ancestors on both sides were remarkable schools, built and founded by their father, befor benevolence and philanthropy--ber maternal came, as his daughters grew up, their especial grandfather, the late Mr. W. Smith, of Norwich, object of care. It was their task to organize having been the coadjutor of Clarkson and Wild them on good principles; to find efficient teachberforce, in their long.continued efforts in the ers for them; to give instruction in them, and cause of slave emancipation in our Colonies. In to make personal acquaintance with each and furthering many other schemes of benevolence every child, and through that acquaintanceship, and moral reform, Mr. Smith was equally re- and by kind words, looks, and acts, to influence markable for intelligence and practical sagacity, them to good. To realize to herself more comwhile the excellence of his private character, bis pletely the life and duties of a teacher of the superior understanding, cultivated taste, and poor, Florence at once took up her abode with strong religious feelings, could not but leave a a village school-mistress, living with her in her deep impression upon his own and his children's little cottage, and teaching with her in her little children. The memory and example of a life school, so as to observe at the closest point of devoted to high and noble aims, is, of itself, a view, the relations of teacher and pupil, and thus precious bequest for the head of a family to leave gain knowledge and experience available for the to his descendants, and such an inheritance can better organization of the schools in which she not but have its influence in the formation of was personally interested. character and habits; and thus it came naturally “Then came the time when yet larger schemes to be the habit of the family to wbich Florence of benevolence began to occupy her mind. The Nightingale belonged, to employ themselves in condition of the poor in the hour of sickness, at works of benevolence, and to earnestly concern all times a matter of interest to her when visitthemselves in the welfare nf their fellow-creatures. ing their cottages, led naturally to a consideraFrom her earliest childhood, when surrounded tion of their fate, when consigned to hospitals.


Some casual exposure of neglect and inattention couch of some suffering invalid, administering on the part of hospital nurses, led her to consider the prescribed medicine, smoothing the pillow, the advantage of a better training of women for supplying little expedients for comfort, or ten. such employments; and the chance perusal of derly soothing the irritable mourner; by day, ocan article in a review on the subject, and with cupied with all the domestic details of a large reference especially to an institution in Germany, establishment, enquiring into the symptoms of for the express purpose of training nurses, first patients, consulting with medical nen on each led her thoughts and sympathies into the chan- particular case, and attending to instructions nel where they were henceforth to exercise them from them, with table covered with prescriptions, selves for life. She felt at once how well such letters of application, &c. a vocation could employ her own energies and “This was her life when the breaking out of satisfy her yearnings for a wider sphere of use the war with Russia opened to her a yet wider fulness, and saw how the more skilful nursing sphere of usefulness. When the need was deeply of the sick might employ many independent and felt of sending out an efficient staff of nurses to educated women; while at the same time, by assist in the care of the sick and the wounded, qualifying themselves to become nurses, hun- it fortunately happened that the capabilities and dreds of poor women might find a remunerative acquirements, the fitness, in fact, of Florence occupation.

Nightingale for taking the lead in the enterprise, “In that year especially, when it may be said was known to some members of the Government, that the minds of the whole English people were who had the power of appointment in their hands. more than usually bent on excitement and plea- She was asked to undertake the office of superio. sure—in 1851, when the prevalent idea with us tendent of the nursing department in the Eastern all was, how best to exhibit the material advan- hospitals, and with little hesitation consented.

, tages of England, and feast our eyes on the pro- Accompanied by a large party of paid nurses and ductions of our own and foreign countries—when lady volunteers selected by her, she proceeded to for a season we were to give ourselves up to sight. Scutari, and arrived there at the moment when secing and social pleasures—in this year Florence the disorder and mismanagement in the large Nightingale left her country and pleasant home, hospital there had reached its height, while the to place herself at the institution of Kaiserwerth, sick and wounded were constantly pouring in in Prussia, in order to train herself for nursing from the Crimea. Our papers at that time were the sick. Here, under the guidance of the Pro. filled with heart-rending accounts of the horrors testant Sisters of Charity, engaged in the super- which resulted not merely from the inevitable intendence of a large model hospital, she per- consequences of the war, but also from the informed her novitiate, employing herself practi- adequate means at band in the hospitals for the cally in tending the sick, in witnessing and as- relief of the sufferers who came down in shiploads sisting at operations, and in going through a after each bloody engagement. We read of the course of study to enable her to pass an examin- filth and want of every comfort in the transports ation of no ordinary strictness.

which conveyed them from Balaklava to Scutari; “On her return to England, and on looking of the difficulty in landing the diseased and round for the most useful sphere in which to ex- maimed; of the want of beds, linen, medical ercise her now matured experience, Florence stores; of the incapacity of officers; of their Nightingale found that the establishment called absurd adherence to routine and military formalithe Ladies' Hospital in Harley-street, which had ties in the presence of urgent and pressing Debeen founded especially for the reception of in- cessities; and into this chaos of mismanagement valid ladies of small fortune, was in a lingering and disaster Florence Nightingale and her band state for the want of assistance and good manage- of nurses, with a fresh staff of medical officers, ment. She at once undertook in it the office of had to restore order, decency and comfort. They matron, and in a very short time raised it to a succeeded in doing this, and, as the result showcondition of efficiency and great usefulness. To ed, even more than this; for, at the close of the attain this, her exertions were unwearied; and war it was seen that not merely the bodily wants she not only applied to it the whole of her time of thousands of our fellow-countrymen were atand energies, but forsook every claim which her tended to by these good women, but that a high fortune and position in society might have other moral influence resulted from their labors. An wise made on her. Fashionable society, the Irish soldier, in giving his rough testimony to pleasures of literature, art, music—all were re- what had been done by Florence Nightingale in signed in the furtherance of her purpose; and the hospital of Scutari, said — Before she came this by one whose highly cultivated mind and there was nothing but cussing and swearing, but faculties quickened to an intense appreciation of afterwards the place was as holy as a church.' all that is beautiful and perfect, rendered the sa- In addition to the surgical and medical care wbich crifice only the greater. `In a plain, yet unpre- the sick and wounded soldier now received, came tending, costume, she might be seen in that old a thousand comforts and alleviations around his house in Harley-street, bending at night over the bed from the hands of tender and sympathising


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women. Refreshing drinks and nourishing through her hands also passed the numerous delicacies administered at all hours of the day books, tracts and means of innocent amusement, and night when needed by the patient; care for supplied by the benevolent in England to those his bodily ailments and sympathy with his who were fighting their country's battles. We thoughts and feelings as they wandered to home have numerous testimonies from the lips of and wife and children or aged parents; all this soldiers, on their return, to the moral good efhelped to check the roughness and soften the fected by Florence Nightingale and her female manners of the soldier, and make his best feelings companions; but we know not, we cannot measure, prevail over his worst habits. He was full of nor picture in thought, the good that may result grateful reverence for her who was doing so much from such influence to this and future generafor him. As she went her rounds, through the tions. The war is over, and our army returned; miles of hospital wards filled with the sick and and in reviewing the past we were never, perdying, she had a word and a smile, now for this haps, better able to perceive the evils and horrors one and now for that; and, as she could not of war, but at the same time we recognize that speak to us all, we would kiss her shadow as it even war is not unac

accompanied by those maniféll upon our beds,' said one of her grateful pa- festations of a merciful and superintending Provitients with the true poetry of nature in his un-dence who allows of passing evil for the furthertaught heart. Over refractory and unaccom- ance of lasting and progressive good. Florence modating and jealous officials, Florence Nightin- Nightingale has now returned to England, rich gale won like victories by her gentleness and in the avowal of all that human praise can bestow, firmness. She refused to be restricted by rules and which must yet fall below, in her estimation, and routine when suffering was to be alleviated the mere sense of having performed well a high and pressing wants supplied. When the sick duty. She has been personally honored by her and wounded just landed from the Crimea were Sovereign, and the people of England, anxious lying on the bare ground for want of beds, she to show their sense of her services, have entrustwould take no refusal from the store-keeper who ed to her disposal a large sum of money, wbich had them in reserve, but who hesitated to give was raised as a testimonial to her, but which she them out without an official order presented in prefers to employ in founding and supporting an some particular form. While he stood by, keys institution for the better training of nurses in in band, not venturing to open his storehouse, connection with one of our hospitals. On all she summoned attendants and bade them break sides she has been greeted with honor, love and open the doors and take out the required bed respect; but returning to her own home in strict and bedding! And the Government and people privacy she shrinks from all kinds of public homof England applauded her judicious daring. age or distinction, and, in answering an address When, too, the stores of the hospital, as supplied from the working-men of our large northern by Government, were insufficient for the wants towns, modestly passes sentence on herself in the of the overwhelming numbers which came down simple words which she inscribed over the grave to be tended, it was with wise confidence in the of one of her assistant nurses in the East, who justifiability of the step that Miss Nightingale fell a victim to her exertions, and says of herself had recourse to the gentleman who was entrusted She hath done what she could. What might by the Times newspaper to expend a large sum not the world become if all could say this of of money raised by the public in behalf of the themselves ?” sick and wounded soldiers. From him, at a time

of great need, and before the Government at

home was aware of the wants of the bospital, she A correspondent of the Boston Cultivator
obtained all that was required for the sufferers writing of the management of house-plants,
and for the cleansing and purifying and better says :—“The way to have healthy plants is tó
organization of the hospital.

shorten in all struggling growth, and remove “ After bringing the hospital at Scutari to a every leaf and flower as soon as the least symphigh state of efficiency and good management, tom of decay is perceivable, washing them occaMiss Nightingale passed over into the Crimca, sionally with warm water from the fine nose of a and, on the heights above Balaklava, supplied a watering-pot held high above them—thus giving sort of camp hospital there with a staff of purses them the benefit of a warm shower at any time and all the materials that she had now at her or place. But the thing of all others most imdisposal for comfort and order. She also took portant is, to water them with hot water at all an active and influential part in many schemes times; yes, hot to the touch, even beyond what which were set on foot for the improvement of is supposed to be prudent until after experiment the habits and morals of the soldier. She induced -and it is only necessary to watch the result on him to save; to refrain from spirit drinking; the health and vigor of the plants, especially and encouraged him to read. Through her when in bloom, to be convinced of the virtue of hands passed large sums of money sent by the this "grand specific."" The writer says he has soldiers to their wives and families at home, and fuschias now in bloom, mere cuttings about six inches in height, not one failing out of seven,

IMMIGRATION WEST. or even more cuttings, planted in a single pot The Buffalo Immigration Commissioners reand watered with hot water.— Boston Trans. port that 1400 persons have been relieved during

the year with an expense of $3,383 70. AN

these 1400 persons were foreigners. Most of THE SNOW TRADE OF SICILY.

the number (600) were Germans; next English, The principal export from Cantania is snow, 139; then Swiss, 135; and Belgians, 133. Of in which a very lucrative trade is carried on with Irish there were but 100. These facts demon. Malta, and some parts of the south of Italy. It strate at once the difference between the Irish is collected during the winter in pits and hollows and all other class of immigrants. Thus, while on the mountain, and covered with the scoriæ the Irish immigration is the largest, it remains and ashes, to prevent its thawing. It is brought with us, here, principally, and exerts its influence down on mules to the coast at night, in panniers on one point, while the Germans, in greater part, covered with leaves. The revenue derived from it is easily perceived, move westward, and give this source is immense, and renders the Prince their exertions to opening up the wilds there. of Paterno one of the richest men in Sicily. And so also with all other nativities but Irisb. Snow is the universal luxury, from the highest Of the 1400 assisted at Buffalo, 200 were assistto the lowest ranks. It is sold at about the rate ed to reach places to which they designed emi. of twopence a rotolo, or thirty ounces; and the grating: to Canada West principally (87,) and poorest cobbler would sooner deprive himself of to the more western cities. his dinner than of his glass of "acqua gelata.” It is also extensively used in the hospitals; and The Select Council of Philadelphia have passed scarcity of it would be considered as great a mis- an ordinance probibiting the sale of game wben fortune as a famine, or any other national visita- out of season. This is a most humane measure, tion, and would more infallibly occasion popular and we trust it will have the effect of restraining tumults. To guard against any such accidents, those who shoot and market the birds at all seathe government at Naples have made the provid- sons of the year. ing of it a monopoly, the contractor being required to give security to the amount of 90,000 ducats,


FLOUR AND Meal.-The market for Flour is stili which sum is forfeited if it can be proved that

dull. Good is offered at $6 37. Sales of better brands for one hour the supply was not equal to the de- for home consumption at $6 37 a 6 44, and extra and mand.

fancy brands at $7 50 a 8 25. There is very litle export demand. Rye Flour is worth $3 62 per barrel.

Corn Meal dull, at $300 per bbl., and old stock at 337. RAILROADS IN THE WORLD AT THE END OF THE

Grain.- Wheat is dull, but prices are steady. YEAR 1856.

Sales of prime new Pennsylvania red are making at Europe.

$1 49 a i 50 and $1 62 a 1 63 for white. Rye is very England and Wales, 6426 Canada, 1,418 scarce; sales of Penna. at 82c. Corn is more in de.

1138 New Brunswick 24

sales of old yellow at 68c and new yellow at

65c. Oats are steady; sales of Pennsylvania Oats Ireland, 1012 Nova Scotia, 23

at 460



463 United States, 24,500
3712 Cuba,



1119 Jamaica,

GIRLS — The Spring Term of this School will 10

commence on the 2d of 3d mo. next, and continue Holland,

422 New Granada, 49 fourteen weeks.
188 Brazil,

52 Terms.-$12 per term for tuition, board and washNorway and Sweden, 67 Peru,

22 ing, fuel, pens and inks, for particulars address the Russia and Holland, 637 Chili,

Principal for a circular.

STEPHEN COX, Principal.

Scottsville P. O., Monroe Co., N. Y.
Smaller German

Total, 26,581

OARDING SCHOOL.--A Friend desirous of openStates,

4234 Africa, Egypt, 132 Austria & Hungary, 1697 Asia Br. India, 311 Meeting, Fallsington, may hear of a desirable situaSwitzerland,

167 Australia, 39 tion by applying previous to the 15th of next month.
812 Europe, 24,203

For further particulars address either Wm. SATTER-
THWAITE, Jr., or Mark Palmer, Fallsington P. O.,
Bucks Co., Pa.

1st mo. 10, 1857.
24,203 Grand total, 51,266

UST PUBLISHED. A New Edition of the Dis. Dinsmore's Supplement. cipline of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting.

Fiity cents.

T. E. CHAPMAN, The Warrentown (Va.) Whig says the sales

1st mo. 10.

No. 1 South Fifth St. of slaves at Richmond, by the auctioneers of that

(UST PUBLISHED. A Memoir of John Jackson. city, for the past year, amounted to over four J millions of dollars. One firm alone sold over

Price 374 cts. With Portrait, 50 cts.

T. E. CHAPMAN, two millions of humanity.

1st mo. 10.

No. 1 South Fifth St.




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No. 51.

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| beloved circle prevented Joseph i

ney from accompanying their dea PUBLISHED BY WM. W. MOORE, eign land; and they confided uportant No. 100 South Fifth Street,

charge to their affectionate piece, ot whose skilful PHILADELPHIA,

and assiduous attentions to such as were sinking Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, pay- under disease they had repeatedly had ample able in advance. Three copies sent to one address for proof. Priscilla Gurney felt weightily the reFive Dollars.

sponsible undertaking; but meckly surrendered Communications must be addressed to the Publisher: herself to perform the arduous duties which it free of expense, to whom all payments are to be made.

involved. Her tenderly sympathizing, yet lively

spirit, her deep and solid piety, her constant EXTRACT FROM MEMOIR OF PRISCILLA GURNEY. faith and trust, rendered her a nost valuable [Continued from page 787.)

companion to the sick and to the mourner, parSome important family clains required Pris- ticularly to those in early life, whose future apcilla Gurney's attention during the time of the peared to be no longer irradiated by the sunshine Yearly Meeting of 1816. She felt the privation of youthful anticipations. Rarely could one be consequent on being necessarily absent from it, found whose experience could better qualify to to be no small trial; but, with the spirit of cheer- administer to the failing tabernacle; or, in seaful asquiescence with every circumstance permit- sons of extreme weakness and discouragement, ted or dispensed by the providence of her heaven- when the spirit might sink at the prospect of the ly Fathe., which so uniformly prevailed in her awful gloom that enveloped the dark “valley of heart, she was perfectly willing to forego the en- the shadow of death,” few could be more prejoyment of a privilege which she greatly valued. pared to point the sufferer to those rays of "the

Sun of Righteousness" which illumine the " It bas been quite a sacrifice to me to give Christian's pathway to the tomb. The invalid up the Yearly Meeting. I had longed for such was also accompanied by her sister Jane. This a refreshment, and to be a little more amongst little, but very interesting party, commenced Friends, as we have not much of this kind of their journey on the 27th of Ninth Month, at help in our situation here: but I do not doubt which date Priscilla writes :it is for our benefit to be, for a time, deprived of “Our parting at Earlham was under a most much outward help and consolation. This has sweet and comforting impression of gospel love. been remarkably my case for many months past. We had a solemn reading. I felt engaged in My dear uncle and aunt's long absence from prayer that we might be established, strength. home has been one thing that has given this ened, and settled in the Truth as it is in Jesus ; feeling : but I am sure that these things are or- and I was enabled to commend myself, and those dered in wisdom and mercy, and ought to lead most dear to me, as well absent as present, to the us, with more faith, trust and dependence, to the Lord, and to his grace under every dispensation. Source of all good.”

The warm expression of Christian love, unity, As the autumn approached, it brought with it, and sympathy, from so many of my pear and to some of her near connexions, accumulated so- dear friends, was consolatory on leaving my most licitudes and sorrows. Her uncle Joseph's fam- beloved home. Our de pariure from the Grove ily bad, as we have seen in the record of the was very affecting; but quietness and even peace previous year, been suddenly bereft of a young prevailed. A low ride to Harleston. The feeland interesting member: this beavy affliction ing of most tender love and union of spirit with was quickly followed by another, not less deeply those I had left (united, I humbly trust, in Him felt, and attended by circumstances of peculiar who is the Light of the World,) was powerful trial. Their daughter Rachel was seriously af- through this day and night." fected by symptoms of pulmonary disorder; and, At Witham, one of their resting places, she by the urgent advice of some attendant physi- addressed the following to her beloved cousin, cians, it was concluded that she should pass the Apna Buxton, then about to be united in marensuing winter in the milder climate of Savoy. riage to William Forster :Some painful anxieties respecting others of their Ninth Month 30th. I believe I shall be


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