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when demands come upon us for services of a bled; but the minister followed, and told him he sharp and painful nature. “ As thy days, so esteemed him a prophet. That the person just shall thy strength be :” and with every required | buried was a woman—and that she had in her duty a voice may be heard, saying, “ Fear thou life time been charged with a crime of which she not: for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; always declared herself to be innocont ;-and yea, I will keep thee; yea, I will uphold thee furthermore had told some of those about her with the right hand of my righteousness." ” in her last illness, that a stranger would ap

pear at her grave and testify to her innocence of

the charges which had been made against her. REMINISCENCES.

The foregoing facts are forcible and convincing In a number of instances, remarkable im- evidences of the sufficiency of that internal guipressions were made upon Arthur Howell, one of dance, in which we profess to have faith-and “the by-gone generation,” of which it is desira- well would it be for us if our faith were strong ble some record should be kept and transmission enough to produce corrspondent works. made to posterity. On one occasion, he, with several other Friends,

THE WORLD WAS MADE FOR ALL. went on board a ship about to sail for England, two or more of whom were about to embark on

In looking at our age, I am struck immediately a religious visit to that country, and were looking

with one commanding characteristic, and that is, for a suitable ship. After going round and find the tendency of all its movements to expansion, ing comfortable accommodations, they all sat to diffusion, to universality. To this I ask your down in quietness in the cabin to endeavor to come attention. This tendency is directly opposed to the to a rigtit decision in relation to taking their exclusiveness, restriction, narrowness, monopoly, passage in her. Hannah Fisher was one of the which has prevailed in past ages. Human action Friends thus convened, and she often repeated is now freer, more unconfined. All goods, adthe circumstance. The silence was broken by vantages, helps are more open to all. The privione who said, “ he could see no objection ;” an

leged, petted individual, is becoming less, and the other thought the ship a good one, &c.; and for

human race are becoming more. The inultitude a time it appeared that a favorable decision might is rising from the dust. Once we heard of a few, be come to. But at length, Arthur Howell

, not of the many; once of the prerogatives of a

We are looking, who had not previously spoken, put out his care part, now of the rights of all. and with motions as if he were writing with it, as never before, through the disguised develope said : “ If I had a piece of chalk, I would write ments of ranks and classes, to the common nature on this cabin floor, this is not the ship, neither is which is below them; and are beginning to learn this the time.This impressive sentence, and that every being who partakes of it has noble the feeling, accompanying, settled the question powers to cultivate, sulemn duties to perform, The Friends waited for another conveyance-and inalienable rights to assert, a vast destiny to acthat ship was wrecked on that voyage.

complish. The grand idea of humanity, of the Another very remarkable circunstance occur

importance of man as man, is spreading silently red, in which Arthur Howell yielded to the im- but surely. Not that the worth of the human pressions made upon his mind, and in obedience being is at all understood as it should be; the

A to the pointings of Truth, in which he had im- truth is glimmering through the darkness. plicit faith, went forth in manner following - wind. Even the most abject portions of society

faint consciousness of it has seized on the public One morning he told one of bis sons to get bis chaise, saying he was going into the country for which they were designed. The grand doc

are visited by some dreans of a better condition,


, which way he was to drive. Artbur could not

trine tbat every human being should have the tell of any particular meeting or destination, but means of self-culture, of progress in knowledge told him what direction to take, and they went and virtue, of health, confort and happiness, of on until they came to Germantown meeting, when cxercising the powers and affections of a man; the son naturally supposed he was to turn in this is slowly taking its place, as the highest so there; but was told to drive on.After a

cial truth. That the world was made for all; while they overtook a funeral, when Arthur said: Shield over the rights of ail—these propositions

that the great end of government is to spread a “join that funeral"-which they did. And after the last rites were performed, and the minster are growing into axions, and the spirit of them had finished his service, Arthur stepped forward,

is coming forth in all the departments of life.and in his impressive manner said, that

, he was

Dr. Channing. commissioned to come there and declare, that the wom in whom they had just interred, was inno

HOW TO BE BEAUTIFUL. cent of the crime of which she had been charged ! If map, or woman either, wish to realize the After thus delivering his message, he was turning full power of personal beauty, it must be by to go away, being an entire stranger to all assem Icherishing noble actions and purposes – by hav


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ing something to do, and something to live for of opium and tobacco are also recorded as produewhich is worthy of humanity, and which, by ex- ing Insanity. panding the capacities of the soul, gives expan

“Common as is the use of the latter article," says sion and symmetry to the body which contains it.- Professor Upham.

Dr. Kirkbride, “its injurious influence on many

constitutions is much more serious than is comFRIENDS'INTELLIGENCER. monly supposed, and not unfrequently tłe cause

of exceedingly troublesome and obscure nervous PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 7, 1857. afections, which cannot be cured, while its use is

persisted in. We have received the 16th Annual Report of The effect in many insane patients is so strikthe Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane, and ing, that an intelligent attendant is often able to take pleasure in transferring to our columns, an say without difficulty, when it has been used to abstract of the results which have attended the

any extent. treatment of the patients in that Institution during

When occasionally gratified, the craring for it the past year. It is now satisfactorily demon. is very strong; but an entire disuse of it for a strated that Insanity is a disease which in its week, will commonly obviate all serious annoy. first stage is curable in a majority of cases, and ance from abandoning the habit, and I have never the Pennsylvania Institution, under the care of known any injury to result from its sudden disDr. Kirkbride, was among the first to adopt those continuance. I have no doubt that much adranmild and Christian means of treatment which tage is gained from its being strictly interdicted have been so successful.

within the walls of an Institution for the InAbout three years ago, the managers published sane.”—P. 25. an appeal to their fellow citizens, in which it was We would refer our readers to the short ab. stated that the applicants for admission into the stract which we have made in another part of this present building, exceeded the means of accom- number, referring those who may desire a copy niodation, and opened a subscription for $250,- of this interesting Report to a member of the 000, which it was intended to apply for the erec Board of Managers. tion of another Hospital on the same premises. We learn from the present report that $219,000

Married,-On 5th day, the 26th of 24 Month, at the

house of Willam Holmes, Upper Greenwich, N. J., have been generously subscribed since the “ap- according to the order of Friends, Samuel Haines to peal” was issued, and the inanagers commenced Anna Eliza Holmes, both of that place. the new building in 7th month last. The founda

DIFD,–Of consumption, at his residence in Galen, tions were laid, and a large portion of the culverts N. Y., first day of firs tmonth, 1857, Tuozas Shor. and underground ventilating ducts completed be well, in the 21st year of his age--a member and Elder

of Junius Monthly Meeting and Genesee Yearly Meetfore the close of the building season.

ing. He was diligent in the attendance of all our reIt is estimated that the new hospital shall ac- bis removal, society has sustained a loss sensibly felt

ligious meetings for worship and discipline; and in commodate 200 male patients, while the present in the little meeting to which he belonged. Our' dear building will be appropriated exclusively to fe- Friend was an affectionate husband and father and a

. Inales.

A new year has taken him into its train, where Among the statistical tables in the Report we

years of conflict have no beginning and days of glory are informed that ill health continues the most At her residence, near Darby, Pa., on Fifth prominent cause of Insanity. The next most day, the 19th inst., Naomi Passmore, in the 69th year prominent cause is intemperance, and upon this subject Dr. Kirkbride remarks :

A Stated Meeting of the Committee of Manage. “The ruined health of many of its victims, held in the Library Room on Fourth day evening

ment of the Library Association of Friends will be the entire loss of property, the blasted hopes next, the 11th inst., at 7.} o'clock. of whole families, the domestic difficulties so

Third mo. 7, 1857. generally following in its train, the ill treatment

THE THREE PHYSICIANS. of wives and children--these, and a thousand

The celebrated French physician, Dunmoulin, other sources of mental anxiety, are often among on his death bed, when surrounded by the most the sad results of this ruinous habit.” The use I distinguished citizens of Paris, who regretted the

no end.

of her age.

1 11 6

1 4 6


loss which the profession would su-tain in his bility. The peculiar stitch or bend of the worsdeath, said :-My friends, I leave behind me ted fibers in knit work, and the hot water and three physicians much greater than myself."- washing to which they are subjected during their Being pressed to name them, each of the doctors stocking existence, has the effect of producing a supposing himself be one of the three, he an- permanent elasticity in the product. which no new swered, “ Water, Exercise, and Diet."

wool can be found to equal; and this fact may

be of value to those who manufacture blankets for For Friends' Intelligencer.

printing presses, and the like permanently elastic Revicw of the Weather, &c., for Second Month. sheets. By this trade Dewsberry has increased

1856 1857

from a little village to a city of 30,000 inhabitRain during some portion of the 24 hours, 2u's 6u's ants. Garments from all parts of Great Britain, Rain all, or nearly all day,

Europe, and even America, are there torn up and Snow,

assorted. Cloudy days without storms, Ordinary clear days,


Report of the Pennsylvania Hospital for the In 28

sane for the year 1856. By THOMAS S. KIRKTemperatures, dc.

BRIDE, M. D., Physician to the Institution. The mean Temperature of this month the pre

At the date of the last report there were 230 sent year, per Penn Hospital has been 41.03° that of last year, 26.10°, while the average ditto patients in the Institution; since which 166 for the past sixty-eight years has been 30°, shew. charged or died, leaving 224 under care at the

have been admitted, and 172 have been dising the present year to have been eleven degrees close of the year. above the average ; a height of temperature not The total number of patients in the Hospital to be found on our record for any Second month, during the year was 396. The highest number as far back as 1790 inclusive!

at any one time was 244; the lowest was 224 ; The mean Temperature of the three winter months of this season has been 32.01°, that of the whole period was 233.

and the average number under treatment during last season 29°, while the average winter temperatures for the past sixty-eight years has been Hospital has been full, generally crowded, and

From the beginning to the end of the year the

, nearly 31o. Notwithstanding the First month of for some weeks we were compelled to decline this year had no parallel for intensity of cold during that entire period, the Ticelfth and nearly every applicant. Since the last report Second months of the winter season just closed was made, as many as fifty sui:able cases have

applied who could not be received, and although were so mild that it will be perceived the present

we were fully aware of the serious loss they were winter Temperature has been one degree above likely to suffer by being retained in the positions the average. The amount of rain for the Second month of suffered by their families and friends on this

they then occupied, the extreme annoyance often this year was .79 inch, (about three quarters of an inch,) same month last year with fewer rainy which the community were exposed by their un

account, and occasionally the great risks to days, 1.23 inches.

J. M. E. Philadelphia, 2d mo. 31, 1857.

protected situation, still, justice to those already under care, and a proper regard to the character of the Iustitution, left no alternative.

Of the patients discharged during the year The little town of Dewsberry in Yorkshire, 1856, were England, is chiefly responsible for whatever merit Cured,

89 or demerit attaches to the utilizing of cast off Much improved,

22 woolens, which generally passes in England by Improved,

26 the name of the Dewsberry trade.


13 warehouses are filled with old stockings, worth Died,

22 $35 to $50 a ton; white flannels, worth $50 to $100; and carefully assorted black cloth, worth Total,

172 $100 to $150; while all the rubbish, consisting Of the patients discharged "cured,” thirtyof seans, linseys and nondescripts, are worth $10 four were residents of the Hospital not exceeding 10 $15 per ton for manufacturing prussiate of three months; twenty-five between three and six potash. All the better materials are ground or months; twenty-two between six months and "pulled up” into a loose mass resean bling the one year; and eight for more than one year. original fibers. Generally speaking, this material Of those discharged “much improved,” three is far inferior to new wool, and its admixture into were under treatment less than three months ; almost every species of cloths, now extensively nine between three and six months ; five between practiced, while it detracts but little from their six months and one year; and five for more than appearance, has a serious effect upon their dura- I one year.



Of the “improver,” seven were under care cases received here, destructive of the happiness less than three months; four between three and of whole families, the ruin of bright prospects, six months; four between six months and one and subjecting the sufferers to a long period of year; and eleven for more than one year. distressing disease, if not of hopeless insanity.

Of those discharged and reported “station- The curability of insanity depends so much ary,” two were under care less than three months; upon the period at which it is placed under one between three and six months; two between proper treatment, that it is gratifying to find six months and one year; and eight for a longer that so large a number as 1,552 cases were sent period than one year.

here within three months of the attack; 203 Eight males and fourteen females have died between three and six months; and 350 between during the year. Of these deaths, seven re- six months and one year. When the disease sulted from that form of acute mania, which is bas existed longer than the time last Damed, always so dangerous in its character; three from without proper treatment, the chances of restoraorganic disease (softening) of the brain; three tion are greatly diminished. Although a case from tubercular consumption; three from chronic does occasionally get well after three, five, seven, diarrhæa; one from congestion of the brain ; or even ten years, no one has a right to expect one from suicide; one from dysentery; and three such a result. Many of the cases of long standfroin gradual exhaustion, induced by high mental ing received here came to this Institution from excitement, want of sleep, and a steady refusal the Hospital in the city, when insane patients of food.

ceased to be received there, or were brought Of the patients who died, fourteen were ad- from their own houses, or other places of resimitted for mania, one for melancholia, one for dence, more for the purpose of having a comfortniopomania, and six for dementia.

able home than with any prospect of their being Of these cases, seven, being those wbo died perfectly restored. of acute mania, terminated in periods varying from four to thirty-seven days; one case which was with us but five days, was a very striking

DR. KANE'S ARCTIC EXPLORATIONS. example of the highest grade of acute mania, Two volumes—forming one of the most beausupervening on a chronic form of insanity of tiful products of the American press-have just some standing; four other cases were in the been added to the already extensive series which Hospital less than three months; two between comprises the anpals of arctic adventure. These six months and one year; two between one and very remarkable books contain a narrative of the two years; four between three and five years; proceedings of the second Grinnell expedition in one for seven years; one for ten, and one for search of Sir John Franklin, and they are tbe more than fifteen years.

record of a tale of endurance and noble effort, Among the causes which produce insanity, which has had no parallel, at least since the days

when the lamented object of the search made the following are noted :

good his retreat from the outskirts of the remorseThe term mental anxiety, although somewhat less frost-land, which now holds him, it is to be indefinite, is sufficiently explicit for our purpose, feared, for ever in its depths. 'embracing a great variety of causes which, in The expedition, under the command of Dr. this way, manifest their influence in producing Kane, sailed from New York on the 30th of insanity. The anxiety often felt by mothers May, 1853. It consisted of eighteen chosen men, watching sick children, till the power to sleep is besides the commander, embarked in a small lost, of a merchant whose all is staked on a des- brig of 144 tons burden, named the Adrnce, perate venture, of any, where the prospects of which was furnished by Mr. Grinnell, other exan entire family are dependent on a long de penses being contributed by Mr. Peabody and ferred judicial decision, are examples of what several generous individuals and societies. Dr. are referred to. Many of the delusions of the Kane's predetermined course was to enter the day, without being dignified with a separate title, strait discovered the previous year by Captain also come under this category. “Millerism,” in Inglefield, at the top of Baffin Bay, and to push its day, sent many victims to most of our hos. as far northward through it as practicable. He pitals, and what is now called "spiritual inves- engaged the services of a native Esquimaux, of tigations,” is not a ' . prolific cause of the the name of Hans Christensen, at Fiskernæs, and discase. In reference to this last, no impartial then crossed Melville Bay, in the wake of the person, who reads the records or sees the cases vast icebergs with which the sea is there strewn. that enter institutions for the insane can doubt These huge frozen masses are often driven one but that, with many excellent and honest mind- way by a deep current, while the floes are drifted ed persong; she pursuit of these "investigations" in another by winds and surface-streanis, disrup-whatever else my result from them-does tions being thus necessarily caused in the vast seriously involve the mental integrity, and that it ice-fields. The doctor's tacties were to dodge may be again, as it already has been in many about in the rear of these floating ice-mountains,


holding upon them whenever adverse winds were rats, which the experimentalist gloated over at troublesome, and pressing forward whenever an the time. Before he escaped from his arctic opportunity occurred. This plan was so skil- quarters, however, he had learned to be less prodifully and pertinaciously followed, that by the gal of rat-life. Once, upon a more recent occa28th of August the brig was lodged in a small sion, when starting upon a sledge-journey with a bay on the eastern coast of Smith's Strait, some companion, he recorded that he trad added to the forty or fifty miles beyond Captain Inglefield's stores, for his own especial consumption, a luxury furthest position. There the Advance became which consisted of a few rats chopped up and untrue to the prestige of her pame, for having frozen into a tallow ball.' been snugly placed in the midst of a cluster of Direct sunlight visited the deck of the brig islands, she turned into a fixture, and obstin for the first time on the last day of February, ately refused to budge another inch. Where she after an absence of 110 days. The earliest trace was berthed in September of 1853, she now of dawning twilight was seen as a fleeting dash remains.

of orange tint on the southern horizon on the 21st On the 10th of September, the thermometer of January. Dr. Kune climbed a lof y crag to was down to 14 degrees of Fahrenheit's scale, catch sight of the returning sun on the 21st of and all the fragmentary floes and ice-masses were February, and describes his nestling there for a so cemented together by young ice, that the men few minutes in the sunshine as like • bathing in could walk and sledge anywhere round the ship. ' perfumed water. The mean temperature of It had therefore become obvious to all concerned, the month of February in this high latitude of that there remained nothing else to be done but 78 degrees 37 minutes, the most northern stato make the best preparations for the winter that tion in which any body of civilised men have were possible in the circumstances. The hold ever wintered, was 67 degrees below zero. The was unstowed, a storehouse was prepared on one thermometer occasionally stood 102 degrees beof the islands close by, and a snug deck-house low freezing. The mean temperature of the year was built over the cabin. A dog-house was also was two degrees lower than that of Sir Edward constructed for the accommodation of nine New. Parry's winter-station at Melville Island. The foundland and thirty-five Esquimaux doys, which shores and islands were hemmed in, in the spring, formed the quadrupedal element of the expedi- by a continuous ice-belt 27 feet thick and 120 tion. Upon another island, an observatory was feet wide. In sheltered positions, freezing was erected, a very ingenious plan being adopted for never intermitted for a single instant throughout the preparation of an extemporaneous adamant the year, and snow was falling on the 21st of to serve as the piers of the astronomical instru- June. ments. Gravel and ice were well rammed down During the winter's residence in this severe into empty pemmican casks, and there left to be climate, the interests of science were not overconsolidated by the intensity of the cold. They looked. Besides such observations of the were soon transmuted into a material as free from heavenly bodies as were essential for the exact tremor as the densest rock.

determination of the position of the observatory, On the 20th of September, seven men were a continued series of magnetic observations was sent out with a sledge to deposit a store of pro- made and registered. The doctor gives a very visions in advance, in preparation for an explor- graphic description of the proceedings on what ing party that was in progress of organisation. he calls the magnetic “term-days. A fur.muffled The party was out twenty-eight days, and suc. observer sat upon a box on those momentous ceeded in placing 800 pounds of provison in cache days, with a chronometer in his bare band, and a hundred miles towards the north, near the de- with his eye fixed to a small telescope, noting bouchure of a buge glacier, which was discovered the position of a fine needle upon a divided are shooting out from the Greenland coast over an every six minutes, and registering the observaextent of thirty miles. This was within the tion in a note-book ; the process being carried on eightieth parallel of latitude.

uninterruptedly by two sets of eyes for twentyWhile the advanced party were absent upon four hours at a stretch. this duty, the commander seized the opportunity On the 19th of March, continuous day having to endeavor to rid the brig of a troublesome set in, a travelling-party was sent off to increase colony of rats, which had attached themselves to the deposits of provison at the adranced cache. the explorers' fortunes. Three charcoal fires On the 31st, three of the... sy returned, swollen, were lit in the fore-peak, and the hatches and haggard, and hardly able to speak. The utmost bulk-heads hermetically closed. The doctor they had been able to accomplish was the deposit soon after detected a suspicious odor; and upon of their burden some fifty miles away from the looking into the cause, found a square yard of ship. They had been enveloped in most imthe inner deck one mass of glowing fire, which penetrable snow-drifts, and four of the companwas extinguished only after great exertion and ions were now lying frozen and disabled among risk from the mephitic vapor. The result of the the drifting hummocks somewhere to the northexperiment was the dead bodies of twenty-eight least, with one attendant in better plight to look

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