« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
H. OF R.
Tucker of Virginia, Tucker of South Carolina, Upham, ring the recess of Congress, to examine into the
Mr. SAWYER again moved to take up the joint resolution proposing an earlier day for the com
mencement of the next session of Congress, but TUESDAY, May 7.
the House refused to consider the same. Ordered, That the Committee on the Judiciary Mr. Cook submitted the following resolution, be discharged from the further consideration of all viz: such matters and things to them referred at the Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be present session upon which they have not reported. directed to prepare and lay before this House, as early
Mr. SERGEANT, from the Committee on the Ju- in the next session as may be practicable, a statement diciary, to whom was, referred a bill from the showing the amount of money which appears to have Senate to relieve the people of Florida from cer
stood to the credit of the United States, or its Treastain ordinances, reported the same without amend- urer, in every bank in which the public money has ment; which was ordered to a third reading:
been deposited at the end of each quarter, since the Mr. Eustis, from the Committee on Military first day of January, 1817; distinguishing between Affairs, reported the Senate's bills for the relief of special and general deposites. A particular and min. Clarence Mulford and Joseph D. Boyd, with a
ute account of each transfer of the public money from recommendation that they be postponed; and, on
one bank to another, which has been made within the motion of Mr. E., they were ordered to be laid on making the samc.
aforesaid period, and the reasons and motives for
A detailed account of the special the table.
deposites that have been made in any of the banks; Mr. Eustis, from the same committee, to whom the time when made; the description of the notes 60 was referred a resolution concerning loans of pow-deposited, and the reasons for making the same; togeder and lead, made a report thereon rather unfa-ther with any contract or contracts under which these vorable to the officers who made the loans; which deposites were made. The precise amount and an report, on motion of Mr. E., was ordered to be exact description of the unavailable funds of the Treaslaid on the table.
ury ; what part thereof was unavailable at the time of Mr. Eustis moved for the printing of the re- deposite ; how long any part thereof remained on deport and documents.
posite before it became unavailable, and why it became This motion gave rise to a conversation, in so. Showing the respective accounts and relations of which it appeared, from the statements of 'Mr. the United States with each bank; together with all WALWORTH and Mr. Mattocks, that a majority correspondence in possession of the Department with of the whole number of the committee (that is
, 4 each of those banks in relation to any of the foregoout of 7) were opposed to this report, although a
ing objects. majority of the members present this morning
The resolution was ordered to lie on the table (that is, 3 out of 5) bad agreed to it. Mr. Cocke one day. suggested that a majority of all the members
Mr. Butler, from the committee appointed on present of the committee were certainly compe- the 22d of April last, to inquire into the contract tent to report on any subject referred to a com
between the War Department and Elijah Mix, of mittee.
the 25th July, 1818, and report whether the same The House refused to print the report and doc- was made in pursuance of law; and whether the uments; and Mr. Mattocks then moved to pro- said Mix has performed his covenant; and such ceed to the consideration of the report, but the other facts as they may deem proper relative to House refused to consider it.
said contract,-made a report thereon, which was The Committee on Military Affairs, and the read, and ordered to lie on the table. Committee on the Public Lands, were discharged
A Message, was received from the PRESIDENT respectively from all petitions and other matters
OF THE UNITED STATES, as follows: before them, which have not been heretofore dis- To the House of Representatives : posed of.
In compliance with the resolution of the House of The resolution laid upon the table yesterday by Representatives, of the 232 of April, requesting the Mr. Fuller, calling for information from the President of the United States to cause to be commuPresident of the United States in relation to a let- nicated to that House certain information respecting ter from Jonathan Russell, Esq., late a commis- the lead mines in the State of Missouri, I herewith sioner to conclude the Treaty of Ghent, referred transmit a report of the Secretary of War.
JAMES MONROE. to in a late Message from the President, was then
WASHINGTON, May 7, 1822. After some conversation between Mr. Floyd, The Message and documents were laid on the Mr. Fuller, and Mr. Cocke, as to the propriety table. of again asking of the Executive a paper which A message from the Senate informed the House he had already once declined furnishing the ques that the Senate have passed bills of this House, of tion on adopting Mr. Fuller's motion was finally the following titles, to wit: "An act for the benagreed to without a division.
efit of Reuben Hickman, Fielding Hickman, and Mr. Cocke then moved that the House now Joshua Cannon;" "Anact further to amend theseyproceed to the consideration of the resolution pro- eral acts relative to the Treasury, War, and Navy posing the appointment of a committee to sit du- Departments ;"" "An act confirming the claims to
H. OF R.
Navigation of the Potomac.
lots in the town of Mobile, and to land in the for- of the Federal Government, with their practical illas. mer province of West Florida, which claims have tration by the structure of the Cumberland road, would been reported favorably on by the commissioners seem almost to supersede the necessity of any comment appointed by the United States ;" "An act to es- from your committee on the importance of the naviga. tablish certain roads, and to discontinue others” tion of the Potómac, or the power of Congress to prowith amendments to each; in which amendments vide for its improvement. they ask the concurrence of this House.
One of its southern branches, itself a considerable
river, rises to the southwest of Staunton, in Virginia, NAVIGATION OF THE POTOMAC.
and is capable of connecting, by a navigable canal, the Mr. Kent, from the Committee for the District geographical centre of that State, in territory the largest of Columbia, to which have been referred at the of the Union, with the market towns of the District present session sundry memorials from inhabitants of Columbia. Emptying into the Potomac above the of the State of Pennsylvania, soliciting the aid chief obstructions of its navigation, the Shenandoah, and patronage of Congress in the improvement of like those navigable streams which descend from the the navigation of the Potomac river, made a re- northwest, through the limestone valleys of Maryland port thereon, which was ordered to lie on the and Pennsylvania, depends, for an outlet to the ocean, table. The report is as follows:
on the improvement of the navigation of the main Thc Committee of the District of Columbia, to river to a considerable distance above tide water. These whom was referred sundry memorials from the inhab- branches, when the stem shall have been improved, itants of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, pray. are capable of affording, with the Potomac, an intering the aid of the Federal Government towards the pal water communication, exceeding, in extent, six improvement of the navigation of the river Potomac, hundred and fifty miles. have, according to order, attentively considered the The value of this navigation to the ample and fruitful object of the memorialists, and beg leave to submit to territory washed by the tide, or drained by the tributary the House of Representatives, in relation thereto, the streams of this noble river-a territory comprehending following report:
four counties of Pennsylvania, seven of Maryland, and That, by the concurrent acts of the Legislatures of eighteen of Virginia-exceeding, in extent and popu. Maryland and Virginia, a company were incorporated lation, some of the largest States of the Union, should in the year seventeen hundred and eighty-four, on the not be disregarded. It sinks, however, into compararecommendation of General George Washington, for tive insignificance, when this river is contemplated as the improvement of the navigation of the river Poto a necessary link of the shortest chain of communica. mac, and its principal branches, above tide water. tion between the Atlantic and Western States. The The seventeenth and eighteenth sections of this act enlightened policy which seated the Federal Governprescribed the conditions upon which the tolls granted | ment on the banks of the Potomac, indicates its peculiar to the company should be exacted, and a limitation to adaptation to this purpose; and nature has facilitated the duration of their charter. By a supplementary its accomplishment by a rupture of the many ranges act those conditions were modified, and the period of lofty mountains, including even the great ridge of limited for the completion of the navigation of the the Alleghany, in the direction which such a purpose river, in the mode prescribed, has been, from time to requires. It is no longer questionable but that the time, extended by subsequent laws of Maryland and head waters of the Ohio may be mingled with those Virginia.
of the Potomac, by a tunnel or subterranean canal, No legal inquiry has ever been regularly executed, not exceeding two miles in extent; and the produce so far as your committee are informed, in order to as of the soil and industry of the West, after ascending certain whether the “ Potomac Company have com
the Youghiogany, find a safe and commodious chanplied with the terms of their charter.” After the ex. nel; thence to the valley of Savage creek, and through penditure of their subscribed stock, to the amount of it, the north branch, and the main river, to the Chesa$311,555; of the tolls of more than twenty years' peake and the Atlantic. collection; and of the farther sum of $174,000, bor The patriotism which exults in the approaching rowed by the company of the State of Maryland, of connexion of the Hudson with the northern lakes; in the banks of the District of Columbia, and of private the efforts of the Carolinas and Virginia, to unite, by individuals, it is universally acknowledged that the short portages, the sources of the Santee and Pedee navigation of the river is most defective.
with those of the Tennessee and of the Roanoke and In all this period the stockholders have received but James rivers with the Great Kanawba, cannot but reone inconsiderable dividend ; and their stock will not gard this central river of the Union with peculiar command in the market, where, however it is seldom interest. found, a moiety of its nominal value.
Notwithstanding all iis claims to general favor, the It is, in fine, now ascertained, that, without further | Potomac is, however, exposed to the serious disadvan. and very considerable aid from the States immediately tage of being, throughout its whole course, the cominterested in the navigation of the Potomac, or from mon boundary of States, whose enterprise and re. the General Government, the great object sought to
are attracted to other objects of internal be attained by the improvement of that navigation, improvement, some or all of which are rivals of this ; a commercial intercourse, through this channel, be- and all its markets, once the property of those States, tween the Western and Atlantic States, will be entirely are, by the cession of the District of Columbia to the defeated.
General Government, confided to the exclusive guarWill the Congress of the United States interpose, dianship of Congress. and have they the power to prevent a result so de. With an almost boundless authority over the Displorable ?
trict of Columbia, the Government of the United States A hasty survey of the general map of the United acquired new, urgent, and daily increasing interests States, and a brief recurrence to the theory and policy in the navigation of the Potomac.
Navigation of the Potomac.
H. OF R.
In the rapid improvement and consequent security From a navigation so impeded and so dangerous, all of the seat of the Federal Government from foreign bulky commodities are, of necessity, excluded, and yet danger, are involved, not only the preservation of the it is from the transportation of such articles that the property and lives of its inhabitants, the accommoda- chief part of the revenue of any canal is derived. In tion and comfort of its numerous public functionaries, the table of tolls, annexed to this report, it is apparent but, in no small degree, the national character and that the entire estimate of the commodities which honor. The most deplorable calamity of the late war ascend the Potomac, although they comprise a greater would, doubtless, have been averted, had the Capitol value in less bulk, bears but a very small proportion of the United States been encompassed by the dense to the amount of those which descend the river; while population of a large city--by such a population as these must be regarded as of very inconsiderable value, would unquestionably succeed the contemplated im when compared with the numerous and diversified provement of the navigation of the Potomac. And productions of the extensive and fertile country which if sordid views may be allowed to mingle with con- should find its market on the banks of this river. siderations of such inestimable consequence, it may be Can it be owing to any other cause than the defecadded that, with the growth of the numbers and opu- tive navigation of the Potomac, that the buildings of lence of a great commercial emporium, would, of neces. Washington are cemented with the lime of Rhode Is. sity, arise a corresponding appreciation of the value land, and warmed in winter with the mineral coal of all the disposable public lands in the city of Wash of James river? The last is dug and raised, at much ington; consisting of more than five thousand vacant cost, transported twelve miles over land to the port of lots, and now computed at near two millions of dolo shipment, and thence conveyed by a circuitous navilars; it is not unreasonable to suppose that their value gation of five hundred more to the District of Columwould be quadrupled by a prospect of their early occu• bia. The former is calcined by fuel of a value, enpation and improvement.
hanced by its scarcity, and its vicinity to a market, in Your Committee are aware that this calculation may which it is applied to various uses, and it is afterwards be, indeed has been impugned, by referring to the transported, even farther than the latter, with the suvalue of the commodities which have hitherto de- perior hazard of the sea, augmented not a little by the scended the Potomac. The very origin of this report, peculiar character of the commodity itself. What in the present imperfect and hazardous navigation of would be the tolls upon the transportation of these the river, suggests an answer to this objection. It necessary and bulky commodities, beds of which, inmay be corroborated by another; the tolls of a single exhaustible in quantity, and excellent in quality, are turnpike, in length but thirty-four miles, leading to found in the vicinity of each other, near the surface the town of Alexandria, have exceeded in one year of the earth, and on the very margin of the Potomac, twenty-five thousand dollars, or very near a fourth of if a navigable canal connected Cumberland with the annual interest of a sum sufficient to complete the Washington; and how rapidly would the demand for navigation of the Potomac, from its tide-water to the them increase with the progress of the population and Cumberland road. This great and costly work, itself, wealth of the markets of the Chesapeake? The conso honorable to the wisdom and beneficence of the sumption of salt, by which the East would pay, in United States, awaits this improvement to yield all part, for these valuable minerals of the West; in the that it has promised to the Union.
extensive grazing country of the Alleghany and its If the relative expense of transportation, by land parallel ridges, would give increased activity and proand by water, be properly estimated, the completion fit to this intercourse. In the channel of communicaof a canal, from the tide to Cumberland, would have tion between the works of Onondaga and the waters the effect of approximating the seat of Government to
of the Ohio, this heavy commodity is now subjected within a few miles of the Allegany; while the exten
to a most circuitous water conveyance, by vessels of sion of this canal, at some future period, would occa. different capacities and draughts, and that transportasion that formidable barrier to disappear, in the inter- tion itself is interrupted by several portages. course of the Eastern and Western States. It is by such Iron everywhere abounds, and copper has already a canal that your committee propose to supply the been found in the mountains drained by the Potomac. place of the present defective navigation of the Poto- Their valleys yield luxuriant crops of hemp and flax, mac. As this river affords the shortest water line of and the forests of oak and pine which climb their communication between the tide of the sea and the summits, are destined, it is to be hoped, to supply fu. eastern base of the Allegany, so is its current the most ture navies with the means of raising the blockade of rapid, when compared with that of the other great the Chesapeake. rivers wbich have their sources in this chain of moun It was by this channel of intercourse, imperfect as tains. Wherever the science of civil engineering has it now is, that, during the late war, Louisiana supbeen long and successfully applied to inland naviga- plied the Atlantic States with sugar; Tennessee with tion, your committee are assured that the use of ihe cotion; and Kentucky with saltpetre, that necessary natural beds of wide and rapid rivers has been super- material of defence. Were this communication as seded by a resort to navigable canals, extending along perfect as it can be rendered, an enemy, who suctheir margin, and fed by their currents until met by ceeded in closing the mouth of the Mississippi, in the tide. Without a recourse to this expedient, the order to paralyze the industry of the West, would ascent of the Potomac by a loaded boat cannot be over- have, also, to win from the fleets of the Union, the come, it is believed, at an expense less than that which possession of the Chesapeake. Through this channel, attends the transportation of equal burdens over like in case of war with a formidable naval Power, the distances, along the ordinary roads of the adjacent | West would not only supply the East with the valu. country. The consequence must be, that every down. I able products of the Mississippi, but make its return ward cargo is chargeable with double freight, exclusive for the wines of Africa and the various manufactures of insurance against the repeated hazard to the boat, of Europe and Asia, in the cloths of Steubenville and and the lives of those who guide it, of total destruction. the cutlery and glass of Pittsburg. Should such a
H. OF R.
Navigation of the Potomac.
war he as extensively conducted on land as on the of the proceeds of sales of the public property in the ocean, the cost of the contemplated canal would be city of Washington, which, according to the original saved by the United States in a single campaign. plan of the city, was designed to be sold, with soch
Your committee are aware that other channels of sums of money as the Legislatures of Maryland and communication across the Alleghany may be greatly Virginia and the citizens of those and of the adjacent improved, and rendered tributary to the general wel. States may voluntarily subscribe, for the purpose of fare of the United States, both in peace and war; in extending a navigable canal from the foot of the Little the latter, by the additional security which they would Falls of the Potomac, to the commencement of the afford to the commerce of the interior, and by the Cumberland road. They propose to annex to this vigor which they would impart to all the operations public and private subscription, the condition, that the of the Federal Government for the common defence. Potomac company shall previously assent, with the On the other hand, it will readily be conceded, not approbation of the Legislatures of Maryland and Vir. withstanding the preference which may be given, by ginia, to such alterations of their present cbarter, as local interests, to other objects of internal improve will admit the United States, those States, themselves, ment, that whatever facilities the commercial, social, already interested in the stock of the company, and and political connexion between the remote extremes, the new subscribers, to participate, on fair and equi. and the Seat of the General Government of so vast table principles, in their future revenue. These altera Republic as the United States, must have the same ations would, among other obvious effects, provide for propitious influence, as would result, were it other- the payment of the debts of the company, and for the wise practicable, from contracting the extent of its reduction of the nominal, by some liberal reference to territory, without reducing the number, impairing the actual value of their present stock. the wealth, or abridging the comfort and happiness of In order to obviate the necessity of selling the pubits people. To all the friends of liberty in America, lic lots in the City of Washington, before the contemwho regard the State governments as essential parts plated improvement of the navigation and commerce of the republican system, erected on a scale so broad of the District of Columbia shall have caused the anas to create alarm for its duration, or who, with no ticipated appreciation of their value, as well as to less truth, regard the Union of those States as the complete the canal in the shortest possible time, witb. bond alike of their freedom and independence, every out drawing immediately for large sums upon the measure which has the effect of diminishing the extent public Treasury, the States of Maryland and Virginia, of the one, while it multiplies and strengthens the lies and the individual subscribers of new stock, your of the other, must be viewed with earnest solicitude. committee propose, that the United States shall bor. But another inquiry remains—Has Congress the power row, on the public faith, and a specific pledge of all to insure its success?
the public lots reserved for sale, a sum, receivable in So numerous and so various are the benefits accru- semi-annual instalments, sufficient to complete the ing to every nation from inland navigation, so urgently entire work in three years, from the date of the first have the United States been invoked, by the character instalment. and genius of their institutions, to diffuse their advan Referring to the annexed report of the Chief Engitages over a territory, which nature has eminently neer of Virginia, and computing the total cost of the fitted to receive them, that a former Congress sanc- contemplated canal at two millions and a half of doltioned by their voice, a system of internal improve- lars, your committee recommend that an amount of ment coextensive with the wants of the nation. stock, in the capital of the company, not exceeding
Your committee are not unmindful of the impedi- balf a million, be reserved to pay the debts of the ment which arrested the progress of that system, and Potomac Company, and to reimburse the present could not expect success in their present effort, in be- stockholders, including the States of Maryland and half of one of its objects, if the proposition which Virginia; and that the above loan be limited to two they are about to submit to the House of Representa- millions of dollars, and applied to defray the expense tives were liable to similar objections. The commit of the additional works required to complete the canal. tee bave studiously sought to guard against their Your committee have reason to believe that two application, and confidently hope that they will be millions of United States stock, bearing an interest of found to have succeeded.
four per cent, payable semi-annually, and irredeemable Two proposals have already been offered to the for twenty-eight years, could be sold, in Europe or House, in the course of the present session of Con. America, at par. To provide for the payment of the gress, by the Committee on Roads and Canals, in re- interest, and the final reimbursement of the principal lation to the Potomac. Neither of them interferes of this debt, it is proposed, that the United Siates sball with the plan for the improvement of the navigation subscribe one million of dollars to the stock of the Potoof that river, which this committee have presumed to mac Company, on the conditions already suggested; the recommend. One of them, embraced by a resolution States of Maryland and Virginia six hundred thousand for the appointment of commissioners to survey the dollars, and individuals the remaining four hundred route and estimate the expense of a navigable canal, thousand ; that, on the stock thus subscribed, there seems to your committee to be, in a great degree, su shall be charged an annuity for twenty-eight years, of perseded by the annexed report of the Principal En- ' six per cent. per annum, payable semi-annually ; four gineer of Virginia, to the Board of Public Works of ; per cent of which shall be applicable to the payment that State; and as an incorporated company already of the interest on the two million loan, and two per exists, with ample authority to make the contemplated cent. to the creation of a sinking fund, to be invested, improvement, there does not remain any apparent ne- from time to time, as received, in productive stock, in cessity of waiting for the prosecution of this work, order to provide for the redemption of the principal of until a more extensive system of internal improvement the loan, at the expiration of iwenty-eight years. be devised by Congress.
Such is the scheme which the committee presume to The committee simply recommend the combination recommend for extricating the Potomac Company
Public Armories, foc.
H. of R.
from their present embarrassments, and accomplishing to complete a work, as durable as that Union to which a work wbich, unassisted, they cannot effect, although the people of America must look, now and hereafter, for of inestimable importance to the public.
the security of all their political and social happiness. Complicated as this scheme may, at first, appear, it Your committee submit the following resolution : involves, in its prosecution, the exercise of no other Resolved, That the Committee on the District of powers on the part of Congress, than, Ist, the power Columbia be instructed to report a bill in conformity of selling the public lots in the City of Washington, with the principles contained in the preceding report. which were acquired expressly for sale. 2diy, That of borrowing money on the public faith, and a specific
PUBLIC ARMORIES, &c. pledge for its repayment ; and, lastly, the application The resolution laid upon the table yesterday by of the public treasure to an object of general welfare ; Mr. Floyd, calling for information from the Presor the investment of it in the stock of an incorporated ident of the United States respecting the condition company, expected to yield an annual income. The committee will not swell this report, already was taken up.
of the public armories, arsenals, their cost, &c., too far extended, by arguments to demonstrate, that Mr. Floyd observed that this was an important all these powers are vested, by the Constitution, in subject, with the nature and extent of which, the Congress of the United States, either expressly, or neither himself, nor, he believed, he might add, by natural implication. They involve neither the the House, was well acquainted." From the year incorporation of a private company, nor the condemnation of the lands of individuals, within the territory 1816 about $200,000 had been annually appropriof any State, for national purposes. They do not ated for our armories; but how it was applied, or extend the jurisdiction of the General Government whether and how far the militia had been armed over the persons or property of the citizen, nor pur- in consequence of it, he was not prepared to say, pose to derive, from the assent of any one or more and wished to be informed. The largest army on States, any power which has not been granted to the earth, he observed, of men, women, children, and Federal Government by the people of the United / sutlers, might have been armed from the approStates.
priations that had been made for this object. Your committec furbear to answer all the objections Mr. Smith, of Maryland, made some explanawhich this, like any other plan of internal improve- tion of the subject, in which he expressed his enment, may be expected to encounter. They are con- tire conviction that the armories of the United tented to get against such objections some of its pecu. Slates had been managed with fidelity, ability, liar advantages; that, connected with the Cumberland and economy. Yet, for the satisfaction of genroad, it will complete a great national object, calculated tlemen, he had no objection to the resolution. to perpetuate the Union, and to promote the prosperity
Mr. Floyd observed, in reply, that he had no and glory of the United States; that, while it accom
objection to the arms. They were the best, in plishes this object in the short compass of three years, its cost will be distributed over the revenue of eight point of skill, and strength, and workmanship, he and twenty ; that this cost will be greatly reduced by ever saw; but he thought it expedient and necesthe credit which enables the American Government to sary to obtain further information on this impornegotiate its loans at so low a rate of interest as four tant subject. per cent. ; that, by the completion of the entire work
The resolution was then agreed to. in so short a period, that loss of interest on un produce Mr. Tucker, of South Carolina, moved that tive stock, which most canal companies have encoun. when the House adjourns, to-day, it adjourn to tered, and which, in some similar enterprises, has ineet at six o'clock to-morrow. This motion was exceeded the principal of their
stock, will be prevented; opposed by Mr. Taylor, but was carried-yeas that if the dividends of the Potomac Company shall, 68, nays 33. after the completion of the canal, yield six per cent. On motion of Mr. Smith, of Maryland, a resper annum to the stockholders, they will, from that olution was passed, instructing the Clerk of the moment, have nothing further to pay for their stock; House to pay an assistant, (Mr. Fletcher,) emand after the lapse of twenty-eight years, or possibly ployed in his office, and to continue his services. a shorter period, they will be found to have paid but
Mr. Nelson, of Virginia, submitted resolutions nine per cent. of its par value, for a property which; for making certain allowances to the messengers in all human probability, will have more than doubled of this House, for extra services, and also to the that value. One of the most prominent and best fea- youths employed in the service of the House, on ject of general welfare, is, that it combines in its ibe floor of the House ; which, after some converexecution private with public wealth, and thus effects sation, and amendment, were agreed to. such a co-operation of individual interest with public ration of the resolutions submitted by him some
Mr. REED, of Maryland, called for the considegood, as will insure, in the original construction as well as the subsequent repairs of the canal, vigilance, days ago, calling on the Secretaries of the Departeconomy, and fidelity, in all the disbursements of ments, and the Postmaster General, for an account moncy, qualities so often required in vain, in the ex- of the situation of their respective offices, &c., penditure of public money, on public account. to be reported at the next session of Congress; but
Should the loan, on which this plan eventually de- the House refused to consider the same. pends, be egotiated abroad, it will be, because it Mr. Tucker, of Virginia, called for the considleaves for more profitable application, in America, the eration of the resolutions heretofore submitted by sum which it is designed to withdraw from other him: 1st, for an increase of the number of the channels of wealth and enterprise. If it charge a debt Committee on the Military Expenditures; and 2d, upon posterity, it must be again repeated, that it is to direct the Judiciary Committee to inquire into