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H. of R.


May, 1822.


the expediency of enlarging the powers of the and the question being put on its third reading, Attorney General, but the House refused to con- thereupon arose a debate of an hour's length, sider the same.

The bill was supported with considerable aniMr. F. Johnson called for the consideration of mation by Messrs. Taylor, NEALE, WOODCOCK, the resolutions some time ago submitted by him ; Kent, WHIPPLE, STEWART, and LITTLE, and opand the House agreed to consider the same- posed by Messrs. Smith, of Maryland, and Mal60 to 44.

The first resolution was read in the following Mr. Mallary moved to amend the bill by strikwords:

ing out the four last sections, which provide for Resolved, That the practice which has obtained in determining in chancery the equity of the claim, the public offices in this city, (of not attending to busi- or pretended claim, of any of the original proness until nine or ten o'clock in the morning, and prietors to the lots proposed to be laid out, and in closing the offices at three o'clock, in the evening,) is lieu thereof requiring a relinquishment, prior to inconvenient to those who have business to transact the execution of the work, of all claims to the in them, is not such reasonable attention to the public lots on the part of the original proprietors. service as should be given, nor such attention as the The debate was ended, and this proposed salaries allowed by law are entitled to command, and amendment put aside, by the previous question, that the said practice ought to be abolished.

moved by Mr. Cook, (who was favorable to the The question on this resolution was taken with bill,) and sustained by the House. out debate, and decided in the affirmative by a The main question on ordering the bill to a majority of 20 or 30 votes.

third reading, was then taken, and

decided in the The second resolution was read in the following affirmative by a considerable majority. words:

A bill from the Senate for the collection of daResolved, That the President of the United States lies on imports and tonnage in the Territory of be requested to cause the respective Secretaries of Florida, and for other purposes, was read a third State, of the Treasury, of War, and of the Navy, time; but, before the question was taken, it was and the Pestmaster General, to report to this House, suggested by Mr. CAMPBELL, of Ohio, that there on the second day of the next session of Congress, was not a quorum present in the House. the number of active and well qualified Clerks, and After a short time, Mr. WHITE moved for a Accountants, that will be necessary to perform the call of the House, but the call was negatired; and, duties of their respective offices and departments, a quorum appearing, the bill was passed. by requiring a reasonably constant, and diligent atten

A bill to relieve the people of the Territory of tion to business.

Florida from the operation of certain ordinances, This resolution was agreed to by about the same was read a third time, and passed. majority as the first.

A bill to authorize the Corporation of the City 'I'he third and fourth resolutions were modified of Washington to drain the low grounds in the by the mover so as to read as follows:

vicinity of the Capitol, and to ornament certain Resolved, That the number of officers and seamen parts of the said city, &c., was read a third time, of the Navy of the United States ught to be limited and, on the question of its passage, by law.

Mr. Nelson, of Maryland, moved to recommit Resolved, That the President of the United States the bill, with instructions so to amend it as to obbe requested to cause to be laid before this House, on tain the assent of the original proprietors, or their the second day of the next session of Congress, a plan legal representatives, and all persons claiming upfor a Peace Establishment of the Navy of the United der thein. States, and also of the Marine Corps.

After a few remarks, by Mr. HARDIN and Mr. These resolves were also agreed to by about the Neale, same majority.

The motion to recommit was lost, and the bill Mr. TAYLOR submitted the following order, was read a third time, and passed. which was adopted :

Mr. BUTLER, from the select committee, to whom Ordered, That the Clerk of the House cause to be was referred the resolution in relation to the Rip prepared and printed, for the use of the members, a Rap contract, made a report thereon, concluding list of all business remaining undetermined, which, by with the following resolve: the existing rule, is to be rusumed and acted upon at Resolved, That further appropriations to be expendthe next session of Congess, designating bills, reports, ed under the contract made by the Engineer departe and resolutions, committed, from those laid upon the ment with Elijah Mix, ought not to be made. table.

The report, with the documents, was ordered to Mr. CHAMBERS called for the consideration of be laid on the table, and printed. a bill from the Senate to authorize the selection The following bills passed through a Commitof a suitable site for a National Armory on the tee of the Whole, viz: A bill for the relief of MatWestern waters; but the House refused to con- thew McNair; and a bill for the relief of Samuel sider the same.

Walker. Mr. Kent called for the consideration of a bill The House then went into a Committee of the from the Senate authorizing the Corporation of Whole, on a bill from the Senate to try the validthe City of Washington, to drain the low grounds ity of the title of the Marquis de Maison Rouge; in the vicinity of the Capitol, and to ornament a bill for the relief of Josiah Hoook, jr.; and a bili the said city; and the House agreed to take it up for the relief of Joho Holmes.

MAY, 1822.


H. OF R.

Some discussion ensued upon the first-mentioned the recess was upon laying the bill for the relief of bill, in which Mr. Cocke moved to strike out the Andrew Mitchell on the table. epacting clause, on the ground that the House A quorum having appeared, the motion to lay was thin and the claim important, and of such a it on the table was put, and negatived. And the description as ought not to be hurried through at question then recurred upon ordering the said bill this late period of the session. After some discus- to be engrossed for a third reading ; which was sion, in which Messrs. RANKIN, Cocke, J. S. advocated by Messrs. FARRELLY, Woodcock, CanJohnston, and SERGEANT, took part, the motion non, and S. Smith; and opposed by Messrs. Wilwas withdrawn; and the Committee rose and re LIAMs of North Carolina, WRIGHT, MALLARY, ported the bills to the House.

McCoy, Cocke, Rhea, and Hill, who moved The report of the Committee of the Whole in that the bill be laid on the table; which was carthe case of John Holmes was concurred in ; and ried-ayes 61, noes 40. that for the relief of Josiah Hook, jr., on motion

A bill from the Senate for the relief of James of Mr. Rich, was ordered to be laid on the table. H. Clarke was ordered to a third reading. A further discussion ensued upon the passage of

The amendments proposed by the Senate to the the bill to authorize a mode of trying the validity bill, entitled "An act to amend the several acts of the title of the Marquis de Maison Rouge. The relative to the Treasury, War, and Navy Departbill was opposed by Mr. HardIn, and supported by ments," were read, and concurred in by the House. Mr. F. JONES; when Mr. COCKE moved that the A bill to establish certain post roads, and to bill be laid on the table, which was agreed to discontinue others, returned to this House from ayes 50, noes 39.

the Senate with sundry amendments, being under

consideration The following bills were read a third time, and

Mr. F. Johnson moved to postpone the bill to passed: A bill for the relief of John Holmes; a bill for the relief of Samuel Walker ; a bill for ihe the first Monday of December next, because the relief of Matthew McNair.

other bill respecting the Post Office having been The following bills passed through a Committee rejected, the Post Office would have no money to of the whole, viz: A bill granting a right of pre- spare for new post routes. emption to Noble Osborne and William Doake; a

The motion was opposed by Messrs. VANCE, bill for the relief of the President and Directors of Rhea, Floyd, EDWARDS of North Carolina, Ross, the Planters’ Bank of New Orleans;

and a bill and McNeill, &c.; and was negatived. authorizing the payment of a sum of money to

Mr. RHEA moved to lay the bill on the table; John Gooding and James Williams, which were

which was negatived. ordered to be engrossed for a third reading.

The amendments of the Senate were then taken The following bills passed through a commit- up, and, with one exception, agreed to. tee of the Whole, viz: A bill for the relief of

The amendment proposed by the Senate to the Jacob Babbitt; a bill for the relief of James H. bill, entitled "An act for the benefit of Reuben Clarke ; a bill for the relief of Samuel H. Walley Hickman, Fielding Hickman, and Joshua Canand Henry D. Foster; and a bill for the relief of non," was read, and concurred in by the House. Andrew Mitchell; all which were reported to the

The following bills from the Senate were read House.

a third time, and finally passed, viz: A bill grantThe bill for the relief of Samuel H. Walley and Noble Osborne and William Doake; a bill for

ing the right of pre-emption to certain lands to Henry D. Foster, was ordered to be laid on the the relief of the President and Directors of the table; and that for the relief of James H. Clarke Planters' Bank of New Orleans; a bill authorizwas concurred in, and ordered for a third reading. ing the payment of a sum of money to John GoodThe question of concurrence in the case of An- ing and James Williams. The bill from the Sendrew Mitchell being under consideration, Mr. Mc- ate for the relief of Jacob Babbitt was read a third SHERRY moved that the House again go into Com- time, and, on motion of Mr. TOMLINSON,

laid on mittee of the Whole thereon, for the purpose of the table, (postponed to next session.), granting similar relief to Nathaniel White. The

The bill from the Senate for the relief of James motion prevailed, and, in Committee of the Whole, H. Clarke, was read a third time; and, on motion Mr. MCSHERRY proposed the said amendment, of Mr. Hill, was, after some debate, ordered to but it was negatived; and the Committee rose, lie on the table, (postponed to next session.). and again reported the bill for the relief of the The bill from the Senate " for ascertaining original petitioners only: On the question of or claims and titles to land within the Territory of dering the said bill to a third reading, some debate Florida," passed through a Committee of the ensued, in which Messrs. McCoy, Sergeant, Whole, and was finally read a third time and Williams of North Carolina, and A. Smith, took passed. part; but, before any decision thereon, the House, The bill from the Senate for ascertaining claims on motion of M. WOODCOCK, ordered a recess un- and titles to land within the Territory of Florida ; til 6 o'clock.

and the bill from the Senate supplementary to the several acts for adjusting the claims to land and

establishing land offices in the district east of the Mr. Rhea gave notice that at 10 o'clock to- island of New Orleans, were taken up, passed morrow he would move for a call of the House. through the necessary forms, and finally passed. The question before the House at the time of The bill from the Senate “to designate the

17th Con. 1st Sess,-60


H. OF R.


MAY, 1822.

boundaries of a land district, and for the estab- referred the President's Message of the 2d inst.comlishment of a land office in the State of Indiana ;' municating several letters from Mr. Bagot, Mr. Anand the bill from the Senate to establish an addi- trobus, and Mr. Canning, in which they remonstrate tional land office in the State of Illinois,” passed on the part of the British Government, against the through a Committee of the Whole. The latter duty imposed on rolled bar iron, as a violation of bill was, on motion of Mr. Hardin, ordered to the convention made between the United States and lie on the table, but was afterwards taken up,

Great Britain,

and finally passed.

Report, That the committee regret that the few days Mr. Rhea moved also to lay the former on the remaining of the session do not afford time sufficient table, which motion being rejected, the question poriance requires. They therefore decline to express

to give the subject that consideration which its im. was stated on ordering the bill to a third reading; any opinion on its merits, and recommend the suband debate arising thereon, the previous question ject to the early consideration of the House at the next was required by Mr. Taylor, and taken, and the session. bill finally passed.

This report was read and ordered to lie on the The following Message was received from the


On motion of Mr. POINSETT, the Clerk of this To the House of Representatives :

House was authorized to purchase, for the use of In compliance with a resolution of the House of the members, ten copies of the sixth volume of the Representatives of the 7th of May, requesting the Pres- Laws of the United States, published by Davis & ident of the United States “to communicate to that Force of this .city. House the letter of Jonathan Russell, Esq., referred to in his Message of the fourth instant, together with the reports of the Committee of Claims, on the

The House took up and proceeded to consider such communications as he may have received relative thereto, from any of the other Ministers of the cases of Stephen Mack and Shubael P. 'Copant, United States who negotiated the Treaty of Ghent," and of Henry B. Brevourt. Whereupon, it was I herewith transmit a report from the Secretary of ordered that the said reports be committed to a State, with the documents called for by that resolution. Committee of the whole House to-day.

JAMES MONROE The House took up and proceeded to consider WASHINGTON, May 7, 1822.

the report of the Committee of Claims, on the peDEPARTMENT OF STATE,

tition of the representatives of Zachariah SchoonWashington, May 7, 1822. maker; as also, the report of the Committee on The Secretary of State has the bonor of transmit. Military Affairs, on the petition of Peter Mills. ting to the President of the United States his remarks Whereupon, it was ordered that the said reports upon the paper deposited at the Department of State be committed to a Committee of the whole House on the 22d of last month, by Jonathan Russell, late to-day. one of the Plenipotentiaries of the United States at The resolution submitted by Mr. Cook, yesterthe negotiation of Ghent, to be communicated to the day, was taken up, read, and agreed to by the House of Representatives, as the letter called for by House. their resolution of the 19th of that month; and the Secretary of State respectfully requests that the Pres

On motion of Mr. MALLARY, (Mr. Taylor beident would transmit to the House of Representatives ing temporarily in the Chair,) it was these remarks, together with the above mentioned

Resolved unanimously, That the thanks of this communication of Mr. Russell, on the renewal of the House be presented to the honorable Philip P. BARcall therefor by the House.

Bour, for the assiduity, promptitude, and ability, with JOHN QUINCY ADAMS.

which he has administered the duties of the Chair duThe Message and documents were ordered to

ring the present session. be printed.

Mr. Hill and Mr. Little were appointed to

announce to the President that the House had got Wednesday, May 8.

through their business, and were ready to adjourn.

The Committee having a little before three The House met at six o'clock, according to order, o'clock stated to the House, that the President had and, it appearing that a quorum was not present, informed them he had no further communication and it being made known to the House that the

to makeSenate did not meet until ten o'clock to-day, a recess of this House was ordered until ten o'clock.

Mr. Speaker BARBOUR rose and addressed the At ten o'clock the House re-assembled, and con

House as follows: tinued in session, with occasional recesses, until

At the commencement of the present session, when all the business which was transacted yesterday I was unexpectedly called by you to the Chair, I was put in form, and the necessary messages in expressed the profound sense of gratitude which i terchanged between the President and the two the close of the session, I have to acknowledge a new

seli for that distinguished mark of your confidence; at Houses. In the course of the day, the following incidents resolution which you have this day adopted. I should

and increased weight of obligation, arising from the took place: Mr. Smith, of Maryland, delivered in the fol- to suppose that I could have passed through the long

not, under any circumstances, have been vain enough lowing report from the Committee of Ways and and laborious session, which is just about to be termi. Means:

nated, without falling into some error; still less could The Committee of Ways and Means, to which was I have hoped for it, under the consciousness which I

MAY, 1822.

Adjournment-Supplemental Speech.

H. OF R.

It is a

felt of my inexperience in relation to the duties of my Endorsed in Mr. Senator Silsbee's handwriting, office; if, however, I have erred, I trust it has been in “SPEECH of Hon. W. Lowndes, for the Relief of points not material; I know it has been unintentional; the Family of Commodore Perry, written off by Mr. and the approbation which you have to-day expressed L. at my request.Session of 1820–21. Jan. 23-4. of my conduct affords to me a gratifying proof, that, whilst you have given me a generous credit for the

Mr. Chairman: I could wish, but I dare not purity of my motives, whilst you have, with a kind hope, that the gentleman from Kentucky, (Mr. indulgence, overlooked my defects, you have done Hardin,), by withdrawing his amendment, will more than justice to my best efforts to merit your good afford to the Committee the opportunity of giving opinion. The recollection of these things will lung a direct vote on the bill which is before them. If be cherished by me as a source of pleasure; it will add the health of my friend from Virginia (Mr. Ranto a sense of duty, a new motive to endeavor, by every | DOLPH) had allowed him to explain his views to possible exertion, to acquit myself of the bigh respon- , the Committee, I should have been entirely silent. sibility of my office, in a manner satisfactory to you. As it is, I shall say but a few words. At this moment of approaching separation, permit me to assure you of my friendship and good feelings to

We do not object to the law which defines the you all, and to express the sincere desire, that, upon ecutive Government, and limits their amount. It

cases in which pensions may be given by the Exretiring from the toils of legislation, you may have a safe and happy return to the bosoms of your respec- is right that there should be a general rule, and tive families, and that

, when you have arrived there, that prescribed by the law is a safe one. you may enjoy the happiness and peace which ought law to the Executive Government. But it does to belong to the domestic state.

not withdraw from Congress the power. It canThe Speaker then adjourned the House until not supersede the duty of expressing our gratitude the first Monday in December next, the day fixed by letter of the law does not do so) for the family of

for signal services, and of providing (where the the Constitution of the United States for the an- the man who lived and died for his country. nual meeting of Congress.

The gentleman from Kentucky says that Commodore Perry did not die of a wound. It was his last regret that he had not fallen on the quarter

deck of his own ship. But the disease which SUPPLEMENTAL SPEECH.

carried him off was one to which he could not

have been exposed but in obedience to the orders (From the National Intelligencer, October 16, 1855.] of his Government. He died not only while he

was in service, but, because he was in service. A RELIC OF THE LATE William Lowndes-of family by leaving it in hopeless poverty ? Gen

Shall we aggravate the irreparable loss of his all the distinguished men who have passed periods of tlemen are unwilling to grant pensions. They their lives in either House of Congress there is certainly no one, of any thing like equal ability, who has are granted now. They fear, from the example of left fewer traces on the page of history, or on the rec

other nations, that we shall become profuse in our ords of Congress, than William Lowndes, the emi. generosity. No Government has been lavish to nent Representative for several years of the State of the dead. Postpone the remuneration for the highSouth Carolina. Not that he was less honored and est military services until the man who rendered respected, as well for his elevated patriotism and his them is no more, and the most suspicious economy fine intellect, as for his high moral qualities and his may hug itself in confidence that the hour of dansocial virtues, than any one of his contemporaries gerous extravagance has passed. in public life. But that so sew of his eloquent speeches You will not say that our gratitude should end are to be found on record is attributable, in part, to with the services of Commodore Perry—with his his unfeigned diffidence, which placed less than their life? But, his services have not ended. We have true value upon his own exertions, and in part to an still the inland seas which were recovered by his objection which he had, on principle, to the practice, arms. His example lives; and if, at some period then general, of writing out speeches for publication, of future depression and dismay, we shall be told either before or after the delivery.

that single ships may annoy the commerce of our A sketch, however, of one of the briefest of the enemy, but that an assembled fleet would be a speeches of this eminent statesman, (who but for his prize io a Power which it is wiser to elude than retiring modesty might, to our knowledge, have worn the highest honors in the gift of his Government,) we

to resist, his example shall rebuke our weakness are now enabled to present to our readers, through and enlighten our feeling. You will rally the dethe kindness of a friend, into whose possession it came sponding spirits of the country by his name. I by the death of a relative. Besides the rarity of this am not willing to speak of the battle of Lake production, as an exception to Mr. Li's rule to decline Erie. It is a theme for pride and emulation, and writing out his speeches, the subject to which it relates that temper is subdued in me now, by the condicannot fail to interest every reader who rightly appre- tion of that man's family, to whom we owe the ciates the memory of Perry, the renowned naval victory. But, though I cannot describe, never commander, whose victory on Lake Erie, during the shall I forget the circumstances of that battle. war of 1812, gave safety to the exposed frontier of the Courage might have saved your fleet from capcountry, and greatly contributed, with the subsequent ture, not from destruction. The highest praise of events, to bring about an honorable and happy peace. other men would have been to take refuge from

[Editors Nat. Int.

captivity in honorable death. The battle was ab

H. OF R.

Supplemental Speech.

May, 1822.

ready lost ; and it was at a moment when the stration. I apply no prism to the ray to separate rarest union of skill and courage could not have the different colors whose general character is effected a retreat, that the genius of Perry gave light. But the Navy which has done so much for you a victory. You all remember the despondence the nation feels how much has been done by the which preceded that victory, the confidence which battle of Lake Erie for its character and its prosfollowed it. It gave a new, and, I trust, a perma- pects. There is not a seaman whose homely meal nent direction to the naval policy of this country. would not be embittered by the reflection that the I know of no action of modern or of ancient times family of his old commander had been excluded where success has resulted more undeniably from from the bounty of his Government. If, Mr. the personal conduct of the commander. Two of Chairman, that commander had longer lived, if the greatest actions of our day have been decided another war, if an Atlantic Navy_But I must by the arrival of an unexpected reinforcement.* not pursue this course of observation. My mind But who will tell me of another commander, who, is sufficiently filled with the recollection of what in the most desperate peril of his battle, left the he was, without reflecting upon what he would command which he could not otherwise save, and have been. We have, gentlemen, the fullest proof brought back with him the reinforcement which that the objects of the proposed bounty are entirely saved his victory ? The naval glory of the coun- destitute. The question is a simple one. Will you try is without spot. I make no invidious demon- decide, by your votes, that the children of Commo

dore Perry shall be without education-his wife *Marengo and Waterloo.

without a home ?

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