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4. And resolve further, that copies of these resolutions be forwarded to Hon. Boise Penrose, P. C. Knox, and Congressman W. J. Hulings; copy also be sent to the Pennsylvania Manufacturers' Association, and to the United States Chamber of Commerce, and chairmen of House and Senate Committees on Interstate Commerce.

RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE NATIONAL COAL ASSOCIATION.

WASHINGTON, D. C., August 20, 1919. . Hon. John J. Esch,

Washington, D.C. DEAR CONGRESSMAN Esch: At the request of Mr. H. N. Taylor, president of this association, permit me to direct your attention to a resolution which has the approval of the executive committee of the National Coal Association, and which was prepared by the railroad relations committee of that association in connection with the moveThanking you very kindly for your attention to this matter. Yours, very truly,

John CALLAHAN, Traffic Manager.

The resolution referred to is as follows: Whereas a car shortage now exists in certain coal-producing sections which,

if not corrected, may become acute, threatening the country's supply of

bituminous coal; and Whereas during the period of transition from Federal control to private owner

ship there is grave danger that this situation will be aggravated if prewar

methods of handling equipment are resumed; and Whereas the building of new cars in the past several years has been inadequate to meet the natural growth of business and to replace the cars which

have been retired and destroyed; and Whereas it is essential that an adequate car supply under an equitable method

of distribution be furnished in all producing districts in order to increase and stabilize production and conserve the supply of labor :

Resolved, That this committee recommend to the National Coal Association that the facts be presented to the Interstate Commerce Committee of the United States Senate; to the Interstate and Foreign Commerce Committee of the House of Representatives; the Interstate Commerce Commission; the United States Railroad Administration, and the American Railway Association, and that these bodies be urged to take such action prior to the return of the railroads to their corporate owners, as will increase the supply of available coal cars, avoid any uneconomic and wasteful manner of handling equipment, and bring about a uniform, adequate, and dependable supply of cars at all mines and in all coal-producing districts.

RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE NORTHERN WHOLESALE HARD

WOOD LUMBER ASSOCIATION.

MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., August 20, 1919. Hon. JOHN J. Esch,

Washington, D. C. DEAR SIR: At a meeting of this association, held at Minneapolis on Friday of last week, the resolutions printed below were adopted unanimously, and I was instructed to send you a copy and ask your support along the lines indicated. Very truly, yours,

J. F. HAYDEN, Secretary.

RESOLUTIONS.

Whereas during the period of Government operation of the railways of the

United States transportation facilities and service have been inadequate and unsatisfactory; and Whereas a proposal has been made by the railway unions for the adoption of

the so-called Plumb plan of railway ownership and operation--a Bolshevistic scheme of socialism : Be it

Resolved, By the Northern Wholesale Hardwood Lumber Association that we are opposed to any form of Government ownership or operation, and favor the return of the railways to their corporate owners not later than January 1, 1920. under proper regulations and the supervision of the Interstate Commerce Com mission : And be it further

Resolved, That we are opposed to any long and short-haul provision which will eliminate discretionary powers of the Interstate Commerce Commission

RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE NATIONAL RETAIL COAL MER

CHANTS' ASSOCIATION.

PHILADELPHIA, PA., August 20, 1919. Hon. John J. Esch, Chairman on Interstate and Foreign Commerce,

House of Representatives, Washington, D.C. DEAR Sir: This is with reference to the proposal for continued Government operation and ownership of the railroads. I wish to advise your committee of the attitude of the retail coal merchants of the country, which this association represents.

The executive committee of our association adopted on January 28, the following resolution:

That we as an association are unalterably opposed to Government ownership or operation of the railroads, telephone, and telegraph.

We are firm in the conviction that the plan of the railroad brotherhoods, or any other proposal for Government operation or ownership involves the destruction of individual initiative, the removal of personal responsibility, and the consequent encouragement of inefficiency. There is no form of activity demanding a higher degree of initiative, enterprise, and responsibility than the railroad.

As members of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States. we participated in the referendum recently conducted before the present situation had developed, and before it was known that the radical plans now brought forward by labor interests would force the matter to immediate consideration. We wish you to know that the recommendation of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States as presented in a preliminary way by Mr. George A. Post before your committee on August 18, has the approval and support of this association representing 35,000 dealers. Yours, very truly,

NATIONAL RETAIL COAL MERCHANTS' ASSOCIATION,
ELLERY B. GORDON, Secretary-Manager.

RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE AMERICAN FRUIT AND VEGE

TABLE SHIPPERS' ASSOCIATION.

CHICAGO, ILL., August 26, 1919. Representative John J. Esch, Chairman Committee on Interstate Commerce, United States House of Representatives,

Washington, D. C. DEAR SIR: I take pleasure in inclosing herewith copy of statement showing list of members of the association. This is a national organization and the majority of the largest shippers and growers of fruits and vegetables throughout the country are members. At our annual business meeting, held in Chicago January 31 to February 4, inclusive, the following resolution was adopted:

IN THE MATTER OF THE RETURN OF RAILROADS TO PRIVATE OPERATION.

Whereas the Director General of Railroads has recommended to the Congress of

the United States that Federal control of the railroads be extended until January 1, 1924-a period of five years—and has declared that it is wholly impracticable, as well as opposed to the public interest, for the Government to

operate the railroads for 21 months after peace under the present law; and Whereas it is the sense of the mernbers of the American Fruit and Vegetable

Shippers' Association assembled in convention, that Government ownership, management, or operation of railroads is not conducive to economic efficiency, and that private initiative, enterprise, and responsibility in the creation, extension, improvement, and operation of the American railroads should, as a matter of national policy, be fostered and preserved. That the extension of the present system of Federal control for a period of five years, or any extension beyond the limitation now prescribed by law of one year and nine months after the proclamation of peace, is prejudicial to the public interest. That the recognized impracticability of continuing the Government operation of the railroads for 21 months after peace under the present law is a good reason why the properties should be relinquished, and that in view of the termination of hostilities, it should be the policy of the Railroad Administration to restore the integrity of individual properties and prepare for their return to the respective owners. That the principle of reasonable, responsible, and adequate Government regulation of transportation facilities is recognized and accepted, but that such regulation should provide for the encouragement, protection, and development of the railroads : Be it

Resolved, That energetic efforts should be exerted to accomplish the early return of the transportation systems of the country to the control and management of their owners, after the enactment of suitable legislation, for the protection of the shipping and traveling public, and the carriers.

As an association, we wish at this time to go on record as being opposed to the co-called “Plumb” plan, proposed by the railroad brotherhoods and supported by the American Federation of Labor, for the solution of the railroad problem. Under this plan, we understand the Government would acquire the railroads and hand over the control and operation of them to a board to be composed of railroad operatives in the official class, railroad employees of nonofficial rank, and representatives of the general public. This plan is advertised as a profit-sharing proposition, and it is claimed that there will be profits by reason of the efficiency and economy which will result from this method.

We can hardly believe that any serious consideration could be given to the adoption of this plan. It would mean, in effect, the turning over of the railroad systems of the country to those on the railroad pay roll, who would be the only ones to benefit, at the expense of the general public. While we do not think that the Congress of the United States would give the adoption of this plan serious consideration, we understand there is considerable pressure being brought to bear to have the plan adopted, and we therefore feel it incumbent upon us, as an association representing the interests of our our members, and of the fruit and vegetable industry as a whole, to go on record as being unanimously opposed to any such solution of the railroad problem. Yours, very truly,

R. CUMMING, Traffic Manager.

AMERICAN FRUIT AND VEGETABLE SHIPPERS' ASSOCIATION--MEMBERSHIP LIST AS OF

JUNE 1, 1919.

I. G. Adamson Co., San Benito, Tex.; Altenbernd & Brandt, Sabin, Minn.; American Cranberry Exchange, New York; American Fruit Distributors, Los Angeles, Calif.; Andrews & Knowles, Mount Olive, N. C.; Andrews Bros. Co., Pittsburgh, Pa.; B. D. Anguish, Chicago; Apple Growers' Association, Hood River, Oreg.; Arcadia Valley Fruit Growers' Association, Deer Park, Wash.; Associated Fruit Co., Chicago; Associated Fruit Co., Delta, Colo; Atlantic Fruit Co., New York City; Atlantic Produce Co., San Francisco, Calif.; Jas. H. Baird & Son, Marlboro, N. J.; F. E. Baldwin & Co., Chicago.; John Ball & Co., Caledonia, N. Y.; Banana Express Co., Seattle, Wash.; Bare Fruit Co., Lodi, Calif.; 0. J. Barnes, Grand Forks, N. Dak.; Jno. J. Beaton, Wareham, Mass.; Beaufort Truck Growers' Association, Beaufort, S. C; J. R. Beggs Co., St. Paul, Minn.; Bennett & Dennison, Prospect Plains, N. J.; E. C. Best Co., Minneapolis, Minn.; John Bonura & Co. (Inc.), New Orleans

, La.; The Boyle Co., Wichita, Kans.; The C. L. Brainard Co., Brockton, N. Y.; F. H. Buck Co., Vacaville, Calif.; M. D. Buckley, Rochester, N. Y.; Burling. ton County Farmers' Exchange, Mount Holly, N. J.; Burnett & Son, Portland, Oreg. ; California Fruit Distributors, Sacramento, Calif.; California Fruit Exchange, Sacramento, Calif.; California Mutual Packing Co., Riverside, Calif. ; California Vegetable Union, Los Angeles, Calif.; Roy Campbell, San Antonio, Tex.; John B. Cancelmo, Philadelphia, Pa.; Chandler Brokerage Co., Hiawatha, Kans. ; Chase & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.; Chase & Rupp Produce Co., Delta., Colo.; C. C. Clemons Produce Co., Kansas City, Mo.; E. L Cleveland, Houlton, Me.; M. M. Cobb Co., Los Angeles, Calif.; R. E. Cochran Co. (Inc.), New York City ; Robt. T. Cochran & Co., New York City; Cohen, Mann & Kahn, Chicago; Crockett & Weil, Alexandria, La.; Crutchfield & Woolfolk, Pittsburgh, Pa.; Crutchfield, Woolfolk & Clore, Chicago; Cumber land Valley Fruit Growers, Chambersburg, Pa.; Wm. G. Dailey, Albion, N. Y.; G. L. Davenport, Portland City, Oreg. ; Dawson Bros. Distributing Co., Deaver, Colo.; G. W. Deffke & Co., Eaton, Colo.; H, S. Denison & Co., Free water, Oreg. ; John Denney & Co., Chicago; Digiorgio Fruit Co., Baltimore; C. I. & M. Dingfelder, New York City; Dunbar Hansen Co., San Francisco; F. F. Dutton (Inc.), Sanford, Fla.; Earl Fruit Co. of the Northwest, Spokane, Wash.; Eastern Shore of Virginia Produce Exchange, Onley, Va.; Ed. ward Edmunds, sr., Mars Hill, Me.; Ely & Budd, Rochester, N. Y.; Ennis Brown & Co., Sacramento, Calif.; J. c. Famechon Co., Minneapolis, Minn. Farmers' Merc. Co., Greeley, Colo.; Farr Produce Co., Greeley, Colo.; W. W. Ferrell & Co., Minneapolis, Minn.; J. W. Files, Fresno, Calif.; Florida Citrus Exchange, Tampa, Fla.; Flory & Albers Co., San Antonio, Tex; E. Y. Foley, Fresno, Calif.; Z. J. Fort Produce Co., Denver; Free Brox Co., Pittsburgh; Fresno Fruit Growers' Co., Fresno; Oscar Frommel & Bros New York City; Frost & McNab, New York; Fruit Dispatch Co., New York: Garcia & Maggini Co., San Francisco; W. D. Garlington & Co., Dallas Georgia Fruit Exchange, Atlanta, Ga. ; F. W. Gibbons Co., Boston: Gledhill & Putnam, Avoca, N. Y.; Gold Banner Association, Redlands, Calif.; John Gourley Co. (Inc.), Seattle; Greeley Merc. Co., Greeley, Colo.; Grover Bros. & Co., Hightstown, N. J.; Growers' Service Co., Yakima, Wash.; Harrison Produce Co., San Benito, Tex.; Hartner Produce Co., Denver; F. A. Hogan & Co., Houlton, Me.; C. M. Hoitzinger, Yakima, Wash.; G. D. Horner & Bro., Cape Charles, Va.; Horvitz Bros., Chicago; Hovery & Co., Mars Hill, Me.; W. S. Hurst & Co., Portland, Oreg.; Independent New Jersey Cranberry Co., Philadelphia; Iron City Produce Co., Pittsburgh, Pa.; Jacobs, Malcolm & Burtt, San Francisco; C. D. Jarratt Co., Laredo, Tex.; Jennings Bros., Roanoke, Va.; C. A. Kerr Co., Chicago; H. B. King Brokerage Co., Pueblo, Colo.; K. W. King & Co., St. Paul; A. S. Lambertson Co. (Inc.), Freehold, N, J.; Vincent R. Lamia, New York City; R. U. Lecato, Painter, Va.; A. Levy & J. Zentner, San Francisco; Loeb Apte Co., Atlanta, Ga.; Loveland & Hinyan, Grand Rapids, Mich.; T. L. Lynch, Yakima, Wash.; A. E. Meyer & Co., New York; T. T. Michaud, Soldier Pond, Me.; Mid West Produce Co., Chicago; Albert Miller & Co., Chicago; Miller Cummings Co., New York; McKinley Mitchell, Portland, Oreg. ; Monmouth County Farmers' Exchange, Freehold, N. J.; Montrose Fruit & Produce Association, Montrose, Colo.; Edward H. Morf & Co., Tennent, N. J.; Mosier Fruit Growers' Association, Mosier, Oreg. ; Chas. F. Murphey Co., Chicago; Mutual Orange Distributors, Redlands, Calif.; Andrew Mackay & Co., Penn Yan, N. Y.; M. J. McCarthy & Co., Boston; F. E. Nellis & Co., Chicago; John Nix & Co., New York; Nix & Bugbee Co., Hastings, Fla.; Nocatee Fruit Co. (Inc.), Nocatee, Fla.; Northern Implement & Produce Co., Eaton, Colo.; Northwestern Fruit Exchange, Seattle; A. J. Nye, Orlando, Fla.; Olivit Bros. (Inc.), New York; A. J. Otto, Provemont, Mich.; Chas. Pape & Co., New York; T. Pearson Co., San Francisco; C. H. Peacock, Philadelphia ; Pennington & Co., Yakima, Wash.; T. H. Peppers, Kansas City, Mo.; Peppers & Brown, Dallas, Tex.; Perham Fruit Co., Yakima, Wash. ; E. S. Perry, Presque Isle, Me.; J. M. Perry & Co. (Inc.), Yakima, Wash.; Peshastin Fruit Growers' Association, Peshastin, Wash.; Peycke Bros. Commission Co., Kansas City, Mo.; Dr. P. Phillips, Orlando, Fla.; M. Piowaty & Sons, Chicago; C. A. Powers & Co., Maple Grove, Me.; Randolph Marketing Co., Los Angeles; Rocky Mountain Produce Co., Denver; Rogue River Fruit & Produce Association, Medford, Oreg.; Rooney & Ely, Englishtown, N. J.; Rose Cliff Fruit Farm, Waynesboro, Va.; I. Rothschild Produce Co., Greeley, Colo.; The Wm. M. Roylance Co., Provo, Utah; E. E. Samson Co., Yakima, Wash.; Sands Furber & Co. (Inc.), Boston; Sanford Truck Growers (Inc.), Sanford, Fla.; San Joaquin Co. Table Grape Growers' Association, Lodi, Calif.; Sawyer, Godfrey Co., Jacksonville; Schanck, Hutchinson & Field, Hightstown, N. J.; J. Schoenburg Co., Chicago; P. S. Scott Co., Philadelphia ; J. G. Scovern & Co., Chicago; S. Segari & Co., New Orleans; The Shafton Co., Chicago; J. L. Shultz Co. (Inc.), Skaneateles, N. Y.; Skallerup Bros., Chicago; J. Ellis Slater Co., Chicago; Smith & Holden, New York; South Jersey Farmers' Exchange, Woodstown, N. J.; Standard Growers' Exchange, Orlando, Fla.; Stanton & Waskow, Chicago; L. Starks Co., Chicago; Steinhardt & Kelly, New York; E. C. Stewart & Co., Philadelphia; V. A. Stewart & Co. (Inc.), New York; Stewart Fruit Co., San Francisco; C. L. Terry & Sons, Camden, Del.; A. C. Terwilligar, Titusville, Fla.; Thompson Duddy Co. (Inc.), Yakima, Wash.; Thompson Fruit Co., North Yakima, Wash.; Tropical Fruit Co., New York City ; United Brokers Co., Portland, Oreg.; L. J. Upton & Co. (Inc.), Norfolk, Va.; Valley Fruit Co., Walla Walla, Wash.; The Vegetable Exchange of California (Inc.), San Francisco; Walla Walla Gardeners' Association, Walla Walla, Wash.; Washington Fruit & Produce Co., Yakima, Wash. ; Geo. A. Webster, San Francisco, Calif.; Wm. Weinert Co., Philadelphia ; Wenatchee Fruit & Storage Co., Wenatchee, Wash.; Wenatchee, Northern Warehouse, Wenatchee, Wash.; Wenatchee Produce Co., Wenatchee, Wash.; Weyl, Zuckerman & Co., San Francisco; White Bros. & Crum, Lewiston, Idaho; White Salmon Valley Growers' Association, White Salmon, Wash.; Wignall, Moore Co., Chicago; C. M. Wildt Produce Co., Denver; H. W. Williams & Sons, Cape Charles, Va.; Wm. N. Wise (Inc.), Penn Yan, N. Y.; Witherspoon, Riley & Co., Fort Smith, Ark.; Wolf & Sons, San Francisco; Yakima Fruit Growers' Association, North Yakima, Wash.; Yakima County Horticultural Union, Yakima, Wash. ; York & Fenderson, Mars Hill, Me.; I. D. Young Co., Boston.

152894—19-VOL 370

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