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20 Sess.]
The President's Message.

[DECEMBER, 1846. within eighteen months from that time. Four of by failing and refusing to make the payment. The the eighteen months were consumed in preliminary two instalments due in April and July, 1844, under discussions on frivolous and dilatory points raised the peculiar circumstances connected with them, by the Mexican commissioners; and it was not have been assumed by the United States and disuntil the month of December, 1840, that they com- charged to the claimants, but they are still due by menced the examination of the claims of our citi- Mexico. But this is not all of which we have just zens upon Mexico. Fourteen months only remain cause of complaint. To provide a remedy for the ed to examine and decide upon these numerous claimants whose cases were not decided by the and complicated cases. In the month of February, joint commission under the convention of April 1842, the term of the commission expired, leaving the eleventh, 1839, it was expressly stipulated by many claims undisposed of for want of time. The the sixth article of the convention of the thirtieth claims which were allowed by the board, and of January, 1843, that “a new convention shall by the umpire authorized by the convention be entered into for the settlement of all claims of to decide in case of disagreement between the the Government and citizens of the United States Mexican and American commissioners, amounted against the republic of Mexico which were not to two million twenty-six thousand one hundred finally decided by the late commission, which met and thirty-nine dollars and sixty-eight cents. in the city of Washington, and of all claims of the There were pending before the umpire when the Government and citizens of Mexico against the commission expired, additional claims, which had United States." been examined and awarded by the American In conformity with this stipulation, a third concommissioners, and had not been allowed by the vention was concluded and signed at the city of Mexican commissioners, amounting to nine hun- Mexico on the twentieth of November, 1843, by dred and twenty-eight thousand six hundred and the plenipotentiaries of the two Governments, by twenty-seven dollars and eighty-eight cents, upon which provision was made for ascertaining and which he did not decide, alleging that his authority paying these claims. In January, 1844, this conhad ceased with the termination of the joint com- vention was ratified by the Senate of the United mission. Besides these claims, there were others States, with two amendments, which were maniof American citizens amounting to three million festly reasonable in their character. Upon a referthree hundred and thirty-six thousand eight hun-ence of the amendments proposed to the Governdred and thirty-seven dollars and five cents, which ment of Mexico, the same evasions, difficulties, had been submitted to the board, and upon which and delays were interposed which have so long they had not time to decide before their final ad- marked the policy of that Government towards journment.

the United States. It has not even yet decided The sum of two million twenty-six thousand whether it would or would not accede to them, one hundred and thirty-nine dollars and sixty-eight although the subject has been repeatedly pressed cents, which had been awarded to the claimants, upon its consideration. was a liquidated and ascertained debt due by Mexico has thus violated a second time the Mexico, about which there could be no dispute, faith of treaties, by failing or refusing to carry into and which she was bound to pay according to the effect the sixth article of the convention of January, terms of the convention. Soon after the final 1843. awards for this amount had been made, the Mexi- Such is the history of the wrongs which we can Government asked for a postponement of the have suffered and patiently endured from Mexico time of making payment, alleging that it would be through a loug series of years. So far from affordinconvenient to make the payment at the time ing reasonable satisfaction for the injuries and instipulated. In the spirit of forbearing kindness sults we have borne, a great aggravation of them towards a sister republic, which Mexico has so consists in the fact, that while the United States, long abused, the United States promptly complied anxious to preserve a good understanding with with her request. A second convention was ac- Mexico, have been constantly, but vainly, em. cordingly concluded between the two Governments ployed in seeking redress for past wrongs, new on the thirtieth of January, 1843, which upon its outrages were constantly occurring, which have face declares that, “this new arrangement is en continued to increase our causes of complaint, and tered into for the accommodation of Mexico." to swell the amount of our demands. While the By the terms of this convention, all the interest citizens of the United States were conducting a due on the awards which had been made in favor lawful commerce with Mexico under the guarantee of the claimants under the convention of the of a treaty of “amity, commerce, and navigation,” eleventh of April, 1839, was to be paid to them on many of them have suffered all the injuries which the thirtieth of April, 1843, and “the principal of would have resulted from open war. This treaty, the said awards, and the interest accruing thereon," instead of affording protection to our citizens, has was stipulated to "be paid in five years, in equal been the means of inviting them into the ports of instalments every three months.” Notwithstand Mexico, that they might be, as they have been in ing this new convention was entered into at the re- numerous instances, plundered of their property, quest of Mexico, and for the purpose of relieving and deprived of their personal liberty if they dared her from embarrassment, the claimants have only insist on their rights. Had the unlawful seizures received the interest due on the thirtieth of April, of American property, and the violation of the per1843, and three of the twenty instalments. Al sonal liberty of our citizens, to say nothing of the though the payment of the sum thus liquidated, insults to our flag which have occurred in the and confessedly due by Mexico to our citizens as ports of Mexico, taken place on the high seas, indemnity for acknowledged acts of outrage and they would themselves long since have constituted wrong, was secured by treaty, the obligations of a state of actual war between the two countries. which are ever held sacred by all just nations, In so long suffering Mexico to violate her most yet Mexico has violated this solemn engagement solemn treaty obligations, plunder our citizens of

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DECEMBER, 1846.]
The President's Message.

(29TH CONG. their property, and imprison their persons without that in their new home they would be governed by affording them any redress, we have failed to per laws enacted by representatives elected by themform one of the first and highest duties which selves, and that their lives, liberty, and property, every Government owes to its citizens; and the would be protected by constitutional guarantees consequence has been, that many of them have similar to those which existed in the republic they been reduced from a state of affluence to bankrupt. had left. Under a Government thus organized cy. The proud name of American citizen, which they continued until the year 1835, when a military ought to protect all who bear it from insult and revolution broke out in the city of Mexico, which injury throughout the world, has afforded no such entirely subverted the Federal and State constituprotection to our citizens in Mexico. We had tions, and placed a military dictator at the head ample cause of war against Mexico long before of the Government. the breaking out of hostilities. But even then we By a sweeping decree of a Congress subservient forbore to take redress into our own hands, until to the will of the dictator, the several State constiMexico herself became the aggressor, by invading tutions were abolished, and the States themselves our soil in hostile array, and shedding the blood converted into mere departments of the central of our citizens.

Government. The people of Texas were unwilling Such are the grave causes of complaint on the to submit to this usurpation. Resistance to such part of the United States against Mexico-causes tyranny became a high duty. Texas was fully which existed long before the annexation of Texas absolved from all allegiance to the central Governto the American Union; and yet, animated by the ment of Mexico from the moment that Government love of peace, and a magnanimous moderation, we had abolished her State constitution, and in its did not adopt those measures of redress which, un- place substituted an arbitrary and despotic central der such circumstances, are the justified resort of Government. injured nations.

Such were the principal causes of the Texan The annexation of Texas to the United States revolution. The people of Texas at once deterconstituted no just cause of offence to Mexico. The mined upon resistance, and flew to arms. In the pretext that it did so, is wholly inconsistent, and midst of these important and exciting events, howirreconcilable with well-authenticated facts connect- ever, they did not omit to place their liberties upon ed with the revolution by which Texas became in- a secure and permanent foundation. They elected dependent of Mexico. That this may be the more members to a convention, who, in the month of manifest, it may be proper to advert to the causes March 1836, issued a formal declaration that their and to the history of the principal events of that “political connection with the Mexican nation has revolution.

forever ended, and that the people of Texas do Texas constituted a portion of the ancient prov- now constitute a FREE, SOVEREIGN, and INDEPENDince of Louisiana, ceded to the United States by ENT REPUBLIC, and are fully invested with all the France in the year 1803. In the year 1819, the rights and attributes which properly belong to inUnited States, by the Florida treaty, ceded to dependent nations.” They also adopted for their Spain all that part of Louisiana within the present government a liberal republican constitution. limits of Texas; and Mexico, by the revolution About the same time, Santa Anna, then the dictawhich separated her from Spain, and rendered her tor of Mexico, invaded Texas with a numerous an independent nation, succeeded to the rights of army, for the purpose of subduing her people, and the mother country over this territory. In the enforcing obedience to his arbitrary and despotic year 1824, Mexico established a federal constitu- government. On the twenty-first of April, 1836, tion, under which the Mexican republic was com- he was met by the Texan citizen soldiers, and on posed of a number of sovereign States, confederat- that day was achieved by them the memorable ed together in a federal Union similar to our own. victory of San Jacinto, by which they conquered Each of these States had its own Executive, Legis- their independence. Considering the numbers enlature, and Judiciary; and, for all except federal gaged on the respective sides, history does not purposes, was as independent of the General Gov- record a more brilliant achievement. Santa Anna ernment, and that of the other States, as is Penn- himself was among the captives. sylvania or Virginia under our constitution. Texas In the month of May, 1836, Santa Anna acknowland Coahuila united, and formed one of these edged, by a treaty with the Texan authorities, in Mexican States. The State constitution which the most solemn form," the full, entire, and perthey adopted, and which was approved by the fect independence of the republic of Texas." It Mexican confederacy, asserted that they were is true, he was then a prisoner of war, but it is “ free and independent of the other Mexican Unit- equally true that he had failed to reconquer Texas, ed States, and of every other power and dominion and had met with signal defeat; that his authority whatsoever;” and proclaimed the great principle had not been revoked, and that by virtue of this of human liberty, that "the sovereignty of the treaty he obtained his personal release. By it State resides originally and essentially in the gene- hostilities were suspended, and the army which ral mass of the individuals who compose it.” To the had invaded Texas under his command returned, government under this constitution, as well as to in pursuance of this arrangement, unmolested, to that under the federal constitution, the people of Mexico. Texas owed allegiance.

From the day that the battle of San Jacinto was Emigrants from foreign countries, including the fought, until the present hour, Mexico has never United States, were invited by the colonization possessed the power to reconquer Texas. In the laws of the State and of the federal Government language of the Secretary of State of the United to settle in Texas. Advantageous terms were States, in a despatch to our Minister in Mexico, offered to induce them to leave their own country under date of the eighth of July, 1842, “Mexico and become Mexican citizens. This invitation was may have chosen to consider, and may still choose accepted by many of our citizens, in the full faith | to consider Texas as having been at all times

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[DECEMBER, 1846. since 1835, and as still continuing, a rebellious | standing all this, and her utter inability to subdue province; but the world has been obliged to take or reconquer Texas, still stubbornly refused to rea very different view of the matter. From the cognize her as an independent nation, she was time of the battle of San Jacinto, in April, 1836, none the less so on that account. Mexico herself to the present moment, Texas has exhibited the had been recognized as an independent nation by same external signs of national independence the United States, and by other powers, many as Mexico herself, and with quite as much stability years before Spain, of which, before her revoluof Government. Practically free and independent, tion, she had been a colony, would agree to reacknowledged as a political sovereignty by the prin- cognize her as such ; and yet Mexico was at that cipal powers of the world, no hostilé foot finding time, in the estimation of the civilized world, and rest within her territory for six or seven years, and in fact, none the less an independent power beMexico herself refraining for all that period from cause Spain still claimed her as a colony. If Spain any further attempt to re-establish her own authori- had continued until the present period to assert ty over that territory, it cannot but be surprising that Mexico was one of her colonies, in rebellion to find Mr. de Bocanegra (the Secretary of Foreign against her, this would not have made her so, or Affairs of Mexico] complaining that for that whole changed the fact of her independent existence. period citizens of the United States, or its Govern- Texas, at the period of her annexation to the ment, have been favoring the rebels of Texas, and United States, bore the same relation to Mexico supplying them with vessels, ammunition, and mon- that Mexico had borne to Spain for many years ey, as if the war for the reduction of the province of before Spain acknowledged her independence, with Texas had been constantly prosecuted by Mex. this important difference--that, before the annex. ico, and her success prevented by these influation of Texas to the United States was consumences from abroad.” In the same despatch, the mated, Mexico herself, by a formal act of her Secretary of State affirms, that “since 1837, Government,'had acknowledged the independence the United States have regarded Texas as an in- of Texas as a nation. It is true, that in the act of dependent sovereignty, as much as Mexico; and recognition she prescribed a condition, which she that trade and commerce with citizens of a Gov- had no power or authority to impose, that Texas ernment at war with Mexico cannot, on that ac- should not annex herself to any other power; but count, be regarded as an intercourse by which as- this could not detract in any degree from the recog. sistance and succor are given to Mexican rebels.nition which Mexico then made of her actual inde. The whole current of Mr. de Bocanegra’s remarks pendence. Upon this plain statement of facts, it runs in the same direction, as if the independence is absurd for Mexico to allege, as a pretext for of Texas had not been acknowledged. It has been commencing hostilities against the United States, acknowledged—it was acknowledged in 1837, that Texas is still a part of her territory. against the remonstrance and protest of Mexico; But there are those who, conceding all this to be and most of the acts of any importance, of which | true, assume the ground that the true western Mr. de Bocanegra complains, flow necessarily i boundary of Texas is the Nueces, instead of the from that recognition. He speaks of Texas as Rio Grande; and that, therefore, in marching our still being an integral part of the territory of the army to the east bank of the latter river, we passed Mexican Republic ; ' but he cannot but understand the Texan line, and invaded the territory of Mexithat the United States do not so regard it. The co. A simple statement of facts, known to exist, real complaint of Mexico, therefore, is, in sub- will conclusively refute such an assumption. Texstance, neither more nor less than a complaint as, as ceded to the United States by France in against the recognition of Texan independence. / 1803, has been always claimed as extending west It may be thought rather late to repeat that com- to the Rio Grande, or Rio Bravo. This fact is plaint, and not quite just to confine it to the United established by the authority of our most eminent States, to the exemption of England, France, and statesmen at a period when the question was as Belgium, unless the United States, having been the well, if not better understood, than it is at present. first to acknowledge the independence of Mexico During Mr. Jefferson's administration, Messrs. herself, are to be blamed for setting an example Monroe and Pinckney, who had been sent on a for the recognition of that of Texas." And he special mission to Madrid, charged, among other added, that “the constitution, public treaties, and things, with the adjustment of boundary between the laws, obliged the President to regard Texas | the two countries, in a note addressed to the Spanas an independent State, and its territory as no ish Minister of Foreign Affairs, under date of the part of the territory of Mexico.” Texas had been twenty-eighth of January, 1805, assert that the an independent State, with an organized Govern- boundaries of Louisiana, as ceded to the United ment, defying the power of Mexico to overthrow States by France, " are the river Perdido on the or reconquer her, for more than ten years before east, and the river Bravo on the west;" and they Mexico commenced the present war against the add, that “the facts and principles which justify United States. Texas had given such evidence to this conclusion are so satisfactory to our Governthe world of her ability to maintain her separate ment, as to convince it that the United States have existence as an independent nation, that she had not a better right to the island of New Orleans, been formally recognized as such, not only by the under the cession referred to, than they have to United States, but by several of the principal the whole district of territory which is above powers of Europe. These powers had entered described." into treaties of amity, commerce, and navigation Down to the conclusion of the Florida treaty, with her. They had received and accredited her in February, 1819, by which this territory was ministers, and other diplomatic agents at their ceded to Spain, the United States asserted and respective courts; and they had commissioned maintained their territorial rights to this extent. ministers and diplomatic agents on their part to In the month of June, 1818, during Mr. Monroe's the Government of Texas. If Mexico, notwith. I administration, information having been received

2D SESS.] The President's Message.

DECEMBER, 1846.]
The President's Message.

[29TH Coxg. that a nuinber of foreign adventurers had landed elected to the Congress of the republic, and served at Galveston, with the avowed purpose of forming as such before the act of annexation took place. In a settlement in that vicinity, a special messenger both the Congress and Convention of Texas, which was despatched by the Government of the United gave their assent to the terms of annexation to the States, with instructions from the Secretary of United States, proposed by our Congress, were repState, to warn them to desist, should they be found resentatives residing west of the Nueces, who took there, “or any other place north of the Rio Bravo, part in the act of annexation itself. This was the and within the territory claimed by the United Texas which, by the act of our Congress of the States.” He was instructed, should they be found twenty-ninth of December, 1845, was admitted as in the country north of that river, to make known one of the States of our Union. That the Congress to them "the surprise with which the President of the United States understood the State of Texas has seen possession thus taken, without authority which they admitted into the Union to extend be. from the United States, of a place within their 1 yond the Nueces is apparent from the fact, that on territorial limits, and upon which no lawful set the thirty-first of December, 1845, only two days tlement can be made without their sanction." | after the act of admission, they passed a law "to He was instructed to call upon them to “avow establish a collection district in the State of Texas," under what national authority they profess to by which they created a port of delivery at Corpus act," and to give them due warning * that the Christi, situated west of the Nueces, and being place is within the United States, who will suffer the same point at which the Texas custom-house, no permanent settlement to be made there, under under the laws of that republic, had been located, any authority other than their own." As late and directed that a surveyor to collect the revenue as the eighth of July, 1842, the Secretary of State should be appointed for that port by the President, of the United States, in a note addressed to our by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Minister in Mexico, maintains that, By the Florida A surveyor was accordingly nominated, and contreaty of 1819, the territory as far west as the Rio firmed by the Senate, and has been ever since in Grande was confirmed to Spain. In that note be the performance of his duties. All these acts of states that, “ by the treaty of the twenty-second the republic of Texas, and of our Congress, preof February, 1819, between the United States and ceded the orders for the advance of our army to Spain, the Sabine was adopted as the line of the east bank of the Rio Grande. Subsequently, boundary between the two powers. Up to that Congress passed an act "establishing certain post period, no considerable colonization had been routes," extending west of the Nueces. The effected in Texas; but the territory between the country west of that river now constitutes a part Sabine and the Rio Grande being confirmed to of one of the congressional districts of Texas, Spain by the treaty, applications were made to and is represented in the House of Representathat power for grants of land, and such grants, tives. The Senators from that State were chosen or permissions of settlement, were in fact made by a Legislature in which the country west of that by the Spanish authorities in favor of citizens of river was represented. In view of all these facts, the United States proposing to emigrate to Texas it is difficult to conceive upon what ground it in numerous families, before the declaration of can be maintained that, in occupying the country independence by Mexico."

west of the Nueces with our army, with a view The Texas which was ceded to Spain by the solely to its security and defence, we invaded the Florida treaty of 1819 embraced all the country territory of Mexico. But it would have been still now claimed by the State of Texas between the more difficult to justify the Executive, whose duty Nueces and the Rio Grande. The republic of it is to see that the laws be faithfully executed, if Texas always claimed this river as her western in the face of all these proceedings, both of the boundary, and in her treaty made with Santa Congress of Texas and of the United States, he Anna, in May, 1836, he recognized it as such. had assumed the responsibility of yielding up the By the constitution, which Texas adopted in territory west of the Nueces to Mexico, or of reMarch, 1836, senatorial and representative districts fusing to protect and defend this territory and its were organized extending west of the Nueces. inhabitants, including Corpus Christi, as well as The Congress of Texas, on the nineteenth of De- the remainder of Texas, against the threatened cember, 1836, passed “an act to define the boun- Mexican invasion. daries of the republic of Texas,” in which they de- But Mexico herself has never placed the war clared the Rio Grande from its mouth to its which she has waged upon the ground that our source to be their boundary, and by the said act army occupied the intermediate territory between they extended their “civil and political jurisdic- the Nueces and the Rio Grande. Her refuted pretion" over the country up to that boundary. tension that Texas was not in fact an independent During a period of more than nine years, which State, but a rebellious province, was obstinately intervened between the adoption of her constitu- persevered in; and her avowed purpose in comtion and her annexation as one of the States of our mencing a war with the United States was to reUnion, Texas asserted and exercised many acts conquer Texas, and to restore Mexican authority of sovereignty and jurisdiction over the territory over the whole territory—not to the Nueces only, and inhabitants west of the Nueces. She organ- but to the Sabine. In view of the proclaimed ized and defined the limits of counties extending menaces of Mexico to this effect, I deemed it my to the Rio Grande. She established courts of jus- duty, as a measure of precaution and defence, to tice, and extended her judicial system over the ter- order our army to occupy a position on our fronritory. She established a custom-house, and col- tier as a military post, from which our troops could lected duties, and also post-offices and post roads best resist and repel any attempted invasion which in it. She established a land office, and issued Mexico might make. numerous grants for land, within its limits. A Our army had occupied a position at Corpus Senator and a Representative residing in it were | Christi west of the Nueces, as early as August

20 SESS.]
The President's Message.

[DECEMBER, 1846. 1845, without complaint from any quarter. Had not be received by the Government of General the Nueces been regarded as the true western Herrera. It was also well known that but little boundary of Texas, that boundary had been passed hope could be entertained of a different result from by our army many months before it advanced to General Paredes, in case the revolutionary movethe eastern bank of the Rio Grande. In my annual ment which he was prosecuting should prove sucmessage of December last I informed Congress cessful, as was highly probable. The partisans of that, upon the invitation of both the Congress and Paredes, as our Minister, in the despatch referred Convention of Texas, I had deemed it proper to to, states, breathed the fiercest hostility against order a strong squadron to the coasts of Mexico, the United States, denounced the proposed negoand to concentrate an efficient military force on the tiation as treason, and openly called upon the western frontier of Texas, to protect and defend troops and the people to put down the Government the inhabitants against the menaced invasion of of Herrera by force. The reconquest of Texas, Mexico. In that message I informed Congress and war with the United States, were openly that the moment the terms of annexation offered threatened. These were the circumstances existby the United States were accepted by Texas, the ing, when it was deemed proper to order the army latter became so far a part of our own country as under the command of General Taylor to advance to make it our duty to afford such protection and to the western frontier of Texas, and occupy a defence; and that for that purpose our squadron position on or near the Rio Grande. had been ordered to the Gulf, and our army to The apprehensions of a contemplated Mexican "take a position between the Nueces and the Del invasion have been since fully justified by the Norte," or Rio Grande, and “to repel any invasion event. The determination of Mexico to rush into of the Texan territory which might be attempted hostilities with the United States was afterwards by the Mexican forces.”

manifested from the whole tenor of the note of the It was deemed proper to issue this order, be- Mexican Minister of Foreign Affairs to our Min. cause, soon after the President of Texas, in April, ister, bearing date on the twelfth of March, 1846. 1845, had issued his proclamation convening the Paredes had then revolutionized the Government, Congress of that republic, for the purpose of sub- and his Minister, after referring to the resolution mitting to that body the terms of annexation pro- for the annexation of Texas, which had been adoptposed by the United States, the Government of ed by our Congress in March, 1845, proceeds to Mexico made serious threats of invading the Texan declare that “a fact such as this, or, to speak with territory.

greater exactness, so notable an act of usurpation, These threats became more imposing as it be- created an imperious necessity that Mexico, for her came more apparent, in the progress of the ques- own honor, should repel it with proper firmness tion, that the people of Texas would decide in and dignity. The supreme Government had beforefavor of accepting the terms of annexation; and, hand declared that it would look upon such an act finally, they had assumed such a formidable char- as a casus belli ; and, as a consequence of this decacter, as induced both the Congress and Conven. laration, negotiation was, by its very nature, at tion of Texas to request that a military force should an end, and war was the only recourse of the be sent by the United States, into her territory for Mexican Government.” the purpose of protecting and defending her against It appears, also, that on the fourth of April folthe threatened invasion. It would have been a lowing, General Paredes, through his Minister of violation of good faith towards the people of Texas War, issued orders to the Mexican general in to have refused to afford the aid which they desired command on the Texan frontier to "attack” our against a threatened invasion, to which they had army “by every means which war permits." To been exposed by their free determination to annex this General Paredes had been pledged to the army themselves to our Union, in compliance with the and people of Mexico during the military revoluovertures made to them by the joint resolution of tion which had brought him into power. On the our Congress.

eighteenth of April, 1846, General Paredes adAccordingly, a portion of the army was ordered dressed a letter to the commander on that frontier, to advance into Texas. Corpus Christi was the in which he stated to him, “at the present date Í position selected by General Taylor. He encamp- suppose you at the head of that valiant army, either ed at that place in August, 1845, and the army re- fighting already, or preparing for the operations mained in that position until the eleventh of March, of a campaign; and “supposing you already on 1816, when it moved westward, and on the twen- the theatre of operations, and with all the forces ty-eighth of that month reached the east bank of assembled, it is indispensable that hostilities he the Rio Grande opposite to Matamoras. This commenced, yourself taking the initiative against movement was made in pursuance of orders from the enemy." the War Department, issued on the thirteenth of The movement of our army to the Rio Grande January, 1816. Before these orders were issued, was made by the commanding general under posithe despatch of our Minister in Mexico, transmitting tive orders to abstain from all aggressive acts towthe decision of the Council of Government of ards Mexico, or Mexican citizens, and to regard Mexico, advising that he should not be received, the relations between the two countries as peaceful, and also the despatch of our consul residing in the unless Mexico should declare war, or commit acts city of Mexico-the former bearing date on the of hostility indicative of a state of war; and these seventeenth, and the latter on the eighteenth of De orders he faithfully executed. Whilst occupying cember, 1815, copies of both of which accompanied his position on the east bank of the Rio Grande, my message to Congress of the eleventh of May within the limits of Texas, then recently admitted last-were received at the Department of State. as one of the States of our Union, the commanding These communications rendered it highly probable, general of the Mexican forces, who, in pursuance if not absolutely certain, that our Minister would l of the orders of his Government, had collected a

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