Page images
PDF
EPUB

NEW LIFE OF LORD NELSON.

PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION,

In two volumes 8vo. with Illustrative Engravings and Fac-similes,

MEMOIRS OF THE LIFE

OF

VICE-ADMIRAL

LORD VISCOUNT NELSON,

K. B.

DUKE OF BRONTE, ETC. ETC. ETC.

DERIVED PRINCIPALLY FROM HIS PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE,

HITHERTO UNPUBLISHED,

BY

THOMAS JOSEPH PETTIGREW, ESQ., F.R.S., F.S.A.

DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY OP THE UNIVERSITY OF GÖTTINGEN,

ETC. ETC. ETC.

CONSIDERING the number of Lives * that have been written of the Vice-Admiral Lord Viscount Nelson, and the voluminous Collection of his Dispatches and Letters published by the late Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas, it may be reasonably inferred, that there remains nothing further in connexion with Nelson and his varied exploits to be said that, in fact, the subject is completely exhausted; yet, upon examination it will be found that there exists a variety of interesting particulars unconfirmed-unexplained – and even mysterious. The full development of these, it must be obvious, is only to be obtained from the PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE of the celebrated hero.

It is well known that a very intimate, indeed, an almost daily correspondence was maintained between Lord Nelson and Lady Hamilton; and in the Letters and Documents, now to be presented to the public, a Diary will literally be found containing his thoughts and reflections upon the passing events, public and private, during the course of his distinguished career. But the materials from which this new Life of Nelson is composed are not confined to the letters which passed between Lord Nelson and Lady Hamilton —they embrace also those of the Kivg and Queen of Naples, the Emperor of Russia, the King of Sardinia, Prince Charles Felix of Savoy, many distinguished Naval Commanders and celebrated Diplomatists of the time. Among these may be mentioned :--H.R.H. the Duke of Clarence, Earl St. Vincent, Earl Spencer, Earl of Bristol, Lord Elgin, Lord St. Helens,

* By Clarke and M'Arthur, Charnock, White, Churchill, Harrison, Southey, &c.

Lord Hobart, Lord Sidmouth, Lord Collingwood, Lord Melville, Lord Eldon,
Lord Grenville, Lord Hood, Lord William Gordon ; the Hon. Nicholas
Vansittart, the Hon. H. Addington, the Hon. Hugh Elliot, the Hon. General
Sir W. Stewart, Sir Thomas Troubridge, Sir T. M. Hardy, Sir Richard Keats,
Sir J. T. Duckworth, Sir John Orde, Sir Hercules Ross, Sir Brooke Boothby,
Sir Sidney Smith, Sir Alexander Ball, Sir Evan Nepean, Sir Edward Berry,
Sir George Rose, Sir A. S. Hamond, Sir William Hoste, Sir Henry Blackwood,
Sir Pulteney Malcolm, Sir James Crawford, Sir Thomas Louis, Sir Benjamin
Hallowell, Sir J. Sutton, Sir Manley Dixon, Sir J. Hillyar, Sir Thos. Staines,
General Sir John Acton, General Dumouriez, Admiral Tchitchagoff, Count
Bernstorff, Count Panin, Adjutant-General Lindholm, Governor Balaschoff,
Captain Lloyd, Captain Parker, Captain Langford, Rev. A. J. Scott (Chaplain
to Lord Nelson), John Scott, Esq. (Secretary), William Beckford, Esq.,
R. Payne Knight, Esq., Richard Bulkeley, Esq., William Hayley, Esq.,
Alexander Davison, Esq., John Tyson, Esq., Perkins Magra, Esq. (Consul-
General at Tanis), Lambton Este, Esq., Rev. C. Este, Abbé Campbell, Dr.
Baird, &c. Rev. Edmund Nelson (the father of Lord Nelson), Lady Nelson,
Josiah Nisbet (ber son), Rev. William afterwards Earl Nelson, Mrs. Matcham
(Lord Nelson's sister), Maurice Nelson, Esq. (his brother), &c. &c.

The light thrown upon the transactions which took place from the battle of the Nile, August 1, 1798, to that of Trafalgar, October 21, 1805, in the course of this extensive correspondence will be found most interesting ; so also will the minute particulars relating to the conduct and flight of the Neapolitan Royal Family, the surrender of the Castles of Uovo and Nuovo, the Blockade of La Valetta, the Convention of El Arish, &c. &c.

UPWARDS OF Six HUNDRED LETTERS AND DOCUMENTS, WHICH HAVE NEVER BEFORE BEEN PRINTED, and the existence of which were scarcely known, will appear in these Memoirs, which have been written with the view of completing the History of one of the bravest and most patriotic Admirals that ever adorned the British Navy. It was originally the intention of the author simply to have edited the Correspondence, and published it as Supplementary Volumes to those which have already appeared ; but upon examination the documents were found to be too numerous and too interesting to be disposed of in that manner. They embrace such a variety of topics, private and public—correct so many errors and misconceptions that have gone forth and been very generally believed-enter so unreservedly into the subjects to which they refer—and altogether render such a complete picture of Lord Nelson's mind and character—that it has been adjudged most proper to arrange them as a distinct publication, in the form of a New Memoir, illustrative of the career of the Hero. Although it has been necessary in this view to describe the various actions and incidents in which Nelson was concerned, it has been thought proper not to enter upon minute details which have already appeared, and which by those who may be professionally interested in such a matter will readily be found in the previously published Lives; but rather to endeavour to combine, in the form of a Narrative, the Correspondence alluded to with the particular events to which they apply, and which form so interesting a portion of our Naval History.

PUBLISHED BY

T. & W. BOONE, 29, NEW BOND STREET, LONDON,

By whom Subscribers' Names will be received.

BATTLES OF QUATRE-BRAS, LIGNY, WAVRE,

AND

WATERLOO.

New, revised, and cheaper edition, complete in 1 vol. 8vo. uniform with
General Napier's History of the War in the Peninsula,

and the Wellington Dispatches.

DEDICATED, BY PERMISSION, TO HER MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY, THE QUEEN.

HISTORY OF THE

WAR IN FRANCE AND BELGIUM,

IN 1815,

FROM THE TESTIMONY OF EYE-WITNESSES AND OTHER SOURCES, EXCLUSIVE AND AUTHENTIC.

BY CAPTAIN WILLIAM SIBORNE,

CONSTRUCTOR OF THE “ WATERLOO MODEL."

THIRD EDITION.

BEAUTIFULLY EMBELLISHED WITH MEDALLION PORTRAITS, ENGRAVED ON STEEL, OF Toe Duke of WellinGTON, The PRINCE OF ORANGE, Ney, Duke of ELCHINGEN, PRINCE BLücher von Wahlstadt, The MARQUESS OF ANGLESEY, Count ALTEN, NAPOLEON BUONAPARTE,

LORD Hill,

SIR THOMAS Picton. Tue DUKE OF BRUNSWICK,

Soult, DUKE OF DALMATIA,

[ocr errors]

A FOLIO ATLAS,
OF ANAGLYPTOGRAPHIC ENGRAVINGS ON STEEL, FROM MODELS, CONTAINING

2 PLANS OF QUATRE-BRAS, shewing different Periods of the Action.
2
LIGNY

ditto.
2
WAVRE

ditto.
WATERLOO

ditto.
WITH MAPS OF BELGIUM AND PART OF FRANCE,

Illustrative of the above, sold separately.

[ocr errors]

In announcing a History of the War in 1815, by the Constructor of the celebrated Model of the Battle of Waterloo, the Publishers feel confident that the undeniable proof which the latter work of art affords of the most indefatigable perseverance and industry in the collection of materials for the accurate representatiou of an event so fertile in glorious achievements, and so decisive in its influence upon the destinies of Europe, as also of the professional skill with wbich those materials have been arranged for the complete development of that ever memorable conflict, offers a sufficient guarantee for a similar application of the author's unwearied zeal and research in the task he has undertaken of supplying what still remains a desideratum in our national history and military records—a true and faithful account of that last campaign in Europe, comprising the crowning triumph of the British army, and, at the same time, the closing chapter of the military life of its illustrious chief, the Duke of Wellington.

Numerous as are the accounts already published of this great conflict, the information which they convey is generally of too vague and indistinct a nature to satisfy either the military man who seeks for professional instruction, or the general reader who desires to comprehend more clearly, in all its details, that gorgeous machinery, if it may so be termed .which was put in motion, regulated, and controlled by

PROSPECTUS. the greatest masters of their art, who, in modern times, have been summoned forth to wield the mighty engines of destruction wherewith nation wars against nation. How just is the observation of Jomini, one of the most talented military writers of the day—" Jamais bataille ne fut plus confusément décrite que celle de Waterloo.” On consulting these accounts the public glean little beyond the fact that at Waterloo the allied army stood its ground during the whole day, in defiance of the reiterated attacks by the French, until the Duke of Wellington led it forward to crown its exertions with the most splendid victory. They afford us but a faint idea of those strategical movements and combinations upon which the grand design of the campaign was based by the one party, and with which it was assailed by the other; and we seek in vain for the development of those tactical dispositions by which the skill of the commanders and the valour of the combatants were fairly tested. From the want of due consecutive arrangement in the details, and the tendency too frequently manifested to compensate for this deficiency by mere anecdotic narration, the motives by which, in the great game of war, the illustrious players are actuated, are left out of view, while circumstances which especially call forth the skill of subordinate officers in command, as also the courage, the discipline, and the prowess of particular brigades, regiments, or even minor divisions of the contending masses, are either imperfectly elucidated, or, as is often the case, unhesitatingly set aside to make way for the exploits of a few individuals whose deeds, however heroic they may be deemed, constitute but isolated fractional parts of that great sum of moral energy and physical force combined, requisite to give full effect to the application of the mental powers of the chieftains under whose guidance the armies are respectively placed. These remarks have reference, more or less, not only to the generality of the accounts of the Battle of Waterloo, with which the public bave hitherto heen furnished, but also to those of Quatre-Bras, Ligny, and Wavre; the first of which, brilliant as was the reflection which it cast upon the glory of the victors, became eclipsed solely by the more dazzling splendour of the greater, because more important, triumph of Waterloo. To endeavour to remedy these deficiencies, through the medium of the evidence of eye-witnesses, most willingly and liberally supplied, as well as carefully collated, examined, and, at the same time, proved, wherever practicable, by corroborative testimony-every component piece of information being made to dovetail, as it were, into its adjacent and corresponding parts—is the chief object of the present publication.

The opportunities which Captain Siborne has enjoyed of collecting the data requisite for this highly important work, have been peculiarly favourable. Having commenced his large Model under the authority of the government, he received permission to address himself to the several officers who might have it in their power to communicate valuable information; and, with a view to render such information as complete as possible, and to substantiate it by corroborative testimony, he forwarded his applications to almost every surviving Waterloo officer-not limiting his inquiries to any one particular period of the. action, but extending them over the whole of the Battle of Waterloo, as also of that of Quatre-Bras, and of the entire campaign. In this manner he has succeeded in obtaining from the combined evidence of eye-witnesses a mass of extremely important matter; and when the public are informed that Captain Si. borne has also been in unreserved communication with the governments of our allies in that war, concerning the operations of the troops they respectively brought into the field, it is presumed that the extraordinary advantages he possesses for a satisfactory fulfilment of his design will be at once acknowledged and appreciated.

In reverting, however, to the Model, as connected with the present history, it may not be unimpor. tant to add that some objections were raised against the position thereon assigned to a portion of the Prussian troops. These objections induced Captain Siborne to investigate more closely the evidence he had received relative to that part of the field; and the result of such re-consideration has been a perfect conviction that an error of some importance, as regards time and situation, did exist. When the Model is again submitted to the public, which it will be very shortly, that error will no longer appear, and the circumstances under which it arose will be fully accounted for and explained in the forthcoming work.

One remarkable defect which is manifested, without a single exception, in the existing histories of this campaign, consists in the want of good plans upon scales sufficiently comprehensive to admit of the positions and movements being duly illustrated. By the application of the anaglyptograph to accurately executed models, Captain Siborne has succeeded in producing plans of the different fields of battle, which afford so striking a representation of the features of ground—a representation which has all the appearance of the subject being shewn in relief-that not only the military man who is accustomed to examine plans, but the civilian who has never studied any thing of the kind, will be enabled thoroughly to comprehend them even in the minutest details.

To respond to the interest felt in the record of that glorious contest by the relatives and friends of the combatants, correct lists will be appended to the work, of the names of all officers who were present, i distinguishing those who were killed or wounded. Marginal notes will also be introduced wherever officers' names are first mentioned in the course of the work, explaining, if surviving, their present rank, and if dead, the date of their decease, and the rank which they then held.

A work brought out under such favourable auspices, and grounded upon materials which, considering the advanced age of the principal contributors, would at no remote period have been placed beyond our reach, cannot fail to excite, in a considerable degree, the attention of the public; for which reason no pains have been spared in rendering the illustrations fully commensurate with the value and importance of the design. The new edition is complete in 1 vol. 8vo. embellished with beautifully executed medallic portraits, and accompanied by a folio volume, (to be had separately), containing military maps and exquisitely engraved anaglyptographic plans from models expressly made by Captain Siborne, of the fields of battle of Quatre-Bras, Ligny, Wavre, and Waterloo.

PROSPECTUS.

SUBSCRIBIRS.
HER MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY, THE QUEEN.
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS PRINCE ALBERT, K.G. ; G.C.B.
HER MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY, QUEEN ADELAIDE.
HER ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUCHESS OF KENT.
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS, THE DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE, K.G.; G.C.B.; G.C.H.
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS, PRINCE GEORGE OF CAMBRIDGE, K.G.
HIS MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY, THE KING OF HANOVER, K.G.; G.C.B.; G.C.H.
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS, THE CROWN PRINCE OF HANOVER.
HIS MAJESTY, THE KING OF PRUSSIA.
HIS MAJESTY, THE KING OF SWEDEN.
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE CROWN PRINCE OF SWEDEN.
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF SAXONY.
HIS SERENE HIGHNESS, THE REIGNING DUKE OF BRUNSWICK.

HIS SERENE HIGHNESS, THE PRINCE BERNHARD OF SOLS-BRAUNFELS. * General the Marquess of Anglesey,K.G.,G.C.B., G.C.H. Captain the Hon. James Lindsay, Grenadier Guards. His Grace the Duke of Bedford.

General Sir Evan Lloyd, K.C.H. His Grace the Duke of Buccleugh.

* Lieut.-Colonel Louis, Royal Artillery. * General Bacon, Portuguese Service.

General the Honourable Sir Wm. Lumley, G.C.B. Colonel Bainbrigge, C.B., D.Q.M.G.

General Sir Fitzroy Maclean, Bart. The Earl of Bandon.

Colonel Mansell, K.H., A.A.G. 'Lieut.-Colonel Barton, K.H. 12th Lancers.

* Lieut.-Colonel Marten, Commanding 1st Dragoons. • Colonel Thomas Hunter Blair, C.B., Unatt.

The Lord Viscount Massareene. Lieut.-Gen. the Hon. Sir Edw. Blakeney, K.C.B., G.C.H. The Lord Viscount Melville, K.T. Lieut.-Gen. Lord Bloomfield, G.C.B., G.C.H.

• Lieut.-Colonel A. C. Mercer, Royal Artillery. His Excellency Baron du Brunow, the Russian Minister. * Major-General Douglas Mercer, C.B. Lieut.-General Sir John Buchan, K.C.B.

. Lieutenant-Colonel Monins, Commanding 69th Regt. Lieut.-General Sir John Cameron, K.C.B.

Lieut.-Colonel H. Morrieson. * Major-General Sir Guy Campbell, Bart. K.C.B.

Colonel Sir George Morris. Major-General Sir Octavius Carey, C.B., K.C.H.

Colonel Monro, K.H., Royal Artillery. Lieut.-Colonel Cator, Royal Horse Artillery.

General the Right Hon. Sir George Murray,G.C.B.,G.C.H. Colonel Chatterton, K.H. Commanding 4th Drag. Guards. Sir William Keith Murray, Bart. Lieut.-Col. Sir Chas. Chichester, Commanding 81st Regt. Major-General the Honourable Henry Murray, C.B. Lieut.-Colonel Clarke, Commanding 2nd (R.N.B.) Drgs. * Lieut.-Colonel Muttlebury, C.B., late of 69th Regt. Major-General Cleland.

His Grace the Duke of Northumberland, K.G. Major Henry Clements, late of the 16th Regt.

Major-General William F. P. Napier, C.B. General Sir George Cockburne, G.C.H.

The Marquess of Ormonde. Major William H. Cockburne, late of the 9th Regt.

Colonel Sir Charles O'Donnell, Unatt. William Crawford, Esq. 2nd (R.N.B.) Dragoons.

* Major-General O'Malley, C.B. Lieut.-Colonel John Crowe, K.H., Unatt.

Major-General the Hon. Sir Hercules Pakenham, K.C.B. His Excellency Earl de Grey, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. General the Hon. Sir Edward Paget, G.C.B. The Marquess of Downshire. K. St. P.

* Frederick Hope Pattison, Esq., late 33rd Regiment. Major-General D’Aguilar, C.B.

Captain Lord Frederick Paulet, Coldstream Guards. Lieut.-General Sir Charles Dalbiac, K.C.H.

The Right Honourable Sir Robert Peel, Bart. General Sir Ralph Darling, G.C.H.

* General Sir George Quentin, C.B., K..CH. Major-General Sir Jeremiah Dickson, K.C.B.

* His Grace the Duke of Richmond, K.G. Lieut.-General Dickson, Royal Artillery.

* Major Reid, late 33rd Regiment. The Earl of Donoughmore, K.P.

• Colonel T. W. Robbins, h.p. 18th Regiment. Lieut.-Colonel Dorville, C.B. Unatt.

• Colonel William Rowan, C.B., A.Q.M. Gen, Major-General Sir Neil Douglas, K.C.B., K.C.H.

Captain Lord Cosmo Russell, 93rd Highlanders, A.D.C. Major Edward Ward Drewe.

Lieut.-General Shortall. Captain N. F. Dromgoole, h. p. 35th Regt.

• Lieut.-General Sleigh, C.B. • Colonel Berkeley Drummond, Scots Fusilier Guards. * Major-General J. Webber Smith, C.B. * Colonel Dyneley, C.B., Royal Horse Artillery,

* Lieut.-General Lord Fitzroy Somerset, K.C.B. The Right Hon. Lord Eliot.

Lieut.-Colonel Spottiswoode, h. p. 71st Regt. Lieut.-General Sir De Lacy Evans, K.C.B.

• Colonel Stawell, Commanding 12th Lancers. Captain the Hon. C. W. Forester, 12th Lancers, A.D.C. * General Lord Strafford, G.C.B., G.C.H. Lieut.-Colonel Gawler, K.H., Unatt.

Lieut.-General the Honourable Patrick Stuart. Captain E. Gilborne, late of the 71st Regt.

• The late Lieut.-General Lord Vivian, G.C.B., G.C.H. • Lieut.-Colonel Grove.

Colonel Wade, C.B., D.A. Gen, Lieut.-General Lord Greenock, K.C.B.

Major-General J. Welsh. Colonel the Lord Viscount Guillamore, Unatt.

• Colonel Whinyates, C.B., K.H., Royal Artillery. Major-General Hamerton, C.B.

Colonel the Earl of Wiltshire. Lieut.-General' the Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Hardinge, K.C.B. * Lieut.-General Sir Alexander Woodford, K.C.B., K.C.H. • Lieut.-General Lord Harris, C.B., K.C.H.

Major-General Sir John Woodford, K.C.B., K.C.H. * The late General Lord Viscount Hill, G.C.B., G.C.H. • Colonel Yorke, Assist, Q. M. Gen. Colonel George W. Horton, Unatt.

Officers of the Depôt of the 27th Regt. (1 copy.)
Colonel Sir George Hoste, C.B. Royal Engineers.
Captain W. Humbley, h.p. Rifle Brigade.

Officers of the Depôt of the 30th Regt. (1 copy.) * Lieut.-Colonel Edward Keane, Unatt.

Officers of the Depôt of the 47th Regt. (1 copy.) Colonel Clark Kennedy, C.B., K.H. Commanding 7th

Officers of the Depôt of the 14th Regt. (4 copies.)

Officers of the Depôt of the 65th Regt. (i copy.) Dragoon Guards.

Officers of the Depôt of the 95th Regt. (1 copy.) * Colonel James Shaw Kennedy, C.B., Unatt. Captain Kincaid, late of the Rifle Brigade.

Serjeants of the 15th Regt. (1 copy.) * Colonel Charles King, K.H., late of 16th Light Dragoons.

Non-commissioned Officers Library, Royal Artillery,

Woolwich (1 copy.)
His Grace the Duke of Leinster, K.G.
Charles Lake, Esq. late of the Scots Fusilier Guards.

The Military Library of the Troops of Brunswick (1 copy.)

The Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (1 copy.) General Sir John Lambert, G.C.B. Lieut.-Colonel Leach, late of the Rifle Brigade.

Barnstaple Book Club (1 copy.)
Lieut.-Colonel Francis La Blanc, Unatt.

St. George's Reading Society, Bolton (1 copy.)
&c.
&c.

&c.
The Officers marked with an asterisk (*) were at Waterloo.

[ocr errors]
« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »