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PREFACE..

The purpose of this work is to give a comprehensive view of Scottish Poetry from the earliest to the present time, in a condensed and easily accessible form. Comparatively few persons can command sufficient leisure to enable them to examine thoroughly, in these busy days upon which we have fallen, the wilderness of separate volumes of the Scottish poets, and still fewer can afford to place them on the shelves of their libraries. Many readers regret being thus deprived of the opportunity of becoming fully acquainted in a systematic manner with a body of poetry and song, than which there is none superior in the literature of any land ancient or modern. To all such the present Work it is believed will come as a great boon. It will be found to present selections from the writings of some two hundred and twenty Scottish poets, sufficiently ample in extent to enable the reader to form a precise opinion respecting the style and merits of the authors.

Another purpose of this work is to supply what has long been a desideratum in Scottish literature-concise biographies of the poets, with notices of their works, and critical remarks upon their writingsto tell, in short, when they lived, what they wrote, and the estimation in which their writings are held by competent authorities. To quote the words of one whose poems are included in this Collection, “We have undertaken to discourse here for a little on the Poets, what ideas men have formed of them, what work they did.”

The two volumes in which this Work is comprised will be found to contain a large and satisfying proportion of all that is truly beautiful among the productions of the best-known Scottish poets. That every reader should find in these pages every one of his favourite poems is perhaps too much to expect; but it is believed that of those on which the unanimous verdict of the intelligent has set the seal of being worthy of preservation, few, if any, will be found wanting. The work covers a period of above six hundred years, the first poem in the collection having been written about the middle of the thirteenth century, and the latest during the third quarter of the nineteenth. Embraced within the time from THOMAS THE RHYMER to ROBERT BUCHANAN will

be found more than ten-score names of Scottish singers, not all alike in the measure of their fame, for “one star differeth from another star in glory;" but names that are thought to be worthy of honourable mention among the minstrels of their native land—that noble brotherhood who speak for themselves in tones of harmony, grandeur, and pathos, and upon whom Wordsworth bestowed his benediction:

"Blessings be with them, and eternal praise,

Who gave us nobler loves, and nobler cares,

The Poets! who on earth have made us heirs
Of truth and pure delight by heavenly lays!"

The writings of the earlier poets being couched in language not easily understood except by students of ancient literature, it has been deemed expedient to restrict the extracts from their works to short specimens, which, however, exhibit the form in which their thoughts were conveyed. But to enable the reader fully to understand the nature and scope of these writings, detailed descriptions have been given of their subject matter, with such explanations as seemed to be required. On the other hand, full scope has been given to the more modern poets, from whose writings very copious extracts have been made; and many admirable and lengthy productions, such as Ramsay's “Gentle Shepherd,” Beattie's “Minstrel,” Blair's “Grave,” Home's “Douglas," Grahame's “Sabbath,” Campbell's “Pleasures of Hope,” and Pollok's “Course of Time," appear in full in these pages. Other poems of too great length to be given complete, are represented by such ample extracts that after their perusal the reader will find himself quite at home with the author.

Independently of names like those of Burns and Scott, that stand as landmarks in the world's literature, it may be truthfully asserted that no nation beneath the sun is more abundant than Scotland in local bards that sing of her streams and valleys and heathery hills, till almost every mountain and glen, every lake and brook of North Britain, has been celebrated in sweet and undying song. If it be true, as it has been said, that Scotland has given birth to two hundred thousand poets, the Editor asks for a generous and kindly consideration in his delicate and difficult duty of selecting some two hundred and twenty names from that large number, as well as for such other shortcomings as may doubtless be discovered in a work of this nature.

It is the peculiar good fortune of the compiler of these volumes, the preparation of which has been with him for several years a labour of love, to be able to present to his readers unpublished poems by Robert Burns, William Tennant, Mrs. Grant of Laygan, Henry Scott Riddell, John Leyden, Hew Ainslie, Evan MacColl, and others who find an appropriate

niche in this Walhalla. There remains the agreeable duty of returning grateful thanks to the authors who have contributed original contributions to these pages, and to other living writers and their publishers, who have given permission to make use of copyright poems, as well as to many friends who have communicated information and in various ways afforded facilities to the Editor in the preparation of this work.

There is a passage in an ancient volume which appears to be appropriate as a concluding paragraph to this introductory page. Cotton Mather remarks, in the dedication to his Decennium Luctuosum, “Should any petit monsieur complain (as the captain that found not himself in the tapestry hangings which exhibited the story of the Spanish invasion in 1588) that he don't find himself mentioned in this history, the author has this apology: He has done as well and as much as he could, that whatever was worthy of a mention might have it; and if this collection of matters be not complete, yet he supposes it may be more complete than any one else hath made; and now he hath done, he hath not pulled up the ladder after him; others may go on as they please with a completer composure."

New York, January, 1876.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

..frontis.

.to face

Portrait-JOANNA BAILLIE—from the picture by Masquerier.....

WILLIAM DRUMMOND of Hawthornden-from the picture by Jansen,
ALLAN RAMSAY—from the picture by Aikman,.
Rev. John SKINNER—from the picture that belonged to Dr. Skinner,
ROBERT Tannahill—from the picture by Blair,..

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PAGE

PREFACE,

v MAITLAND, Sir RICHARD (1496–1586), 38

List of AUTHORS,.....

The Creation and Paradise Lost,

39

Satire on the Town Ladies,

41

THOMAS THE RHYMER (1219–1299),

1

Sir Tristrem (extract),

3

Wilson, FLORENCE (1500–1547),.

41

Ode— Why do I?

43

BARBOUR, JOHN (1316–1395),

4

Speech of King Robert Bruce,

Scot, ALEXANDER (1502- -- ),...

45

6

The Blessings of Liberty,

7

The Flower of Womanheid,

45

Rondel of Love, .

46

WYNTOUN, ANDREW (1350–1420), ......... 8 To his Heart,

46

The Chronicle of Scotland (extract), 9 Love ane Leveller,

46

HENRY THE MINSTREL (1360-),

The Eagle and Robin Redbreast,

47

10

Lament when his Wife left him,

47

The Death of Wallace,

11
JAMES THE FIRST (1397–1437),

BUCHANAN, GEORGE (1506–1582),

12

48

On Neara,

The King's Quhair (extract),

49

15

The First of May,

50

Christ's Kirk on the Green,

16

Divine Trust,

18

Franciscanus (extracts),

50

HENRYSON, ROBERT (14:30-1506),

18

JAMES THE FIFTH (1512-1542),

51

The Two Mice, .

20

The Gaberlunzie Man,

52

The Jollie Beggar,

53

KENNEDY, WALTER (1450-1508),

22

Invective against Mouth-thankless,

MONTGOMERY, ALEXANDER (1540–1614?),..... 54

23

The Praise of Age, .

55

23

The Cherry and the Slae (extract),

Night is nigh gone,

55

DUXBAR, WILLIAM (1960–1520),

24 While with her White Hands,

56

The Thistle and the Rose,

26 Vain Lovers, .

56

Earthly Joy returns in Pain,

28

MARY QUEEN OF Scots (1542–1687),

57

DorGLAS, GAVIN (1474 -1522),

28 On the Death of the Dauphin,

58

King Hart (extract),

30 Sonnet-Que suis-je, helas!

58

Apostrophe to Honour,

31 To Ronsart,

59

Last Prayer, .

59

BARCLAY, ALEXANDER (1475-1552),

31

Of them that give Judgment on others, . 32 HUME, ALEXANDER (1560-1600),

59

Of Elevated Pride and Boasting, . 33 The Day Estivall,

60

Of Evil Counsellors, Judges, and Lawyers, 33 Recantation, .

62

LINDSAY, Sık David (1490–1555),

34 JAMES THE SIXTH (1566–1625),

63

The Complaynt (extract),

35 A Short Poem of Time,

64

Supplication in Contemption of Side-Tails, 37 The cui, Psalme, .

65

The Building of the Tower of Babel, . . 38 Sonnet--We find by proof,

66

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