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A motion was made by Mr. Sheffey that the the country lying east of the river Perdido, House do come to the following resolution : aud south of the State of Georgia and the Missis
Resolved, That the Journal of the proceedings of sippi Territory, and for other purposes;" and this House on the resolation offered this day, to remove the declaration accompanying the same, and had the injunction of secrecy in relation to the proceedings fouod the same to be truly enrolled: Wherehad with closed doors, during the present session, be upon, Mr. SPEAKER signed the said bill and the published.
declaration accompanying the same. Aod on the question that the House do now Ordered, That Mr. MONTGOMERY and Mr. proceed to the consideration of the said resolu. GARLAND be appointed a committee to acquaint iion, it was determined in the negative.
the Senate therewith. The doors were then opened; and, after some A message was received from the Senate, by time, closed again.
Mr. Cutts and Mr. CAMPBELL, two members of A confidential message was received from the that body, notifying the House ibat the President Senate, by Mr. WORTHINGTON and Mr. BAYARD, of the United States had approved and sigaed a iwo menibers of that body, notifying that the confidential bill, passed this day, entitled “Ăn act Senate had concurred in the amendments of the concerning An act to enable the President of the House of Representatives to their confidential United States, under certain contingencies, to resolution of this day.
take possession of the country lying East of the Mr. GARLAND, from the Joint Committee for river Perdido, and south of the State of Georgia Enrolled Bills, reported that they had examined and the Mississippi Territory, and for other puran enrolled bill, entitled "An act concerning 'An poses," and the declaration accompanying the act to enable the President of the United States, same. under certain contingencies, to take possession of Ordered, That the doors be now opened.
COMPRISING THE MOST IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS ORIGINATING DURING THAT CON.
GRESS, AND THE PUBLIC ACTS PASSED BY IT.
sume the pegotiations with the British Govern
ment, under the full power that had been given (Communicated to Congress, December 5, 1810; and severally and jointly to you and Mr. Monroe.
January 12, and February 19, 1811.] And, in your discussions therein, you will be reg. To the Senate and House of
ulated by the instructions heretofore given to Mr. Representatives of the United States : Monroe and yourself. It is, however, not intendI transmit to Congress copies of a letter from ed. that you should commence this negotiation the Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States until the requisite satisfaction shall have been at London, to the Secretary of State; and of an- made in the affair of the Chesa peake. And, in other from the same to the British Secretary of the adjustment of this case, you will be guided State for Foreign Affairs.
by the instructions which you have heretofore JAMES MADISON. received from this Department in relation to it. FEBRUARY 12, 1811.
It is, moreover, desirable, that, preparatory to a
treaty upon all the points of difference between To the House of Representatives of the United States: made for the revocation of the Orders in Coun
the iwo countries, an arrangement should be I transmit io the House of Representatives a report of the Secretary of State, complying with cil. As it is uncertain what may be the ultimate their resolution of the 18th instanı.
measures of Congress, at the present session, it JAMES MADISON. cannot be expected that the Presiúent can, at this FEBRUARY 19, 1811.
time, state the precise condition to be an xed to a repeal of the Orders in Council. But, in gen
eral, you may assure the British Government of [The following documents were communicated to his cordial disposition to exercise any power with Congress at the commencement of the third session of which he may be invested, to put an end to acts the eleventh Congress, and by Messages of the 12th of Congress which would not be resorted to but January and 19th February, 1811.]
for the Orders in Council, and, at the same time, Extract-Mr. Smith to Mr. Pinkney. of his determination to keep them in force against
DEPARTMENT OF State, France, in case her decrees should not also be
January 20, 1810. repealed. In my letter to you of the 11th of November,
[Enclosed in the foregoing letter.] 1809, you were authorized to assure the British Government that the United States sincerely re
DEPARTMENT OF STATE. tained the desire, which they have constantly pro
January 20, 1810. fessed, to facilitate a friendly accommodation of Sir: The President, anxious to adjust the exall the existing differences between the two coun-isting differences between the United States and tries; and that nothing would be more agreeable Great Britain, and deeming it expedient to make to them, than to find the successor of Mr. Jack- another effort for that purpose, has given it in son invested with all the authorities necessary for charge to me to instruct you to renew negotiathe accomplishing of so desirable an event; and, tions in London, under the commission dated the moreover, that if the attaioment of this object, 12th of May, 1806, authoriziog Mr. Monroe and through your agency, should be considered more yourself, severally as well as jointly "to treat expeditious or otherwise preferable, it would be with the British Government, relative to wrongs a course entirely satisfactory to the Uạited committed between the parties on the high seas Siates.
or other waters, and for establishing the princiI am now charged, by the President, to transmit ples of navigation and commerce between them." to you the enclosed letter, authorizing you to re I have the honor, &c.
Relations with Great Britain.
Mr. Pinkney to Mr. Smith.
[Enclosed in the preceding despatch.] LONDON, February 19, 1810. From General Armstrong to Mr. Pinkney. Sir: I received on the 12th instant, by Mr.
Paris, January 25, 1810. Powell, whom I bad sent some time before to Sir: A letter from Mr. Secretary Smith, of the France, a letter from Gen. Armstrong, of which 1st of December last, made it my duty to inquire a copy is enclosed ; and, keeping in view the in- of his Excellency the Duke of Cadore what were structions contained in your leiter to me of the the conditions on which His Majesty the Empe111h of November last, I have written to Lord, ror would anoul his decree, commonly called i he Wellesley to inquire whether any, and, if any, Berlin decree; and whether, if Greai Britain rewhat blockades of France, instituted by Great voked her blockades of a date anterior to that Britain during the present war, before the 1st of decree, His Majesty would consent to revoke the January, 1807, are understood here to be in force. said decree? To ihese questions I have this day A copy of my letter to Lord Wellesley is en received the following answer, which I hasten to closed.
convey to you by a special messenger : It is not improbable that this official inquiry ANSWER. The only condition required for will produce a declaration, in answer to it, that the revocation, by His Majesty the Emperor, of none of those blockades are in force; and I should the decree of Berlin will be, a previous revocapresume that such a declaration will be received tion by the British Government of her blockades in France as substantially satisfying the condi- of France, or part of France, (such as that from tion announced to me by General Armstrong. the Elbe to Brest, &c.,) of a date anterior to that
I am not aware that this subject could have of the aforesaid decree." been brought before the British Government in I have the honor to be, &c. any other form than that which I have chosen.
JOHN ARMSTRONG. It would not, I think, have been proper to have Wu. PinkNEY, Esq., &c. applied for a revocation of the blockades in ques. tion, (at least before it is ascertained that they
Mt. Pinkney to Lord Wellesley. are in existence.) or to have professed, in my lei
GREAT CUMBERLAND PLACE, ter 10 Lord Wellesley, to found, upon General
February 15, 1810. Armstrong's communication, my inquiry as to
My LORD: In pursuance of the intimation their actual state. I have, however, supposed it which I had the honor to give to your Lordship to be indispensable (and have acted accordingly) a few days ago, I beg to trouble your Lordship that I should explain to Lord Wellesley in con
with an inquiry whether any, aod, if any, what versation the probability afforded, by Gen. Arm- blockades of France, instituted by Great Britain, strong's letter, that a declaration by ihis Govern- during the present war, before the 1st day of Janment, to the effect above-mentioned, would be úary, 1807, are understood by His Majesty's Gore followed by the recall of the Berlin decree.
ernment to be in force ? I am not able at presI cannoi, perhaps, expect to receive from Lord ent to specify more than one of the blockades to Wellesley an answer to my letter in time to send which this inquiry applies, namely, that from a copy by the John Adams, now in the Downs or the Elbe to Brest, declared in May, 1806, and af. at Portsmouth; but I will send it by an early op- terward limited and modified; but I shall be much portunity, and will take care thai General Árm. obliged to your Lordship for precise information strong shall be made acquainted with it without as to the whole. delay. I have the honor to be, &c.
I have the honor to be. &c.
Lord Wellesley to Mr. Pinkney,
FOREIGN Office, March 2, 1810. instant.) of which a copy, is now enclosed. I ceipt of your note of the 15th ultimo, wherein
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the rewas noi satisfactory, and I pointed out its deficiencies to Lord Wellesley in conversation, and you request to be informed whether any, aod, if proposed to him that I should' write him another Great Britain, during the present war, before the
any, what blockades of France, instituted by letter requesting explanations. He assented 101st day of January, 1807, are understood by His this course, and I have written him the letter of Majesty's Government to be in force ? I have the 7th instant, of which also a copy is enclosed. Dow the honor to acquaint you that the coast, His reply has been promised very frequently, but rivers, and ports, from the river Elbe to Brest, bas noi yet been received. I have reason to ex: both inclusive, were notified to be under the repect that it will be sufficient, but I cannot think strictions of blockade, with certain modifications, of detaining the corvette any longer. "The British packet will furnish me with an opportunity of on the 16th of May, 1806; and that these restricforwarding it to you, and I will send Mr. Lee of Council of the 7th of January, 1807; which
tions were afterwards comprehended in the Order with it to Paris, by the way of Morlaix.
order is still in force. I bave the honor to &c.
I have the honor to be, &c.
WELLESLEY. Hon. R. SMITA, &c.
WM. PINKNEY, Esq., &c.
Relations with Great Britain.
Mr. Pinkney to Lord Wellesley.
The undersigned requests Mr. Pinkney to acGREAT CUMBERLAND PLACE, cept the assurances of his high consideration. March 7, 1810.
WELLESLEY. My LORD: I have had the honor to receive WM. PINKNEY, Esq., &c. your Lordship’s answer of the 2d instant, to my seller of the 15th of last month, concerning the ·blockades of France, instituted by Great Britain,
Mr. Pinkney to Mr. Smith. during the present war, before the 1st day of Jan
London. March 21, 1810. uary, 1807.
Sir: On the the 27th of November, Mr. BruI infer, from that answer, that the blockade, nell delivered to me your letters of the 11th, notified by Great Britain in May, 1806. froin the 14th, and 23d of the preceding month, and on Elbe to Brest, is not itself in force, and that the the Saturday following I had a conference with restrictions which it established rest altogether, so the Marquis of Wellesley, in the course of which far as such restrictions.exist at this time, upon an ! explained 10 hinn fully ihe grounds upon which order or Orders in Council issued since the 1st I was jostructed to request Mr. Jackson's immeday of January, 1807.
diate recall, and upon which the official interi infer, also, either that no other blockade of course between thai Minister and the American France was instiluted by Great Britain during Government had been suspended. the period above-mentioned, or that, if any other Lord Wellesley's reception of what I said to was instituted during that period, it is not now in him was frank and friendly, and I left him with force.
a persuasion that we should have no cause to be May I beg your Lordship to do me the honor dissatisfied with the final course of his Governto inform me whether these inferences are cor ment on the subject of our conference. rect, and, if incorrect, in what respects they We agreed in opinion that this interview could are so? I have the honor to be, &c.
only be introductory to a more formal proceed
WM. PINKNEY. ing on my part; and it was accordingly settled The MARQOIS OF WELLESLEY, &c.
beiween us that I should preseat an official letter, to the effect of my verbal communication.
Having prepared such a létter, I carried it myMr. Pinkney to Mr. Smith.
self to Downing street a few days afterwards, LONDON, February 23, 1810. and accompanied the delivery of ii to Lord WelSir: I have the honor to transmit, enclosed, lesley, with some explanatory observations, with a copy of a notification of the blockade of the which it is not, I presume, necessary to trouble "coast and ports of Spain, from Gijon to the you. You will find a copy of this lelier enclosed, French territory,” received from Lord Welles- and will be able to colleci from it the substance ley iwo days ago. I have not yet given any an- of the greater part of the statements and remarks swer to this communication. Í have, &c. which I thought it my duty to make in the con
WM. PINKNEY. versation above-mentioned. Hon. ROBERT SMITA, &c.
Although I was aware that the answer to my [Referred to in Mr. Pinkney's letter of February 23.] was not prepared to expect the delay which has
letter would not be very hastily given, I certainly Lord Wellesley to Mr. Pinkney.
actually occurred. The President will do ine FOREIGN Office, February 20, 1810. the justice to believe, that I have used every exThe undersigned, His Majesty's principal Se- ertion, consistent with discretion and the nature cretary of State for Foreign Affairs, has re- of the occasion, to shorten that delay, which, ceived His Majesty's commands to inform Mr. though not ascribable, as I persuade myself, to Pinkney, Envoy Estraordinary and Minister any motive unfriendly or disrespectful to the Plenipotentiary from the United States of Amer United States, may, I am sensible, have been ca, that the King has judged it expedient to sig- productive of some disadvantage. A copy of the pify his commands to the Lords Commissioners answer, received on the day of its date, is enclosed. of the Admiralty to establish a strict blockade of Between the delivery of my letter and the the coasts and ports of Spain, from Gijon to the receipt of the reply, I had frequent conversations French territory, which will be maintained and with Lord Wellesley, some of which were at his enforced, according to the usages of war acknow- own request, and related altogether to the subledged and observed in similar cases.
ject of my letter. The rest were on other subMr. Pinkney is, therefore, requested to apprize jects; but Mr. Jackson's affair was incidentally the American Consuls and merchants residing mentioned jo all. A particular account of what in England, that the whole of the Spanish coast was said on these several occasions would scarceabove-mentioned is, and must be considered as, ly be useful, and could not fail to be redious It in a state of blockade; and that, from this time, will, perhaps, be sufficient to observe, that, alall the measures, authorized by the law of na- though these conversations were less satisfactory tions and the respective treaties between His to me than the first, there was always an apparMajesty and the different neutral Powers, willent anxiety on the part of Lord Wellesley to do be adopted and executed with respect to vessels what was conciliatory; and that, in the share altempiing to violate the said blockade after this which I took in them, I was governed by an notice.
opinion that, although it might become my duty ilth Con. 3d Sess.-37
Relations with Great Brilain.
to avoid, with more than ordinary care, all ap. I spoke of the affair of the Chesapeake and the pearance of my being a party to the ultimate proi- Orders in Council, and concluded my explanaceeding of the British Government upon my effi- lions, which did not lose sight of your letter of cial representation, it could nou be otherwise than the 231 of November, by expressing a wish that proper, in any turn which the affair could take. Lord Wellesley would allow me an early opporihai I should avail myself of every opportunity unity of a free communication with him on ihese of bringing to Lord Wellesley's mind such con- heads. From the disposition evinced by Lord siderations as were calculated to produce a bene- Wellesley, in the notice which he took of these ficial influence upon the form and character of suggestions and of that wish, I was inclined to that proceedivg. In what light the President hope that it migbi be in my power to announce to will view the course, after so much deliberation, you, by the return of the corvetle, that a new enthis Government has adopted, it would not be- voy would be charged, as the successor of Mr. come me even to conjecture. If, either in man. Jackson, with instructions adapted to the pure per or effect, it should not fulfil bis expectations, pose of honorable accommodation. My letter to I shall have 10 regret that the success of my his Lordship was written under the influence of humble endeavors to make it what it ought to this hope, and concludes, as you will perceive, be, bas not been proportioned to my zeal and with as strong an appeal to the disposition on diligence.
which it rested, as could with propriety be made. Of my letter to Lord Wellesley of the 2d of I recurred, in subsequent conversations, as January, I have very little to say. 'I trust it will often as occasion presenied itself, to the attack be found faithful to my instructions; and that. Iun the Chesa peake and to the Orders in Council. while it mainiaios the honor of my Government, il soon appeared, however, that a new Envoy it does not neglect what is due to conciliation. would noi, in the first instance, be sent out to
I am not sure that I ought to have quoted in it replace Mr. Jackson, and, consequently, that an your letter to me of the 11th of November, of arrangemeut of these subjects was not, in that which the subject is undoubtedly given in the mode, to be expected. A special mission would quotation from your subsequent letter of the 230 still less be resorted 10; and it was not likely of the same month. But I saw no objection to a that approaches to negotiation would be made repetition of the just and amicable sentiment ex. Through a Chargé d'Affaires. It was still barely pressed in these quotations; and, as I had been possible that, though I had no powers to Degoinduced, at my first interview with Lord Welles-lliate and conclude, tbe British Government might ley, io read to his Lordship each of the passages, not be disinclined to make auvances i brough me, I felt that I was in some sort bound to the iniro or that Lord Wellesley would suffer me so far to duction of both into my written communication. understand the views of his Government, as ibat I
My leller avoids all discussion, and all invita- might enable you to judge upon what conditions tion io discussion, on the business of the Chesa and in what mode arrangement was practicable. peake, on 'he Orders in Council, and on other This was possible, though not very probable; iopics which circumstances have connecied with but it finally became certain that no definite proboth. It does not, however, entirely pass them posal would, for the present at least, be made to by; but contains such references to them as, I sup- us through any channel, and that Lord Welles. posed, were likely to be useful. I feel assured that, ley would not commit himself upon the details in this respect, I have acted in conformity with to which I wished him to speak, but upon which, the President's intentions. Indeed, if I had acted of course, I did not press bim. otherwise, I should have complicated and em- It only remains to refer you, for the actual seabarrassed a question which I was ordered to sim-timents of this Goveroment, with regard to fuplity, and forced into combination the peculiar ture negotiation, to the concluding paragraph of difficulties of several subjects, to counteract the Lord Wellesley's letter to me; which is substanwishes of my own Government upon each. I cially the same with his recent verbal explanashould have done so, 100, without inducement; lions; and to add that, in a short conversation for I had no authority to make any demand or since the receipt of his letter, he told me that, if proposal in the cases of the Chesapeake and Or. I thought myself empowered to enter upon and ders in Council, or to act upon any propo-al adjust ihe case of the Chesapeake, he would prowhich Lord Wellesley might be inclined to make ceed without delay 10 consider it with me. to me; and it was perlecily clear that these sub I have not supposed that Lord Wellesley's leijects were not susceptible of any very material ter requires any other than the common answer; written illustrations which they had not already and I have, accordingly, given the reply of which received. I did not, however, imagine that I a copy is now transmitted. I have, &c. was to make no use of the reflections upon these
WILLIAM PINKNEY. which you had furoished in your letter of the Hon. ROBERT Smith, &c. 230 of November. I was, on ihe contrary, convinced that it would be proper to suggest them (Referred to in Mr. Pinkney's despatch March 21, 1810.) occasionally in conversation, with a view to dispose Lord Wellesley, and, through him, the B'il
Mr. Pinkney to Lord Wellesley. ish Guvernment, to seek such fair and liberal
Great CUMBERLAND Place, Jan. 2, 1810. adjustments with us as would once more make
My Lord: lo.che course of the official corresus friends. Accordingly, in my first conference, pondence which has lately taken place between