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On motion, by Mr. GREGG, to amend the amend Nars-Messrs. Campbell, Condit, Dana, German, ment reported by the select committee, which re Gilman, Goodrich, Gregg, Lambert, Leib, Lloyd, port goes to strike out the sixth section, and to Mathewson, Pickering, Reed, Robinson, and Smith of retain the said sixth section amended, as follows: Maryland.
“That the President of the United States be, and On the question, Shall this bill be engrossed he is hereby, authorized to remove the Military Acade- and read a third time as amended ? it was determy from West Point, and to establish the same at mined in the affirmative. Carlisle, in the State of Pennsylvania.” It was determined in the negative-yeas 16,
BANK OF THE UNITED STATES. nays 17, as follows:
Mr. LEIB presented the petition of a number YEA5-Messrs. Anderson, Bayard, Brent, Camp- of the citizens of Pittsburg, praying that the bell
, Champlin, Clay, Franklin, Gaillard, Gregg, charter of the Bank of the United States may Lloyd, Pope, Tait, Taylor, Turner, Whiteside, and not be renewed, for reasons therein stated ; and Worthington.
the petition was read, and referred to the comNars-Messrs. Bradley, Condit, Crawford, Cutts, mittee appointed the 18th of December on the Dana, German, Gilman, Goodrich, Horsey, Lambert, petition of the President and Directors of the Leib, Mathewson, Pickering, Reed, Robinson, Smith Bank of the United States on the same subject. of Maryland, and Smith of New York.
The memorial is as follows: And on the question to agree to the report of The memorial of the inhabitants of Pittsburg, Pennthe select committee which goes to strike out the sylvania, against the renewal of the Charter of the sixth section of the original bill, and to substi United States' Bank, to the Senate and House of tute the amendment reported, amended as follows: Representativcs in Congress of the United States,
"Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the 27th respectfully showeth: section of the act, entitled . An act fixing the Military That your memorialists are " the People of the UniPeace Establishment, passed the 16th day of March, ted States," from whom emanates all the power which one thousand eight hundred and two, and that so you possess ; that we have appointed you to guard, much of the 26th section of the said act, as confines not to alienate our rights; that our Constitution never the selection of the commander of the Corps of Engi- authorized Congress to establish a bank, under the neers to the said corps, be, and the same are hereby control of individuals, for their own benefit, or to repealed :"
alienate the power of the purse more than the power It was determined in the affirmative-yeas 19, of the sword. The act of February, 1791, chartering Days 14, as follows:
the bank, might, with equal justice and safety, have Yeas-Messrs. Anderson, Bayard, Bradley, Brent, given to a corporation the power of the Army, with its Campbell
, Champlin, Clay, Crawford, Franklin, Gail- appointments. lard, Gregg, Horsey, Lloyd, Pope, Tait, Taylor, Tur- of Revolutionary light, one-half of the delegated power
We feel deeply humbled, that, under the full blaze ner, Whiteside, and Worthington.
Nars-Messrs. Condit, Cutts, Dana, German, Gil- of the nation was given to a company, independent of man, Goodrich, Lambert, Leib, Mathewson, Pickering, our suffrages; but we rejoice that its charter will be Reed, Robinson, Smith of Maryland, and Smith of terminated with your present session, and that it canNew York
not be revived, provided the Congress shall be, as it On motion, by Mr. Smith, of Maryland, to Revolution, and to the clear dictates of our Consti
professes, attached to the eternal principles of our strike out of the amendment last agreed to, from
tution. the word "enacted,” in the first line, to the word
After the Bank of the United States had enjoyed "and,” in the second instance, inclusive; it was twenty years of prosperity, had divided, in that term, determined in the negative-yeas 15, nays 18, as four millions over six per cent., and had held in bondfollows:
age thousands of our citizens, who dared not to act Yuas-Messsrs. Condit, Cutts, Dana, German, Gils according to their consciences, from fear of offending man, Goodrich, Lambert, Leib, Lloyd, Mathewson, the British stockholders and Federal directors, we had Pickering, Reed, Robinson, Smith of Maryland, and hoped that they would have quietly closed their conSmith of New York.
cerns, and waited for another turn of fortune, till other Nars-Messrs. Anderson, Bayard, Brent, Camp- classes of citizens of, at least, equal merit, had each bell, Champlin, Clay, Crawford, Franklin, Gaillard, shared their four millions; but we have seen, with inGregg, Horsey, Pope, Tait, Taylor, Turner, White- dignation, a studied delay in the collections of that side, and Worthington.
bank, indicating a determination to gain a renewal And the PRESIDENT reported the bill to the under stress of weather; a studied pressure on indiHouse as amended.
viduals and on State banks, in order to gain auxOn motion, by Mr. Bradley, further to amend iliaries; and a studied memorial, containing, in smooth the original bill, section 5, line 4, by inserting, independence of a free people.
language, the most daring insults on the dignity and after the word "buildings," "at such place as shall be designated by the President of the Uni-newal, but it recounts many works of righteousness,
The memorial makes no direct claim of right to reted States, and”-it was determined in the affirm- which we beg leave to examine. It opens a modest ative-yeas 17, pays 15, as follows:
proposal for the surrender of our independence, by deYŁAs—Messrs. Anderson, Bayard, Bradley, Brent, claring that the bank had continued business for public Champlin, Clay, Crawford, Cutts, Franklin, Gaillard, good, and under an impression that the general in. Horsey, Pope, Smith of New York, Tait, Taylor, terest would require a renewal of the charter ! It next Turner, and Worthington.
compliments your honors on a degree of superior in
FEBRUARY, 1811. formation, which the stockholders are not in the habit there could have been no occasion of presenting it; of attributing. It then craves for the bank much of but you, in your wisdom and superior intelligence, the credit really due to the actual labor and skill of would have humbly petitioned David Lenox, president, your memorialists. While we have been traversing and the directors and stockholders of the United States' the ocean, or improving the earth, or advancing the Bank, to please to accept a renewal of their charter for arts, they have been dividing more than eight per cent. eternity, or such shorter term as their honors should for all facilities, and, after this dividend, will have, on appoint. winding up, a balance in their favor, over the amount But that memorial does not contain the whole truth. of capital, of $4,711,236.
All its claims for services are more than balanced by Though the United States' Bank has derived its enormous profits. Its threats of ruin to our establishbreath and daily support from the bounty and long- ments, in case of winding up, are balanced by the consuffering of the Congress, yet the memorial opens an sideration, that, in their collections of fifteen millions, unexpected score of debits, against the Government the stockholders will consult their own interest ; they and People, which nothing short of renewal can dis will not collect beyond the ability of their debtors; charge; and if the debits be correct, the new score for they will prefer the paper of State banks to private twenty years will be far beyond our ability. The notes; and they will not press the State banks, so as bank has accommodated individuals, State banks, the to prevent their aiding the debtors of the United States' commercial, manufacturing, and agricultural interests, Bank. Whenever this bank shall withdraw from cir. and the National Treasury. It has removed specie to culating medium its five millions in bills, it must pay places where it was wanted, and has divided only for those five millions in specie, or the bills of State eight and one fourth per cent. for all these sacrifices to banks, in either of which cases the circulating medium public good! It has furnished places of deposite for will be restored. Whenever the deposites of more millions of the public money, and has suffered the in-than four millions shall be withdrawn from its vaults, convenience of lending, on this deposite, for their own they will be either thrown into circulation, or placed benefit. It has patriotically lent to Government its in other banks. As to their being drawn from the paper, which drew no interest, and received in ex- country, let it be recollected that foreigners do not change Government paper, drawing an interest. It place their funds here, to remain inactive, merely behas even suffered the Government to receive its paper cause the United States' Bank is a safe place of defor all bonds and dues. “ It has, for the accommoda- posite. But a portion of the deposite is by debtors of tion of the Government, established branches at places the bank, who will easily adopt a mode of transferring disadvantageous to its business, and from wbich no them in the ledger. As to the withdrawing of seven profit was expected to be derived."
millions by foreigners, we cannot flatter ourselves with Permit your memorialists to pause, and, by a view the prospect; but, if that should be the case, the Gov. of the capital and loans of the branches of the United ernment can supply its place with paper, which will States' Bank, to estimate the value of this last claim answer all the purposes of specie for all business, on the Government.
within our own country. We regard the repeated
Capital. Loans. alarms in the memorial as not only groundless, but as Boston
$700,000 $998,859 a kind of threatening, ill suited to your dignity and New York
1,800,000 4,175,847 our independence. Baltimore
The bank memorial is a public declaration that the Washington
200,000 485,285 Government and People of the United States are held Norfolk
600,000 880,170 in duress by the memorialists, and that the continuCharleston
ance of our independence rests on their willingness to Savannah
1,054,113 continue their bank operations. It contains an insult. New Orleans
300,000 611,516 ing history of favors to us, greater than their royal
master ever urged upon the colonies. It declares that, 5,300,000 10,965,256 | in the management of the power of the purse, for
twenty years, it has done everything for us, and has Nearly eleven millions lent on a capital of five mil- rendered itself necessary to our future existence. Its lions three hundred thousand! A serious disappoint- silent language is, “ though we fail to conquer you by ment to men who expected no profit. Republics are
the sword, we hold you suspended by the purse strings. said to be ungrateful. We are certainly so on the We demand your gratitude for such use of our funds present occasion.
as we have condescended to permit you to pay for ; The memorial next proceeds to associate the bank and now, if the power is to be withdrawn from us, all with the Government, claiming to be a necessary and your establishments of commerce, finance, agriculture, indivisible part of it, showing the insufficiency of State and the arts, shall fall with us.” banks to answer the dignified purposes of their insti This language is not from a band of patriots, who tution; and, after repeating, for the tenth time, the undertook to aid the nation, in the first struggles of awful calamities awaiting their dissolution, they com- self-government, but of men, who, by subtlety and in. mend the hard case of moneyed aristocracies and of tercession, obtained a charter, and who have become rich widows and orphans, interested in their stock, to masters of the head-waters of corruption, through the the wisdom and justice of the Legislature. They ill-placed bounty of the first Congress. Their delay again hold up the awful terrors of “a general derange- to close their affairs, according to law, was not for ment of credit," and pray for a renewal of their public good, but in preparation for a sudden onset upon charter.
a short session of your honorable body. Hence their Now, may it please the Congress, this bank memo- well-timed subscriptions to some Republican presses. rial is for a grant, worth, to the stockholders, six mil. Hence the silence of Federal presses, lest discussion lions, and to federalism and British influence sixty should awake, in your constituents, the spirit of 1776. millions; and if the memorial contained the truth, Hence the artificial depression of stock, not in market,
Bank of the United States.
and the petitions from interested companies and indi The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the viduals crowding upon you. Hence the thronging of Whole, the bill making further provisions for the your avenues, and the artful sounding of every Sena- disposal of the sections of land heretofore reservtor and member. Hence the intimations, that a mil-ed for the future disposition of Congress, and for Lion and quarter should be placed in your Treasury, as other purposes.” a consideration for the ruin of your constituents; and
On motion, by Mr. Smith, of Maryland, it was hence the shameless assertion, that our President, who gained his elevation by his able opposition to the char-agreed that the consideration thereof be further ter of the bank, and other ruinous measures, is now in postponed, and be made the order of the day for
10-morrow. favor of renewal. The bank memorial, with its accompaniments, is an
The Senate resumed the bill, entitled "An act alarming commentary on the original charter. The concerning the Bank of Alexandria." actual depreciation of our silver and gold, by the Uni
Ordered, That it pass to a third reading. ted States' Bank, is not to be compared with the at
The bill, entitled "An act making appropriatempt to depreciate the sterling virtue and republican tions for the support of the Navy of the United integrity of our people.
Siates for the year one thousand eight hundred
BANK OF THE UNITED STATES.
Mr. CRAWFORD reported a bill to amend and Tuesday, February 5.
continue in force an act, entitled "An act to inThe bill making a further distribution of such United States," passed on the 25th day of Febru
corporate the subscribers to the Bank of the laws of the United States as respect the public ary, 1791 ; which passed to a second reading. lands was read the second time. Mr. Corts, from the committee, reported the
[The first section continues the act of 1791, until bill making further provision for the Corps of En- the 4th of March, 1831, subject to the following condi
tions : gineers correctly engrossed ; and the bill was taken up; and,
Sec. 2. The bank to pay into the Treasury, on or be
fore the 4st October, dollars. Op motion, by Mr. ANDERSON, recommitted to
Sec. 4. Bank to pay the United States three per a select committee, to consist of five members, cent. on all sums above one million, which shall be further to consider and report thereon; and deposited by the United States for more than one year, Messrs. ANDERSON, CRAWFORD, GERMAN, Smith, Sec. 5. Capital may be increased by the United of Maryland, and Brent, were appointed the States 12,500 shares, not exceeding 2,500 in each year. committee.
Sec. 6. United States to have the right to appoint Mr. ANDERSON, from the committee appointed directors in proportion to the amount of stock they may the 241h January to consider the subject, reported hold. a bill authorizing the sale and grant of a certain
Sec. 7. Present President and Directors may serve quantity of public land to the Havre de Grace until the 1st Monday in January, 1812. Bridge Company; and the bill was read, and
Sec. 8. Citizens, bona fide stockholders, alone to passed to a second reading.
vote for directors to attend meetings. The Senate resumed the bill, entitled "An act
Sec. 9. Bank permitted to hold property under cer.
tain limitations. to enable the people of the Territory of Orleans to form a constitution and State government, and the amount of capital stock paid in.
Sec. 10. Not to issue notes to greater amount than for ibe admission of such State into the Union on an equal footing with the original States, and partment shall have the right to inspect books, &c.
Sec. 11. The officer at the head of the Treasury Defor other purposes ;" and, on motion, by Mr.
Sec. 12. Act to punish frauds on the bank continued BAYARD, it was agreed that the consideration in force. thereof be further postponed and made the order Sec. 13. This act to be void if terms not accepted of the day for to-morrow.
within three months. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Sec. 14. So much of act of 1791 repealed as pledges Whole, the bill, entitled "An act providing for Congress to grant a charter to no other bank during the final adjustment of claims to lands, and for the continuance of this corporation.] the sale of the public lands in the Territories of Mr. CRAWFORD also communicated a letter Orleans and Louisiana ; and, having agreed to the from the Chairman of the Committee to the Secamendments reported by the select committee, retary of the Treasury, together with the answer the President reported the bill to the House ac of the Secretary thereto on the subject of the cordingly. On ihe question, Shall this bill be Bank of the United States, as follows: read the third time as amended ? it was deter
SENATE CHAMBER, Jan. 29, 1811. mined in the affirmative.
Sir: The committee of the Senate to whom has The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the been referred the memorial of the President and DirecWhole, the bill to enable the Georgetown Poto-tors of the Bank of the United States, praying for a mac Bridge Company to levy money for the ob- renewal of their charter, have directed me to request ject of its incorporation. On the question, Small you to state to the committee, whether, in your opinibis bill be engrossed and read a third time ? the ion, the renewal of the said charter will not greatly Totes being equal, the President determined the facilitate the collection of the revenue, and promote question in the affirmative.
the public welfare. In complying with this request, it
Bank of the United States.
is expected that you will furnish the committee with wanted, will, for the same reason, be lessened, and the the facts and reasoning upon which your opinion has national power will to that extent be impaired. It may been formed, together with such other information upon be added that, even for the ordinary business of receivthis subject as may be in your possession.
ing and transmitting public moneys, the use of a State I am, sir, respectfully, your most obedient and very bank may be forbidden by the State, and that loans to humble servant,
the United States, are, by many of the charters, forbidWM. H. CRAWFORD. den, without a special permission from the State. To the Hon. ALBERT Gallatin.
As it is not perceived, on the other hand, that a sin. TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
gle advantage will accrue to the public from the change,
January 30, 1811. no reason presents itself, on the grounds of expediency, Sir: Having already, in a report to the Senate of why an untried system should be substituted to one 23 March, 1809, expressed my opinion in favor of a under which the Treasury business has so long been renewal of the charter of the Bank of the United States, conducted with perfect security to the United States, an opinion which remains unchanged, I can only add and great convenience not only to the officers but also a few explanatory remarks in answer to the inquiries to all those who have had payments of a public nature of the committee as stated in your letter of yesterday.
to make or to receive. The banking system is now firmly established, and, It does not seem necessary to advert to the particuin its ramifications, extends to every part of the United lar objections made against the present charter, as States. Under that system, the assistance of banks these may easily be obviated by proper alterations. appears to me necessary for the punctual collection of What has been called a National Bank, or, in other the revenue, and for the safe-keeping and transmission words, a new Bank of the United States, instead of of public moneys. That the punctuality of payments the existing one, may be obtained by such alterations. is principally due to banks, is a fact generally acknowl. The capital may be extended and more equally distribedged. It is, to a certain degree, enforced by the refu- uted; new stockholders may be substituted to the for. sal of credit at the custom-house, so long as a former eigners, as had been suggested in the report of the 2d revenue bond actually due remains unpaid. But I March, 1809; and any other modifications, which may think, nevertheless, that, in order to insure that precis be thought expedient, may be introduced, without inion in the collection, on which depends a correspond terrupting the operations of the institution now in ing discharge of the public engagements, it would, if force, and without disturbing all the commercial conno use was made of banks, be found necessary to abol- cerns of the country. ish altogether the credit now given on the payment of If, indeed, the Bank of the United States could be duties; a measure which would affect the commercial removed without affecting either its numerous debtors, capital, and fall heavily on the consumers. That the the other moneyed institutions, or the circulation of public moneys are safer by being weekly deposited in the country, the ordinary fiscal operations of Governbanks, instead of accumulating in the hands of collect- ment would not be materially deranged, and might be ors, is self-evident. And their transmission, whenever carried on by means of another general bank, or of this may be wanted for the purpose of making pay- State banks. But the transition will be attended with ments in other places than those of collection, cannot, much individual, and, probably, with no inconsiderable with any convenience, be effected on a large scale in public injury. It is impossible that an institution an extensive country, except through the medium of which circulates thirteen millions of dollars, and to banks, or of persons acting as bankers.
whom the merchants owe fourteen, should terminate The question, therefore, is, whether a bank incorpo- its operations, particularly in the present unfavorable rated by the United States, or a number of banks in- state of the American commerce, and after the great corporated by the several States, be most convenient losses lately experienced abroad, without giving a sefor those purposes.
rious shock to commercial, banking, and national State banks may be used, and must, in case of a credit. It is not intended to overrate the extent of non-renewal of the charter, be used by the Treasury. an evil which there are no certain data to appreciate. Preparatory arrangements have already been made to And, without expatiating on the fatal and unavoidable that effect, and it is believed that the ordinary busi- effects on its dividends, without dwelling on the inconness will be transacted through their medium, with less venience of repaying, at this time, to Europe a capital convenience, and, in some respects, with perhaps less of seven millions, and without adverting to other possafety than at present, but without any insuperable sible dangers of a more general nature, it appears sufdifficulty. The difference with respect to safety results ficient to state that the same body of men who owe from the organization of the Bank of the United | fourteen millions of dollars to the bank, owe also ten States, by which it is responsible for the money depos- or twelve to the United States, on which the receipts ited in any of its branches, while each of the State into the Treasury for this year altogether depend; and banks which may be employed will be responsible only that, exclusively of absolute failures, it is improbable for the sums in its own hands. Thus the Bank of the that both debts can be punctually paid at the same United States is now answerable for the moneys col- time. Nor must it be forgotten that the approaching lected at New Orleans, and deposited there in its non-importation will considerably lessen the efficiency branch, a security which will be lost under a different of the provision by which subsequent credits are rearrangement. Nor will the United States have any fused to importers who have not discharged former other control over the manner in which the business of revenue bonds. Upon the whole, a perfect conviction the banks may be conducted, than what may result is felt, that, in the critical situation of the country, from the power of withdrawing the public deposites; new evils ought not to be superadded, and a perilous and they will lose that which a charter or a depend- experiment be attempted, unless required by an impeence on the General Government for a charter now rious necessity. gives over the Bank of the United States. The facility In these hasty remarks, I have not adverted to the of obtaining such accommodations as may at times be question of constitutionality, which is not a subject of
Senate, discussion for the Secretary of the Treasury. Permit pensation to John Eugene Leitzendorfer, for serme, however, for my own sake, simply to state, that vices rendered the United States in the war with the bank charter, having for a number of years been Tripoli,” was read. acted upon or acquiesced in as if Constitutional by all Mr. CRAWFORD, from the committee appointed the constituted authorities of the nation, and thinking on the subject, reported a bill to authorize the myself the use of banks to be at present necessary for payment of certain certificates, credits, and penthe exercise of the legitimate powers of the General sions, and for other purposes. And the bill was Government, the continuation of the Bank of the Uni. read and passed to the second reading. ted States has not, in the view which I have been able to take of the subject, appeared to me to be unconstitu- of Alexandria," was read the third time and
The bill entitled, "An act concerning the Bank tional. I have the honor to be, respectfully, sir, your obedi
passed. ent servant,
The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the ALBERT GALLATIN.
Whole, the bill, entitled "An act making approHon. Wx. H. CRAWFORD, Chairman.
priations for the support of Government for the year one thousand eight hundred and eleven;" and
having agreed to the amendment, on motion, by WEDNESDAY, February 6.
Mr. Campbell, it was agreed that the further Mr. BRADLEY presented the petition of Char- consideration of the bill be postponed until tolotte Hazen, relict of the late Brigadier General morrow. Moses Hazen, praying a grant of land may be The following Message was received from the made to her, as a Canadian refugee, or that a PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: small addition, in lieu thereof, may be added to To the Senate of the United States : her present pension from Congress, for reasons I transmit to the Senate a report of the Secretary of stated at large in the petition; which was read, State, complying with their resolution of the first inand referred to a select committee, to consider stant.
JAMES MADISON. and report thereon by bill or otherwise; and FEBRUARY 5, 1811. Messrs. BRADLEY, FRANKLIN, and GERMAN, were The Message and report were read, and ordered appointed the committee.
to be printed for the use of the Senate. Mr. B., also, presented the memorial of James
The Senate resumed as in Committee of the Wilkinson, stating that he has made sundry ad- Whole, the bill making further provisions for the vances of money in the course of his military ser disposal of the sections of land, heretofore rerice, for which, no provision having been made by served for the future disposition of Congress, and law, he cannot obtain credit therefor at the prop- for other purposes;” and after progress, it was er accounting offices; and that he is improperly agreed that the consideration thereof be further charged on ihe books of the War Department postponed until tomorrow. with disbursements made by him
in the prosecu The bill, entitled "An act providing for the tion of certain orders from the Executive, and final adjustment of claims to lands, and for the praying relief, for reasons thereia mentioned; and sale of public land in the Territories of Orleansand ihe memorial was read, and referred to a select Louisiana,” was read the third time as amended. committee, to consider and report thereon, by bill Resolved, That this bill pass with amendments. or otherwise; and Messrs. BRADLEY, CAMPBELL, and GREGG, were appointed the committee. Mr. ANDERSON, from the committee to whom
THURSDAY, February 7. was referred " the bill making further provision The bill to amend and continue in force an act, for the Corps of Engineers," reported it with entitled "An act to incorporate the subscribers to amendmenis; which were read.
the Bank of the United States," passed on the A message from the House of Representatives twenty-fifth day of February, one thousand seven informed the Senate that they have passed the hundred and ninety-one, was read the second bill, entitled "An act making compensation to time, and on motion, by Mr. CRAWFORD, it was John Eugene Leitzendorfer, for services rendered agreed that the further consideration thereof be the United States in the war with Tripoli," with made the order of the day for Monday next. an amendment, in which they request the con The bill to authorize the payment of certain currence of the Senate. The House have passed certificates, credits, and pensions, and for other a bill, entitled 'An act for the relief of Richard purposes, was read the second time. Tervin, William Coleman, Edwin Lewis, Sam Mr. ANDERSON gave notice that lo-morrow he uel Mims, Joseph Wilson, and the Baptist Church should ask leave to bring in a bill to extend the at Salem Meeting.house, in the Mississippi Terri- right of suffrage in the lodiana Territory, and for tory; also, a bill, entitled "An act providing for other purposes. the sale of a tract of land lying in the State of The bill authorizing the sale and grant of a Tennessee, and a tract in the Indiana Territory;" certain quantity of public land to Havre de Grace in which bills they request the concurrence of the Bridge Company, was read the second time. Sepate.
Mr. CAMPBELL, from the committee to whom The bills last brought up for concurrence were was referred the bill, entitled "An act providing read, and passed to the second reading.
for the removal of the land office established at The amendment of the House of Representa- Nashville, in the State of Tennessee, and Canton, tives to the bill, entitled "An act making com- in the State of Ohio ; and to authorize the Re