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DECEMBER, 1810.

Proceedings.

SENATE.

the Administration of the United States, on our informed the Senate that the House concur in foreign relations; and the resolutions were read. the resolution of the Senate of the 10th instant,

The Senate resumed the motion made the 4th for the appointment of Chaplains, and have apinstant, for the appointment of Chaplains; and pointed the Reverend JESSE LEE Chaplain on op motion, by Mr. CRAWFORD, to amend the mo- iheir part. tion as follows:

On motion, by Mr. LEIB, " That a Chaplain shall be appointed to Congress Resolved, That so much of the Message of the Presiduring the present session, who shall perform divine dent of the United States as relates to the organizaservice on the Sabbath day in the Representatives' tion and discipline of the militia, be referred to a comHall, and shall interchange weekly;"

mittee, with leave to report by bill or otherwise. It passed in the negative.

Ordered, That Messrs. LeiB, REED, SMITH of So it was Resolved, That two Chaplains, of Maryland, ANDERSON, and Gilman, be the comdifferent denominations, be appointed' to Con- mittee. gress during the present session, one by each

Mr. Smith, of Maryland, from the committee House, wbo shall interchange weekly.

to whom was referred the bill to suspend the The Senate resumed the consideration of the second section of the act, entitled "An act regumotion submitted the 7th instant; and,

lating foreign coins, and for other purposes," reResolved, That so much of the Message of the Presi- ported it without amendment. dent of the United States, as relates to the occupation

On the question, Shall this bill be engrossed of that part of West Florida, which is included within and read a third time? it was determined in the the boundaries described by the treaty for the acquisi- affirmative. tion of Louisiana, with the accompanying documents, be referred to a select committee, with instructions to

WEDNESDAY, December 12. examine the same and report thereon to the Senate; and that the committee have leave to report by bill, sumed the Chair.

The Vice PRESIDENT of the United States rebills, or otherwise.

Jesse FRANKLIN, from the State of North Ca. Ordered, That Messrs. Giles, Pope, Craw- rolina, also took his seat in the Senate. FORD, ANDERSON, and BRADLEY, be the com The following Message was received from the mittee.

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: On motion, by Mr. CAMPBELL,

To the Senate and House of Resolved, That so much of the Message of the Presi Representatives of the United States : dent of the United States as relates to commercial I lay before Congress, and recommend to their early abuses committed under the American flag, in carry attention, a report of the Secretary of State, from ing on an illegal traffic in enslaved Africans, be refer- which it will be seen that a very considerable demand red to a committee, to examine and report thereon to beyond the legal appropriations, has been incurred for the Senate; and that the committee have leave to re- the support of seamen distressed by seizures, in differport by bill or otherwise.

ent parts of Europe, of the vessels to which they beOrdered, That Messrs. CAMPBELL, Dana, Brad- longed.

JAMES MADISON. LEY, CUTTs, and Gilman, be the committee.

DECEMBER 12, 1810. Mr. ANDERSON presented the petition of the

The Message and report were read, and referPresident and Directors of the Bank of Poto- red to a seleci committee, to consider and report mac, praying a charter of incorporation, for rea- thereon; and Messrs. FRANKLIN, CRAWFORD, and sops stated at large in the petition; which was GOODRICH, were appointed the committee. read, and referred to a select committee, to con

The PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the resist of five members, to consider and report port of the Secretary of the Treasury, prepared thereon by bill or otherwise; and Messrs. An-in obedience to the act, entitled "An act to esDERSON, GILMAN, TAIT, GOODRICH, and Leib, tablish the Treasury Department,” which, towere appointed the committee.

gether with the accompanying documents, were Oo motion, by Mr. GilMAN,

read, and ordered to lie for consideration. Resolved, That a committee be appointed agreeably

Mr. Cutrs, from the Committee on Enrolled to the 22d rule for conducting business in the Senate. Bills, reported the bill to suspend the second secOrdered, Tbat Messrs. Cutts, Horsey, and coins, and for other purposes,"correctly engrossed;

tion of the act, entitled "An act regulating foreign Gilman, be the committee.

and the bill was read the third time, and on moOn motion, by Mr. LEIB, Resolved, That a committee be appointed, agreeably by unanimous consent, to strike out the word

tion, by Mr. Smith of Maryland, it was agreed, to the 42d rule for conducting business in the Senate. " for,” incorrectly quoted from the original bill.

Ordered, That Messrs. Leib, CAMPBELL, and So it was Resolved, That this bill pass, and Dara, be the committee.

that the title thereof be “ An act to suspend the second section of the act, entitled 'An act regu.

lating foreign coins, and for other purposes." Tuesday, December 11.

Mr. Brent presented the petition of the stockRICHARD BRENT, from the State of Virginia, holders of the Bank of Washington, praying a attended.

charter of incorporation, for reasons stated at A message from the House of Representatives large in the petition. He also presented the me

SENATE.

The Militia.

DECEMBER, 1810.

morials of sundry citizens of Washington county was read, and referred to a select committee, to on the same subject; which were read, and re- consist of five members, to consider and report ferred to Messrs. ANDERSON, Gilman, Tait, thereon by bill or otherwise; and Messrs. Dana, Goodrich, and Lers, the committee to whom Tait, GAILLARD, HORSEY, and Giles, were apo was referred, on the 11th instant, a petition of the pointed the committee. President and Directors of the Bank of Potomac,

THE MILITIA. to consider and report thereon by bill or otherwise.

The President Communicated the report of the On motion, by Mr. Bradley, the Senate pro- Secretary for the Department of War, made in ceeded to the election of a Chaplain on their obedience to the resolution of the Senate of April part, in pursuance of the resolution of the two 7, 1810, directing him to prepare a system of reguHouses; and, on counting of the ballots: it ap- of the United States; which was read, and refer

lations for improving the discipline of the militia peared that the Reverend WALTER D. ADDISON | red to Messrs. Leie, Reed, Smith of Maryland,

A message from the House of Representatives ANDERSON, and Gilman, the committee to whom informed the Senate that the House bave passed

was referred, on the 11th instant, so much of the a bill, entitled "An act to authorize the trans- Message of the President of the United States as portation of certain documents free of postage;" relates to the organization and discipline of the in which they request the concurrence of the militia, with leave to report by bill or otherwise. Senate.

The report is as follows: The bill last mentioned was read, and passed

War DEPARTMENT, December 13, 1810. to the second reading.

SIR: In obedience to a resolution of the honorable

the Senate, passed April 7, 1810, “ directing the SecreTHURSDAY, December 13.

tary of War to prepare a system of regulations for im

proving the discipline of the militia of the United States, Henry Clay, from the State of Kentucky, took comprehending the infantry, cavalry, and artillery, and his seat in the Senate.

to report the same to the Senate at the next session of The bill, entitled "An act to authorize the trans- Congress," the following regulations for the infantry, portation of certain documents free of postage,” cavalry, and artillery, are herewith respectfully prewas read the secood and third time, by unani. sented. mous consent, and passed.

In determining on the regulations which it may be Mr. Leis submitted the following motion:

most eligible to establish for the government of the inResolved, That a committee be appointed to inquire the organization of companies, battalions, and regi

fantry, several considerations present themselves : first, into the expediency of directing the Secretary of the Treasury to deposite, for collection, in other banks than ments, as ordained by existing laws; secondly, the that of the United States and its branches, the bonds proficiency already made, with the experience acquired given to the Government for duties; and that the com.

under the present system. Were the militia to be or. mittee have leave to report by bill or otherwise.

ganized at this time from the population of the United

States, and regulations to be adopted for their governThe President communicated the report of ment and discipline, without regard to their present the Secretary for the Department of Treasury, organization and discipline, the system of organization made in pursuance of the resolution of the Sen- and tactics of the French armies would claim a preferate of the 25th of April, 1810; and also a report ence. But the adoption of this system would require made in pursuance of the resolution of the Sen- an entire new organization of companies, battalions, ate, of the 1st of May, 1810, on the subject of and regiments; and it is at least doubtful whether the claims barred by the statute of limitations; to- officers of the militia would bestow, gratuitously, the gether with an explanatory letter from the Re- time and attention necessary for their own, and the ingister of the Treasury on the same subject; struction of the men under their command, in the netv which were read, and ordered to lie for consid- and additional duties thus devolving on them. eration.

The regulations prepared by the late Baron de Steuben, and ordered for the government of the troops of

the United States by the Continental Congress, March Friday, December 14.

29, 1779, are acknowledged to contain the necessary The Senate resumed the consideration of the instructions and directions for the discipline and govmotion made yesterday on the subject; and

ernment of an army, and have been the general rule Resolved, That a committee be appointed to of practice observed by the militia as well as the Army inquire into the expediency of directing the Sec. of the United States. It has therefore been judged retary of the Treasury to deposite for collection expedient to continue these regulations as a basis, and in other banks than that of the United States and to add to them such amendments and alterations as its branches, the bonds given to the Government vres which make a part of more modern tactics. Should

have been suggested by experience, with somo manæu. for duties; and that the committee have leave to this proposal be adopted, the ordinance of March, 1779, report by bill or otherwise.

as altered and amended, will require to be reprinted. Ordered, That Messrs. LEIB, CRAWFORD, and

For the government of the Cavalry. The ordinance GOODRICH, be the committee.

for the exercise and manæuvres of the light cavalry of Mr. Giles presented the memorial of the City the French armies having all the advantages and im. Council of Washington, praying sundry amend-provements derived from long experience and actual ments to their charter of incorporation; which service, appears to be well calculated. In order that a alists reflect with pleasure, that the Bank of the United Messrs. CRAWFORD, LEIB, LLOYD, Pope, and States has contributed in an eminent degree. Its ANDERSON, were appointed ihe committee. early institution, its extensive and combined operations, The memorial is as follows:

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DECEMBER, 1810.

Bank of the United States.

SENATE.

judgment may be formed of its merits, a translation of To the Senate and House of Representatives of the the whole of that ordinance, together with a volume of United States of America, in Congress assembled, plates, explanatory of the directions, is herewith trans- the memorial of the Stockholders of the Bank of the mitted. In case it shall be approved, a revision of the United States, respectfully showeth : work, by a person conversant with military science, will be necessary, in which the terms will be rendered February, 1791, the subscribers to the capital stock of

That, by an act of Congress, passed on the 25th of analogous to our language; the whole may be abbre- the Bank of the United States, their successors and viated, and such parts as are not applicable to light assigns, were incorporated for a term of years, which cavalry may be entirely omitted.

will expire on the 4th day of March next. For the Artillery.--"A compendious exercise for

Aware of the evils which must result from the sudgarrison and field ordnance," selected from the most den termination of the operations of an institution, intiapproved authorities, by officers of experience, is pro- mately and extensively connected with the commercial posed, and herewith reported for consideration.

interests of the nation, with the public credit, and the All which is respectfully submitted

fiscal concerns of the Government, your memorialists WILLIAM EUSTIS.

submitted to the tenth Congress, an application for the Secretary of War.

extension of their charter. The wisdom of Congress PRESIDENT of the Senate, dc.

having, hitherto, declined a decision upon the subject,

it becomes the duty of your memorialists again to subMONDAY, December 17.

mit to the legislative consideration, and to repeat their JAMES LLOYD, from the State of Massachu- prayer, that the charter of incorporation under which setts, took his seat in the Senate.

they have hitherto existed, may be renewed. The PRESIDENT communicated the report of

Had your memorialists consulted merely their own the Secretary of the Navy on moneys transserred, which the success of their application has since that

convenience and security, under the uncertainty in during the last recess of Congress, from certain time remained, prudence would have required them appropriations for particular branches of expendi: gradually to call in their funds, as a measure of preture in that department, and of the application of caution, in case of a dissolution. But, considerations such moneys; also, his report showing the state of public utility, which have always influenced the and disposition, at this time, of the public vessels conduct of this institution, and a belief that the genof war and gunboats; which were read for con- oral interest required, and would, therefore, obtain a sideration.

continuance of its incorporation, have postponed the

adoption of a measure, in whatever manner effected, TUESDAY, December 18.

productive, as they apprehend, of great public as well

as private distress. John Condit, from the State of New Jersey, and John SMITH, from the State of New York, it unnecessary for your memorialists to detail the gen

The superior information of the Legislature renders severally took their seats in the Senate.

eral benefits of banking institutions. The experience Mr. Leib presented the petition of William and the practice of all nations, in modern times, suffiDavy and Son, and others, merchants and traders ciently prove their utility to trade, their aid in the of Philadelphia, stating that they are owners of a management of the national revenues, and their nelarge property beyond the Cape of Good Hope, cessity in times of public emergency and general and praying exemption from the provisions of the calamity. In no country have these benefits been more act, entitled "An act concerning the commer. forcibly exemplified, or more fully experienced, than cial intercourse between the United States and in the United States. The truth of this remark, is Great Britain and France, and their dependencies, obvious in the amount of the productive capital of the aod for other purposes ;" under which they are country, above the quantity of the precious metals, in apprehensive the said property may be implicated; the rapid advancement of agriculture, manufactures, and the petition was read, and referred to Messrs and commerce, the solidity of private as well as public Giles, CRAWFORD, ANDERSON, GOODRICA, and credit, the ease with which the moneyed operations of Pope, the committee to whom was referred, on

the Government, of societies, and of individuals, to an the 7th instant, so much of the Message of ths immense amount are carried on; the accumulation of President of the United States as concerns the wealth, and the general prosperity of the nation. It is relations between the United States and France of itself, produced these effects; the activity, the energy,

not intended to suggest, that the creation of banks has, and Great Britain, to consider and report thereon and enterprise of the people, under the protection of a by bill or otherwise.

wise and able Government, have co-operated in their BANK OF THE UNITED STATES. production; but, without the augmentation of the Mr. Leis presented the petition of the Presi- active capital of the country, and the other facilities to dent and Directors of the Bank of the United energy, and enterprise, would have but feebly operated.

business produced by banking institutions, that activity, States, praying a renewal of their charter, for rea- 'That the public opinion, the correct arbiter of the pubsons therein stated; and the petition was read, lic interest, coincides with that of your memorialists, and referred to a select committee, to consist of is evidenced by the institution and increase of banks five members, to consider and report thereon ; and in every State of the Union. that the petition be printed for the use of the

In producing these beneficial effects, your memori. Senate.

and the weight of its capital, at the same time that

SENATE.

Bank of the United States.

DECEMBER, 1810.

they afforded it the opportunity of being acquainted vantages they have received from the Government in with the trading interests of the Union, gave it, also, return. The support which it has given to the bank, the means of essentially advancing them, while its dis- and the confidence which it has reposed in it, founded position to do so has always kept pace with its ability. upon a knowledge of its management and condition, Not restricted to any particular district, it has acted as have conferred upon it a stability, a dignity, and a the general guardian of commercial credit, and by splendor, which have preserved its credit from suspipreventing the balance of trade in the different States cion, and have secured to it the confidence of Europe, from producing a deficiency of money in any, has ob- as well as America. viated the mischiefs which would have been thereby Thus, mutually aiding and aided by the Governproduced. It has fostered and protected the banking ment, has the Bank of the United States, for twenty institutions of the States, and has aided them, when years, continued its operations, and during that time, unexpectedly pressed; its disposition towards them is has obtained the general acknowledgment that its afmanifested in the quantum of its capital, of which they fairs have been conducted with honor and dignity, have generally had the use, not much less in amount with impartiality and candor, with liberalily and pruthan one tenth of the whole.

dence. In its accommodations to individuals it has been lib- To the original motives for the institution of this eral, but, at the same time, discreet, with a view as bank, the success of experiment is now added, and well, to their safety as its own. By means of it, the with the existing proofs of its uses and its services, merchant and the manufacturer have been enabled to every consideration of policy and of justice, urge its push their operations to an extent far exceeding what continuance. Independent of the positive evils its diswould have been practicable without it; judicious and solution would produce to the community, the Govprudent enterprise has been encouraged, rash and pro- ernment would at least be deprived of those advantadigal adventure has been discountenanced, and a suf ges it has hitherto derived from its existence, unless ficient fund being provided, from which reasonable they could be supplied from some other quarter, either loans could be obtained, usury has been prevented, and by the banks established by the several States, or by a usurious lenders repressed.

bank upon a foundation altogether new. As to the Its importance in the administration of the finances, State banks, your memorialists are fully sensible of and its utility in the operations connected with the the benefits resulting from their establishment, and of public credit have been fully established.

their sufficiency for the purposes of their institution, It has afforded a place of deposite for the public the local accommodation of the places in which they moneys, without expense, and without hazard to the exist. But their capitals are by no means adequate to Government.

the demands of the General Government, in a time of It has aided in the collection of the revenue, by in- emergency; a time when the ordinary claims of their troducing a punctuality in the payment of duties, own State Governments, and of their own particular otherwise unattainable, and by accommodating with customers, would be increased and entitled to preferloans those who had such payments to make; thereby ence. Neither could the transmission of the public assuming upon itself the risk, which otherwise had moneys, from one quarter of the Union to another, be been borne by the Government.

effected with sufficient ease and dispatch, or to the reIt has, at all times, upon its own responsibility, and quisite : extent, by banks of limited capital, having no at its own expense, transmitted the public moneys

connexion with, nor direction over, each other. from one part of the Union to another, so as to meet Nor would it be prudent in the Government, to the exigencies of the Government, and, from the sur

trust the deposite of its funds, to the extent to which plus revenue of one place, to supply the deficiency of they sometimes exist in a variety of institutions, united another. By this means the Government has always by no common bond, and in no degree responsible for been enabled, with convenience, to pay the interest on each other; over whose conduct the General Governthe public debt, and to meet its other demands, at ment could have no control, into whose management such places as its engagements required ; an operation and condition it could not legally inquire, and which which, without such an aid, would have been produc- those institutions, even if disposed, could not legally tive of trouble, hazard, and expense to the Government, communicate. Independent of the hazard to which and would still have been liable to disappointment. the public moneys might be subjected by mismanage

It has, by its loans, enabled the Government to comment, a power would be placed in hands, which, from ply punctually with its engagements, when deficien- want of responsibility, and want of control, might be cies or delays have occurred in the revenue, and has used to injurious purposes. thus enabled it to maintain in violate the public faith In addition, the dignity of the Government seems to and credit, both at home and abroad. There have require its fiscal. operations to be conducted through been periods when the nation found it necessary to the medium of an institution organized by itself, of borrow largely from this institution, and, at one time, whose ability to answer all the purposes of revenue and had upon loan considerably more than three-fourth public credit, no doubt can exist; of whose situation parts of its active capital.

and proceedings a competent knowledge can be had; It has, for the accommodation of the Goverument, over whose conduct a sufficient degree of control to established branches at places disadvantageous to its prevent wilful misconduct should exist, and upon business, and from which no profit was expected to be whose disposition to assist the Government in times derived.

of exigency, reliance may be confidently placed. Such Most of these operations have been attended with an institution is the Bank of the United States, and inconvenience, and with expense to the bank, but they such it will remain, if continued in its present form. have always been performed with alacrity and cheer- The amount of its capital gives it sufficient power ; fulness.

its situation is periodically communicated to the TreaWhile your memorialists thus recount the aids they sury Department: over its proceedings the Governhave afforded, they feel no disposition to forget the ad- ) ment possesses a powerful control, by the extent of its

DECEMBER, 1810.

Territory of Orleans.

SENATB.

ality.

deposites : of its disposition to yield every legitimate laws heretofore passed, and now in force in the Terriassistance to the Government, it has given the strong- tory of Orleans, shall be deemed, and are hereby deest evidences, and to insure the continuance of this clared, to extend to and to have full force and effect disposition, its interest and its duty combine.

in the territory described in the first section of this If a National Bank be thus conducive to the inter- act. ests of the community, and of importance to the Gov. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That for the ernment, no obvious motive suggests itself to your me- purpose of more conveniently ascertaining the titles morialists against the continuance of the present bank. and claims to land within the territory described in At any time, and especially at the present, when so the first section of this act, the same shall be formed large a portion of American property remains unpro- into one district of the Territory of Orleans; and the ductive in Europe, so great a reduction in the amount President is hereby authorized and required to nomiof the active capital of the country as the dissolution of nate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the the bank would occasion, must be attended with great Senate, appoint one register of land titles, who shall and general injury, from the depreciation in value of perform the duties, receive the same compensation for property, the stagnation of business, and the check to his services, and be subject, in all respects, to the same commercial enterprise, which would result from it. regulations and provisions, as are by law prescribed And in stopping the operations of such an engine, one to the registers of the other districts of the Territory of of two consequences must be produced, either that in Orleans. discharging the debts due to the bank, great sacrifices Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the commust be made, and every resource of the merchant missioners heretofore appointed, in virtue of the fifth drained, or, in the failure to pay them, an irreparable section of the act, entitled "An act for ascertaining blow must be given to commercial credit and punctu- and adjusting titles and claims to land within the

Territory of Orleans, and the District of Louisiana,”. Nor is it easy to calculate the effects, which the de- shall meet within the aforesaid Territory, at such place struction of the bank would produce in the loss it as the President shall have directed therein for the would occasion to the public revenue, to charitable in- residence of the register, on or before the

day of stitutions, widows, children, and others, interested in and they shall not adjourn to any other place, the stock; from the pressure to which the other banks nor for a longer time than three days, until the must be inevitably subjected, from the want of confi- day of -, and until they shall have completed the dence it would create in the stability of our institutions, business of their appointment: and it shall be their and from the general derangement of credit.

duty to decide, in a summary way, according to justUnder these views and impressions, your memori- ice and equity, upon all claims filed with the register, alists solicit the renewal of their charter; and upon the conformably, in all respects, to the provisions now in wisdom and justice of the Legislature, and its regard force and observed in the Territory of Orleans; which for the rights and interests of its citizens, they rely for decisions shall be laid before Congress in the same its concession.

manner, as is now done in the other districts of the Signed on behalf of the stockholders.

Territory of Orleans, and be subject to the determina-
DAVID LENOX, President. tion of Congress thereupon.”
PAILADELPHIA, Dec. 10, 1810.

WEDNESDAY, December 19.
TERRITORY OF ORLEANS.

CHRISTOPHER GRANT CHAMPlin, from the State Mr. Giles, from the committee to whom was of Rhode Island, took his seat in the Senate. referred, on the 8th instant, so much of the Mes

The bill declaring the laws now in force in the sage of the President of the United States as re- Territory of Orleans, to extend to and to have lates to the occupation of that part of West Flor- full force and effect to the river Perdido, pursuida which is included within the boundaries de- ant to the treaty concluded at Paris on the 30th scribed by the treaty for the acquisition of Loui- day of April, 1803, and for other purposes, was siana, reported a bill declaring the laws now in read the second time. force in the Territory of Orleans, to extend to Mr. Dana submitted the following motion for and to have full force and effect to the river Per- consideration : dido, pursuant to the treaty concluded at Paris on

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to inquire the 30th day of April, 1803, and for other pur- into the expedience of authorizing such surveys and poses; and ihe bill was read, and passed to the examinations to be made respecting the lakes or wa• second reading.

ters, along the northern confines of the United States, The following is the bill:

as may conduce to the safety and convenience of com“That the Territory of Orleans, as described by an munication thereon; and that the committee have act, passed the twenty-sixth day of March, one thou- leave to report by bill or otherwise. sand eight hundred and four, entitled "An act erecting Louisiana into two Territories, and providing for the

THURSDAY, December 20. temporary government thereof,” shall be deemed, and is hereby declared, to extend to the river Perdido; and

The Senate resumed thc consideration of the to include all that territory south of the Mississippi motion made yesterday on the subject; and Territory, and eastward of the river Mississippi, to the

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to said river Perdido, according to the provisions of the inquire into the expedience of authorizing such treaty concluded at Paris, between the United States surveys and examinations to be made respecting and France, on the thirtieth day of April, one thou- the lakes or waters along the Northern confines sand eight hundred and three.

of the United States, as may conduce to the safe“Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all the ty and convenience of communication thereon ;

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