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FROM THE ACCESSION OF GEORGE III. TO THE FRENCH REVOLUTION.-A.D. 1760 TO A.D. 1789
TIME Mowing. (From Title-page
A Printing Press of 1498. (From the Frontispiece to
a book of that year)
Town and Country (From Greene's “Quip for an
Tobias Smollett. (From the Portrait by Sir Joshua
278 Shenstone Favoured by Apollo. (From the Edition of his Works published in 1764)
283 Lady Bradshaigh. (From Mrs. Barbauld's “ Correspondence of Samuel Richardson ")
289 Samuel Richardson. (From the Engraving circulated by himself among his Friends)
290 Richardson Reading the MS. of “Sir Charles
Grandison.” (From a Sketch made at the time
296 The Infant Johnson. (By Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1761) 299 Laurence Sterne. (From the Portrait before Vol. I. of his “Sermons," 1765)
306 Samuel Johnson. (From the Portrait before “The Lives of the Poets,” 1781)
323 Sir Joshua Reynolds. (From his Portrait of himself) 330 The Old Royal Academy, Pall Mall .
332 Rooms of the Royal Academy in Old Somerset House 334 Edmund Burke. (From the Portrait before his
“Essay on the Sublime and Beautiful,” ed. 1798) 344 Allegorical Design from Campbell's “Pleasures of Hope"
346 Samuel Taylor Coleridge. (From an Early Portrait,
1796, in Joseph Cottle's “Recollections') . 364 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin. (From the Portrait before Godwin's Memoir of her, 1798).
367 Robert Southey (1796). (From Cottle’s “ Early Recol. lections").
William Wordsworth (1798). (From Cottle's “Early
378 Charles Lamb (1798). (From the same)
379 William Hazlitt.
379 Leigh Hunt (1797). (From a Portrait by Samuel Laurence)
390 Entrance to Hougoumont. (From Southey's “ Poet's Pilgrimage to Waterloo,” 1816)
397 Ruins of Hougoumont. (From the same).
397 John Wilson
399 Thomas De Quincey .
4C2 Charles Lamb. (From a Portrait by William Hazlitt)
409 Thomas Carlyle's House at Craigenputtoch
410 Charles Dickens
421 William Makepeace Thackeray (1862). (From a Drawing by Samuel Laurence)
422 John Ruskin
429 Thomas Carlyle (1875). (From a Medallion designed by Boehm) :
431 Ornament from Jeremy Taylor's “Opuscula,” 1678. 432 A Modern Printing Machine
433 Initial “ I.” (From Bacon's "Henry the Seventh," 1629).
433 Ornament from Johann Friedrich Eckhard's “ Nach
richten von Einigen Seltenen Büchern," 1775 437 Ornament from Jeremy Taylor's “Great Exemplar," 1649.
'HYTHM is associated with the middle of the fourteenth century. But when
the first utterances de- Chaucer and Gower followed the example of his signed for frequent repeti- story-telling, their English tales were still in verse, tion and continued life. except that Chaucer included two prose pieces in The praise of chiefs, the his Canterbury Tales—a moral story from the cherished memories French, and a homily for his Parson. The direct beliefs of a people, formed preaching of Wiclif, and his urging of reform
into musical sequences of upon the Church and people, are represented also words with alliteration, or other device by English prose tracts and sermons, which are to secure for each important word thoroughly simple and straightforward, as it is the both emphasis and good help to its nature of right prose to be. The word “Prose” means recollection, make the substance of straightforward. It is derived from the Latin that early literature which lives on prorsus, and so was the name of a Roman goddess, the lips of its authors and in the Prorsa, called also Prosa, who presided over ordinary memories of those who learn it from births with the head foremost. Prose signifies, therethem and diffuse it pleasantly in fore, the direct manner of common speech without cadenced chant among the people. twists or unusual ways of presentation. Prose was not written when few read Coleridge said that he wished our clever young and literature lay between the reciters poets would remember his “homely definition of and a world of listeners. When there prose and poetry, that is, prose is words in their best were more readers, cultivated men and order; poetry, the best words in the best order.” The women, with the written page before definition may be homely, but it is not true. No them, could recite at will for pleasure writer of prose would wish to use second-best words. of their friends. Still, they were sup- Setting aside the difference that lies deep in the plied chiefly with verse; but the good nature of the thought, there remains only the stories current among daily talk could mechanical distinction that verse is a contrivance for be collected and written in the manner
of those who told them well in the calamus and an ink-stand. Behind is another kind of table hanging Initial from direct phrase of common speech. Such
from a metal pen or style, here used as a pin. To the right of that is
a thick book of tables. In front are a style and a group of single MS. of Mande- tales in prose Boccaccio told again for ville's Travels.
volumes in cases or unrolled, with their titles attached, sometimes to (Cotton.) the Italians in his “Decameron," about the papyrus, sometimes to the wood in the centre.
: Part of this homily-on Anger—is quoted on pages 103-106 of the 1 Next to the case containing six books rolled and labelled, are volume of this Library illustrating English Religion. In the same tables, hinged and wax-covered, for writing. Below are a reed pen or volume, on pages 71-73, will be found specimens of Wiclif's prose.