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suspended while that of the decemviri lasted. MILITARY TRIBUNES were created B. C. 444. They had consular power, and might be chosen six in number, three from the Patricians, and three from the Plebeians. They were abolished when the Plebeians became eligible to the consulship.

TRIUMPH, the reception given to Roman generals upon their return from successful expeditions. The cavalcade was led by musicians with crowns upon their heads; then followed chariuts containing plans of the cities and countries subdued; these were followed by the spoils taken from the enemy; then came the vanquished kings, princes, or generals ; after them the officers of the conquering troops, with crowns upon their heads; then the triumphal chariot, in which was the conqueror, dressed in a purple robe embroidered with gold, wearing a crown, bearing in one hand a laurel branch, and in the other a truncheon ; flowers were strewed in the way as the chariot passed ; the musicians playing martial strains in praise of the conqueror, while the people shouted " Io triumphe.The chariot was followed by the senate dressed in white robes, and the procession was closed by the priests and their officers and utensils, and a white ox intended for the principal sacrifice. In this order, they proceeded through the triumphal gate, or arch, along the Via Sacra to the capitol where the victims were slain. Games were celebrated in the public places, and the whole city was one scene of festivity and rejoicing. The Ovation was a lesser triumph, in which the general entered the city on foot, being met only by the knights and gentlemen, not the senators; he wore only the consular robe, bore a laurel in his hand and a wreath of myrtle on his head. :

TRIUMVIRI, three magistrates at Rome invested with equal power, to govern the state. The first triumvirate was formed by Julius Cæsar, Pompey, and Crassus, B. C. 60; the second, by Octavius, Antony, and Lepidus, B. C. 43, Tab. X.

* Troy, a celebrated city, the capital of Troas, a country of Phrygia in Asia Minor. It was founded by Scamander, father-in-law of Teucer, B. C. 1546, Tab. III. The daughter of Teucer married Dardanus, from whom the country was called Dardania, Iliuin, from Illus, and Troy, from Tros. Troy was famous for its ten years siege by the Greeks, beginning B. C. 1193, and ending with the destruction of the city by the latter, B, C. 1184, Tab. IV.

Vestals, priestesses of Vesta, whose worship was very early introduced into Italy, and Æneas is supposed to have chosen the first Vestals. They were formed by Numa Pompilius into the fifth of the eight classes into which he divided the ministers of religion. Their office was to preserve the sacred fire upon the altar of Vesta.

ZAMA, the battle of, fought near a town of that name, of Numidia, in Africa, and gained by Publius Scipio, (thence named Africanus) over Hannibal, which finished the second Punic War, B. C. 202, Tab.

INDEX TO THE NAMES OF ILLUSTRIOUS PERSOXS.

a

......

ABANTIDAS,...... P. 53 Apollonius (Molo), P. 74; Cassius, (Caius),.. P.71
Achæus, .......

.. 55) Appius Claudius, .... 47 Cato, (the Censor),.. 63
Acilius Glabrio, .. 63 Aratus of Sicyon, ... 53 Cato, (of Utica), ....
Acron, ........... 46 Aratus of Tarsus,.... 58 Catulus; see Latatius,
Adherbal,

Arcagathus, ...... Cebes, ........
Æmilius Papus, .. Arcesilaus, ...... 56 Chabrias, .....
Æmilius, Paulus Archias, ........

74 Chareades, .....
Æmylius Macer, .. 75 Archilochus, ... 34 Charmidas, .....
Æschines.. ......

Archimedes,.....

59 Charon, .. -..
Æschylus, ........
Archytas, .....

Chilo, .......
Æsop, .........
34 Ariamenes, ...

37 Chrysippus, ..
Agatharcides, or

Arion, .......

34 Cicero, ......
Agatharchidas,...... 60 Aristagorus,.

37 Cimon, ........
Agathon,......... Aristarchus, .... 45 Cincinnatus,......
Agrippa, (Menenius),

Aristides,.....

39 Cinna, .......
Agrippa, (M. Vipsa Aristippus, ....

45 ) Claudius ; see Appius,
nius), .............

Aristogiton, ....

39 Cleanthes,. .......
Alcæus, ............

Aristo, .......

56 Cleomenes,
Alcman, .......

Aristodemus, ....... 74 Cleon, .........
Alcibiades, ......... 41 Aristonicus, .........

72 Clinias, .....
Alexander Polyhistor, 75 Aristonymus, ....... 59 Clitomachus, ...,
Amilcar, (Barcas), .. 64 Aristophanes, (Comic Clodius, ...
Ammonius, ........' 55 Poet), ............ 45 Cocles, (Horatius Pub-
Anacharsis, ...... 35 Aristophanes, (the

lius), ..........
Anacreon, ....... 45 Grammarian), ... 58. Conon, (Athenian ge-
Anaxagorus, ... .

44 Aristotle, ......... 45 neral,) ............ 41
Anaximander, 35 Aristyllus,...

Conon, (the Astrono-
Anaximenes, ...
Arsaces, ... ...

mer,) ........
Andronicus,.....

73 Artaphernes, ..... 37 Coriolanus, (C. M.)..
Antalcidas, ....... 43 Artemidorus, ...... Cotta, ...........:
Antias, ..........
75 | Artemones,.........

46 Crantor, ...
Antigonus, (theCyclop) 52 Augustus ; see Octa Crassus, (Lucius), ...
Antigonus Carystius,. 601 vius, . ........ Crassus, (M. Licinius)
Antiochus Hierax, ... 55 Bacchides, ........ 55 Craterus,............
Antiochus of Ascalon, 74 Bathyllus,........ Crates, the Cynic, ....
Antipater, .......... 51 Berosus, .......

Crates Mallotes,
Antipater of Tarsus, .. 73 Bias,.......

Cratinus, .....
Antipater of Sidon,.. 74 Bion, ...........

Cratippus, ......
Antipater, (L. Cælius) 75 | Brasidas, ..........

42 Critolaus, ...........
Antisthenes,........ 44 Brutus, L. Junius, .. Ctesias ....
Antonius, (M. Sen.), 74 Brutus, D. Junius, ... Ctesibius, (the Histo-
Antonius Musa, .... 76 Brutus, M. Junius,.. rian), .............
Antonius, Marcus, (or Cæsar, Julius, ...... Ctesibius, (the Mathe-

Antony,) ......... 72 Cæsar, Octavius,.... matician), ...........
Apelles, .........

46 Calippus, ......... Curius; see Dentatus,
Apellicon, ........ 73 Callicratidas, ... ..... 42 Cursor; see Papirius.
Apollodorus,........ 74 Callimachus, ........ 58 Curtius, .......
Apollonius, (Syrian

45 Damon,
neral,) ........... 55 | Calpurnius Flamma, 62 Datames, ...........
Apollonius, (Prefect of Camillus, .......... 47 Datis ..

*Syria,) .......... Carneades, .......... 56 |Decius Mus. Sen. .....
Apollonius of Rhodes, 58 Cassander, .......... 52 Decius, Mus. Jun. ....
Apollonius of Perga,.. 59| Cassius, (Spurius) ... . 47 Demades, ...........

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Demetrius Phalerius, P. 56/Flaminius, T. Q., .. P. 63 Lutatius, Catulus, ... P. 69

Demetrius Poliorcetes, 52 Gabinius, ............. 71|Lycon, ...........
· Democritus, .......... 44 Gallus, ................ 65 Lycophron, ........
Demosthenes, (Athe- Geminus, ............ 75 Lycortas, .

nian General) ...... Gorgias, (the Orator,) 45 Lycurgus, ...
Demosthenes, (the O. Gorgias, (Syrian Gen.) 55 Lysander, ...

rator), ............ 45 Gracchus, Sempronius 63 Lysias, (the Orator) .. 45
Dentatus, (Siccius), .. Gracchus, Tiberius, .. 69 Lysias, (Syrian Minis-
Dentatus, (Curius), .. 62 Gracchus, Caius, ...... ter,). ......
Dercyllidas, ......... Gylippus, ... .... 42 Lysimachus,
Didymus, .........

74 Hannibal, Sen. ....... 64|Lysippus, .......
Dinarchus, ..........

Hannibal the Great, Manetho, ........
Dinocrates, (the Ma Hanno, ......

Manilius, ......
thematician,) ....... Harmodius, ....... 39 Manlius, (M. Capito-
Dinocrates, (Tyrant of Hegesinus, ....

linus)
Messena), ........

Heliodorus, .. 55 Manlius, Torquatus, .
Diodorus, the Peripa Hephæstion, 43 Marcellus, .......
tetic,..............
73 Heraclides, ...

Wardonius, ......

44 Marius, ...
Diodorus Siculus, .... 76 Heraclitus, ., ....

56 Matho, .........
Diogenes the Cynic, . 44 (Hermachus, .
Diogenes of Babylon, 56 Hermippus, .

Mecænas, :.......
Dionysius of Heraclea, Herodicus, .

74 Megabyzus,
Dionysius of Alexan-, Herodotus, .. 45 Megasthenes, ....
drià, ..............
59 Hesiod, ........

Melesander,
Dionysius of Thrace, . 74 Hieronymus, ..... Menander, ........
Dionysius of Halicar- Hipparchus, .. 39 Menecrates, ......

nassus, ............ Hipparchus, the Menedemus, ......
Dioscorides, .......

tronomer, ...... 59 Menenius, (Agrippa),
Diotimus,

73 Hippias, ..... 39 Messala,
Dolabella, ...... Hippocrates, ... Metellus, (Macedoni-
Dolon, .........
34 Homer, .....

30 cus,) .............. 63
Drusus, .......

72 Homer, Jun. ..... 58 Metellus,(Dalmaticus) 69
Duilius, .......

62 Horatius Flaccus, 75 Metellus, (Numidicus)
· Duris, ......

Hortensius,

74 Metellus, (Creticus) ..
Empedocles,
44 Hyginus, ........

75 Meton
Ennius, ....

Metrodorus, .....
Epaminondas, 43 Iphicrates, ..

Miltiades, ...
Ephorus, .......
Isæus, ......

Mindarus,
Epicurus, ....
Isocrates, ...,

Mithridates, ..
Epimenides, :;: 35 Jugurtha, ...

73 Mnasias,
Erasistratus, ..
60 Labienus, ..........

71 Moschus,.........
Eratosthenes, .........

58 Lacidas, or Lacydes, . 56 Mummius, ...
Erymneus, ......

Lælius, Caius(the Ora Murena, ......
Euclid of Megara, ... tor,) .............. 65 Neanthes,.....
Euclid, the Mathe Lælius, Caius, (the Nepos, ..........
tician ............
| Prætor,)......

Neoptolemus, ..
Euctemon,
Lamachus, ..

Nicander, .....
Eudoxus, ....
Lartius, .....

Nicanor, .....
Eulaus,
55 Leocrates, ..,

Nicias, .............
Eumelus, ...:

Leonidas, :,..

42 Nicholas Damascenus,
Eumenes, ...
52 Leosthenes, .....

53 Octavius Cæsar,
72 Lepidus, .........

70 Onomarchus, .......
Euphorion,

58 |Livius, Andronicus, ... 64 |.Orætes,
Eupolis, ..

45 Livius, Titus, ..... 76 Osiris
Euripides,
45 Lollius, ...........

.. 72 Otanes
Evander, .............. 56 Lucilius, .........

. 74 Ovid, .....
Fabius Pictor, ........ 65 Lucius, Actius, ...... Pacuvius, ....
Flaccus, Horatius, ... 75 Lucretius, Carus, ... Panætius, .........
Flaccus Verrius, ..... Lucullus, ....... 70 Parmenides, ir....

65 Hyperides, .....:

Eunus, ...

es, ......

Parmenio, ........ P. 43 Protagoras, ........ P. 44 Sylla, ............ P. 69
Papyrius Cursor, .... 61 Ptolemy Soter, or La. Teleclus, (or Telecles),

Telestes, ...
Papyrius Maso, ...... 62
Parrhasius, .. ...... 46| Ptolemy Ceraunus, .. 54 Terence,
Paulus Æmilius, 63 Ptolemy Magas, .....

Terpander, ..
Pausanius, ..
42 Ptolemy Macron,

55 Thales, ......
Pelopidas, ....
43 Pylades,

75 Thaletes,...
Perdiccas,.
51 Pyrrho,

56 Themistocles,
Pericles, ..
40 Pyrrhus, .......

53 Theocritus, ...
Perpenna, ......
69 Pythagoras, ..

35 Theodosius, ...
Persæus, .....
56 Pythias, ..

44 Theodotus, .....
Pharnabazus, .

38 Regulus, (M. Attilius,) 62 Theognis, ....
Pherecydes, ........

35 Rupilius, ... 69 Theophrastus, ....
Phidias, .........

46 Rutilius, C. M. ....... 47| Theopompus, .
Philemon, .....
57 Rutilius Rufus,

69 Theramenes,
Philetas, .......

Sallust, ..

.......... 75 Thespis, .....
Philetærus, .......... 55 Sappho, ............. 34 Thimbro, ..
Philistus, ...

45 Scævola (Mutius), .... 47 Thoas, ......
Philo (the Dialectic Scipio, Pub. Corn. ... Thrasybulus, ........
Philosopher), ...... 57 Scipio, Cneus, .....::

Thucydides, (Athenian
Philo(the Peripatetic), 74 Scipio, Publius, (Afri Gen.), .............40
Philocorus, .......
.. 60 canus), ......:::.

Thucydides, (the His-
Philolaus, ......

44 Scipio, L. Com. (Asia torian),
Philomelus, ...

ticus), .......

Tibullus,
Philopomen, ..

54 Scipio Nasica, .......... Timæus, ..
Philotas, ......
Scipio Africanus, II...

Timagenes, ......
Philoxenus,

Scopas, ...

54 Timochares, ..
Phocion,

Seleucus Nicator, 51 Timoleon, ...
Phoebidas,
43 Seron,

55 Timotheus, .....
Phyallus,

Sertorius,..

70 Tissaphernes, ..
Phylarchus, .

Simonides, .....

45 Tithraustes, ....
Pindar, .....
45 Sisenna, ........

75 Tlepolemus, ......
Pisander, ...
43 Socrates, ......

44 Tolmides, .......
Pittacus, ............
35 Solon, ..........

35 Trogus Pompeius, ..
Plato, (the Philoso Sophocles, .......

45 Tucca, .......

54 Tyrannion, ........
pher),............. 44 Sosibius, .
Plato, (Comic Poet,).. 45 Sosibius, (the Critic), 58 Tyrtæus, .........
Plautus,...

Sosigenes,

75 Valerius Poplicola,
Plotius Gallus,

Sostratus, .......

59 Varius,
Polemon,

Spartacus,' ....

73 Varro (M. Tarentius),
Pollio, ........

Speusippus,

44 Varro, P. T.
Pollis, ......
43 Sphærus, .......

56 Virgil, ..............
Polybius, ...

Spurina, ....

75 Viriathus, ......
Polysperchon, .

Statius, .

65 Xenocrates, ......
Polystratus, ..... Stesichorus, .

34 Xenophanes, .....
Polyxenides, ....... 55 Sthenelaides,

42 Xenophon, ......
Pompey, Sen. .... 69 Stilpo, .

44|Zeno of Citium,
Pompey the Great,

Strabo, .........

76 Zeno of Tarsus,
Poplicola (Valerius), Strato, .......

56 Zeno of Sidon,
Posidonius, ... 73 Struthas, ......

38 Zenodotus,
Praxiteles,

60 Sulpicius Galba, ..... 63 Zeuxis,
Propertius, ........ 75 Sulpicius Rufus, ... ... 70 Zoilus, ......
Protogenes, ...... 461 Susarion, ............. 34Zoroaster,

......... 34 Zoroaster, ............

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END OF PART I.

Printed by W. Nicol, Successor to W. Balmer and Co.

ssor to

and C

Cleveland Row, St. James's.

CONTENTS.

VIEW OF ANCIENT HISTORY; p. 23, Table I. 24; II. ibid; III.

B5; IV. 26; V. 28; VI. 29; VII. 30; VIII. 36 ; IX. 48;

X. 65.

SACRED HISTORY, p. 76. Table 1.79; II. 85; III. 89; IV. 102 ;

V. 118; VI. 134; VII. 153; VIII. 165; IX. 174 ; X. 186 ;

Conclusion, 200.

PROPHECY, p. 210. First Period, 211; Second Period, 216;

the Deluge, ibid. ; Noah, 217 ; Ham, 220 ; Shem, 221; Ja-

pheth, ibid. ; building of Babel, 223; Job, 227; Third Period,

ibid. ; Abraham, 230; Melchizedek, 231; Circumcision, 232;

Isaac, 233; Jacob, 935; Joseph, 236 ; Fourth Period, 237 ;

Jewish Law, ibid. ; Jewish Sacraments, ibid. ; Jewish Festi-
vals, ibid. ; Sabbath, 239; Jewish Ceremonies, ibid. ; the

Atonement, ibid.; Brazen Serpent, 242 ; Prophecies of Mo-

ses, 244 ; of Balaam, 246 ; Fifth Period, Samuel, 250 ; Na-

than, 251 ; David, 252 ; Sixth Period, Solomon, 254; Elijah,

ibid. ; Elisha, 255; Jonah, 261 ; Amos, ibid. ; Hosea, 262 ;

Joel, ibid. ; Isaiah, 263 ; Seventh Period, Micah, 265; Na-

hum, 266 ; Zephaniah, ibid. ; Jeremiah, 266; Habukkuk,

268; Ezekiel, 269 ; Obadiah, 270; Daniel, 271 ; Nebuchad-

nezzar's Dream of the Great Statue, 275; Daniel's Vision

of the Four Beasts, 280 ; of the Ram and the He-goat, 286;

Prophecy of the Seventy Weeks, according to Dean Pri-

deaux, 290 ; according to Sir Isaac Newton, 301 ; Eighth

Period, Prophecy of the Things noted in the Scripture of

Truth, 307 ; containing, Section I., of Persia, 309 ; Section

II. of Macedon, ibid.; Section III., of Syria and Egypt, ibid. ;

Section IV. of Rome, 316 ; Section V. of Infidelity in France,

818; Haggai, 327; Zechariah, ibid. ; Malachi, 331 ; Ninth

and Tenth Periods, Cessation of Prophecy, 382 ; Origin of

Paganism, ibid. ; Sabianism and Magianism, ibid. ; Zoroaster,

337 ; Pythagoras, 338; Tenets of the Stoics, ibid.; of the

Pharisees, 339.; and Sadducees, 340; THE BIRTH OF CHRIST, 1

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