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faith and love
of Philemon. 14 But without thy mind 20 Yea, brother, let me have would I do nothing; that thy joy of thee in the Lord; rebenefit should not be as it were fresh my bowels in the Lord. of necessity, but willingly. 21. Having confidence in
15 For perhaps he there. thy obedience I wrote unto fore departed for a season, thee, knowing that thou wilt that thou shouldest receive him also do more than I say. forever;
22 But withal prepare me 16 Not now as a servant, also a lodging; for I trust that but above a servant, a brother through your prayers I shall beloved, specially to me, but be given unto you. how much more unto thee, 23 There salute thee Epaboth in the flesh and in the phras, my fellow-prisoner in Lord ?
Christ Jesus; 17 If thou count me there. 24 Mareus, Aristarchus, fore a partner, receive him as Demas, Lucas, my fellow-lamyself.
bourers. 18 If he hath wronged thee,
of our Lord or oweth thee ought, put that Jesus Christ be with your spiron mine account;
it. Amen. 19 I Paul have written it with mine own hand, I will Written from Rome to repay it; albeit I do not say Philemon, by Onesimus a to thee how thou owest unto me servant. even thine own self besides.
PREFATORY REMARKS TO THE EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE HEBREWS, Tars Epistle was written in Italy, probably at Rome A. D. 61 or 62, and sent to the Jews, living in Judea, who in the apostle's days were called Hebrews, to distinguish them from the Jews living in Gentile countries, who were called Hellenists or Grecians, as appears from Acts vi. 1. ix. 29. xi. 20.
The purpose, for which this Epistle was written, was to prove what the learned doctors, and scribes, and elders in Jerusalem denied, namely, that Jesus of Nazareth, whom they had lately put to death, is Christ the Son of God; and that the Gospel, of which Jesus is both the subject and author, is of divine origin, and universal obligation. All the arguments and objections by which those, who put Jesus to death, endeavoured to set his claim aside, and overturn the Gospel, are introduced, examined, and confuted ;--his title and authority, as
remarks. lawgiver, to abolish the institutions of Moses, and to substitute the Gospel dispensation in its stead, is established ;-the absolute inefficacy of the Levitical atonements to procure the pardon of sin, is demonstrated ;-the reality of Christ's offering himself a sacrifice for sin, and its efficacy and acceptableness with God, are clearly proved ;—and under all these considerations the unbelieving Jews were exhorted to forsake the law of Moses, and embrace the Gospel; and such of the nation as had already embraced it, were cautioned against apostacy, Paul, who was himself a learned Doctor of the law, likewise proves in this Epistle, that the same God, who spake the former revelations to the fathers of the Jewish nation by the prophets, had, in these last days, spoken the Gospel to all mankind by his Son: consequently these revelations could not possibly contradiet each other; that although the Son, when he spake the Gospel, was clothed with flesh, he was still the brightness of the Father's glory and the express image of his person ; that being appointed of God to expiate our sins by the sacrifice of himself, we are cleansed from our sins by that sacrifice, and not by the Levitical sin-offerings : and that after offering the sacrifice of himself, he sat down at the right hand of God, as High Priest of the heavenly holy place, and as Governor of the world.
But as these great truths were contrary to all the religious opinions of the Jews, and were of course rejected by them, as overturning their former revelations, Paul, the more effectúally to convince the unbelieving Jews of the truth of these things, proves them by testimonies from their own scriptures, in which the revelations of God are recorded.
As these great and leading doctrines of the Gospel are more expressly asserted, and more fully explained in this Epistle, than in any of the inspired writings; and as it contains profound discoveries concerning the most important articles of our faith, and opens to us the sources of our best hopes, it is an inestimable treasure to every sincere inquiring Christian, and to the world.
I THE EPISTLE OF PAUL THE APOSTLE, TO
CHAP. I. 4 Christ in these last times
Father, 4 is before
angels, both in person and
and in ,
Christ preferred Chap. i.
above all angels. spake in time past unto the Thy throne, O God is forever fathers by the prophets, and ever; a sceptre of righ
2 Hath in these last days a teousness is the sceptre of thy spoken unto us by his Son, kingdom ; whom he hath appointed heir 9 Thou hast loved righof all things, by whom also he teousness, and hated iniquity; made the worlds :
therefore God, even thy God, 3 Who, being the bright hath anointed thee with the ness of his glory, and the ex- oil of gladness above thy felpress image of his person, and lows. . upholding all things by the 10 And, Thou, Lord, in the word of his power, when he beginning hast laid the founhad by himselt purged our sins, dation of the earth; and the sat down on the right hand of heavens are the works of thine the Majesty on high :
hands : 4 Being made so much bet- 11 They shall perish, but ter than the angels, as he hath thou remainest; and they all by inheritance obtained a more shall wax old, as doth a garexcellent name than they. ment;
5 For unto which of the an- 12 And as a vesture shalt gels said he at any time, Thou thou fold them
up, art my Son, this day have I shall be changed; but thou begotten thee? And again, I art the same, and thy years will be to him a Father, and shall not fail. he shall be to me a Son ?
13 But to which of the an6 And again, when he bring- gels said he at any time, Sit eth in the first begotten into on my right hand, until I make the world, he saith, And let thine enemies thy footstool ? all the angels of God worship 14 Are they not all minishim.
tering spirits, sent forth to 7 And of the angels he saith, minister for them, who shall Who maketh his angels spir- be heirs of salvation ? its, and his ministers a flame of fire.b
CHAP. II. 8 But unto the Son he saith, 1 We ought to be obedient unto
Christ Jesus, 5 and that bea Hath in these last days of the Mo- cause he vouchsafed to take saic dispensation. The phrase last our nature upon him. days not here being prophetic, does THEREFORE we ought to not signify the same, that it does 2 give the more earnest heed to Tim. iii. 1. 6 But of the angels he saith nothing
the things, which we have more, than that he made them spirituá heard, lest at any time we beings, and ministers of the utmost
should let them slip. activity in his service,
2 For if the word spoken
We must be obedient Hebrews.
to Christ, c. by angels was steadfast, and of God should taste death for every transgression and diso- every man. bedience received a just recom- 10 For it became him, for pense of reward;
whom are all things, and by 3 How shall we escape, if whom are all things, in bringwe neglect so great salvation; ing many sons unto glory, to which
at the first began to be make the Captain of their sale spoken by the Lord, and was vation perfect through sufferconfirmed unto us by them that ings. heard him ;
11 For both he that sancti4 God also bearing them fieth and they who are sanctiwitness, both with signs and fied are all of one;b for which wonders, and with divers mir. cause he is not ashamed to call acles, and gifts of the Holy them brethren; Ghost, according to his own 12 Saying,c I will declare will ?
thy name unto my brethren; 5 For unto the angels hath in the midst of the church will le not put in subjection the I sing praise unto thee. world to come, whereof we 18 And again,d I will put speak.
my trust in him. And again, 6 But one in a certain place Behold I and the children testified, a saying, What is which God hath given me. man, that thou art mindful of 14 Forasmuch then as the him? or the son of man, that children are partakers of flesh thou visitest him?
and blood, he also himself Try Thou madest him a little likewise took part of the same; lower than the angels; thou that through death he might crownedst him with glory and destroy him that had the powhonour, and didst set him over er of death, that is, the devil; the works of thy hands : 15 And deliver them, who,
8 Thou hast put all things through fear of death, were ali in subjection under his feet. their life time subject to bonFor in that he put all in sub- dage. jection under him, he left noth- 16 For verily he took not ing that is not put under him. on him the nature of angels ; But now we see not yet all but he took on him the seed of things put under him: Abraham.
9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than b For both be that sanctifietb, that is, the angels for the suffering of Jesus Christ, and they, edo are sanctideath, crowned with glory and fied, are, according to the flesh, all of honour; that he by the
one father, namely, Abraham. See grace
6 Saying, Ps.xxii. 22. « In a certain place, &c. Ps. viii. 4. Again, Isa, viii. 17.
Christ more worthy
than Moses. 17 Wherefore in all things servant, for a testimony of it behoved him to be made like those things which were to be unto his brethren ; that he spoken after; might be a merciful and faith- 6 But Christ as a Son over ful high priest in things per- his own house ; whose house taining to God, to make re- are we, if we hold fast the conconciliation for the sins of the fidence and the rejoicing of people.
the hope firm unto the end. 18 For in that he himself by Wherefore, (as the Holy hath suffered, being tempted, Ghost saith,d To-day, if ye he is able to succour them, will hear his voice, that are tempted.
8 Harden not your hearts, CHAP. III.
as in the provocation,e in the 1 Christ is more worthy than day of temptation in the wil
Moses: 7 therefore if we be- derness : lieve not in him, we shall be 9 When your fathers temptmore worthy of punishment ed me, proved me,
my than hard hearted Israel.
works forty years. WHEREFORE, holy bre- 10 Wherefore I was grieved thren, partakers of the heaven- with that generation, and said, ly calling, consider the Apostle They do always err in their and High Priest of our profes- heart; and they have not sion,a Christ Jesus;
known my ways. 2 Who was faithful to him 11 So I sware in
wrath, that appointed him, as also They shall not enter into my Moses was faithful in all his rest.)f house.
12 Take heed, brethren, 3 For this man b was count- lest there be in
of ed worthy of more glory than evil heart of unbelief, in deMoses, inasmuch as he who parting from the living God. hath builded the house hath 13 But exhort one another more honour than the house. daily, while it is called, To
4 For every house is build- day; lest any of you be harded by some man; but he that ened through the deceitfulness built all things is God. of sin.
5 And Moses verily was faithful in all his house c as a d As the Holy Ghost saith, Ps. xcv. 7.
e Provocation. See Exod. xvi. 4, a Of our profession, our religion.
xvii. 2-9. xxxii. 10. Num. X. 33, & 6 This man, Jesus Christ.
numerous other places, where we c House here means the Jewish read, that the Israelites provoked church under Moses, which was de
God by their disobedience. signed as a testimony of those things, if Should not enter into my rest in which were afterwards to be spoken by Canaan, see Num. xiv. 28-35 and Jesus Christ and his apostles.
Ps. xcv. 7 MII.