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REMARKS ON THE ILLUMINATIONS. with an air of satisfaction, that she lighted as man candles as were placed in each window of a great house opposite, being resolved to equal her neighbours.
From the yells in different streets, and the blaze of light, one might be led to imagine, that, like old Rome, modern London had been fet on fire by fome descendant of Nero, and that, like him, the incendiary had commanded the wild beasts at the Tower and Exeter 'Change to be let loose on the people. The shrieks and howls, however, were not thofe of calamity, but triumph; proceeding from the throats of a most curious assemblage of butchers' swabs, who feemed to feel pride in the idea that the art of killing was to be exclusively confined to them. Yet, though their vociferations were not dulcet as the warblings of Mrs. Billington, they were much more heartfelt and disinterested. Indeed the public were entertained gratis, while the symphonious founds of marrow-bones and cleavers formed a concert in unison with the vocal performers.
Nor were these denonstrations of joy confined to the butchers; thousands of mechanics and 'fhopmen shared the honours of disturbing the public peace by their outrageous hilarity on this jubilant occafion. Several hearty cocks, among the laborious class, 'who were cheered by the prospect of peace and plenty, expressed their satisfaction by spontaneous..bursts of Jaughter, which might be called the exuberuncy of mirih. Frolicfome young fellows hurried tbrough the erowd, exclaiming, “Don't shove the ladies !" while they alınost overurned cvery one that stood in their way. Others, offended at persons of a misanthropic difpofition wbo would not illuminate, broke their windows, thus demonítrating the puissance of the majesly of the people.
Persons of a philofophic cast contrived to unite economy with expense. A fichmonger in the Strand
displayed displayed the skin of a gudgeon as a transparency, or rather as a sacrifice to departing famine ; and a frugal householder in Bloomsbury Square converted his drink.ing-glasses, falt-cellars, basins, &c. into temporary lamps !
The lover of variety had a fine opportunity of gratifying his fancy. The buzz of such a multitude of happy people in the streets, the humming of barrelorgans, fuspended to the shoulders of itinerant Savoy ards, the reiterated bursts of noise from the discharge of old rusty pistols and firelocks, filled the air with the concord of sweet sounds, and evinced our love of peace by preventing our repose. Such' were the nocturnal demonftrations of joy in London ; and our Arcetpaving mufes, commonly called ballad-fingers, are daily delighting our ears with elegant lyric compofitions, humorous, satirical, and patriotic, on this joyous occafion. May their inspiration, like that of the Sibyls of old, cease on the return of Peace and good will to men, and the terms war and famine become obsolete or expunged from the vocabulary of mankind !
'THE ERRORS OF A COUNTRY GENTLEMAN,
[From the Morning Chronicle.] I NOW address you, Sir, in the hope of being able
in fome degree to atone for the mischief i have done. My errors have been manifold"; but when I publicly recant them, perhaps they may be forgiven. Sir, I am one of those deluded men who entertained a high opinion of Mr. W-P, and who zealously supported' bim in all his 'measures.. ' You may,
, fufpicions, though "reafunable, are groundless, . My estate is large and unencumbered, and I have no desire to rise higher than my ancestors, who were 14 THE ERRORS OF A COUNTRY GENTLEMAN. plain, honest, independent country gentlemen. 1 actually believed that we were in danger of a Jacobinical revolution, and that the only thing to make us secure was the restoration of the Bourbons. I actually believed that Mr. P- was of the same opinion, and that he was the only man to bring about this grand consummation. Need I then mention my sentiments of you and your party -The leaders of opposition I reckoned men who wished to erect themselves into Consuls and Directors; and I thought all those who ventured to speak well of them actuated by a hope to partake in the general spoil. To call in question the justice or necessity of the war, with me, was tantamount to treason. I felt its burdens as heavily as moft; two of my carriages I was obliged to lay down, I dismissed several of my fervants, and at last found it neceffary to risk the character of the family for hofpi. tality by making a great reduction in my table.
But,” said I to myself, “ France is not yet fubdued; -till she is, Mr. P- says, that to make peace would be ruinous ;-therefore, in the language of that great man, I will willingly give up a part, lo lare the whole." Even the conduct of the war I would not allow to be called in question for a noment. There had been niil. carriages; but these were to be attributed to accident, Upon the whole, our achievements had been brilliant, our acquisitions great, and the war the most glorious and the most successful in which this country had ever been engaged.
Judge then of the effect produced on me by the London papers of Friday latt. A more fudden revolution did not take place in the Apoftle Paul, when a light Thone
upon him from heaven on his way to Damascus. May I imitate his example, and henceforth steadily fupport the cause of truth, which I have so long and lo cruelly perfecuted! It was fome time before I could persuade myself that it was real, and I expected every
moment to awake from an unpleasant dream. The sad conviction, however, was at last impressed upon my mind, that I had nine years placed my confidence in an idle boafter, a perfidious inflamer of the public mind, a felfish placeman ready to swear to every thing that would serve his crooked endsema man at once obstinate and inconsistent, arrogant and mean, hot-headed and infincere,
But if he would avoid execration, let him retire into obscurity. The bubble has burst; and, as all will be eager to charge their misconduct upon him, in his former adherents he will find his bittereft enemies. His humiliation is certain ; but he may yet fubtract himself from punishment. I confefs, that from our former conduct he might expect to make us believe almost any thing. But there is a species of craft which even credulity will not credit. There is not a country gentleman in Yorkshire who does not now see that he has been duped. We cannot confider Mr. P- as a traitor; this peace, which has been concluded under bis aufpices, therefore, he cannot believe to tend to the certain ruin of the country. But when a much better peace was within his reach, has he not declared a ihousand times, that to come to any terms with France while thus, aggrandized, and while thus governed, would be, to hgn the death-warrant of our independence? To save him from the charge of treason now, we muft, out of mercy to his character, fuppofe him to have been acting iben with the groffeft duplicity.
Thus have we been squandering our treasure, and thus have we been shedding our blood (my oldest fon was killed in Holland, and my second in Egypt), to fupport the efforts of a man acting with the feelings of a gamefter, who, having needlessly risked his fortune, has lost a great part of it, and who, hoping by every throw to redeem himself, from his extreme unskilfulnefs in the game, only loses the more.
Pray, 16 THE ERRORS OF A COUNTRY GENTLEMAN.
Pray, what is become of the success of the war? Since the time of Julius Cæsar, Great Britain never concluded a treaty of peace with a foreign power which placed her in a situation fo much worse than that in which the stood when the negotiation began. In the year 1783, after a long course of unexampled difaféer, we did not give up half fo much. And how is the successfulness of a war to be determined but by the conditions of the peace? I, and I can assure you almost all the country gentlemen in this part of the kingdom, most firmly believed, that if we did not compel France to give up hier' remaining colonies, we should at least retain every inch of ground that we had conquered. How else should we have supported men who declared that the war had been fuccessful beyond example, and that we had secured to ourfelves for ever the monopoly of the commerce of the world? cafe we should have had fome return for our unparalleled 'expense in men and money. As it is, we have been fighting only to exhauft our resources, to abridge our comforts, to excite the ridicule of Europe, and to lessen our weight in the scale of nations.
I am now thoroughly convinced that Mr. P—'s internał government deferves no greater praise. He alarmed us about one set of robbers, only that he himfelf might pick our.pockets with the greater qafe. We 'never were in danger of revolution, and from no revolution that could have happened in England would the great mass of the people have suffered fo 'much as from the present war. Indeed, a revolution has happened,' which though not fo fuddenly, yet as certainly will be productive of mifery, as if it had contisted in * the ufurpation of the mob. I and my forcfathers have always been friends to liberty; and it was only this bugbear, the French revolution, that ever made me fulpend my propensities. How bitterly then must I regret, when I look found me and find the principles of