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town with New Ulm, a village situated in gunk ridges, and the soil is generally best Bavaria on the opposite side of the Danube. adapted to grazing. The productions in 1855 The cathedral of Ulm, built between 1377 and were 20,185 bushels of wheat, 278,105 of oats, 1488, is a fine specimen of Gothic architecture 242,229 of Indian corn, 70,676 of buckwheat, and German art in the middle ages. It is 485 134,539 of potatoes, 397,754 of apples, 64,795 feet long, 200 feet broad, and 150 feet high, tons of hay, and 1,669,631 lbs. of butter. and the western tower 220 feet. It contains There were 2 forges, 5 furnaces, 2 cotton and several valuable monuments and works of art, 4 woollen factories, 4 paper mills, 11 winterincluding stained glass windows, paintings, green distilleries, 5 grist mills, 95 saw mills, carved work, and a remarkably fine organ. 30 tanneries, 100 churches, 7 newspaper offices,
7 There are several other churches, a museum, & and in 1858 25,556 pupils attending public library, many charitable institutions, a theatre, schools. Iron ore, limestone, slate, and marl and a palace in which one of the princes of are found, and there are indications of the exWürtemberg resides. Linen goods, brass ware, istence of coal, lead, plumbago, and alum. leather, paper, &c., are manufactured.-Ulm The Delaware and Hudson canal passes through was for many years an imperial free city, and the county. Capital, Kingston. its wealth became proverbial; but its prosperity ULSTER, the northernmost of the four provhas been much injured by its military impor- inces of Ireland, bounded W. and N. by the tance, its possession having been contested in Atlantic ocean, E. by the North channel and nearly all the great German wars. It surren- Irish sea, S. E. by the province of Leinster, and dered to Napoleon, Oct. 17, 1805, when 24,000 S. W. by that of Connaught, and comprised beAustrian troops under Gen. Mack were made tween lat. 53° 45' and 55° 25' N., and long. 5° prisoners. _It is at present garrisoned by the 25' and 8° 50' W.; area, 8,527 sq. m.; pop. in troops of Würtemberg, Bavaria, and Austria. 1861, 1,910,408, nearly | Protestants. It is di
ULPIAN (DOMITIUS ULPIANUS), a Roman ju- vided into the counties of Antrim, Armagh, rist, assassinated at Rome, A. D. 228. He was Cavan, Donegal, Down, Fermanagh, Londonof Tyrian origin, and during the reigns of Sep- derry, Monaghan, and Tyrone. The coasts are timius Severus and Caracalla was engaged in generally rugged and indented by numerous fine writing juristical works. When Elagabalus as- bays and harbors, the chief of which are Carcended the throne in 217 he was banished, but lingford bay, Dundrum bay, Strangford lough, on the accession of Alexander Severus in 222 Belfast lough, Lough Larne, Lough Foyle, he became one of the chief advisers of that mon- Lough Swilly, Mulroy bay, Sheep Haven, and arch, who made him Scriniorum magister, con- Donegal bay. The principal rivers are the siliarius, and præfectus annonce. He also held Erne, Foyle, Bann, and Lagan. A considerthe office of prætorian prefect. He was killed able part of the surface is mountainous, and by the soldiers in the presence of the emperor two chains traverse the province from E. to W., and his mother. Ulpian was one of the most the highest peaks being in the counties of distinguished of the Roman jurists, and from Donegal and Down; Erigal in the former and his works, which were very numerous, a much Slieve Donard in the latter are respectively larger proportion of excerpts was taken by the '2,460 and 2,796 feet high. Between these compilers of the Digest in the time of Justinian ranges there is an extensive tract of undulating than from any other legal writer.
ground, near the central part of which is situULRICI, HERMANN, a German philosopher ated Lough Neagh. The other largest lakes and critic, born in Pförten, Lower Lusatia, are Upper and Lower Lough Erne, Loughs March 23, 1806. He was educated at Halle Melvin, Shulin, Oughter, Derg, Esk, and Veagh. and Berlin, and practised law for a time, but Ulster is the seat of the Irish linen manufacafter the death of his father in 1829 devoted ture, and about 1 of the population of the provhimself to the study of history, poetry, and art. ince derive subsistence from it. Cotton is exIn 1834 he was made extraordinary professor tensively manufactured about Belfast. Internal in the university of Halle, which position he communication is facilitated by means of sevstill holds. Among his works are: Charakte- eral railways and canals, and numerous excelristik der antiken Historiographie (Berlin, 1833); lent roads.—Ulster was partly conquered and Geschichte der Hellenischen Dichtkunst (2 vols., held as an earldom under Henry II. by John Berlin, 1835); Ueber Shakspeare's dramatische de Courcy, from whom it was transferred to Kunst' (Halle, 1839), in which he advances the Hugh de Lacy; and by descent from him, idea that the object of the poet was the main- through the De Burgh and Mortimer families, tenance of a religious theory, Christian in its the title was merged in the crown of England character with a Protestant tendency ; Ueber under Edward IV. Numerous insurrections Princip und Methode der Hegel'schen Philoso- having occurred, in the reign of James I. means phie (1841); Das Grundprincip der Philosophie were adopted for forming settlements of Eng. (2 vols., Leipsic, 1845–6), &c.
lish and Scotch emigrants, called in history the ULSTER, a S. E. co. of New York, bounded plantation of Ulster. It was intended by conE. by the Hudson river, and drained by the fiscation to break up the power of the native Esopus, Rondout, and Wallkill creeks; area, chiefs and drive them and their followers into 1,204 sq. m.; pop. in 1860, 76,379. The sur-Connaught; but a few of the Irish were allowed face is broken by the Catskill and Shawan- to remain. The grantees were termed “undertakers.” Lots of 1,000 to 2,000 acres were system nowhere met with a greater resistance conferred upon condition of their being set- than in France, where in 1682 a national coun. tled by Scotch or English tenants; but the of bishops opposed to it the liberties of the "Irish servitors" had the choice of taking either Gallican church. In Germany it was especially English or Irish tenants. Some of the trading opposed by Febronius (Bishop Hontheim), and companies and the corporation of the city of the convention of the archbishops of Mentz, London obtained large grants, from which cir- Treves, Cologne, and Saltzhurg, at Ems, in cumstance the prefix of London was placed 1785. The secular governments endeavored to before the town and county of Derry. A large have the papal rights with regard to the Cathproportion of the colonists were Scotch, and olics of their countries determined by concor. so many of their peculiarities have been trans- dats or special conventions. The effort to seferred to the people of Ulster that in other cure by means of such conventions the largest parts of Ireland they are called Scotsmen. possible extent of papal rights is also common
ULTRAMARINE (Lat. ultra, beyond, and ly designated as ultramontanism. marinus, marine), a beautiful blue pigment, so ULYSSES, or OdyssEUS (Gr. Odvocevs), one named from the foreign sources from which it of the most distinguished of the Greek leaders was originally obtained. It was formerly at the siege of Troy. According to the Hoknown only as a product of the mineral lapis meric account, he was the son of Laërtes and lazuli, also called ultramarine. (See LAPIS Anticlea, and married Penelope, the daughter Lazuli.) From the analysis of this mineral of Icarius, by whom he had a son named Techemists were led to produce the same com- lemachus. Ruling in Ithaca, it was with great pound artificially, and its manufacture is now difficulty that he could be induced to join the carried on upon a large scale in Germany, expedition against Troy. According to one The substance is mainly a silicate of soda and form of the legend, he simulated insanity to alumina, containing the sulphurets of iron and avoid taking part; but the shrewdness of Pasodium. According to one method, it is pro- lamedes exposed the deception by placing in duced by grinding together equal parts of the furrow where Ulysses was ploughing his silica, sulphur, and carbonate of soda, by infant son Telemachus. The falsity of his mad. which a bluish green mass is obtained. This ness being thus disclosed, he joined the Greis ignited in the air, and various finishing cian fleet at Aulis with 12 ships, and when the processes are applied to the bluish powder. expedition had reached Tenedos was sent with The product is extremely cheap compared Menelaus to Troy to demand Helen and the with the real ultramarine, and is inferior to it stolen property. The mission was unsuccessful. as a pigment. The ordinary sorts are largely In the 10 years' war he was distinguished for used in calico printing, color printing, and dye- his prowess as a warrior, but far more for Lis ing, in paper staining, and in the manufacture eloquence, sagacity, and inexhaustible resources of sealing wax; and their use is rapidly in- under difficulties. After the death of Achilles creasing. The best artificial ultramarine, pre- his armor was offered as a prize to the greatest pared only for the use of artists, is a much warrior in the Greek army, and Ulysses and more expensive material, owing to the great Ajax became rivals for the honor, the former number and variety of processes required in its proving successful. By his contrivance the manufacture. The principal ultramarine fac- Palladium was carried away from Troy by tory is that of Messrs. Zeltner and Heyne at stealth, and he was one of the heroes concealed Nuremberg; the buildings are said to cover 7 in the wooden horse which the Trojans incan, acres; the central one has 24 sides, is 136 feet in tiously introduced into the city. His 10 years
' diameter, and contains 96 furnaces. There are wanderings after the close of the siege, which beside various mills with numerous steam en- form the subject of the Odyssey, are still more gines, extensive washing apparatus, long ranges celebrated. After various adventures he was of drying rooms, and store rooms for 5,000 or thrown upon the coasts of the Lotophagi, 6,000 cwt. of artificial ultramarine. The works where his companions, having eaten of the lo usually give employment to about 200 persons. tus, wished to remain.' He however succeeded ULTRAMONTANISM (Lat. ultra montes
, in inducing them to depart, sailed to the island beyond the mountains), a name applied to that of the Cyclops, and with 12 of his followers view of the papal prerogatives in the Roman entered the cave of Polyphemus, who devoured Catholic church which claims for the pope the 6 of his companions. In order to save himself absolute right of issuing obligatory decrees on and the rest, Ulysses, managing to make the points of doctrine or ecclesiastical discipline, giant drunk with wine, put out his one era without being bound to the assent of acumen- with a burning pole, and then tying himself and ical councils, national churches, bishops, or his companions under the bodies of the sheep, secular governments. The term originated in when these were let out of the cave they were France, where those holding such views of the carried out with them. Polyphemus implored papal power were charged by their opponents his father Neptune to visit Ulysses with his with sacrificing the rights of the bishops, na- vengeance, and the remainder of his royage tions, and councils, and with placing the centre was constantly disturbed by the enmity of the of Catholicism, to an undue extent, " beyond god of the sea. Reaching the island of qÆolos
, the mountains," at Rome. The ultramontane Ulysses was presented by that deity on bis de
parture with a bag containing the winds that the ground; claws short and slightly curved. were to bring him home; but his followers The only described species, the tufted umbre opened the bag without his knowledge, the (S. umbretta, Gmel.), is 20 inches long, with a winds escaped, and the vessels were driven bill of 3ļ; the color is a uniform umber brown, back to the island, where the angry Æolus re- the wings and tail barred with darker; the fused any further assistance. After 6 days he male has an occipital crest about 4 inches long, reached the country of the cannibal Læstry- of loose feathers. It is a native of Africa, but gones, from which he escaped with only one its habits are not well ascertained. ship. Thence he sailed to Ææa, inhabited by UMBREIT, FRIEDRICH WILHELM KARL, a the sorceress Circe, who changed part of his German Protestant theologian, born at Sonnefollowers into swine. Through the aid of born, Gotha, April 11, 1795, died in HeidelMercury he was enabled to overcome her spells, berg, June 11, 1860. He studied theology and and his companions resumed their human shape. the oriental languages at the university of Circe now treated them kindly, and by her ad- Göttingen, especially under Eichhorn, and made vice Ulysses descended into Hades to consult himself favorably known as early as 1816 by the seer Tiresias. The prophet assured him a prize essay, Commentatio Historiam Emirothat every thing would yet turn out right if the rum-al-Omrah ex Abulfeda exhibens (Göttinherds of Helios in Trinacria should be left un- gen, 1816). He became in 1818 Privatdocent harmed. Returning to Æea, he was carried at the university of Göttingen, in 1823 ordinary to the island of the sirens, but by filling the professor of philosophy, and in 1829 ordinary ears of his companions with wax and tying professor of theology. He is the author of a himself to the mast he passed them in safety. number of valuable exegetical works on the Going between Scylla and Charybdis, the for- Old Testament, in which he endeavored to mer devoured 6 of his followers. Coming to blend a strictly philological mode of interpreTrinacria, he was compelled by his companions, tation with the theological and æsthetic. His much against his will, to land. There they works of this class are: Lied der Liebe (Götwere detained by storms, and while he was tingen, 1820); Uebersetzung und Auslegung des sleeping some of the finest of the cattle of Buches Hiob (Heidelberg, 1824); Commentar Helios, which they had sworn not to touch, über die Sprüche Salomos (Heidelberg, 1826); were killed and eaten by his followers. As Christliche Erbauung aus dem Psalter (Hamsoon as they were again on the open sea, an- burg, 1885); Grundtöne des Alten Testaments other storm arose, and the vessel was destroyed (Heidelberg, 1843); and Commentar über die by Jupiter with a stroke of lightning, all on Propheten des Alten Testaments (4 vols., Hamboard being drowned with the exception of burg, 1841-6), his principal work. Ulysses. He was carried to the island of also, with his friend Dr. Ullmann, editor of the Ogygia, inhabited by the nymph Calypso, who Studien und Kritiken, the principal theological promised him immortality and eternal youth quarterly of Protestant Germany. if he would marry and remain with her. But UMBRELLA (Lat. umbella, a little shadow, he longed to revisit his native land, and after a an umbrella, from umbra, a shade), a folding stay of 8 years embarked on a raft, and reached shade or screen carried over the head, as a proScheria, from which place he was sent to Itha- tection from the rain or the sun. When of ca in a ship, having been absent 20 years. He small size and used by ladies only as a sun
a found his wife beset by suitors (see PENELOPE), shade, it is called a parasol (Ital. parare, to ward made his appearance first as a swineherd, and off, and sole, the sun). The French call what then disclosed himself to his son Telemachus, we term umbrella parapluie, thus designating and by the assistance of the goddess Minerva, its use as a defence against rain. Umbrellas whose special favorite he was, succeeded in are made of a light jointed frame covered with killing the suitors and the faithless servants. silk, cotton, or alpaca, which can be expanded Of the latter years of his life and of the manner at pleasure or brought down snugly around the of his death there are different accounts. In central stick. This stick is the foundation of one, his son Telegonus by Circe, being sent to the frame, and is furnished at its lower end look for his father, and being shipwrecked on with a proper handle for supporting it, and at Ithaca and beginning to plunder for the sake the upper end with a metallic ring around of obtaining food, was attacked by Ulysses and which are hinged the upper ends of the light Telemachus, and in the contest that followed ribs, most commonly of whalebone, to which Telegonus slew his own father.
& cover is attached. Near the middle of each UMBER. See Paints, vol. xii. p. 678. rib is hinged a slender inetallic rod or stretcher,
UMBRE, a wading bird of the heron family, the lower ends of which all meet in a ring that and genus scopus (Briss.). The bill is longer slides from the handle up sufficiently far to than the head, elevated at the base, compressed spread out the ribs to the required extent. laterally, keeled above and below, and a little Modern improvements in umbrellas consist in bent at the point; the nostrils prolonged in a the use of steel for the ribs, and of superior furrow; 3d and 4th quills equal and longest; kinds of iron, japanned to protect it from rust, tail short and even; tarsi longer than middle for the stretchers, and in the perfection of the toe and scaled; front toes united by membrane joints. A substitute for whalebone in the ribs to first phalanx, the hind one resting wholly on of umbrellas has recently been introduced in
England, in strips of second growth white oak, in the manufacture of guns, each piece is made selected from buts not more than 6 feet from with mathematical accuracy, and with such the ground. When perfectly straight and free advantage that in one of the establishments from knots and curls, the wood is made, by a (that of Wright brothers and co.) as many as proper method of curing, superior to whalebone 2,200 umbrellas and parasols are produced daily in tenacity and in resuming a straight condi- by the labor of only 450 hands. The annual tion after being bent and exposed to the consumption of silks and cottons for covering weather. For the ribs of cheap umbrellas these is said to be full 1,000,000 yards, of ratrattan is largely used. Vulcanized India rub. tan 200,000 lbs., of whalebone over 100,000 ber has been employed for all portions of the lbs., and of horn, bone, ivory, and other mateframe. Advantage has also been taken of the rials for ornamental mountings, about 75 tons. combined strength and lightness of hollow In Frankford, near Philadelphia, are establishtubes to apply this principle to the sticks, ribs, ments devoted to the manufacture of metal and stretchers of umbrellas; and for making mountings, tips, &c. The handles are also them more portable, the handles have been produced in the separate works of the ivory formed of tubes sliding one within another like and bone turners and carvers; and the carra telescope, while the ribs formed of steel are ings are equal to any of the same kind of work furnished with a folding hinge or joint.--Um- done in Europe. brellas were used in eastern countries in an- UMBRELLA (Lam.), a genus of gasteropod cient times, and were originally designed for mollusks, so called from the resemblance of the sunshades only. They are seen represented flattened shell to an umbrella. The animal has upon old chinaware, and are figured upon an- a very large tuberculated foot, deeply notched cient carvings at Persepolis. Niebuhr describes in front; the shell is small, merely covering the princes of southern Arabia as returning the most important organs. The U. umbellata from a mosque preceded by a retinue of sol- (Lam.), the Chinese umbrella shell, is a native diers, and with attendants at the side of each of the Indian ocean. carrying a large umbr la. Those used by the UMBRELLA BIRD, the popular name of a Chinese, Japanese, and Siamese are made with singular South American bird, placed by the a light frame of bamboo and covered with oiled latest authors among the chatterers (ampelida), and varnished paper, and differ from ours in sub-family gymnoderinæ or fruit birds
, and gepresenting a surface nearly flat instead of slop. nus cephalopterus (Geoffr.). The bill is stout, ing when spread out. The umbrellas of the long, flattened, gradually curved, with the tip Siamese kings are said to be made with several notched and slightly hooked; wings moderate, separate circles, one above another, while oth- rather pointed, with the 3d quill longest ; tail ers are only permitted to use them with a single short and rounded ; toes long and slender
, with circle. Some of those used by eastern dignita- curved claws. The C. ornatus (Geoffr.) is ries are so large as to require several persons about as large as a crow, glossy black, with to carry them. The ancient Greeks and Ro- violet, blue, and metallic reflections on the mans had umbrellas, which appear from the crest and pectoral appendage. The head of the paintings on vases to have been very much male is surmounted by a large crest of 50 to 80 like those of the present time; they were used feathers springing from over the postrils, the chiefly as a protection against the sun, and by lower half a white stiff shaft, and terminating ladies only. Among the Greeks it was cus- each in a tuft of black hair-like feathers spreadtomary for female slaves to carry the parasol ing in all directions, but principally forward; over the heads of the ladies; and among the it arises from a contractile skin on the top of Romans parasols were common presents to la- the head, and when erected almost hides the dies, and to hold them over their heads was bill from view; it is 5 inches in length and one of the common attentions of lovers. Um- about 4+ wide, somewhat resembling a beautibrellas were introduced into Europe at a com- ful blue umbrella, whence the above nane. paratively recent period, and it is not yet 100 The skin of the neck is very loose, and from years that they have been in general use in it grows a cylindrical fleshy process, about as England. Jonas Hanway, the philanthropist, thick as a goose quill, 14 inches long, from is said to have been the first man who com which extends a tuft of imbricated feathers
, monly carried one in the streets, and this at a bordered with metallic blue, and hanging down time when their use was considered a mark of several inches. It is found in the islands of the great effeminacy. They were at first kept only great South American rivers, feeding princiin the halls of houses of the first class, and pally on fruits, ejecting the stones when present were used for holding over persons as they from the mouth; it is arboreal in habit
, and stepped to their carriages.--In the United utters a very loud and deep note, which has States the manufacture of umbrellas is in gained for it from the tribes of the Rio Negro many places an important branch of industry. the name of piper bird.—The arapunga or bell In Philadelphia it is said to employ directly bird (procnia alba, Thunb.) is about 12 inches about 1,500 persons, and the annual product long and pure white; it has a singular eylinof the sales is from $1,000,000 to $1,500,000. drical fleshy appendage, with a few small feathMachinery of a novel
design has been applied ors, arising from the base of the bill; the mouth to the production of some of the parts, and, as is very wide, enabling it to swallow large ber
ries and fruits; the voice resembles the tolling He was besieged in 1657 in his stronghold on of a bell, and may be heard, according to Wa- the Connecticut by the Narraganset chief Pesterton, nearly 3 miles, and during the heat of sacus, and nearly starved out; but he was rethe day, when most other birds are silent; it lieved at almost the last moment by Ensign is a native of the forests of tropical South Leffingwell, who took in to him at night a canoe America.
laden with supplies. For this act it is said that UMBRIA, a country of ancient Italy, bound- Uncas gave to Leffingwell a deed for all the ed N. by Cisalpine Gaul, E. and S. by the Adri- land upon which the town of Norwich now atic, Picenum, and the territory of the Sabines, stands, though that chief afterward sold it to a and W. by the Tiber, separating it from Etru- company. A council of commissioners of the ria. Its principal cities were Ariminum (now united colonies, held at Boston in 1654, heard Rimini), Pisaurum (Pesaro), Fanum Fortunæ a great many complaints of the rapacity and (Fano), Mevania (Bevagna), Tuder (Todi), Nar- injustice of Uncas, and ordered that he “be nia (Narni), and Spoletium (Spoleto). Its W. duly reproved, and seriously informed that the part was occupied by the Apennines; the E. English cannot own or protect him in any unstretched out toward the coast in fertile plains. lawful, much less treacherous and outrageous Beside the Tiber, the principal rivers were the courses." He was characterized in 1674 as Rubicon, Ariminus (Marecchia), Pisaurus (Fo- “ an old and wicked, wilful man, a drunkard, glia), Metaurus (Metauro), and Æsis (Esino), and otherwise very vicious; who hath always all flowing into the Adriatic, and the Nar (Ne- been an opposer and underminer of praying to ra), an affluent of the Tiber. The inhabitants, God.” He was the ally of the English in all the Umbri, were one of the most ancient races the wars against the Indians during his life, of the peninsula, and at an early period be- though in King Philip's war he was too old to came the most powerful people of central It- be of much active service. aly, Etruria was originally in their possession. UNGUICULATA, and UNGULATA, terms oriThe Romans overcame them in 307 B.O.-The ginally applied by Ray to mammals, according name Umbria has been revived in modern times as they possessed claws or hoofs, though Aristo designate a portion of what was recently the totle, centuries before, had made a similar diviPapal States, comprised chiefly in the delega- sion of quadrupeds, placing among unguiculates tions of Spoleto and Perugia.
the monkeys, bats, carnivora, and rodents, and UMPQUA, & W. co. of Oregon, bounded W. among the ungulates the pachyderms, rumiby the Pacific ocean and drained by the Ump- nants, and solipeds (horse). Ray placed ainong qua and Kowes rivers; area over 1,500 sq. m.; unguiculates the camel, elephant, and edenpop. in 1860, 1,250. The surface is hilly or tates, as well as those above mentioned; Linundulating, and the soil is very fertile, pro- næus followed Ray in his division of quadruducing wheat, Indian corn, rye, oats, and other peds. This system has been variously modified grains in great abundance. Capital, Umpqua by Cuvier, Swainson, Oken, O. L. Bonaparte, Oity.
and Owen, the last restricting the unguiculates UMRITSIR. See AMRITSEER.
to the monkeys and carnivora, and the unguUNAU. See Sloth.
lates to the omnivora, ruminants, solipeds, and UNOAS, a North American Indian, sachem pachyderms. (See MAMMALIA, vol. xi. p. 125.) of the Mohegan tribe in Connecticut, died about UNICORN, a fabulous animal resembling a 1680, at a great age. He was originally a war horse, with a single horn issuing from the midchief of the Pequot nation, but in 1634 revolted dle of the forehead, well known as the animal from the Pequot sachem Sassacus, obtained the which with the lion supports the coat of arms support of the English settlers, and so acquired of England. The unicorn of the Bible was undominion over the Mohegan territory. In May, doubtedly the rhinoceros; the sea unicorn is 1637, he joined the English in the war against the narwhal. In Smith's “ Illustrations of the the Pequots, and proved a valuable auxiliary, Zoology of South Africa,” under rhinoceros receiving for his services another portion of the keitloa, is an allusion to ndzoo-dzoo, probably & Pequot lands. Many of the Pequots were species of rhinoceros, described as about the shielded by him from the vengeance of the size of a horse, very fleet, strong, and fierce, English when the war was over, and for this with a single horn projecting from the forehe was for a time in partial disgrace with the head, which comes near the usual figures of the authorities; but he was soon received again unicorn of fable; it is met with near the tropic into so great favor with the whites that several of Capricorn and in the country to the north attempts were made by different Indians to as- of Mozambique. According to Van Zach, there sassinate him. There was then in existence an is in N. Africa a ruminant of the antelope famiagreement to refer all quarrels to the English. ly, with a single long and straight horn upon Uncas accordingly complained to them, and the forehead; this may be the rhinoceros above they joined him in a war that ended in the referred to, or it may be a mutilated or entirely death of the powerful Narraganset sachem imaginary animal. Miantonomoh, at whose instigation it was UNIOLA, a genus of North American grasses thought the attempts had been made. In 1648 found on the sea coast from Long island, N. Y., the Mohawks, Pocomtocks, and other tribes to Virginia and southward. They have tough made war against Uncas with but little success. perennial roots, from the creeping rootstocks