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Livingston's Reception in France-His Qualifications as a Minister-Communicates the

Refusal of France to sell her new American Possessions-His Assurances to France in

Respect to her colonizing them--These Assurances wholly at Variance with the Presi-

dent's Views_His Later Dispatches-Receives the President's Letter and Formal In-

structions The Discrepancy in the latter explained— The Federalists unconsciously

playing into the President's Hands-Effect of their War Proposition in the Session of

1802-3 on Bonaparte-Why he preferred a Sacrifice of Louisiana to War with the Uni-

ted States-Why Monroe was sent to act with Livingston-President to Monroe and to

M. Dapont-Livingston's Dispatches

England and France preparing for a Renewal of

War-The Crisis anticipated by Jefferson reached-Talleyrand proposes to sell Lou-

isiana-Marbois intrusted with the Negotiations by Bonaparte—His Official Offer to

sell Louisiana-Answer of the American Minister-Treaty of Sale to the United States

effected-Conditions of the Treaty and Conventions—Great Britain favors the Ar-

rangement-Her Motives—The American Minister's Dispatches Home-The Secretary

of State's Reply-Errors in the Minister's Dispatch corrected—Jefferson's Modesty,

His Exclusive Origination of the Policy which led to the Acquisition never publicly

avowed-Extent and Value of the Acquisition—Illustrative Statistical Comparisons-

Other National Advantages secured besides Territory and Wealth—The Victories of

the Gallic Cæsar and of the Republican President compared_Consequences of Presi-

dent's Delicacy towards Livingston-President's Signals to England–His Letters to Sir

John Sinclair and the Earl of Buchan-Republican Murmurs in 1803 at the President's

Refusal to remove Federalists His Unalterable Determination expressed to Nichol-

son-Result of the Spring Elections in 1803–Jefferson to Breckenridge on Further

Territorial Acquisitions The Effect of the Recent one on the Preservation of Union-

Refuses to communicate his Birth-day to be made an Anniversary-Letter to Nicholas

--Regards a Constitutional Amendment necessary to carry out the Stipulations of the

Recent Treaty-Congress convened—Prominent Members—The President's Message

-Treaty ratified by the SenateResolution in the House to carry it into Effect-

R. Griswold's Resolution calling for Papers_Determined Opposition to Treaty by

Federalists—Grounds of the Opposition-G. Griswold's Speech--Republicans take

Ground that no Constitutional Amendments are Necessary-Speeches of J. Randolph,

Nicholson, Rodney, etc.-Federalists admit Constitutionality of Purchase, but contend

the Territories must be governed as Colonies—Motives and Effects of their Proposi-

tions—The Final VoteQuestion reopened in the Senate on another Bill-Speeches

of White, Pinckney, J. Q. Adams, Dayton, and Tracy—The Republican Speakers-

Effect of the Federal Opposition-Political Comparisons-Ames and Morris on the

State of Affairs-Hamilton SilentBankrupt Law Repealed--Barbary Affairs-Death

of Samuel Adams and Pendleton—Impeachment of Judge Pickering-Articles of Im

peachment ordered against Judge Chase-Adjournment,

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proposes a Remedy—His Feelings towards U. S. Bank in 1803—His Enemies attacking

an Imaginary Personage—Malthus and Say-Reasons for accepting a Renomination-

Views on a Coalition with the Federalists_Family Letters-Death of his Daughter, Mrs.

Eppes—Account of, by a Member of the Family-Condolences of Governor Page and

Judge Tyler-Letter of Condolence from Mrs. John Adams and Reply—Their furtlier Cor.

respondence and the Sequel—The Conduct of both considered-A new Rule of Official

Removals avowed-President's Views of Louisiana Boundary, etc.—Official Appoint-

ments for Orleans Territory-A Letter to Mazzei-Provision for Lafayette—To Madli-

800—Desires Republican Officeholders not to interfere in Elections-Death of General

Hamilton-His last Public Letter-His Political Standing at the time of his Death-

Result of the Presidential Election-Federal Calumnies—An Example—The Poet

Noore's Statement that the President treated the British Minister with Incivility-The

Circumstances,Official Correspondence on the Subject—The Sequel—Thomas Moore's

individual Grievance-His Course and Views in this Country–His Presentation to the

President-His Lampoons on the President-Anecdote—Jefferson and the Irish Melo-

dies–J. Q. Adams's better kept Grudge Second Session of Eighth Congress-Presi-

dent's Message-Changes in the Senate-Impeachment of Judge Chase-- The Resu!t,

Reasons for his Acquittal-Constitutional Amendments proposed-Congressional Pro.

ceedings-Gun-boats-Classes interested in opposing them-President's Policy in not

seeking to build up a great Navy-Disasters of War of 1812 imputed to this Cause--

Strength of English Navy in 1803–Strength of American Navy on Jefferson's Acces-

sion—Result of a great-navy Policy–Population and moneyed Wealth compared—The

Absurdity of then attempting to rival England as a Naval Power-The Results of the

Opposite Course-Growing a better way of acquiring Strength than Arming—The Peace

Policy-Jefferson's exclusive Responsibility for it—Gun-boat Bill passed-Law against

Violators of Neutrality-Enactments against American Contraband Trade in West In-

dies-Territoral Bills-President's Correspondence-Early Prejudices against the

class of Artisans recanted-Letter to Taylor arowing his Determination to retire at

close of Second Term_Inauguration-Inaugural Speech-Cabinet Changes-Local Re.

publican Schisms, President's Letter to Logan on Consequences of these Schisms--

Character of Family Correspondence henceforth-Letter to J.W. Eppes.

CII A PTER IV.

1803-1806.

The Tripolitan War-President strengthens Mediterranean Fleet-Tripoli bombarded-

Catastrophe of the Ketch Intrepid-Preble returns Home and is succeeded by Barron

--Preble's Opinion of Gunboats-Force left in Mediterranean-Eaton's romantic Expe-

dition-Advances across the Lybian Desert and captures Derne-Barron refuses Rein-

forcements to attack Tripoli--Propriety of his Refusal considered-Barron succeeded

by Rogers-Lear's Treaty with Tripoli–Criticisms on that Treaty—The Charge that

Hamet Caramalli was dishonorably abandoned-Eaton's Testimony-Barron's Instruc-

tions—Hamet's own Testimony-Unfriendly Relations with Spain–Napoleon counte.

nances Spain-The President's Manner of meeting the Insolence of French Minister-

Considers & conditional Alliance with England necessary, The Battle of Trafalgar-

It makes Napoleon our Friend and England our Enemy--Meeting of Ninth Congress

-New Members President's Message--Confidential Message on Spanish Affairs-

Report of Committee-Two Millions appropriated to purchase Floridas-John Ran-

dolph's defection--His Character and Career-Jefferson's Estimation of him-Special

Message on English Aggressions—Various Propositions and Debate thereon in the

House-Votes on Gregg's and Sloane's Resolutions—The Administration Plan-Inter-

course prohibited with St. Domingo-Appropriations Cumberland Road Bill passed

--Its History Coast Survey originated-Mediterranean Fund-Bills which failed-A

political Ordeal passed by the Alministration—Quarrel between John and Thomas

Mann Randolph-Garland's Statements corrected_Miranda's Expedition sails irom

New York-Smith and Ogden prosecuted for Breach of Neutrality Laws-Their impu.

dent Memorial to Congress-Quincy's Charge and Retraction—Votes of the House on

the Memorial—The Finale of Miranda's Expedition-President's Correspondence with

the Emperor Alexander-An International Policy inaugurated-Letter to Monroe on

Death of Pitt-Outrage of the Leander–Hopes raised by the Accession of Fox to

British Ministry-Domestic Political Triumphs-Randolph's Newspaper Attack on

Administration-Burwell's Reply-Projects of Burr in 1805–His first Western Journey

-At Blennerhasset's Island, Nashville, New Orleans, etc.—Return-Attempts to

engage Eaton, Truxton, etc., in his Schemes-His Disclosures to Eaton-His Plans,

how fostered-His second Trip West—His Bastrop or Washita Purchase-His and

Blennerhasset's Preparations-Newspapers urging a Separation of the Atlantic and

Western States—Wilkinson's and Burr's Correspondence-Burr sends Swartwout to

Wilkinson-Burr's and Dayton's Letters in Cipher-Wilkinson's Proceedings thereon

Declares New Orleans under Martial Law-Sends Bollman and Swartwout Prisoners

i to Washington—The President's earliest Intimations of the Conspiracy--His pro-

ceedings thereon-Daviess's Measures against Burr in Kentucky-How thwarted-

Henry Clay's Agency in the Affair—Further History of the Conspiracy-Broken up-

Burr's flight-Arrested and sent to Richmond for Trial-President's Correspondence

during the Affair,

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Second Session of Ninth Congress-President's Message-Special Message on t'nglish

Affairs-Congress ask Information in regard to Burr's Conspiracy--Senate pass a Bill

to suspend the writ of habeas corpus—The House summarily reject the Bill-Eppes's

Speech-Causes of reaction in public feeling-Bollman and Swartwout brought

Prisoners to Washington-President's further Information to Congress-Bollman and

Swartwout discharged from custody--Broom's Resolution to further secure privilege of

the writ of habeas corpus rejected-Bill to suppress African slave trade-Naval defences

- The different plans urged--Adjournment-Correspondence-New English Treaty- Its

inconsistency with Instructions—The President to Monroe on the subject—He rejects

the Treaty without consulting the Senate-Letters to his Cabinet—Spring Elections

in 1807—Burr brought to Richmond—The Legal Proceedings before Judge Marshall-

Burr held to Bail for a Misdemeanor-His Reception by the Federalists of Richmond-

Mr. Wickham's Dinner-Party-Chief Justice and Burr meet as Guests there-Professor

Tucker's Explanation of the Circumstance-Burr's Trial-Motion for a Subpæna duces

tecum to the President-Offer of United States Attorney to voluntarily furnish all

necessary evidence-Martin's Attacks on the President-Wirt's Reply-Chief Justice's

Remarks-Attacks on the President continued-President's Indignation-Martin's

Motives and Character-A Blunder avoided–The Subpa na duces tecum issued-Presi.

dent's Offer in the interim to furnish all needful Testimony--His Answer on receiving

the Subpæna, etc.-A practical Commentary-Manner of treating Government Wit-

nesses-Indictment for Treason and Misdemeanor found-Burr confined in his Counsel's

house-Arraigned-His Description of his “ Apartments" etc., in the Penitentiary-

Trial opened-President's Letters to United States Attorney-Motion to stop the

Introduction of Evidence in the Trial for Treason granted-Verdict of the Jury-Trial

for Misdemeanor—The Proof relied on by the Prosecution ruled out—The Sequel-Burr

held to Bail for a Misdemeanor in Ohio-President's Correspondence with District

Attorney-Accused of undue eagerness for Prisoner's Conviction--Accused of Impro-

per Interference–These Charges examined-Burr's Flight-His Miseries in Foreign

Lands_Unable to get Home-Finally reaches Home in 1812–His obscurity and Dis.

grace-Death of his Family-Dreads Imprisonment for Debt-Subsequent Course and

Closing Scene,

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Affair of the Chesapeake and Leopard-Popular and Official Movements thereon--Presi.

dent's Views-His Attitude in relation to Spanish Affairs—Indian Difficulties-- Private

Correspondence-Considers a Presidential Tour improper-The President and his

Grandson-Anecdotes-Carrying a Kentuckian en croupe-The drunken Soldier-An

Acquaintance made under unusual Circumstances-Oar Relations with England—Was

the rejection of the Treaty the Cause of English Hostility ?-Canning's Intercourse with

American Ministers-British Proclamation and Orderg in Council-Effects on United

States_Meeting of Congress-President's Message-imbargo recommended_Was the

President then apprised of last Orders in Council ?-The Embargo Bill passes-Presi-

dent transmits to Congress Proceedings in Barr's Trials-Motion to expel Smith as an

Accomplice of Burr-J. Q. Adams's Report thereon-Bayard's Opinion of Burr's Guilt

-Vote in Smith's Case-Bills to amend the Laws of Treason-Pennsylvania Resolu-

tions_Wilkinson's Conduct investigated-Supplementary Embargo Acts-Gardenier's

Speech-Johnson's and Campbell's Replies—Duel between Gardenier and Campbell-

Bills passed-Deaths—Adjournment-Arrival of English Minister-His Correspondence

with Madison and Departure-President's Views of Objects and Effects of Embargo-

His View of our Foreign Relations Legislative and other Addresses approving Em-

bargo-Eight Legislatures nominate the President for a Third Term-His decisive

Refusal arrests further Nominations-Presidential Caucus-Clinton and Monroe's dis-

satisfaction-Correspondence between the President and Monroe-Claims of the latter

compared with Madison's—The President's impartial Overtures to England and France

Their Replies-Pinkney writes Home urging a full persistence in Embargo-Effects

of Embargo on different Classes and Sections of our Country-Its comparative Effects

in United States and England - England encouraged to persist by the Conduct of New

England Federalists-Disingenuousness of their Appeals to Sectional and Class Inte-

rests—Comparative Esports and Tonnage of different Sections of the Union-Infrac-

tions of Embargo in New York and New England-Revenue Officers forcibly resisted

-Conduct of New York and New England Executives—President's Impartiality in

granting Permits General Armstrong's Dispatches in regard to Florida—President's

Views Germ of the “Monroe Doctrine"-President's Views of English Relations-

His View of the proper Manner of executing Criminal Justice on Indian Offenders-

Tistory of the " Batture Case,”

223

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Mr. Jefferson's return Home-His Correspondence with the President-Jefferson's and

Madison's Friendship--Their Similarities and Contrasts of Character, etc.—Their dif-

ferent Degrees of Popularity among Political Friends and Opponents—Their Useful-

ness to each other-Erskine's Treaty-Jefferson's Views of it—His Annexation Views

The Treaty rejected by England—“Copenhagen Jackson " succeeds Erskine-

Habitual deportment of British Ministers in the United States—How the Treaty had

been received by the Federalists—Their Declarations on its Rejection-Feelings of the

American people-Jefferson to Eppes—His Views on Equilibrium of Agriculture,

Manufactures and Commerce-Dissensions in Mr. Madison's Cabinet_Jefferson dis-

suades Gallatin from retiring—Engaged in correcting Marshall's Life of Washington,

Loss of his Indian Vocabularies-Domestic affairs-Letter to Kosciusko–Jefferson's

Pecuniary Affairs-A Statement of them and of the Sources of his Pecuniary Misfor.

tunes-Amount of his Property–Causes of the Depression of the Agricultural Interest

in Virginia_Monetary Revulsions-Life at Monticello-Its Scale of Hospitality–A talk

with old Wormley_Mr. Jefferson's proposed and actual Style of Living—Anecdote of

Mr. C***.–The Current of Events unchangeable—The Sequel-Description of Monti-

cello-Its Approach—The Grounds and Mansion-Interior of the House forty years

ago-Prospect from Monticello-Looming of the Mountains—Jefferson's proposed

Improvements to the Scenery-An early English Description of the Climate and

Inhabitants—A Rain Storm and an important Computation-Reasons for Jefferson's

building his House at Poplar Forest—The House and Life there described by his

Grand-daughter-Journeying between his two Residences described by another Grand-

daughter-An Omission in the Sketch of the House at Poplar Forest-Interview with

a Parson at Ford's Tavern-Jefferson in the Interior of his Family, his Reading, his

Rural and Horticultural Tastes, described by a Grand-daughter-His Conduct and Man.

ners in his Family, described by different Grand-daughters,

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