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that deserve well at the hands of the conductors of the Medical College; and which, therefore, might be expected to call for a share of their grateful acknowledgements :-Is it not a fact that many of the most distinguished students that ever passed through the College, were not alumni of Government Institutions at all, but the pupils of Missionary Seminaries ? To be more specific still ;-Is it not, for example, a simple fact, that, from the first, the Free Church Institution (as it is now called) did annually send several of the best qualified candidates to the Medical College ?--and that of these, some have pre-eminently distinguished themselves-carrying away, year after year, the highest honours ! This very year, the first insertion in the list of prizes and certificates of honour is the following :
Anatomy and Physiology the Government gold medal, and first certificate, Dinnonath Dass."
And who is this Dinnonath Dass, that occupies the foremost place in the prize and honorary list ? He is one who obtained all his general education in the Free Church Institution. And what redounds to his credit is, that, whereas he only entered the Medical College a twelve month ago, he has, in the important department of Anatomy and Physiology, carried away the first prize, in a close competition with many who had been students for two, three, four, or even five years! Of the four students who accompanied Dr. Goodeve to Eng. land, upwards of two years ago, and who have so greatly distinguished themselves in the University College, London, one obtained the whole, and other two, the principal part of their education in the Free Church Institution. Other facts of a similar kind might be adduced, but these may suffice to shew how greatly indebted the Medical College is for its success to non-government or even Missionary Institutions. These, therefore, in justice appear to deserve something better at the hands of the conductors of the Medical College, the Council of Education under whose superintendence the College is placed, and the Supreme Government of this land, than has ever yet been awarded to them. The very least return, most assuredly, ought to be a kindly recognition of the existence of the Institutions in question, and a frank and generous acknowledgement of their services to the great cause of a sound and enlightened popular education.
The examinations for the past year, both general and special, hare been conducted with unusual fulness, accuracy, and care.
Fourteen in the English Department passed the final examination and obtained a diploma. The written answers given by the best of these on some of the more important topics are given at full length in the Appendix ; and more satisfactory answers-answers more clearly indicative of high proficiency and a thorough mastery of the different subjects-we have scarcely ever seen. In the Military class fourteen passed, in the first grade of merit; and seven, in the second grade.
Respecting the general conduct of the students, the following statements appear in the Report :
The general conduct of the native pupils of the English Class has been most praiseworthy during the past Session, not a single case of any kind of misconduct having been reported to the college authorities. Their atten
dance at lecture has been regular, and their demeanour upon all occasions quiet, orderly, and unobjectionable.
The Military Class continues to maintain the good character it has already gained, but one instance of partial insubordination having occurred, which was quelled at once without any difficulty, and which originated in the misconduct of and erroneous notion entertained of his duties by a subordinate officer attached to the institution. A few pupils of irregular habits were dismissed for repeated absence without leave, the conduct of the remainder has been, with the exception above noted, in every way most creditable.
The following communication from Sir J. Emerson Tennant, Secretary to the Government of Ceylon, addressed to the Supreme Government, was submitted to the Coupcil for report:
“I am directed by the Governor to beg that you will make known to the Right Hon'ble the Governor-General in Council, that His Excellency has learned with much regret, that some of the natives of Ceylon who had been admitted as students at the Medical School in Calcutta, have unfortunately been misled into habits of intemperance and other vicious irregularities, which in many instances have entirely destroyed their usefulness on their return to the Colony. His Excellency is desirous of obtaining the co-operation of the authorities at Calcutta, in endeavouring to apply a remedy to an evil so fatal to the important object in view, by adopting further measures for placing the Ceylon Students under a stricter system of discipline and surveilance on their arrival in Calcutta. His Excellency is not sufficiently informed as to the economy and internal government of the Medical Institution at Calcutta to be able confidently to suggest an expedient in immediate connection with them; but it occurs to him, that were the heads of the College to sanction the appointment of a superintendent responsible to themselves or to the local Government, it would be productive of great moral advantage to the youths who are now resorting to them for instruction.
“ His Excellency is disposed to think that a retired Military Officer of the Company's Serrice, might with good effect be nominated to receire these youths on their arrival, to conduct them to the place assigned for their residence, to superintend their mess, and enforce a system of orderly conduct, abstinence from excesses, and punctual return at suitable hours to their proper house.
“ His Excellency will be prepared to pay all reasonable expenses attendant on the enforcement of such a system; and the issue or withholding of some proportion of the students' pay and allowances, would operate as an adequate check in aid of discipline.
“ I am likewise instructed by His Excellency to acquaint you for the information of the Right Hon'ble the Governor-General in Council, that an increased demand for Medical Assistants has recently been experienced in this Island to an unprecedented extent, and it is just possible that it may ere long be in excess of the means at the disposal of the Governor to supply qualified persons when called upon. His Excelleucy is therefore anxious to be informed whether a number of Medical Assistants, say from 10 to 15, might be disposed to volunteer their services for this Colony, if required, and whether the Government of Bengal would sanction their proceeding hither on such an emergency on salaries equal to those to which they are entitled in Bengal. The salaries paid in this colony to such persons are as follow :
“ The third class commence with £110 per annum, and are eligible on recommendation of the chief medical officer to the second class, with a salary of £150, and three years' service in the second class, entitles to promotion to the first, with an income of £200 per annum,
To this the Council replied, that the Ceylon pupils at present reside in a separate building within the college compound, and are superintended by the Secretary to the College, who resides near them, and is assisted in this duty by the House Surgeon and Staff Serjeant. The special regulations to which they are subjected, are contained in the Medical College rules.
Although every means are taken to prevent irregularities, to enforce the keeping of proper hours, and to avoid the contamination of bad society, it is impossible amidst the temptations and vices of a large city like Calcutta, entirely to prevent their occurrence.
The Council, therefore, coincide in the view expressed in the letter of the Secretary to the Ceylon Government, that it would be extremely desirable to have an officer resident in the same building with them, whose sole duty should be the control and superintendence of the domestic economy of the Ceylon pupils. It is believed that the services of such a person could be obtained for Company's Rupees 300 per mensem, with quarters and messing allowance; and by his constant presence, advice, example, and authority, that all bad habits would be effectually checked, and the students be improved in a corresponding degree in morality, decorum, and general propriety of conduct.
At the same time, the Council deem it but just towards the present pupils to state that as a body they are much superior to their predecessors in all
The Council are of opinion, that their residence should be either within the college compound, or as near to it as possible for the benefit of Hospital attendance, and of their attending to their various duties and studies with as little exposure to the sun and weather as possible. For these purposes, the present building is not adapted to furnish accommodation for more than 17 pupils, and has no quarters for a superintendent.
The proposal above-mentioned were not adopted by the Government of Ceylon, as the revenues of that colony did not then warrant so large an expenditure for those purposes.
The conduct and character of the Ceylon students during the past session
With the view of still farther promoting the efficiency of the
“ Another circumstance of importance is, as to how far the Government
Its effects upon the natives of India would be immeasureably greater than
upon the inhabitants of any European country, for reasons which must be obvious to all acquainted with the social habits of the people.
The Native Medical Student in his own home, is exposed to every influence resulting from ignorance, superstition, the prejudices of caste, and similar means of weakening the effects of the intellectual and moral training which he is undergoing in our schools and colleges. His friends and relations are for the most part incapable of aiding or sympathizing with him in his scholastic pursuits, their conversation, manners, and morals are not such as are likely to improve or elevate him in the social scale, his books and studies are therefore laid aside until he can resume them under less unfavorable circumstances, and in the more congenial society of his fellowstudents.”
These remarks challenge the gravest attention, and will, we trust, recieve the fullest consideration at the hands of Government. From our own experience we can vouch for their essential truthfulness. And their accuracy being once admitted, there ought not to be two opinions as to the nature and importance of the practical conclusion to be deduced from them, and the practical measure to which such conclusion should inevitably lead. Were such a measure resolved upon, it is clear that an immense addition must be made to the present buiidings. The desirableness of such addition, from the foregoing and other causes, has been thus forcibly and prominently developed in the Report :
“In consequence of the increased demand for the services of native doctors, created by the operations of the army in the field, and by the aug. mentation of the native army, as well as the difficulty constantly experienced of securing the services of suitably qualified persons, the Medical Board recommended an addition of at least fifty pupils to the strength of the Military Class. Upon this the Council of Education was consulted as to the number of additional pupils that could conveniently be accommodated at the Medical College, to which it was replied that there is not only no arailable space for the location of a single extra student, but no means of adding to the buildings at present in the compound, in which the existing hundred pupils are crowded into a space barely capable of accommodating them; which is damp, ill ventilated, and not well adapted for the permanent residence of any up-country lads. It is only by the most watchful care, superintendence, and occasional thorough cleansing and white-washing that it has been preserved in a healthy state.
The position of the College itself, although centrical and per se well situated, is very ineligible for such an Institution, it being closely sur. rounded by densely peopled, dirty, ill-drained bazars in every direction, and the ground in its immediate vicinity being so expensive, (rupees 500 a cottah) as to render it difficult to extend the premises to the extent required by its increasing growth and importaace.
There are nearly 125 students residing within the compound who hare no place of recreation within the walls, or nearer than the maidan at the end of the Chowringhi road. A gymnasium, so essential for their health, and so useful in encouraging a manly and rational spirit of rivalry and enjoyment between all classes of students, was sanctioned by Government some time since, but the Council have been unable to find a local habitation for it. An ample parade ground and gymnasium would not only tend to preserve and improve the health of the students, but render them less liable to fall victims to the vices and temptations of a large city like Calcutta. As this is the only College in India where native students are subjected to the in-door training and discipline considered of so much importance in Europe, the Council are of opinion that its efficiency would be much increased by the means being afforded to the pupils of acquiring a taste for the moral and manly amusements of Europe instead of the low vices and disreputable habits of the great bulk of the native community.
Under these circumstances, and before the building of the Fever Hospital will render the future removal of the College from its present site impossible, the Council beg to bring the above-mentioned subject to the prominent notice of Government, in the hope that some means may be devised of removing the causes of inefficiency under which the institution at present labors.
In consequence of the foregoing report, the Civil Architect was directed through the Military Board, to draw up a plan for a new Medical College. Major Goodwyn applied to the Council for a specification of the exact nature and extent of the buildings likely to be required, upon which a communication was addressed to Government, of which the following extract contains the nature and purport:
· The Council do not feel aut zed to afford such deta ed information without the express sanction of Government, as it will involve several important considerations connected with the present state and probable future wants of the Medical College, especially as to whether it is the intention of Government to afford instruction to the European subordinate Medical Establishment to the extent intimated in the despatch of the Hon'ble Court of Directors upon the subject-and also, as to whether there is any probability of increased hospital accommodation, in addition of the Fever Hospital and present Male and Female Hospitals of the College, being afforded, such as attaching an Eye Infirmary or Vaccine Establishment to the institution, in which they would be of the greatest importance in every point of view, the great and almost only radical defect at present existing, being inadequacy of clinical means of instruction to an extent which is productive of much injury to the cause of medical education.”
As appears from this statement, the erection of the proposed Fever Hospital has been hitherto delayed; and delayed chiefly, as we are given to understand, by the general proposal of removing the College itself. Should this be found impracticable, the Council express their earnest hope and trust, in which we heartily join them, that “the extension of the Institution in its present position and building of the Fever Hospital will be sanctioned by the Government at an early period.”
This brief notice of the Report we conclude by commending it to the attention of all who are interested in the success of the College. And what friend of native improvement, we may well ask, is not interested therein ? The Report itself is drawn up with all the neatness, distinctness and accuracy which ever characterize the productions of its indefatigable author-Dr. Mouat.
Mrs. Cameron's Leonora-Translated from the German of
Burger. Some of the present generation may be old enough to remember the time when the public mind had been thoronghly satiated with the unchanging heroics of Pope's school, but had not yet admitted the “fatal facility” of the Octo-syllabic verse; when the Giaour was yet undreamt of and the Lay unwritten. It was then, that is about the