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Among the discoveries made by these travellers, in countries never before visited by the human foot, may be reckoned the sources of the river Terek; and the sacred places where the Ingouschs perform their religious ceremonies on the summit of the mountain Ossay. This journey is particularly distinguished by observations on geography and mineralogy, with which M. Engelhart proposes soon to enrich those branches of science.
•Avalanches.—Berne, February 19. At St. Bernard, last week, an avalanche of snow carried with it a transport of sixty horses and their drivers into the vale beneath.
Basle, March 15. We have received from the country of the Grisons, very lately, fresh details of the lamentable and fatal events that have resulted from various avalanches in that country, and its neighbourhood. During the 15th, 16th, and 17th of February, there were no less than mine between Martinsbruck and Finsternunz. In the lower Engadine, the roads and communications were obstructed during ten days. Very extensive masses of snow which no longer adhered to the ancient covering of ice, have been detached from the crests or sides of the mountains. An enormous avalanche fell near to Zernex ; another near to Guarda; a third at Plata-Mala. On the 16th and 17th there were two, which damaged various buildings at Fettan; a village of which part had already been swept away by a previous avalanche, and the other part soon afterwards consumed by fire;
We learn from Hanz, in the Upper line, still more disastrous particulars. An avalanche half a league in length, overwhelmed in its course eighty buildings for cattle, cow-houses, &c. with great stores of hay, and two hundred and fifty beasts of various kinds; also in the neighbourhood a mill for grinding corn, a saw mill, and three dwelling houses. Prompt assistance saved the inhabitants, who were extracted alive from this devouring tomb. Many cattle-houses were also destroyed at Lombrein and at Vrins. In the latter place two men were happily saved.
At Sassien, in the moment when a herdsman was carrying from one part of a cattle-house to another, the milk that he had procured from his cows a few moments before, an avalanche carried away the building, with seven cows; the man remained unhurt, by a kind of miracle, neither were his milk pails so much as overset. At Saint Antoine de Schorin, a herdsman perished with seven horned cattle. An avalanche swept down two stables from the habitation; and lower down on the mountain, it carried off a man and two cows; the man happily did not perish.
Pilgrimage to Mecca.-Constantinople, February 10. Preparations are making here for resuming the caravan of pilgrims to Mecca. During several years, that is to say, while the Wehabees have prevailed in Arabia, that holy duty has been intermitted, and no caravan has been conducted to the sacred city. The devout mussulmans await impatiently the moment when they may set out to behold the tomb of the prophet. Suleyman Pacha, formerly silindar to sultan Selim, and
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now appointed governor of Damascus, is named to conduct the first caravan. He is making preparations for his departure; his predecessor in that government is going to St. John of Acre; to which government he is recently appointed.
Freezing Quicksilver—Professor Leslie has succeeded in freezing quicksilver by his frigorific process. This remarkable experiment was performed in the shop of Mr. Adie, optician, with an air pump of a new and improved construction, made by that skilful artist. A wide thermometer tube, with a large bulb, was filled with mercury, and attached to a rod passing through a collar of leathers, from the top of a cylindrical receiver. This receiver, which was seven inches wide, . covered a deep flat bason of nearly the same width, and containing: sulphuric acid, in the midst of which was placed an egg-cup half full of water. The inclosed air being reduced by the working of the pump to the 50th part, the bulb was repeatedly dipt in the water, and again exposed to evaporation, till it became incrusted with a coat of ice about the 20th of an inch thick. The cup, with its water still unfrozen, was then removed, and the apparatus replaced, the coated bulb being pushed down to less than an inch from the surface of the sulphuric acid. On exhausting the receiver again, and continuing the operation, the icy crust at length started into divided fissures, owing probably to its being more contracted by the intense cold than the glass which it invested; and the mercury, having gradually descended in the thermometer tube till it reached the point of congelation, suddenly sunk almost into the bulb, the gage standing at the 20th of an inch, and the included air being thus rarefied about 600 times. After a few minutes, the apparatus being removed, and the bulb broken, the quicksilver appeared a solid mass which bore the stroke of a hammer. ; : .
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Stramonium.—The last Medical Journal contains the following case of the good effects of stramonium in asthma....Mr. J. C. a medical gentleman, 42 years of age, of middle stature and full habit, had been afflicted with a cough and difficulty of breathing for several years. About four years ago he was attacked with distinct paroxysms of asthma, which came on in the usual manner and progressively increased, so much so that he could not lie down without the greatest dread of suffocation. This fit continued three or four weeks and then left him. In a few months it again attacked him, and for three years af. terwards he had regular paroxysms, with great difficulty of respiration in the intervals. During this time he took various medicines suggessed both by himself and numerous physicians of eminence; and in short, during three years, made an adequate trial of every article in the Materia Medica recommended for this complaint, but without deriving the least benefit. About twelve months ago, during a violent paroxysm, he commenced smoking the stramonium, and after using one pipe-full, found the symptoms wonderfully relieved, and by repeating it once or twice a day, the paroxysm entirely subsided. He is now occasionally attacked in the night, but by rising and smoking
one pipe of the stramonium the difficulty of breathing generally ceases immediately, and when this is not the case, he is so much relieved that he can lie down and sleep with comparative comfort. Since he first had recourse to this remedy, he has had no regular fit of asthma; and his breathing gets so much better, that he is of opinion that by perseverance in the remedy he shall entirely recover. It does not affect his stomach, nor his head, but seems entirely to act on the organs of respiration.”
M. F. Keienlin.—M. F. Keienlin, in his miscellaneous works, states that Marianne Fisher, aged 24 years, who was under the care of Dr. Heini, in the Hospital at Friburgh, from the month of January to December 1811, discharged one #. three small cray-fish, fifty-two leeches, and eight worms, from the stomach. Dr. Heini, attributed the cause to the waters of a marsh, which this young woman frequently drank in the previous month of August.
Counsellor Graser.—Counsellor Graser has, by order of his Bavarian majesty, made an experiment with the greatest success, on some young recruits, of his method of teaching children, or adults, to read and write in the course of a month. Before the end of a month, these young scholars, who before did not know a letter, learned to write correctly, and read every thing presented to them.
Italy.—In July last, the skeleton of a man, ten feet three inches' high, was dug up in the valley of Mazara, in Sicily. Human skeletens, of gigantic size, have heretofore been found in the same spot.
Medal bestowed : linseed oil imfiroved.—Russia. The medal des: tined to recompense useful labours has been granted to two dealers and a countryman, who have discovered a fireharation of linseed oil, by which it is fitted for burning, instead of olive oil; it has neither smoke, nor any other inconvenient property.
." The public should be guarded against the use of adulterations of stramoaium, the efficacy of which in its simple state is clearly ascertained.
* OH Lady! when I left the shore, The distant shore, which gave me birth, I hardly thought to grieve once more, To quit another spot on earth: Yet here amidst this barren isle, Where panting Nature droops the head, Where only thou art seen to smile, I view my parting hour with dread. Though far from Albin's craggy shore, Divided by the dark-blue main; A few, brief, rolling seasons o'er, Perchance I view her cliffs again: But wheresoe’er I now may roam, Through scorching clime, and varied sea, Though Time restore me to my home, . I ne'er shall bend mine eyes on thee. On thee, in whom at once conspire All charms which heedless hearts can move Whom but to see is to admire, And, oh! forgive the word—to love. Forgive the word, in one who ne'er With such a word can more offend; And since thy heart I cannot share, Believe me, what I am, thy Friend. And who so cold as look on thee, Thou lovely wand'rer, and be less? Norbe, what man should ever be, The friend of Beauty in distress? Ah! who would think that form had pass'd Through Danger’s most destructive path, Had brav'd the death-wing'd tempest’s blast And scap’d a tyrant’s fiercer wrath? Lady! when I shall view the walls Where free Byzantium once arose; And Stamboul's Oriental halls The Turkish tyrants now enclose; Though mightiest in the lists of fame, That glorious city still shall be; On me 'twill hold a dearer claim, As spot of thy nativity: And though I bid thee now farewell, When I behold that wond’rous scene; Since where thou art, I may not dwell, *Till sooth to be, where thou hast been.