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Recent British Publications.
Memoirs of the public Life of John Horne Tooke. By W. H. Reid. 1 vol.
*'I says, says I. By Thinks-I-to-myself. 2 vols. 12mo.
University of Edinburgh. By John Playfair, professer of Natural Philosophy.
1 vol. 8vo.
... The works of Archbishop Secker, with his Life. By the late Bishop Por
teus. 6 vols. 8vo.
The Loyalists, a Novel, by Mrs. West. 3 vols. 12mo.
RECENT AMERICAN PUBLICATIONS.
By Bradford & Inskeep, Philadelphia.
By JMoses Thomas, Philadelphia.
By A. Finley, Philadelphia. Retrospection, a Poem in familiar verse, by Richard Cumberland. 50 cts. .Also—Regulations for Field Exercise, Manoeuvres, and conduct of the Infantry of the United States, drawn up and adapted to the organization of the Militia and Regular Troops, by Colonel Alexander Smyth, by order of the Secretary of war, with 34 engravings. 2d edition. Price 33 75. .dleo-Rules and Regulations in the Field Exercise and Manoeuvres of the French Infantry, j August 1st, 1798, and the Manoeuvres added which have been since adopted by the Emperor Napoleon. By Daniel Fenton, Trenton. A handsome copy of Watts's Psalms and Hymns, in a 12mo, size, at 100 cts. bound. By. D. & G. Bruce, JWew-York. United we stand, divided we fall. A poem by Juba. Price 50 cts.
By JMathew Carey & J. F. Watson, Philadelphia. -
By James Eastburn, JVew-York, & M. Thomas, Philadelphia. Steel's Navy List for June. 75 cts.
A Life of the late John Horne Tooke, by Mr. Stephens. The author has been furnished with several important documents for the work, by Mr. Tooke's executrix. Professor Stewart, of the E. I. Company’s College, is preparing a History of the Kingdom of Bengal, from the earliest period to the conquest of the country by the English in 1757. Dr. C. Badham, Physician to the Duke of Sussex, is preparing a Translation of Juvenal into English verse. The Rev. George Crabbe is preparing a volume of Tales, in verse. In the Press, Clarke's Travels, Part II, containing Greece, Egypt, the Holy Land, &c. Travels in the Interior of Brazil, by John Mawe. The principal part of this work relates to the interior of Brazil, where no Englishman was ever before permitted to travel, and particularly to the gold and diamond districts, which he investigated by order of the Prince Regent of Brazil. Speeches of the late William Wyndham, with memoirs of his life, by Thomas Amyott. Poetical Vagaries, by George Colman, the younger.
PROPOSED AM ERICAN PUBLICAT I on 5.
John F. Watson, Philadelphia, Has in the hands of the engravers, Heather's Chart of the Western Ocean, to be published in two months. He intends to offer them on such terms to chart-sellers as may prevent their future importation.
o Daniel Fenton, Trenton. The New-Jersey Preacher: being a volume of Sermons on plain and practi. cal subjects, by some of the most popular Ministers of the Gospel residing in New-Jersey. 225 cents bound. Also, Kimpton's History of the Bible, containing an account of every remarkable transaction recorded in the Sacred Scriptures during a period of upwards of 4000 years. 4 vols. 8vo. 10 dollars the set. •4. Finley, Philadelphia, Has in Press, volumes 4, 5, and 6, of Tales of Fashionable Life, by Miss Edgeworth, being a sequel to those formerly published. Also, the Theory of Agreeable Sensations.
REVIEWS OF LITERATURE,
FOR OCTOBER, 1812.
FROM THE EDINBURGH REVIEW.
Select Letters of Tippoo Sultan; arranged and translated by Colonel William Kirkpatrick. With Notes and Observations, and an Appendix, containing several original Documents never before published, 4to. London. 1811.
THE letters of a real sultan may fairly be reckoned among the curiosities of literature; and will be eagerly glanced at, in a review, by many who would have shrunk from the perusal of the original quarto. Witty letters from witty ladies, affected letters from affected ones, trifling letters from great authors, and dull letters from learned divines, the public have long possessed. The writer of the epistles before us, however, never heard of such persons as M. de Bussi Rabutin, or Madame de Sevigné. He was not in the habit of collecting the best company in Srirungapatan at his suppers, and retailing their bon-mots in his correspondence; and had quite as little taste for sentimental poetry, and fine descriptions.
Tipu Sultan, in short, from the time of his ascending the throne, had two great objects in view; the aggrandisement of his dominions, and the extension of the Mahomedan faith. As each of these materially promoted the success of the other, it is not easy to say which was nearest his heart. He was very ambitious, and very fanatical. The end, in his opinion, completely sanctified the means; and the shortest road was always the best. Off with such a one’s head—the ears of another—and the nose of a third, —is the laconic and original style of this oriental letter-writer. The sultans of the French tales are good sort of credulous people, with a slight predilection for cutting off people's heads, and
VOL. VIII, 2 M
sor listening to tiresome stories. The sultan of Mysore was distinguished only by the first propensity.
* It is already generally known,” says the learned editor, “that upon the reduction of Srirungapatan, in the year 1799, all the public records of the government of Mysore passed into the possession of the captors. It is also, however, but too certain, that many of these precious documents were accidentally burnt, or otherwise destroyed, in the confusion and disorder which unavoidably ensued upon the assault of the fort. It is owing to the active care and intelligent research of Lieutenant Colonel Ogg, of the East India Company's Madras Establishment, that several of the most important of the Moisur papers, now remaining, have been rescued from oblivion; and, among the rest, the very register of public letters, from which the correspondence contained in the present volume has been extracted.’ This register we find, however, is only a fragment, comprehending the Sultan's correspondence from February 1785, to November 1793; and of this period the portion from which General Kirkpatrick has extracted the letters now before the public, only extends to February 1787.
The accomplished orientalist who has amused the intervals of a tedious illness, by selecting and translating these letters, was guided by the following views. “In making the present selection from about a thousand letters, I have confined myself, almost entirely, to such as either appeared to exhibit the Sultan in some new light; to unfold some of his political, financial, or commercial views; or to elucidate some historical fact. My principal object, in this work, being to present as striking a likeness of Tipu, as the nature of my materials, and the extent of my ability to employ them advantageously, would admit, I thought it essential to this end, to render his sentiments, on all occasions, as closely as the different idioms of the two languages would allow, without involving the sense in difficulty or obscurity.” The object being to exhibit the Sultan's character as it is delineated in his correspondence, more than usual importance attaches to the choice of corresponding expressions. In this point of view, the translator's intimate knowledge of the Persic language, his long experience of Indian Courts, and his extensive reading in every branch of Asiatic literature, have proved highly serviceable. In the passages where General Kirkpatrick has accidentally quoted the original phrase, we have uniformly admired the singular felicity with which he has clothed the ideas of the Sultan in English expressions.
“Tipu Sultan, indeed," he observes, “rarely took up his pen, without its laying open some recess or other of his various and irregular