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Political essay on the kingdom of New Spain, Հատոր 3
Alexander von Humboldt
Ամբողջությամբ դիտվող - 1811
Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain, Հատոր 2
Alexander von Humboldt
Ամբողջությամբ դիտվող - 1814
Acapulco Alzate America Anahuac Antillon appears astronomical observations Aztec births California canal Cape capital of Mexico Chihuahua city of Mexico civilization climate coast colonies contains Cordillera Cortez Cruz cultivation degree difference distances drawn Durango eclipse elevation Europe European expedition Father feet Ferrer francs geographical Guadalaxara Guanaxuato gulf gulf of Mexico height Huehuetoca idem Indians inhabitants intendancy island isthmus Juan kingdom kingdom of Leon labour latitude Lima longitude Madrid Malaspina Manuscript map Mascaro meridian metres Mexican mines mountains natives navigators negros Norte Nueva Oaxaca Ocean Oltmanns Panama Peru piastres Pic d'Orizaba places plains Popocatepetl population port position possess Presidio province provincias internas Puebla race regions result river San Luis Potosi Santa situated soil Sonora South Sea Spain Spaniards Spanish square leagues sterling summits tables Tenochtitlan tion toises torrid zone Trans Valladolid valley Velasquez viceroy village volcanos whites Xalappa Zacatecas
Էջ 142 - Amazons, and have had occasion to see a great number of tribes assembled under the monastical hierarchy in the missions, must have observed that the American race contains nations whose features differ as essentially from one another, as the numerous varieties of the race of Caucasus, the Circassians, Moors, and Persians differ from one another.
Էջ 245 - Indians, who in the middle of the night distinguish the different races by the'ir quick sense of smell, have formed three words to express the odour of the European, the Indian American, and the negro : they call the first pezuna, the second posco,* and the third grajo.
Էջ 184 - Mexico is the country of inequality. No where does there exist such a fearful difference in the distribution of fortune, civilization, cultivation of the soil, and population. The interior of the country contains four cities, which are not more than one or two days journey distant from one another, and possess a population of 35,000, 67,000, 70,000, and 135,000.
Էջ 215 - Guines was also appointed to examine the vegetable productions of the island of Cuba. All these researches, conducted during twenty years in the most fertile regions of the new continent, have not only enriched science with more than four thousand new species of plants, but have also contributed much to diffuse a taste for natural history among the inhabitants of the country. The city of Mexico exhibits a very interesting botanical garden within the very precincts of the viceroy's palace. Professor...
Էջ 135 - This is not the place to discuss tlie great pro. bletn of the Asiatic origin of the Toultecs or Aztecs. The general question of the first origin of the inhabitants of a continent is beyond the limits prescribed to history ; and is not, perhaps, even a philosophical question.
Էջ 212 - Fe have the reputation of greater perseverance in the studies to which they have once addicted themselves. . - No city of the new continent, without even excepting those of the United States, can display such great and solid scientific establishments as the capital of Mexico. I shall content myself here with naming the School of Mines, directed by the learned Elhuyar, to which we shall return when we come to speak of the mines ; the Botanic Garden ; and the Academy of Painting and Sculpture. This...
Էջ 210 - Better acquainted with the history of the sixteenth cen. tury than with that of our own times, they imagine 'That Spain continues to possess a decided preponderance over the rest of Europe. To them the peninsula appears the very centre of European civilization. It is otherwise with the Americans of the capital. Those of them who are acquainted with the French or English literature fall easily into a contrary extreme ; and have...
Էջ 205 - European pride. The government, suspicious of the Creoles, bestows the great places exclusively on the natives of Old Spain. For some years back they have disposed at Madrid even of the most trifling employments in the administration of the customs and the tobacco revenue. At an epoch when every...
Էջ 245 - Indian women bear at Mexico, Lima, and even at the Havannah, the strange name of Chino (Chinese). On the ' coast • of Caraccas, and, as appears from the laws, even in New Spain, they are called zambos. This last denomination is now principally limited to the descendants of a negro and a female mulatto, or a negro and a Chinese female.
Էջ 210 - The inhabitants of the remote pro1 » • : vinces have therefore a difficulty in conceiving that there can be Europeans who do not speak their language ; and they consider this ignorance as a mark of low extraction, because, every where around them, all, except the very lowest class of the people, speak Spanish.