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Of ike .most remarkable elevations measured in the inferior of New Spaix.
The work published with the title of10Nivellement barometriquejait dans.les Regions Equinoxiales duNouveau
Names of places of observation.
Pazcuaro, city . . .
Charo, city • »•.,3
Villa de Islahuaca, in the intendancy of Valladolid
San Juan del Rio, town
Queretaro, city \
Celaya, city • • . . .
Salamanca, city .
Guanaxuato, city ....
Mine de la Valenciana
Durango, city . . .
END OF GEOGRAPHICAL INTRODUCTION,
KINGDOM OF NEW SPAIN,
I Arrived at Mexico by the South Sea in March 1803, and resided a year in that vast kingdom. I had recently visited the province of Caraccas, the banks of the Oronooko, the Rio Negro, New Granada, Quito, and the coast of Peru; and I could not avoid being struck with the contrast between the civilisation of New Spain, and the scanty cultivation of those parts of South America •tvhich had fallen under my notice. This contrast excited me to a particular study of the statisticks of Mexico, and to an investigation of the causes -which have had the greatest influence on the pro• gress of the population and national industry.
My situation offered me every means for attaining this end. No printed work could furnish nfe