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What the same celebrated artist immediately fubjoins, that the use of glass introduced mullions into windows, is very probable. At least it contributed to multiply the ramifications; especially the use of painted glass ; where the different stainings were by this means shewn to better advantage, and different stories and figures required separate compartments.

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Soon after the year 1200, they began in England, to cover the facades, or west ends of cathedrals, with niches and rows of ftatues large as the life. The first example of this kind is, I think, at Salisbury; for that of Litchfield is too rich to be of equal antiquity *

. The west end of Wells cathedral was perhaps intended to vye with that of Salisbury, in the same decorations; being in a bordering county, and erected after it, 1402 t. It is in fine preservation, and exhibits a curious specimen of the state of statuary at that time. The west front of Exeter, adorned in this taste by bishop Grandison, 1340, is far inferior to any of the other three. That of the abbey church at Bath, is light and elegant; but is much more modern than

* It was built at least before 1400. For the spire of St. Michael's church in Coventry, finished about 1395, is manifestly a copy of the style of its two spires. Salisbury church was begun in 1217, and finished in 1256. f This date is on the authority of Willis, Mitr. Abb, vol. 2. 375.


those I have mentioned ; being begun and finished but a few years before the diffolution of the abbey *.

These hasty remarks are submitted to the candour of the curious, by One, who, besides other defects which render him disqualified for such a disquisition, is but little acquainted with the terms and principles of architecture.

B. vi. c. ix. f. viii.

Him compeld
To open unto him the prison dore,
And forth to bring those thrals that there he held;
Thence forth to him were brought about a score,
Of knights and squires, &c.
All which he did from bitter bondage free.

The releasing of the prisoners is a ceremony constantly praclised in romance, after the knight has killed the giant, and taken possession of his castle. It would be endless, and perhaps ridiculous, to point out all Spenser's allusions of this sort.

B. iv. c. X. ARG.

Scudamore doth his conquest tell

Of vertuous Amoret.

* The whole church was rebuilt in the time of the two last priors, after 1500. Leland. Itin, vol. 2. The abbey was dissolved, 1534.



Scudamore is a name derived from Scudo, a shield, and Amore, love, ital. because in this canto, f. 10. he wins the SHIELD OF LOVE.

B. iv. c. x. s. xxxv.

Else would the waters overflow the lands,
And fire devour the air, and hell them quight.

I suppose he means, “ Else the waters would over« flow the lands, and fire devoure the air, and hell “ would entirely devour both water and lands.” But this is a moft confused construction. Unless bell [hele] is to cover.

B. iv. c. X. f. liii.

Scudamore, in the temple of Venus, is much in the same circumstances with Leander, in Musæus.

Tho shaking off all doubt, and shamefaft feare,
Which ladies love I heard had never wonne

'Mongst men of worth, I to her stepped neare, And by the lilly hand her labourd up to rear.

4. 10. 53 Θαρσαλεως υπ' ερωτε αναιδειην αγασαζων *.

And afterwards,

Αυλας ο θαρσαλεως μελεκιαθεν εγγυθι κερης, ,

* Ver, 99. et seq.

Не: а.

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Ηρεμα μεν θλιβων ροδοειδεα δακτυλα κέρης. .
Audacter autem ob amorem impudentiam affectans.

Sed ipse audacter adibat prope puellam,


Tacite quidem firingens rofeos digitos puellæ.

WOMANHOOD rebukes Scudamore for this insult, whom Scudamore answers. She begins,

Saying it was to knight unseemly shame,
Upon a recluse virgin to lay hold;
That unto Venus' services was fold.

Scudamore replies.

To whom I thus : nay, but it fitteth best,
For Cupid's man with Venus mayd to hold;

For ill your goddesse services are drest
By virgins, and your facrifices let to reft.

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In the same manner Hero rebukes, and Leander answers. Thus Hero;

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Leander answers,

Κυπριδος ως ξερεια μεθερχεο Κυπριδο- ερα
Δευς ιθι, μυρισολευε γαμηλια θεσθλα θεαινης
Παρθενον εκ' επεoικεν υποδρασσειν Αφροδίτη, ,
Παρθενικαις και Κυπρις μαινεθαι.

Veneris ut facerdos exerce Veneris opera ;
Huc ades, initiare nuptialibus legibus deæ ;
Virginem non decet administrare Veneri;
Virginibus Venus non gaudet.

B. iv. c. xi. f. xlvi.

Congealed little drops which do the morn adore.

Adore for adorn. Perhaps it is used in the same manner by Beaumont and Fletcher.

And those true tears, falling on your pure crystals,

Should turn to armlets for great queens to adore *. In this instance it may, however, fignify veneror, though there is a french verb, d'orer, to gild, from whence it might be formed, in both the passages, Milton uses adorn as a participle.

Made fo adorn for thy delight t.

Might not this participle be formed from Spenser's

* Elder Brother, 4. 3. VOL. II.

+ Par, Lof, 8, 576. Dd


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