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EW poets appear to have compofed with greater rapidity than Spenfer. Hurried away by the impetuofity of imagination, he frequently cannot find time to attend to the niceties of conftruction; or to stand still and revife what he had before written, in order to prevent contradictions, inconfiftencies, and repetitions. Hence it is, that he not only fails in the connection of fingle words, but of circumstances; not only violates the rules of grammar, but of probability, truth, and propriety.
A review of these faults, which flow perhaps from that cause which produced his greatest beauties, will B 2 tend
tend to explain many paffages in particular, and to bring us acquainted with his manner in general.
I fhall begin with his elleipses, in which the reader will find his omiffion of the relative to be frequent.
B. i. c. vi. f. x.
As when a greedy wolf through hunger fell,
Of whom he means his bloody feast to make,
A lyon spyes fast running towards him.
He should have faid, a greedy wolf WHO through hunger fell.
B. i. c. vii. f. xxxvii.
A gentle youth, his dearely loved fquire,
WHO is omitted before could menage faire.
B. i. c. x. f. xlii.
Whofe face he made all beasts to feare, and gave
That is, into WHOSE hand he gave all.
B. i. c. xi. f. xxi.
He cryde as raging seas are wont to roare,
As they the earth would shoulder from her seat
Some fuch word as WHILE is to be understood before the roaring billowes.
B. i. c. x. f. li.
Whose staggering steps thy fteadie hand doth lead
He fhould have faid, and to WHICH IT fhews the way.
B. iii. c. ii. f. xlv.
Which lovft the fhadow of a warlike knight,
No fhadow, but WHICH a body, &c.
B. ii. c. viii. f. xxxviii.
With that he ftrooke, and th' other ftrooke withall,
The one upon his, &c. That is, the STROKE, or
SWORD of the one, &c.
But th' other, i. e. the STROKE of the other, &c.
So forely he her ftrooke that thence it glaunct
That is, the WEAPON glaunct, &c.
B. iv. c. vi. f. xxxvii.
Ne in his face, nor blood or life appear'd,
That is, HE fenfeleffe ftood.
B. iv. c. vii. f. vii.
4. 6. 13.
But certes was with milke of wolves and tigers fed.
But certes HE was, &c.
B. i. Introduct. f. ii.
Whom that most noble Briton prince fo long
He fhould have faid, and FOR WHOM be fuffred, &c.