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B. iii. c. vii. s. xvi.

Of the witches son, who falls in love with Florimel.

Oft from the forrest wildings he did bring,
Whose fides empurpled were with smiling red;
And oft young birds, which he had taught to fing
His mistresse prayfes sweetly caroled :
Girlands of flowres sometimes for her faire head
He fine would dight ; sometimes the fquirrel wild
He brought to her in bands, &c.

Such presents as these are made by Coridon to
Pastorell.

And oft when Coridon unto her brought,
Or little sparrows stolen from their neft,
Or wanton squirrels in the woods farre sought.

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6. 9. 40.

B. i. c. ix. f. 24.

Staring wide
With stoney eyes, and hartloffe hollow hewe,
Astonisht stood, as one that had espide
Infernal furies with their chains untide.

Spenser often expresses fear, or surprize, in this manner.

As one affright
With hellith fiends, or furics mad uprore. 2. 5. 37.

The

The ftoney fearç
Ran to his heart, and all his sense dismayd,
Ne thenceforth life, ne courage

did

appeare, But as a man whom hellish fiends have frayd, Trembling long time he ftood.

2. 8. 46.

Oft out of her bed she did astart,
As one with view of gastly fiends affright. 3. 2. 29.
Ne wift he what to thinke, or to devise,
But like as one whom fiends have made afraid,
He long astonisht ftood; ne ought he said,
Ne ought he did; but with fast-fixed eyes
He gazed ftill upon that snowy maid.

5. 3. 18. From the passages already alleged, and from some others which I shall produce, it will appear, that Spenser particularly excells in painting affright, confusion, and astonishment.

Abesla's affright at seeing the Lion and Una.

Full fast she fled, ne ever lookt behind,

And home she came, where as her mother blind
Sate in eternall night ; nought could shee say,
But suddaine catching hold, did her dismay,
With quaking hands, and other signs of feare;
Who full of gastly fright, and cold dismay,
Gan shut the dore.

1. 3. 12.

The

The behaviour of Abesla and Corecca, when Kirkrapine was torn in pieces by the Lion.

His fearful friends weare out the wofull night,
Ne dare to weepe, nor seeme to understande

The heavy hap, which on them is alight,
Afraid left to themselves the like mishappen might.

1. 3. 20.

Despaire has juft persuaded the red-crosse knight to kill himself. 1. 9. 48.

a

The knight was much enmoved with his fpeach,
That as a swords point thro' his hart did pearce,
And in his conscience made a secret breach,
Well-knowing true all that he did reherse,
And to his fresh remembrance did reverse
The uglie hue of his deformed crimes,
That all his manly powres it did disperse,

As he were charmed with inchanted rimes,
That oftentimes he quakt, and fainted oftentimes.

xlix.

In which amazement, when the miscreant
Perceived him to waver weake and fraile,
Whiles trembling horror did his conscience dart,
And hellish anguish did his foule affaile;
To drive him to despaire, and quite to quaile,
He few'd him painted in a table plaine

The

The damned ghosts that do in torments waile,

And thousand fiends that do them endlese paine With fire and brimstone, which for ever shall remaine.

1.

The fight whereof fo throughly him dismaid,
That nought but death before his eyes he saw,
And ever-burning wrath before him laid,
By righteous sentence of th'almighties law;
Then 'gan the villaine him to overawe,
And brought unto him fwords, ropes poyfon, fire,
And all that might him to perdition draw,

And bade him chufe what death he would defire, For death was due to him, that had provokt gods ire.

li.

But when as none of them he saw him take,
He to him raught a dagger sharpe and keene,
And gave it him in hand; his hand did quake,
And tremble like a leaf of aspine greene;
And troubled blood through his pale face was seene
To come and goe, with tydings from the hart,
As it a running messenger had beene ;

At laft, resolv'd to work his final smart
He lifted up his hand, that back againe did ftart.

Experience proves, that we paint best, what we have felt moft. Spenser's whole life seems to have consisted of disappointments and distress. These miseries, the warmth of his imagination, and, what was its consequence, his sensibility of temper, contributed to render doubly severe. Unmerited and unpitied indigence ever struggles hardest with true genius; and a refined taste, for the same reasons that it enhances the pleasures of life, adds uncommon torture to the anxieties of that state, “ in which, says an incomparable moralist, “ Every virtue is obscured, and in which no " conduct can avoid reproach; a state in which chear“ fulness is insensibility, and dejection sullenness; of " which the hardships are without honour, and the « labours without reward."

consisted 3. 12. 17. Again,

To these may be added his personage FEAR.

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Next him was FEAR all arm'd from top to toe,
Yet thought himselfe not safe enough thereby;
But fear'd each shadow moving to and fro;
And his owne armes when glittering he did spy,
Or clashing beard, he fast away did fly,
As alhes pale of hew, and wingy-heel'd;
And evermore on Danger fix'd his eye,

'Gainst whom he alwajes bent a brazen shield, Which his right hand unarmed fearfully did wield.

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