« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
: They have left us relations suitable to those TO DETE'CT. v. a. [detectus, Lat.]
of Ælian and Pliny, whence they desumed their 1. To discover; to find out any crime or narrations.
artifice. Laws, if convenient and useful, are never the
There's no true lover in the forest; else sigbworse though they be desumed and taken from the laws of other countries.
ing every minute, and groaning every hour, To DETA'CH. v. a. [detacher, Fr.]
would detect the lazy foot of time as well as a clock.
Sbakspeare 1 To separate ; to disengage; to part Though I should hold my peace, yet thou from something;
Wouldst easily detect what I conceal. Milton. The heat takes along with it a sort of vegeta- 2. To discover in general. tive and terrestrial matter, which it detaches from The utmost infinite ramifications and inosco the uppermost stratum.
Woodward. lations of all the several sorts of vessels may The several parts of it are detached one from easily be detected by glasses.
R-j. the other, and yet join again one cannot tell DETE'CTER. n. s. (from detect.] A dishow.
coverer ; one that finds out what an3. To send out part of a greater body of
other desires to hide. men on an expedition.
Oh, heavens! that this treason were not; or If ten men are in war with forty, and the lat.
not I the detecter.
Sbalspeare. ter detach only an equal number to the engage- Hypocrisy has a secret hatred of its deferter ; ment, what benefit do they receive from their
that which will bring it to a test which it cannot superiority?
Decay of Pisty. Det'A'CHMENT. 1. s. [from detach.] A DETECTION. n. s. [from detect.] body of troops sent out from the main
1. Discovery of guilt or fraud, or any army.
other fault. The czar dispatched instructions to send out
Should I come to her with any detection in my detachments of his cavalry, to prevent the king
hand, I could drive her then from the yard of of Sweden's joining his army.
Sbakspeare. Besides materials, which are brute and blind,
That is a sign of the true evangelical zeal, and Did not this work require a knowing mind,
note for the detection of its contrary: it should Who for the task should fit detachments chuse
abound more in the mild and good-natured af. From all the atoms?
fections, than in the vehement and wrathful TO DETA'IL. v.'a. [detailler, Fr.] To passions.
Søraft, relate particularly ; to particularize; to Detection of the incoherence of loose discourses display minutely and distinctly..
was wholly owing to the syllogistical form. Lutz. They will perceive the mistakes of these phi- 2. Discovery of any thing hidden. losophers; and be able to answer their argu- Not only the sea, but rivers and rains also, are ments, without my being obliged to detail them. instrumental to the detection of amber, and other
Cbeyne. fossils, by washing away the earth and dirt that Deta'll. n. s. [detail, Fr.] A minute concealed them.
Woodward and particular account.
DÉTE'NTION. n. s. [from detain.] I chuse, rather than trouble the reader with a Į. The act of keeping what belongs to detail here, to defer them to their proper place. another.
Woodward. How goes the world, that I am thus encour I was unable to treat this part of my subject
ter'd more in detail, without becoming dry and redi- With clam'rous claims of debt, of broken bonds,
Pope. And the detention of long since due debts, TO DETA'IN. v. a. [detineo, Lat.)
Against my honour?
Sbakspeare. 1. To keep what belongs to another. 2. Confinement; restraint.
Dętain not the wages of the hireling; for This worketh by detention of the spirits, and every degree of detention of it beyond the time, constipation of the tangible parts.
Bacar. iş injustice and uncharitableness. Taylor. To DETER. v. a. [deterreo, Lat.] To 2. To withhold ; to keep back. : These doings sting him
discourage by terrour; to fright from So venomously, that burning shame detains him
any thing. From his Cordelia.
Wak. He has described the passion of Calypso, and
Deterr'd by the inimitable maid. the indecent advances she made to detain him
Many and potent enemies tempt and deter 36 from his country.
frem our duty; yet our case is not hard, so long
as we have a greater strength on our side. 3. To restrain from departure: Let us detain theç until we shall have made
Beauty or unbecomingness are of more force ready a kid.
to draw or deter imitation, than any discourses Had Orpheus sung it in the nether sphere, which can be made to them.
Lackr. So much the hymn had pleas'd the tyrant's ear, The ladies may not be deterred from coiree The wife had been detain'd to keep her husband there.
sponding with me by this method. Dryden,
My own face deters me from my glass; 4. To hold in custody.
And Kneller only shews what Celia was. Prier. DETA'INDER. n. s. (from detain.). The Té DETERGE. v. a. [deterze, Latin.] name of a writ for holding one in cus
To cleanse a sore ; to purge any part tody. DETA’INER. n.
from feculence or obstructions. $. [from detain.)
He that holds back any one's right; he
Consider the part and habit of body, and add
or diminish your simples as you design to deterge that detains any thing:
or incarn. - Judge of the obligation that lies upon all sorts Sea salt preserves bodies, through which it of injurious persons; the sacrilegious, the dem passeth, from corruption; and it detergetb the tainers of tithes, and cheaters of men's inheri- vessels, and keeps the fluids from putrefaction. táncos. Taylor:
DETERGENT. adj. [from deterge.] That DETERMINA’TION. n. s. [from determine has the power of cleansing.
ate.] The food ought to be nourishing and detergent. 1. Absolute direction to a certain end.
Arbuthnot. When we voluntarily waste much of our lives, DETERIORA'TION. n. s. [from deterior, that remissness can by no means consist with a Lat.] The act of making any thing
constant determination of will or desire to the
Larka. worse; the state of growing worse.
greatest apparent good. DETE'RMENT. 1. s. [from deter.) Cause
2. The result of deliberation; conclusion of discouragement; that by which one
formed; resolution taken. is deterred. A good word, but not
They have acquainted me with their déter.
stination; which is to go home, and to trouble now used.
you no more.
Sbakspeare. This will not be thought a discouragement The proper acts of the intellect are intelleco unto spirits, which endeavour to advantage na- tion, deliberation, and determination or decision. ture by art; nor will the ill success of some be
Hale's Origin of Mankind. made a sufficient determent unto others. Brown. It is much disputed by divines, concerning
These are not all the determents that opposed the power of man's will to good and evil in the my obeying you.
Boyle. state of innocence; and upon very nice and DETERMINABLE, adj. (from determine. ] dangerous precipices stand their determinations That may be certainly decided.
on either side.
South. Whether, all plants have seeds, were more Consult thy judgment, affections, and inclieasily determinable, if we could conclude con
nations, and make thy determination upon every cerning harts-toogue, ferne, and some others. particular; and be always as suspicious of thya Brown's Vulgar Erreurs. self as possible.
Calamy. About this matter, which seems so easily de- 3. Judicial decision. terminable by sense, accurate and sober, men He confined the knowledge of governing to widely disagree.
Boyle. justice and lenity, and to the speedy determinaTO DETERMINATE.
tion of civil and criminal causes. Gulliver. miner, French.) To limit ; to fix; to DETERMINATIVE, adj. [from determine determine ; to terminate. Not in use. ate.]
The fly-slow hours shall not determinate
1. That uncontrollably directs to a cer
tain end. DETE'EMINATE. adj. (determinatu, Lat.]
That individual action, which is justly punish1. Settled ; definite; determined.
ed as sinful in us, cannot proceed from the speDemonstrations in numbers, if they are not cial influence and determinative power of a just more evident and exact than in extension, yet
Bramhall agiinst Hobbes. they are more general in their use, and deter
2. That makes a limitation. minate in their application.
If the term added to make up the complex To make all the planets move about the sun in circular orbs, there must be given to each, by
subject does not necessarily or constantly belong
to it, then it is determinative, and limits the a deierminate impulse, those present particular
subject to a particular part of its extension; as, degrees of velocity which they now have, in pro
Waits. portion to their distances from the sun, and to
Every pious man shall be happy. the quantity of the solar matter. Bentley. DETERMINA’TOR. n. s. (from determin2. Established; settled by rule; positive. ate.] One who determines.
Scriptures are read before the time of divine They have recourse unto the great determinar service, and without either choice or stint ap- tor of virginity, conceptions, fertility, and the
poined by any determinate order. Hooker. inscrutable infirmities of the whole body. 3. Decisive ; conclusive.
Brown. l'th' progress of this business, T. DETE'RMINE. v. a. [determiner, Fr. Ere a determinate resolution, he, I mean the bishop, did require a respite. Shak,
determino, Lat.) 4. Fixed; resolute.
1. To fix; to settle. Like men disused in a long peace, inore deter
Is it concluded he shall be protector?:minate to do than skilful how to do. Sidney.
-It is determin’d, not concluded yet; 5. Resolved.
But so it must be, if the king miscarry. Shaksg. My determinate voyage is mere extravagancy.
More particularly to deterinine the proper sea
son for grammar, Í' do not see how it can be Sbakspeare.
made a study but as an introduction to rhetoDETE'RMINATELY. adv. (from deter- rick.
2. To conclude; to fix ultimately. 1. Resdutely ; with fixed resolve.
Probability, in the nature of it, supposes that The queen obeyed the king's.commandment, a thing may or may not be so, for any thing that full of aging agonies, and determinately bent yet appears, or is certainly determined, on the that she would seek all loving means to win other side.
Sidney. Milton's subject was still greater than Homer's in those errors they are so determinately set- or Virgil's: it does not determine the fate of tled, that they pay unto falsity the whole sum single persons or nations, but of a whole species. of whatsoerer fove is owing unto God's truth.
Addisor. Hooker. Destruction hangs on every word we speak, 2. Certainly; unchangeably.
On every thought; till the concluding stroke Think this with yourselves; that you have
Determines all, and closes our design. Addison. not the makng of things true or false; but that 3. To bound; to confine. the truth and existence of things is already fixed The knowledge of men hitherto hath been de and settled, and that the principles of religion termined by the view or sight; so that whatsoare already either determinately true or false ever is invisible, either in respect of the tince b-fore you think of them.
Tillotson, ness of the body itself, or the smallness of the
3 H 2
parts, or of the subtily of the motion, is little DETE'RSION. n. s. [from detergo, Latin.) enquired
Bacon. The act of cleansing a sore. The principium individuationis is existence
I endeavoured detersior; but the matter could itself; which determines a being of any sort to a not be discharged.
Wisrees, particular time and place, incommunicable to
DETE'RSIVE. adj. (from deterge.] Hartwo beings of the same kind.
Locke, No sooner have they climbed that hill, which
ing the power to cleanse. thus determines their view at a distance, but a DETE'RSIVE, n. s. An application that new prospect is opened.
Atterbury. has the power of cleansing wounds. 4. To adjust ; to limit; to define.
We frequently see simple ulcers afflicted with He that has settled in his mind determined sharp humours; which corrode them, and render ideas, with names affixed to them, will be able them paintul sordid ulcers, if not timely reto discern their differences one from another,
lieved by detersipes and lenients. W ostean, which is really distinguishing.
Lacke To DETE'ST.V. a. [detestar, Latin.) To s. To influence the choice.
hate; to abhor; to aboininate. You have the captives
Nigh thereto the ever-damned beast Who were the opposites of this day's strife. Durst not approach ; for he was deadly made, We do require them of you, so to use them And all that life preserved did detest. F. Que. As we shall find their merits and our safety Glory grows guilty of detested crimes; May equally determine.
Sbakspeare. When for fame's sake, for praise, an osztward A man may suspend the act of his choice
part, from being determined for or against the thing We bend to that the working of the heart. proposed till he has examined it. Locke.
Sbakspeerte As soon as the studious man's hunger and I've liv'd in such dishonour, that the gods thirst makes him uneasy, he, whose will was Detest my baseness.
Sbakspeeri. never determined to any pursuit of good cheer, is, There is that naturally in the heart of Bas by the uncasiness of hunger and thirst, presently which abhors sin as sin, and consequently would
determined to eating and drinking. Locke. make him detest it both in himself and others too. 6. To resolve. Jonathan knew that it was determined of his
Who dares think one thing, and another tell, father to slay David,
My heart detests him as the gates of hell. Perta y. To decide.
DETE'ST ABLE, adj. (from detest.] HaieI do not ask whether bodies so exist, that the ful; abhorred; abominable ; odious. motion of one cannot be without the motion of Beguild, divorcd, wrong'd, spighted, slain! another: to determine this either way is to beg Most detestable death,
Sbakspeare. the question for or against a vacuum. Locke, He desired him to consider that both armies $. To put an end to; to destroy.
consisted of christians, to whom nothing is more Now where is he, that will not stay so long
detestable than effusion of human blood. Her Till sickness hath determin'd me? Shakspeare. DETE'STABLY. adv. (from detestable.) TO DETE'RMINE. V. n.
Hatefully; abominably; odiously. 1. To conclude ; to form a final conclu. It stands here stigmatized by the apostle 3 a sion.
temper of mind rendering men so detestably bad, Eve! nov: expect great tidings, which perhaps
that the great enemy of mankind neither can Of us will soon determine, or impose
nor desires to make them worse. Sath. New laws to be obsery'd.
DETESTA’TION. n. s. [from detest.] 2. To settle opinion.
'1. Hatred ; abhorrence; abomination. It is indifferent to the matter in hand, which
Then only did misfortune make her see what way the learned shall determine of it. Locke.
she had done, especially finding in us rather do 3. To end ; to come to an end.
testation than pity.
Sidae. They were apprehended; and, after convic. 2. It is sometimes used with for; but of tion, the danger determined by their deaths.
seems more proper. Hayward.
The detestation you express All pleasure springing from a gratified passion, For vice in all its glitt'ring dress. Seriff as most of the pleasure of sin does, must needs Our love of God will inspire us with a dist. determine with that passion.
South. ation for sin, as what is of all things most con4. To make a decision.
trary to his divine nature.
Seif. She soon shall know of us
DETE'STER. n. s. [from detest.) One that How honourably and how kindly we
hates or abhors. Determine for her.
Sbakspears. T. DETHRO'N E. v. a. [detroner, French; 4. To end consequentially.
de and thronus, Latin.] To dvest of Revolutions of state many times make way
regality ; to throw down from the for new institutions and forins; and often detera mine in either setting up some tyranny at home,
throne; to deprive of regal dignity. or bringing in some conquest from abroad. Deri'NUE. n. s. [deténue, Freich.) A
Temple. writ that lies against him, wło, having 6. To resolve concerning any thing.
goods or chattels delivered him to Now, noble peers, the cause why we are met keep, refuses to deliver then again. Is to determine of the coronation. Shakspeare.
Cowell. DeterRATION. n. so [de and terra, Lat. DETONA'TION. r. s. (detonı, Lat.) A deterrer, French.) Discovery of any
noise somewhat more forcble than the thing by removal of the earth that hide's
ordinary crackling of salts in calcinait; the act of unburying:
tion; as in the going off of the pulvik This concerns the raising of new mountains, obterrations, or the devolution of earth down upon
or aurum fulminans, or the like. It is the valleys from the hills and higher grounds. also used for that noise which happens
Woodward, upon the mixture of Auids that fer.
ment with violence, as oil of furpen
To consider an author as the subject of oblotine with oil of vitriol, resembling the
quy and detraction, we may observe with what explosion of gunpowder. Quincy.
pleasure a work is received by the invidious part A new coal is not to be cast on the nitre, till
of mankind, in which a writer falls short of
himself. the detonation occasioned by the former be either DeTRA'CTORY. adj. [from detract.] De
Addison. quite or almost altogether ended; unless it chance that the puffing matter do blow the coal famatory.by denial of desert; derogatoo soon out of the crucible.
Boyle. tory: Sometimes with te; properly, from, TO DE TONIZE. v.a. (from detono, Lat.] This is not only derogatory unto the wisdom To calcine with detonation. A chymi
of God, who hath proposed the world unto pur cal term.
knowledge, and thereby the notion of himself ;
but also detractory unto the intellect and sense of Nineteen parts in twenty of detonized nitre is destroyed in eighteen days. Arbuthnot on Air.
man, expressedly disposed for that inquisition.
Brown. To Dero'rt. v. a. [detortus, of detorqueo, In mentioning the joys of heaven, I use the
Latin.) To wrest from the original im- expressions I find less detractory from a theme port, meaning, or design.
abore our praises.
Boyle. They have assumed what amounts to an in- The detractory lye takes from a great man the fallibility in the private spirit; and have detorted reputation that justly belongs to him. Arbuthnot. texts of scripture to the sedition, disturbance, DETRA'CTRESS. n. s. [from detract.] A
and destruction, of the civil governnent. Dryd. censorious woman. T, DETRACT. v. a. [detractum, Lat. If any shall detract from a lady's character, detracter, French.]
unless she be absent, the said detractress shall be 1. To derogate; to take away by envy,
forthwith ordered to the lowest place of the
Addison. calumny, or censure, any thing from
DE'TRIMENT. the reputation of another: with from.
n. s. [detrimentum, Lat.) Those were assistants in private: but not trust
Loss ; damage; mischief; diminution ; ed to manage the affairs in publick; for that
barm. would detract from the honour of the principal
Dificult it must be for one christian church, ambassador.
Bacon. to abolish that which all had received and held No envy can detract from this: it will shine for the space of many ages, and that without in history; and, like swans, grow whiter the any detriment unto religion.
Hooker, longer it endures.
I can repair 2. To take away; to withdraw.
That detriment ; if such it be, to lose
Milton, By the largeness of the cornices they hinder both the light within, and likewise detract much
If your joint pow'r prevail, th' affairs of hell from the view of the front without. Wotton.
No detriment need fear; go, and be strong.. The multitude of partners does detract nothing
Milton, from each private share, nor does the publicke
There often fall out so many things to be done ness of it lessen propriety in it. Boyle.
on the sudden, that some of them must of ne, DETRACTÈR. n. s. [from detract.] One
cessity be neglected for that whole which
is the greatest detriment to this whole mystery. that takes away another's reputation ;
Evelyn's Kalendar. one that impairs the honour of another Let a family burn but a candle a night less injuriously.
than the usual number, and they may take in I am right glad to be thus satisfied, in that I the Spectator without detriment to their private yet was never able till now to choke the mounk attairs.
Addison, of such detracters with the certain knowledge of DETRIME'NTAL, adj. [from detriment.) their slanderous untruths. Spenser on Ireland. Mischievous; harmful ; causing loss. Whether we are so entirely sure of their loy
Among all honorary rewards, which are nei alty upon the present foot of government, as ther dangerous nor detrimental to the donor, I you may imagine, their detracters make a ques
remeinber none so remarkable as the titles which Swift.
are bestowed by the emperor of China : these are Away the fair detracters went,
never given to any subject till the subject is And gave by turns their censures vent. Swift. dead.
Addison. Detraction. n. so [detractio, Latin ; Obstinacy in prejudices which are detrimental detraction, French.]
to our country, ought not to be mistaken for vir.
tuous resolution and firmness of mind. Addison, Detraction, in the native importance of the word, signifies the withdrawing or taking off Derri'TION. n. s. (detero, detritus, Lat.) from a thing; and, as it is applied to the repu- The act of wearing away.
Dict. tation, it denotes the impairing or lessening a man in point of fame, rendering him less valued
To DETRU'DE. v.a. [detrudo, Latin.] and esteemed by others, which is the final aim To thrust down ; to force into a lower of detraction.
Such as are detruded down to hell,
Or, tied in chains, they in close prison dwell.
Davies. Fame, that, her high birth to raise,
Philosophers are of opinion, that the souls of Seem'd erst so lavish and profuse,
men may, for their miscarriages, be detruded We may justly now accuse
into the bodies of beasts.
Locke. Of detraction from her praise.
At thy command the vernal sun awakes If detraction could invite us, discretion surely The torpid sap, detruded to the root would contain us from any derogatory intention.
By wintry winds.
Thomsen. Brown. To put a stop to the instilts and detractions of TO DETRUNCATE. v.a. [detrunco, Lat.] vain men, I resolved to enter into the examina- To lop; to cut; to shorten by depriva
Woodwarda tion of parts.
n.s. (from detruneate.] 1. The act of quitting the ..ght way; The act of lopping or cutting.
crrour; wandering. DETRU'SION. n. s. [irom detrusio, Latin.] These bodies constantly move roand in the The act of thrusting or forcing down.
same uacks, without making the least decisi. From this detrusion of the waters towards the
Cy, side, the parts towards the pole must be much 2. Variation from established rule. increased.
Keil against Burnet. Having once surreyed the true and proper DETUR B A'TIÓN, n. s. (deturbo, Latin.] natural alphabet, we say easily discoser the The act of throwing down; degrada.
ciations from it in all the alphabets in use, etter
by defect of single characters, of letters, or by tion.
Elder. DEVASTA'TION, 1. s. (devasto, Latin.]
3. Offence; obliquity of conduct. Waste; havock; desolation; destruction
Worthy persons, if inadvertently draws into By doasiation the rough warrior gains,
a deviation, will endeavour instantly to recere And farmers farten most when famine reigns.
their lost ground, tha: they may not bring error Garth. into habit.
Glernse. That flood which overflowed Attica in the Devi'ce. 7. s. [devise, French; devica, days of Ogyges, and that which drowned These
Italian. ] saly in Deucalion's time, made cruel havock and
devastation among them. Woodward. 1. A contrivance; 2 stratagem. DEUCE. n. s. (deux, French.)
This is our device; 1. Two: a word used in games.
That Falstaff at that oak shall meet vith a
Sbaksteered You are a gentleman and a gamester ; then, I
He intended it as a politick device to leses am sure, you know how much the gross sum of
their interest, and keep them low in the wors deuce ace amounts to. Sbskapeara
Artertars. 2. The devil. See DEUSE.
2. A design; a scheme formed; project; TO DEVE'LOP..v. a. [developer, French.] speculation.
To disengage from something that en. Touching the exchange of laws in practie folds and conceals; to disentangle ; to with laws in device, which they say are better clear from its covering:
for the state of the church, if they might cake Take him to develop, if you can;
place; the farther we examine them, the greater And hew the block off, and get out the man.
cause we find to conclude, although we continue
Dunciad. the same we are, the harm is not great. Hisoker. DEVE'R GENCE. n. s. (devergentia, Lat.)
His device is against Babylon, to destroy it.
Dict. Declivity; declination.
There are many devices in a man's heart; beT. DEVE'ST. v. a. (devester, French;
vertheless, the counsel of the Lord shall sand. de and vestis, Latin.]
Proos. 1. To strip; to deprive of clothes.
The emblem on a shield; the ensiga 'Friends all but now,
armorial of a nation or family: In quarter and in terms like bride and groom
Then change we shidlds, and their devices Deresting them for bed.
bear; Then of his arms Androgeus he devests; Let fraud supply the want of force in var. Drg. His sword, his shield, he takes, and plumed Hibernia's harp, desice of her comraud,
And parent of her mirth, shail there be seen. 2. To annul; to take away any thing
They intend to let the world see what party What are those breaches of the law of nature they are of, by fires and disigns upon De and nations, which do forfeit and devai all right fans; as the knights-errant used to distinguisa
and title in a mation to government? Bacon. theinselves by devices ou their siuiclis. Adit. 3. To free from any thing bad.
4. Invention ; gcoius. Come on, thou little inmate of this breast, He's gentle; never schooled, and yet learned; Which for thy sake from passions I devest. Prior.
full of noble device; of all surts enchantingly
beloved. DEVE'X. adj. [devexus, Latin.] Bending
Sbauparse down; declivous; incurvated down. DEVIL. 1. s. [Dioful, Saxon; diatas, ward.
Latin. It were more properly written DEVE'XITY. n. s. (from devex.] Incur- divel. 1 vation downward; declivity.
1. A fallen angel; the tempter and spiri. To DE'V!ATE. v. n. (de via decidere, Lat.] tual enemy of mankind. 1. To wander from the right or common
Are you a man?
-Ay, and a boid one; that dare look on that way. The rest to some faint meaning make pre
Which might appal the devil. Sbetsgeer.
2. A wicked man or woman. But Shadwell never deviates into sense. Dryden.
See thyself, decil! Thus Pegasus, a nearer way to take,
Proper deformity seeins not in the fiend May boldly deviate from the conmon track.
So horrid as in woman.
Sbakpears. Pope. 3. A ludicrous term for mischief. Whats makes all physical and moral ill?
A war of profe mitigates the evil; There nature deviates, and here wanders will: But to be tai'd, and bezien, is the devil. Grers.
Pupe. 4. A kind of expletive, expressing wonde: Besides places which may deviate froin the
or vexation. sense of the author, it would be kind to observe
The things, we know, are neither rich par any deficiencies in the diction.
Pope. 2. To go astray; to err; to sin; to of. But wonder how the devil they got there! Pi. fend.
5. A kind of ludicrous negative in as DEVIA’TION. n. s. [from deviate.)