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The devil was well, the devil a monk was he. 2. To plan; to scheme.

Proverb. Behold! I frame evil against you, and devint a DE'VILESH. adj. [from devil.)

device against you.

Jerem. 1. Partaking of the qualities of the devil; To DEVI'SE. v. n. To consider; to con

diabolical; mischievous; malicious ; trive ; to lay plans; to form schemes : destructive.

anciently with of. Gynecia mistrusted greatly Cecropia, because Her merry fit she freshly 'gan to rear; she had heard much of the devilish wickedness And did of joy and jollity devise, of her heart.

Sidney. Herself to cherish and her guest to chear. For grief thereof, and devilish despight,

Fairy Qirecn. From his infernal furnace forth he threw

But sich now safe ye sçized have the shore, Huge Aames, that dimmed all the heaven's And well arrived are, high God be blest! light,

Let us devise of ease and everlasting rest. Enroll'd in duskish smoke and brimstone blue.

Fairy Queer. Spenser. Since we are so far enrered, let us, I pray He trains his devilish engin'ry, impal'd

you, a little devise of those evils by which that On ev'ry side with shadowy squadrons deep: country is held in this wretched case, that it can

Nilton. not, as you say, be recured. Spenser's Ireland. %. Having communication with the devil. Devisebut how you 'll use him when he comes, The duchess, by his subornacion,

And let us two devise to bring him thither, Upon my life began her devilisb practices. Shak.

Sbakspeare. 3. An epithet of abhorrence or contempt. Devi's E. n. s. [devise, a will, old Fr.]

A devilish knave! Besides, the knave is hand- 1. The act of giving or bequeathing by some, young, and blyth: all those requisites are will. in him that delight.

Sbakspeare. This word is properly attributed, in our com4. Excessive: in a ludicrous sense.

mon law, to him that bequeaths his goods by his Thy hair and beard are of a different dye, last will or testament in writing; and the reason Short of a foot, distorted of an eye;

is, because those that now appertain only to the With all these tokens of a knave complete, devisour, by this act are distributed into many If thou art honest, thou’rt a devilish cheat. Addis.


Cowell. DE'VILISHLY, adv. (from devilish.] In The alienation is made by devise in a last will a manner suiting the devil; diabolically:

only, and the third part of these profits is there

demandable. Those trumpeters threatened them with conti

Locke. Dual alarmıs of damnation, if they did not ven- 2. Contrivance. See Device. ture life, fortune, and all, in that which wickedly God brath omitted nothing needful to his purand devilishly those impostors called the cause of pose, nor left his intention to be accomplished God.

by our devises.

Hooker. DE'VILKIN. n. s. [from devil.] A little To DEVI'SE. v. a. [from the noun.] To devil.

Clarissa. grant by will. A law term. DE'vious. adj. [devius, Latin.]

DEVISE E'. n. s. He to whom something 3. Out of the common track.

is bequeathed by will. Creusa kept behind: by choice we stray DEVI'SER, nove [from devise.] A conThrough ev'ry dark and ev'ry devious way. Dry. In this minute devious subject, I have been

triver; and inventer. necessicated to explain myself in more words

Being divided from truch in themselves, they than may seem needful.


are yet farther removed by advenieni deception; 2. Wandering; roving ; rambling.

for true it is, if I say they are daily mocked in

Broren. Every muse,

to errour by devisers.

The authors of useful inventions, the devisers And every blooming pleasure, wait without

of wholesome laws, as were the philosophers of To bless the wildly devious morning walk.

ancient cimes, were honoured as the fathers and Tbomson. prophets of their country.

Grew. 3. Erring : going astray from rectitude.

DEVI'SOUR. n. s. One devious step at first setting out, frequently

He that gives by will. leads a person into a wilderness of doubt and


Clarissa. DE’VITABLE. adj. [devitabilis, Latin.] Some lower muse, perhaps, who lightly treads

Possible to be avoided; avoidable. Dict. The devious paths where wanton fancy leads.

DEVITATION. n. s. (devitatio, Lat.] The

Rowe. 4. It is used likewise of persons. Roving; Devo'ld. adj. [vuide, French.]

act of escaping or avoiding. Dict. idly vagrant ; erring from the way. To DEVI'SE. v. a. (deviser, French; as of

1. Empty; vacant ; void.

When I awoke and found her place devoid, devisare, to look about. Skinner.]

And nought but pressed grass where she had 1. To contrive; to form by art; to in

lyen, vent; to excogitate ; to strike out by I sorrow'd all so much as earst Ijoy'd. F. Queen. thought.

Without any thing, whether good or Whether they, at their first coming into the evil; free from ; in want of land, or afterwards, by trading with other na- He Alung it from bim; and, devoid of dread, tions which had letters, learned them of them, Upon him lightly leaped without heed. Fairy Q. er devised them among themselves, is very doubc- That the soul and angels are devoid of quantity Sul.

Spenser's State of Ireland. and dimension, and that they have nothing to do He could by his skill draw after him the with proper locality, is generally opinioned. weight of five thousand bushels of grain; and de

Glanville, wise those rare engines which shot small stones The motion of this chariot will still be easier at hend, but great ones afar off. Peacham. as it ascends higher; till at length it shall become

Ye sons of arı, one curious piece devise, utterly devoid of gravity, when the least strength From whose constructure motion shall arise, will be able to bestow upon it a swift motion.


Wilkins' Mutbematical Magies.




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His warlike mind, his soul devoid of fear,

Aliens were devoted to their rapine and de His high-designing thoughts, were figur'd there;


Decay of Piety As when, by magick, ghosts are made appear,

Ah! why, Penelope, this causeless fear,

Dryden. To render sleep's soft blessings insincere ?
WeTyrians are not so devoid of sense,

Alike devote to sorrow's dire extreme
Nor so remote from Phæbus' influence. Dryd. The day reflection and the midnight dream.
DevoʻIR. . So (devoir, French.)

Pepe 1. Service. A sense now not used.

4. To addict; to give up to ill. To restore again the kingdom of the Mama.

The Romans having once debauched their lukes, he offered him their utmost devoir and

senses with the pleasures of other nations, they Knolles,

devoted themselves unto all wickedness. Grew. 2. Act of civility or obsequiousness. 3. To curse ; to execrate; to doom to Gentlemen who do not design to marry, yet

pay their devoirs to one particular fair. Spectator.
Aukward and supple, each devoir to pay,

Those wicked tents devoted lest the wrath
She fletters her good lady twice a-day. Pope Impendent, raging into sudden fiame,
TO DEVO'LVE. v. a. (develvo, Latin.]

Distinguish not.


To destruction sacred and devote, 1. To roll down. Thro splendid kingdoms he devolves his

He with his whole posterity must die. Mittas

Goddess of maids, and conscious of our hearts, Now wanders wild through solitary tracts

So keep me from the vengeance of thy darts,

Which Niobe's devoted issue felt Of life-deserted sand.

Thomson. 2. To move from one hand to another.

When, hissing through the skies, the feather &
deaths were dealt.

Upon the duke of Ormond the king had wholly

Let her, like me, of every joy forlorn, devolved the care and disposition of all affairs in Devote the hour when such a wretch was born; Ireland.

Temple. Like me, to deserts and to darkness run. Rewe. Because they found too much confusion in Devo'T É. adj. For devoted. such a multitude of statesmen, they devolved

How on a sudden lost,
their whole authority into the hands of the
council of sixty.

Defac'd, deflower'd, and now to death devote!

The whole power, at home and abroad, was
devolved upon that family,


DEVOʻTEDNESS. X. s. [from devote.] The matter which devolves from the bills The state of being devoted or dedidown upon the lower grounds, does not conside- cated; consecration; addictedness. rably raise and augment them. Woodward, Whatever may fall from my pen to her disTO DEVO'LVE, V. N.

advantage, relates to her but as she was, or may 1. To roll down.

again be, an obstacle to your devstedness to sera2. To fall in succession into new hands.

phick love.


The owning of our obligation unto virtue, Supposing people, by wanting spiritual blessings, did lose all their right to temporal, yet

may be styled natural religion; that is to say, a that forfeiture must devolve only to the supreme

devotedness unto God, so as to act according to
his will.


Decay of Piety. Devotee'. n. s. [devot, French.) One DEVOLUTION. 1. s. [devolutio, Latin. į 1. The act of rolling down.

erroneously or superstitiously religious; The raising of new mountains, deterrations,

a bigot. or the devolution of earth down upon the valleys DEVOTION. n. s. [devotion, French; from the hills and high grounds, will fall under devotio, Latin.] our consideration.

Woodward. 1. The state of being consecrated or dedi.2. Removal successive from hand to hand.

cated. The jurisdiction exercised in those courts is

2. Piety; acts of religion ; devoutness. derived from the crown of England, and the last

Mean time her warlike brother on the seas devolution is to the king by way of appeal. Hale.

His waving streamers to the winds displays,
DEVORA’TIOx.n. s. (from devoro, Lat.)

And yows for his return with vain devetien pays.
The act of devouring;

7. DEVO'TE. v. a. (devoveo, devotus, 3. An act of external worship.

Religious minds are infamed with the love of 1. To dedicate ; to consecrate; to appro

publick devotion,

Header priate by vow.

For as I passed by and beheld your destief,
No deveted thing that a man shall devote unto

I found an altar wiih this inscription, To the
unknown God.

Ads. the Lord, of all that he hath, both of man and

In vain doth man the name of just expect, beast, and of the field of his possessions, shall


If his deustions he to God neglect. be sold or redeemed.

Deuban, What black magician conjures up this fiend,

4. Prayer.; expression of devotion.

An aged holy man,
To stop devoted charitable deeds? Sbakspeare.
They, impious, dar'd to prey

That day and night said his devotion,
On herds devoted to the god of day.


No other worldly business did apply. Fairy Q.

Your devotion has its opportunity: we must 2. To addict, as to a sect or study,

pray always, but chiefly at certain times. Sprett. While we do admire This virtue, and this moral discipline,

3. The state of the mind under a strong Let's be no stoicks, nor no stocks, I pray; sense of dependance upon God; deOr, so devote to Aristotle's checks,

voutness ; piety, As Ovid be an outcast quite abjur'd. Sbal. Grateful to acknowledge whence his good

If persons of this make should ever devote Descends; thither with heart, and voice, and themselves to science, they should be well as

eyes sured of a solid and strong constitution of body. Directed in devotion, to adore


And worship God supreme, who made him chief a. To condemn; to resign to ill.

Of all his works.


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person loved.

DE U From the full choir when loud hosannas rise, ment; and, though continually fed upon, yet is And swell the pomp of dreadful sacrifice;

never devoured.

South. Amid that scene, if some relenting eye

Death stalks behind thee, and each flying hour Glance on the stone where our cold reliques lie, Does some loose reinnant of thy life devour. Devotion's self shall steal a thought from heav'n, One human tear shall drop, and be forgiv'n. 4. To enjoy with avidity.

Pope. Longing they look; and, gaping at the sight, Devotion may be considered either as an ex. Devour ner o'er and o'er with vast delight. orcise of publick or private prayers at set times

Dryden. and occasions ; or as a tem er of the mind, a DevoU'RER. n. s. [from devour.] A state and disposition of the heart, which is rightly affected with such exercises. Law.

consumer ; he that devours; he that 6. An act of reverence, respect, or cere

preys upon.

Rome is but a wilderness of tygers; mony. Whither away so fast?

Tygers must prey, and Rome affords no prey

But me and mine : how happy art thou, then, - Upon the like devotion as yourselves;

From these devourers to be banished ! Sbak. To gratulate the gentle princes there. Sbaks.

Since those leviathansare withdrawn, the legs 7. Strong affection; ardent love, such as

er devourers supply their place: fraud succeeds makes the lover the sole property of the to violence.

Decay of Piety.

Carp and tench do best together, all other fisk Be opposite all planets of good luck

being devourers of their spawn. Mortimer, To my proceeding, if, with pure heart's love, DEVOU'T. adj. (devotus, Latin.) Immaculate devotion, holy thoughts,

1. Pious; religious; devoted to holy I tender not thy beauteous princely daughter. duties.


We must be constant and devout in the worHe had a particular reverence for the person

ship of our God, and ready in all acts of beneof the king; and the more extraordinary devotion

volence to our neighbour.

Rogers. for that of the prince, as he had the honour to be trusted with his education. Clarendon.

2. Filled with pious thoughts. 3. Earrestness; ardour; eagerness.

For this, with soul devout he thank'd the god;

And, of success secure, return'd to his abode. He seeks their hate with greater devotion than

Drydes. they can render it him; and leaves nothing undone that may fully discover him their opposite.

3. Expressive of devotion or piety., Sbakspeare.

Anon dry ground appears: and from his ark

The ancient sire descends with all his train; 9. Disposal; power; state of dependance

Then with uplifted hands, and eyes devout, on any onc.

Grateful to heav'n.

Milton, Arundel castle would keep that rich corner of Devou'lly. adv. [from devout.) Pithe country at his majesty's devotion. Clarendon. DEVO'TIONAL. adj. [from devotion.]

ously; with ardent devotion ; religiPertaining to devotion; annexed to.


Her grace rose, and with modest paces worship; religious.

Came to the altar: where she kneel'd; and saintNor are the soberest of them so apt for that

like devotional compliance and juncture of hearts, Cast her fair eyes to heav'n, and pray'd devoutly. which I desire to bear in holy offices to be per

Sbakspears. formed with me.

King Charles.

One of the wise men having a while attenThe favourable opinion and good word of men tively and devoutly viewed and contemplated comes oftentimes at a very easy rate; by a few this pillar and cross, fell down upon his face. demure looks, with some devotional postures and

Bacon. grimaces.


Her twilights were more clear than our midDEVOTIONALIST. n. s. [from devotion.]

day: A man zealous without knowledge, or

She drcamt devoutlier than most use to pray. superstitiously devout.

Donne, To DEVOU'R. v. a. (devoro, Latin.]

Think, O my soul! devoutly think,

How, with affrighted eyes, 1. To eat up ravenously, as a wild beast

Thou saw'st the wide-extended deep or animal of prey.

In all its horrors rise !

Addison. We will say, some evil beast hath devoured him. To second causes we seem to trust; without


expressing, so devoutly as we ought to do, our We've willing dames enough: there cannot be dependance on the first.

Atterbury. That valture in you, to devour so many

Deuse. n. s. (more properly than deuce, As will to greatness dedicate themselves, Finding it so inclin'd.


Junius, from Dusius, the name of a cer. So looks the pent up lion o'er the wretch

tain species of evil spirits.] The devil: That trembles under his devouring paws. Shak.

a ludicrous word. 2. To destroy ur consume with rapidity

'T was the prettiest prologue, as he wrote it; and violence.

Well! the deuce take me if I ha'n't forgot it. A fire devourets before them, and behind them

Congreve. a flame burneth,

DeuterO'GAMY. n. s.

[debrip and How dire a teripest from Mycenæ pour d, yáp3.] A second marriage.

Dict. Our pliiris, our iemples, and our town, devoir'd! DEUTERONOMY.n.s. (deuties and rou] It was the waste of war.

Dryden. The second book of the law; the fifth Norwit.canding that Socrates lived in the

book of Moses. time of us derin pe tilence at Athens, he never came the least infection. Addison.

DEUTERO'SCOPY. n. s. [δεύτερG. and 3. To smallo'v up; to annihilate.

04076w.] The second intention; the He end in gwiftnesa to devour the way.

meaning beyond the literal sense. Not Shakspeare.

in use. Such a riasure its gloss fresher upon enjoy- Not astaining the deuteroscopy, or second in.



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tention of the words, they are fain to omit their

pound is doubtful. Perbaps it alludas consequences, coherences, figures, or tropologies.

to the sparkling of dew. Brown's Vulgar Errours.

He now, to prove his late renewed might, DEW. n.s. [deap, Saxon; daaw, Dutcir.]

High brandishing his bright dew-burning blais, The moisture upon :he ground.

Upon his crested scalp so sore did smite, Fogs which we frequently observe after sun- That to the scull a yawning wound it made. Retting, even in our hottest months, are nothing

Fairy Queen. but a vapour consisting of water; which vapour DE'WDROF. H. s. [dew and drop.] A drop was sent up in greater quantity all the foregoing

of dew which sparkles at sunrise. day, than now in the evening : but the sun then

I must go seek some dewdrops here,
being above the horizon, taking it at the surface
of the earth, and rapidly mounting it up into

And hang
a pearl in every cowslip's ear. Stak,

An host the atmosphere, it was not discernible: the sun

Innumerable as the stars of night, being now gone otł, the vapour stagnates at and

Or stars of morning, dendrops, which the sun near the earth, and saturates the air till it is so

Impearls on ev'ry leaf, and ev'ry flower. Mill, thick as to be easily visible therein: and when

Rest, sweet as dezodries on the Pow'ry lawns, at length the heat there is somewhat further

When the sky opens, and the morning dawns! spent, which is usually about the middle of the nighe, it falls down again in a dew, alighting upon DE'WLAP. x. s. [from lapping or licking

Tickd. herbs and other vegetables, which it cherishes, cools, and refreshes.


the dew.) Never yet one hour in bed

1. The Aesh that hangs down from the Did I enjoy the golden dew of sleep,

throat of oxen. But with his tisz'rous dreams was still awak'd.

Large rowles of fat about his shoulders slumg,

Sbakspeare. And from his neck che double decolap hung. That churchman bears a bounteous mind, in

Aasisan. deed;

2. It is used in Shakspeare for a lip flacA hand as fruitful as the land that feeds us ;

Sbakspeared His dew falls ev'ry where.

cid with age, in contempt. She looks as clear

And sometimes lurk I in a gossip's bowl,

In very likeness of a roasted crab;
As morning roses newly wash'd with dete. Sbak.
Dews and rain are but the returns of moist

And when she drinks, against her lips I bob,

And on her wither'd dewlap pour che ale.
vapours condensed.
Now sliding streams the thirsty plants renew,

And feed their fibres with reviving dew. Pope De'wrapt. adj. [from dewlap.] Fur
T. DEW. V. a. [from the noun.] To wet nished with dewlaps.
as with dew; to moisten ; to bedew. Who would believe that there were moun.
A trickling stream of balm most sovereign,

And dainty dear; which on the ground still fell, Dewlaps like bulls, whose throats had hanging
And overtlowed all the fertile plain

at 'em As it had dewed been with timely rain. Fairy Q. Wallets of fiesh?

Sbakspeart. With him pour we in our country's purge The derulapt bull now chafes along the plain, Each drop of us.

While burning love ferments in ev'ry vein. Gay. -0, so much as it needs

De'w.worm. n. s. [from dew and worm.] To dow the sovereign flower, and drown the weeds.


A worm found in dew.
Give me thy hand,

For the trout, the dew worm, which some call
That I may dew it with my mournful tears. the lob worm, and the brandling, are the chief.

He ceas'd; discerning Adam with such joy DE'wv. adj. (from dew.)
Surcharg'd, as had, like grief, been dew'd in 1. Resembling dew; partaking of dew.

From the earth a deavy mist
Without the vent of words: which these he

Went up; and water'd all the ground, and each
Milton. Plant of the field.

Palemon above the rest appears,

Where two adverse winds,
In sable garments dew'd with gushing tears. Sublim'd from dery vapours, in mid sky

Dryden. Engage with horrid shock, che ruffled brine
In Gallick blood again
Roars stormy:

He dew's his reeking sword, and strows' the

2. Moist with dew; roscid. ground

The joyous day 'gan early to appear; With headless ranks.


And fair Aurora from the dewy bed DE'W BERRY. n. s. [from dew and berry.] Of aged Tithone 'gan herself to rear,

Dewherries, as they stand here among the With rosy cheeks, for shame as blushing red. more delicate fruits, must be understood to mean

SPENT rasberries, which are also of the bramble kind.

The bee with honied thigh,

Hanmer. That at her flow'ry work doth sing,
Feed him with apricocks and dewherries, And the waters murmuring,
With purple grapes, green figs, and mulberries. With such consort as they keep,

Shakspeare.' Entice the dewy feather'd sleep.
DEWBESPR E'NT. part. [dewand besprent.] His deviy locks distillid
Sprinkled with dew.

This evening late, by then the chewing flocks Besides the succour which cold Ancien yields,
Had ta’en their supper on the savoury herb

The rocks of Hernicus, and dewy fields. Drydere
Of knot-grass derbesprent, and were in fold; DE'XTER. adj. [Latin.) The right; not
I sat me down to watch upon a bank

the left. A term used in heraldry. With ivy canopied, and interwove

My mother's blood With flaunting honey-suckle.


Runs on the dexter cheek, and this sinister DEW-BURNING. adj. [from dew and Bounds in my sire's.

Staispears burning.] The meaning of this com DEXTI'RITY. n. so [dexteritas, Lat]

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1. Readiness of limbs ; activity ; readi. managers enough of the wares and products of ness to attain skill; skill; expertness.

that corner with which they content themselves

Locke. 2. Readiness of contrivance; quickness DE'XTEROUSLY. adv. [from dexterous.] of expedient ; skill of management. Expertly; skilfully; artfully.

His wisdom, by often evading from peril, was The magistrate sometimes cannot do his own turned rather into a dexterity to deliver himself

office dexterously, but by acting the minister. from dangers when they pressed him, than into

South, a providence to prevent and remove them afar

But then my study was to cog the dice,

Bacon. And dext'rously to throw the lucky sice. Drys They attempted to be knaves, but wanted art

DE'XTRAL. adj. [dexter, Latin.) The and dexterity.

Soutb. The same Protestants may, by their dexterity,

right; not the left. make themselves the national religion, and dis

As for any tunicles or skins, which should

hinder the liver from enabling the dextral parts, pose the church-revenues among their pastors.


we must not conceive it diffuseth its victue by

mere irradiation, but by its veins and proper DE'XTEROUS. adj. [dexter, Latin.)


Brown's Vulgar Errours.

DEXTRA’LITY.n.s. (from dextral.] The 3. Expert at any manual employment; active ; ready: as, a dexterous workman.

state of being on the right, not the left, For both their dext'rous hands che lance could

side. wield.


If there were a determinate prepotency in the

right, and such as ariseth from a constant root 2, Expert in management; subtle; full of

in nature, we might expect the same in other expedients.

animals, whose parts are also differenced by They confine themselves, and are dexterous dextrality. Brown's Vulgar Erreurs.


Printed by T. DAVISON, White-friars.

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