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copies give refining : the correct reading is perhaps revealing. For a fair there's fairer none : If you desire a Beauty, there is none more beautiful than

Rosaline. 12 xviii that fair thou owest : that beauty thou ownest. 15 xxiii the star Whose worth's unknown, although his height

be taken : apparently, Whose stellar influence is uncalculated, although his angular altitude from the plane of the astrolabe or artificial horizon used by

astrologers has been determined. 17 xxvii keel: skim. 18 XXIX

expense: waste. XXX Nativity once in the main of light : when a star has

risen and entered on the full stream of light ;-an-
other of the astrological phrases no longer fainiliar.
Crooked eclipses : as coming athwart the Sun's
apparent course.
Wordsworth, thinking probably of the 'Venus' and
the 'Lucrece,' said finely of Shakespeare: ‘Shakes-
peare could not have written an Epic; he would
have died of plethora of thought.' This prodigality
of nature is exemplified equally in his Sonnets. The
copious selection here given, (which from the wealth
of the material, required greater consideration than
any other portion of the Editor's task),-contains
many that will not be fully felt and understood with-
out some earnestness of thought on the reader's part.

But he is not likely to regret the labour. 19 XXXI upon misprision growing: either, granted in error, or,

on the growth of contempt. XXXII With the tone of this Sonnet compare Hamlet's

'Give me that man That is not passion's slave' &c. Shakespeare's writings show the deepest sensitiveness to passion :-hence the attraction he felt in

the contrasting effects of apathy, 20 xxxiii grame : sorrow. It was long before English Poetry

returned to the charming simplicity of this and a

few other poems by Wyat. 21 xxxiv Pandion.in the ancient fable was father to Philomela. 23 XXXVIII ramage : confused noise. 23 xxxix censures : judges. 24 XL

By its style this beautiful example of old simplicity and feeling may be referred to the early years of

Elizabeth. Late forgot: lately. 25 XLI

haggards: the least tameable hawks. 26 XLIV

cypres or cyprus,-used by the old writers for crape : whether from the French crespe or from the Island whence it was imported. Its accidental similarity in spelling to cypress has, here and in Milton's

Penseroso, probably confused readers. 28 XLVI, XLVII I never saw anything like this funeral dirge,'

says Charles Lamb, 'except the ditty which reminds Ferdinand of his drowned father in the Tempest.

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As that is of the water, watery; so this is of the
earth, earthy. Both have that intenseness of feeling,
which seems to resolve itself into the element which
it contemplates.'
crystal : fairness.
This ‘Spousal Verse'

was written in honour of the
Ladies Elizabeth and Katherine Somerset. Although
beautiful, it is inferior to the 'Epithalamion' on
Spenser's own marriage, -omitted with great reluct-
ance as not in harmony with modern manners.
1. 2 feateously: elegantly,
1. 15 shend : put out. L. 39 a noble peer: Robert
Devereux, second Lord Essex, then at the height
of his brief triumph after taking Cadiz: hence the
allusion following to the Pillars of Hercules, placed
near Gades by ancient legend.
l. 1

27 twin. of Jove

32 34

T

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PAGE

NO.

copies give refining : the correct reading is perhaps revealing. For a fair there's fairer none : If you desire a Beauty, there is none more beautiful than

Rosaline, 12 xvill that fuir thou owest : that beauty thou ownest. 15 xxiii the star Whose worth's unknown, although his height

be taken : apparently, Whose stellar influence is uncalculated, although his angular altitude from the plane of the astrolabe or artificial horizon used by

astrologers has been determined. 17 XXVII keel: skim. 18 XXIX

expense: waste. XXX Nativity once in the main of light : when a star has

risen and entered on the full stream of light ;-an-
other of the astrological phrases no longer familiar.
Crooked eclipses : as coming athwart the Sun's
apparent course.
Wordsworth, thinking probably of the 'Venus' and
the ‘Lucrece,' said finely of Shakespeare: 'Shakes-
peare could not have written an Epic; he would
have died of plethora of thought.' This prodigality
of nature is exemplified equally in his Sonnets. The
copious selection here given, (which from the wealth
of the material, required greater consideration than
any other portion of the Editor's task),-contains
many that will not be fully felt and understood with-
out some earnestness of thought on the reader's part.

But he is not likely to regret the labour. 19 XXXI upon misprision growing: either, granted in error, or,

on the growth of contempt. XXXII With the tone of this Sonnet compare Hamlet's

'Give me that man That is not passion's slave' &c. Shãkespeare's writings show the deepest sensitiveness to passion :-hence the attraction he felt in

the contrasting effects of apathy. 20 XXXIII grame : sorrow. It was long before English Poetry

returned to the charming simplicity of this and å

few other poems by Wyat. 21 xxxiv Pandion in the ancient fable was father to Philomela. 23 XXXVIII ramage : confused noise. 23 xxxix censures : judges. 24 XL By its style this beautiful example of old simplicity

and feeling may be referred to the early years of

Elizabeth. Late forgot: lately. 25 XLI

haggards: the least tameable hawks. 26 XLIV cypres or cyprus,-used by the old writers for crape ;

whether from the French crespe or from the Island whence it was imported. Its accidental similarity in spelling to cypress has, here and in Milton's

Penseroso, probably confused readers. 28 XLVI, XLVII 'I never saw anything like this funeral dirge,'

says Charles Lamb, 'except the ditty which reminds Ferdinand of his drowned father in the Tempest.

PAGE NO.

30 LI 31 LIII

As that is of the water, watery ; so this is of the
earth, earthy. Both have that intenseness of feeling.
which seems to resolve itself into the element which
it contemplates.'
crystal : fairness.
This Spousal Verse' was written in hononr of the
Ladies Elizabeth and Katherine Somerset. Although
beautiful, it is inferior to the Epithalamion' on
Spenser's own marriage, -omitted with great reluct-
ance as not in harmony with modern manners.
1. 2 feateously: elegantly.
1. 15 shend: put out. L. 39 a noble peer: Robert
Devereux, second Lord Essex, then at the height
of his brief triumph after taking Cadiz: hence the
allusion following to the Pillars of Hercules, placed
near Gades by ancient legend.
1. 11 Eliza : Elizabeth. L. 27 twins of Jove: the
stars Castor and Pollux: baldric, belt; the zodiac.
A fine example of a peculiar class of Poetry :-
that written by thoughtful men who practised this
Art but little. Wotton's, LXXII, is another. Jeremy
Taylor, Bishop Berkeley, Dr. Johnson, Lord Macau-
lay, have left similar specimens.

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Summary of Book Second This division, embracing the latter eighty years of the seventeenth century, contains the close of our Early poetical style and the commencement of the Modern. In Dryden we see the first master of the new : in Milton, whose genius dominates here as Shakespeare's in the former book,--the crown and consummation of the early period. Their splendid Odes are far in advance of any prior attempts, Spenser's excepted: they exhibit the wider and grander range which years and experience and the struggles of the time conferred on Poetry. Our Muses now give expression to political feeling, to religious thought, to a high philosophic statesmanship in writers such as Marvell, Herbert, and Wotton : whilst in Marvell and Milton, again, we find the first noble attempts at pure description of nature, destined in our own ages to be continued and equalled. Meanwhile the poetry of simple passion, although before 1660 often deformed by verbal fancies and conceits of thought, and afterward by levity and an artificial tone,-produced in Herrick and Waller some charming pieces of more finished art than the Elizabethan: until in the courtly compliments of Sedley it seeins to exhaust itself, and lie almost dormant for the hundred years between the days of Wither and Suckling and the days of Burns and Cowper. That the change from our early style to the modern brought with it at first a loss of nature and simplicity is undeniable: yet the far bolder and wider scope which Poetry took between 1620 and 1700, and the successful efforts then made to gain greater clearness in expression, in their results have been no slight compensation.

PAGE NO. 43 LXII 1. 8 whist: hushed. L. 33 Pan : used here for the Lord

of all. 46 - 1. 21 Lars and Lemures: household gods and spirits

of relations dead. Flamens (1. 24) Roman priests.

That twice-batter'd god (1. 29) Dagon. 47 - 1. 6 Osiris, the Egyptian god of Agriculture (here,

perhaps by confusion with Apis, figured as a Bull),
was torn to pieces by Typho and embalmed after
death in a sacred chest. This mythe, reproduced in
Syria and Greece in the legends of Thammuz, Adonis,
and perhaps Absyrtus, represents the annual death of
the Sun or the Year under the influences of the winter
darkness. Horus, the son of Osiris, as the New
Year, in his turn overcomes Typho.-It suited the
genius of Milton's time to regard this primaeval
poetry and philosophy of the seasons, which has a
further reference to the contest of Good and Evil in
Creation, as a malignant idolatry. Shelley's Chorus
in Hellas, Worlds on worlds,' treats the subject in
a larger and sweeter spirit. L. 8 unshower'd grass :

as watered by the Nile only. 49 LXIV The Late Massacre: the Vaudois persecution, carried

on in 1655 by the Duke of Savoy. This 'collect in verse,' as it has been justly named, is the most mighty Sonnet in any language known to the Editor. Readers should observe that, unlike our sonnets of the sixteenth century, it is constructed on the original Italian or Provençal model,- unquestionably far superior to the imperfect form employed by

Shakespeare and Drummond. 50 LXV Cromwell returned from Ireland in 1650. Hence the

prophecies, not strictly fulfilled, of his deference to
the Parliament, in stanzas 21-24.
This Ode, beyond doubt one of the finest in our
language, and more in Milton's style than has been
reached by any other poet, is occasionally obscure
from imitation of the condensed Latin syntax. The
meaning of st. 5 is rivalry or hostility are the same
to a lofty spirit, and limitation more hateful than
opposition. The allusion in st. 11 is to the old
physical doctrines of the nonexistence of a vacuum
and the impenetrability of matter:-in st. 17 to the
omen traditionally connected with the foundation of
the Capitol at Rome. The ancient belief that certain
years in life complete natural periods and are hence
peculiarly exposed to death, is introduced in st. 26 by

the word climacteric.
Lycidas. The person lamented is Milton's college

friend Edward King, drowned in 1637 whilst crossing
from Chester to Ireland.
Strict Pastoral Poetry was first written or perfected
by the Dorian Greeks settled in Sicily: but the con-

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