Influences of Culture on the Style of Business Behavior Between Western and Arab Managers
GRIN Verlag, 2007 - 112 էջ
Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2006 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1, University of Vienna (BWZ - Betriebswirtschaftliches Zentrum), 60 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: International business activities are expanding significantly and so awareness of both cultural similarities and differences is becoming increasingly important. Internationalization is no longer a foreign word and more and more business people now undertake the task of doing business outside of their home country. To succeed in international business requires an understanding of various cultures and the sensitivity to cope with differences. While doing business with people from many nations, a sense of dealing with conflicting approaches is inevitable. Managers with global views and skills in international communication are more sought after than ever. At the same time, managers are seeking ways to participate in cross-cultural management and to avoid any misinterpretation.
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THE ARAB SOCIETY
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Էջ 35 - Culture consists of patterns, explicit and implicit, of and for behavior acquired and transmitted by symbols, constituting the distinctive achievement of human groups, including their embodiments in artifacts; the essential core of culture consists of traditional (ie, historically derived and selected) ideas and especially their attached values...
Էջ 35 - ... culture systems may, on the one hand, be considered as products of action, on the other as conditioning elements of further action.
Էջ 37 - Culture hides much more than it reveals, and strangely enough what it hides, it hides most effectively from its own participants. Years of study have convinced me that the real job is not to understand foreign culture but to understand our own.
Էջ 53 - the extent to which a society accepts the fact that power in institutions and organizations is distributed unequally."27 Uncertainty Avoidance is "the extent to which a society feels threatened by uncertain and ambiguous situations and tries to avoid...
Էջ 49 - Sumner attaches much importance to "ethnocentrism," the "view of things in which one's own group is the center of everything, and all others are scaled and rated with reference to it."96 According to Sumner, "Each group nourishes its own pride and vanity, boasts itself superior, exalts its own divinities, and looks with contempt on outsiders. Each group thinks its own folkways the only right ones, and if it observes that other groups have other folkways, these excite its scorn.
Էջ 36 - It is the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another.
Էջ 37 - Rokeach (1973, p. 6) defines a value as "an enduring belief that a specific mode of conduct or end-state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or end state of existence.
Էջ 40 - Culture and communication are inseparable, because culture not only dictates who talks with whom, about what, and how the communication proceeds, it also helps to determine how people encode messages, the meanings they have for messages, and the conditions and circumstances under which various messages may or may not be sent, noticed or interpreted.