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Retrocession from Spain to France stated,
ARTICLE I. Whereas by the article the third of the treaty concluded at St.
Idelfonso, the 9th Vendémiaire, an 9 (1st October, 1800,) Spritrocess of rame between the First Consul of the French Republic and His
Catholic Majesty, it was agreed as follows: “ His Catholic Majesty promises and engages on his part, to cede to the French Republic, six months after the full and entire execution of the conditions and stipulations herein relative to His Royal Highness the Duke of Parma, the colony or province of Louisiana, with the same extent that it now has in the hands of Spain, and that it had when France possessed it, and such as it should be after the treaties subsequently entered into between Spain and other States.” And whereas, in pursuance of the treaty, and particularly of the third article, the French Republic has an incontestible title to the domain and to the possession of the said territory: The First Consul of the French Republic desiring to give to the United States a strong proof of his friendship, doth hereby cede to the said United States, in the name of the French Republic, forever and in full sovereignty, the said territory, with all its rights and appurtenances, as fully and in the same manner as they have been acquired by the French Republic, in virtue of the above-mentioned treaty, concluded with His Catholic Majesty.
ARTICLE II. In the cession made by the preceding article are included the adjacent
islands belonging to Louisiana, all public lots and squares, cluded in the cemion vacant lands, and all public buildings, fortifications, barcles.
racks, and other edifices which are not private property. The archives, papers, and documents, relative to the domain and sovereignty of Louisiana and its dependences, will be left in the possession of the commissaries of the United States, and copies will be afterwards givenl in due form to the magistrates and municipal officers of such of the said papers and documents as may be necessary to them.
ARTICLE III. The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be incorporated in the
Union of the United States, and admitted as soon as possiéeded territory incor. ble, according to the principles of the Federal constitution, upon certain princi to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages, and immuni
ties of citizens of the United States; and in the mean time they shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property, and the religion which they profess.
ARTICLE IV. There shall be sent by the Government of France a commissary to
ommissary to Louisiana, to the end that he do every act necessary, as well be sent from herace to receive from the officers of His Catholic Majesty the said ning pastatuisian country and its dependences, in the name of the French the United States. Republic, if it has not been already done, as to transmit it in the name of the French Republic to the commissary or agent of the United States.
ARTICLE V. Immediately after the ratification of the present treaty by the Presi
..comme dent of the United States, and in case that of the First Comics bbs Consul shall have been previously obtained, the commissary have possession of the French Republic shall remit all military posts of
Inhabitants of the eeded territory incor. porated in the Union upon certain princí. ples.
be sent from France to receive the province of Louisiana, and to pass it over to the United States.
When the cornmis
New Orleans, and other parts of the ceded territory, to the commissary or commissaries named by the President to take possession; the troops, whether of France or Spain, who may be there, shall cease to occupy any military post from the time of taking possession, and shall be embarked as soon as possible, in the course of three months after the ratification of this treaty.
ARTICLE VI. The United States promise to execute such treaties and articles as may have been agreed between Spain and the tribes and nations of Indians, until, by mutual consent of the United execute certain inStates and the said tribes or nations, other suitable articles shall have been agreed upon.
United States to
and Spain laden with the productions of their respective
same privileges as vessels of United
As it is reciprocally advantageous to the coinmerce of France and the United States to encourage the communication of both na- Vessels of France tions for a limited time in the country ceded by the present and Spron daden with treaty, until general arrangements relative to the commerce their respective of both nations may be agreed on; it has been agreed be- same privilegemited tween the contracting parties, that the French ships coming States, &c. directly from France or any of her colonies, loaded only with the produce and manufactures of France or her said colonies; and the ships of Spain coming directly from Spain or any of her colonies, loaded only with the produce or manufactures of Spain or her colonies, shall be admitted during the space of twelve years in in the port of New Orleans, and in all other legal ports of entry within the ceded territory, in the same manner as the ships of the United States coming directly from France or Spain, or any of their colonies, without being subject to any other or greater duty on merchandize, or other or greater tonnage than that paid by the citizens of the United States.
During the space of time above mentioned, no other nation shall have a right to the same privileges in the ports of the ceded No other vessels territory; the twelve years shall commence three months entitled dorime prica after the exchange of ratifications, if it shall take place in period. France, or three months after it shall have been notified at Paris to the French Government, if it shall take place in the United States; it is however well understood that the object of the above article is to favor the manufactures, commerce, freight, and navigation of France and of Spain, so far as relates to the importations that the French and Spanish shall make into the said ports of the United States, without in any sort affecting the regulations that the United States may make concerning the exportation of the produce and merchandize of the United States, or any right they may have to make such regulations.
In future and forever after the expiration of the twelve years, the ships of France shall be treated upon the footing of the vessels of France most favoured nations in the ports above mentioned.
to be upon the footing of those of the most favored nations,
The particular convention signed this day by the respective ministers,
zens of United States to be ratified when this is.
having for its object to provide for the payment of debts viding for the pay: due to the citizens of the United States by the French Rezens of Crited States public prior to the 30th Septr. 1800, (8th Vendémiaire,
an 9,) is approved, and to have its execution in the same manner as if it had been inserted in this present treaty; and it shall be ratified in the same form and in the same time, so that the one shall not be ratified distinct from the other. Another particular convention signed at the same date as the present.
treaty relative to a definitive rule between the contracting tion to be ratified at parties is in the like manner approved, and will be ratified
in the same form, and in the same time, and jointly.
the same time.
In what time the ratifications must be exchanged.
The present treaty shall be ratified in good and due form, and the
ratifications shall be exchanged in the space of six months ratifications must be after the date of the signature by the Ministers Plenipoten
tiary, or sooner if possible. In faith whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed these articles in the French and English languages; declaring nevertheless that the present treaty was originally agreed to in the French language; and håve thereunto affixed their seals..
Done at Paris the tenth day of Floréal, in the eleventh year of the French Republic, and the 30th of April, 1803.
ROBT. R. LIVINGSTON. [L. S.)
(L. S. F. BARBÉ MARBOIS. L. s.
CONVENTION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE
FRENCH REPUBLIC. CONCLUDED APRIL 30, 1803. The President of the United States of America and the First Consul of the French Republic, in the name of the French people, in conse. quence of the treaty of cession of Louisiana, which has been signed this day, wishing to regulate definitively everything which has relation to the said cession, have authorized to this effect the Plenipotentiaries, that is to say: the President of the United States has, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the said States, nominated for their Plenipotentiaries, Robert R. Livingston, Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States, and James Monroe, Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extraordinary of the said United States, near the Government of the French Republic; and the First Consul of the French Republic, in the name of the French people, has named as Plenipotentiary of the said Republic, the citizen Francis Barbé Marbois; who, in virtue of their full powers, which have been exchanged this day, have agreed to the following articles :
ARTICLE I. The Government of the United States engages to pay to the French United Senten en. Government, in the manner specified in the following article, manger to pry 60,000, the sum of sixty millions of francs, independent of the sum
which shall be fixed by another convention for the payment of the debts due by France to citizens of the United States.
000 francs to France,
A stock to be crea. ted equal to the 60,000,000 of france,
ARTICLE II. For the payment of the sum of sixty millions of francs, mentioned in the preceding article, the United States shall create a stock Ash of eleven millions two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, 0.00 0dhe bearing an interest of six per cent. per annum, payable half &c. yearly in London, Amsterdam, or Paris, amounting by the half year, to three hundred and thirty-seven thousand five hundred dollars, accord. ing to the proportions which shall be determined by the French Government to be paid at either place; the principal of the said stock to be reimbursed at the Treasury of the United States, in annual payments of not less than three millions of dollars each, of which the When the first payment shall commence fifteen years after the date of ments the exchange of ratifications: this stock shall be transferred to the Government of France, or to such person or persons as shall be authorized to receive it, in three months at most after the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty, and after Louisiana shall be taken possession of in the name of the Government of the United States.
It is further agreed, that if the French Government should be desirous of disposing of the said stock to receive the capital in Europe, at shorter terms, that its measures for that pur- selling stock in Eupose shall be taken so as to favor, in the greatest degree the best terms for possible, the credit of the United States, and to raise to the highest price the said stock.
ments shall be made.
rope, to do it upon
lar of United States referred to, fixed.
must be ratified and exchanged.
ARTICLE III. It is agreed tbat the dollar of the United States, specified in the present convention, shall be fixed at five francs 3333 or five Value of the dollivres eight sous tournois.
The present convention shall be ratified in good and due form, and the ratifications shall be exchanged in the space of six When convention months to date from this day, or sooner if possible.
In faith of which, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the above articles, both in the French and English languages, declaring, nevertheless, that the present treaty has been originally agreed on and written in the French language; to which they have hereunto affixed their seals.
Done at Paris the tenth of Floréal, eleventh year of the French Republic, (30th April, 1803.)
ROBT. R. LIVINGSTON. [L.
CONVENTION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE
FRENCH REPUBLIC. CONCLUDED APRIL 30, 1803.
The President of the United States of America and the First Consul of the French Republic, in the name of the French people, having by a treaty of this date terminated all difficulties relative to Louisiana, and established on a solid foundation the friendship which unites the two nations, and being desirous, in compliance with the second and fifth articles of the convention of the eighth Vendémiaire, ninth year of the French Republic, (30th September, 1800,) to secure the payment of the sums due by France to the citizens of the United States, have respectively nominated as Plenipotentiaries, that is to say: the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of their Senate, Robert R. Livingston, Minister Plenipotentiary, and James Monroe, Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extraordinary of the said States, near the Government of the French Republic; and the First Consul, in the name of the French people, the citizen Francis Barbé Marbois, Minister of the Public Treasury; who, after having exchanged their full powers, have agreed to the following articles :
ARTICLE I. The debts due by France to citizens of the United States, contracted
before the 8th of Vendémiaire, ninth year of the French France to citizens of Republic, (30th September, 1800,) shall be paid according to paid according to the following regulations, with interest at six per cent., to
commence from the periods when the accounts and vouchers were presented to the French Government.
ARTICLE II. The debts provided for by the preceding article are those whose re
sult is comprised in the conjectural note annexed to the by the preceding ar present convention, and which, with the interest, cannot
exceed the sum of twenty millions of francs. The claims comprised in the said note which fall within the exceptions of the following articles, shall not be admitted to the benefit of this provision.
United States to be
Debts provided fo
The principal and interests of the said debts shall be discharged by How the said debes the United States, by orders drawn by their Minister Pleni. are to be paid potentiary on their treasury; these orders shall be payable sixty days after the exchange of ratifications of the treaty and the conventions signed this day, and after possession shall be given of Louisiana by the commissaries of France to those of the United States.
What debts are
It is expressly agreed that the preceding articles shall comprehend no
debts but such as are due to citizens of the United States, comprehended by the who have been and are yet creditors of France, for supplies,
hice for embargoes, and prizes made at sea, in which the appeal has been properly lodged within the time mentioned in the said convention, Sth Vendémiaire, ninth year, (30th September, 1800.)
ARTICLE V. The preceding articles shall apply only, 1st, to captures of which the
council of prizes shall have ordered restitution, it being well are particularly to understood that the claimant cannot have recourse to the
United States, otherwise than he might have had to the Government of the French Republic, and only in case of insufficiency of the captors; 2d, the debts mentioned in the said fifth article of the convention contracted before the 8th Vendémiaire, an 9, (30th September, 1800,) the payment of which has been heretofore claimed of the actual Government of France, and for which the creditors have a right to the protection of the United States; the said fifth article does not comprehend prizes whose condemnation has been or shall be confirmed: it is the
To what case, they