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measured by the graphometer and compass. This work was executed with great care; and it exhibits, above all, a great minuteness in the part which includes the slope of the Cordilléra from Xalappa and Orizaba to Vera Cruz.

Carte des routes qui vont de Mexico a la Puebla, au nord et au sud de la Sierra Nevada*, drawn up by order of the viceroy the Marquis de Branciforte, by Don Miguel de Costanzo.

Plan manuscrit des environs de Vera Cruzt. It extends to Perote, and indicates at the same time the difference of the roads projected from Xalappa to Vera Cruz.

Carte manuscrite du terrain contenu entre Vera Cruz et le Rio Xamappa, 17961.

Carte manuscrite de la province de Xalappa, avec les environs detaillés de l'Antigua et de la Nueva Vera Cruz ll.

Carte manuscrite de la province d'Oaxaca et de toute la côte, depuis Acapulco a Tehuantepec dressée par Don Pedro de la Laguna g. - This

* Map of the roads from Mexico to la Puebla, to the north and south of the Sierra Nevada. Trans. + Manuscript plan of the environs of Vera Cruz. Trans.

Manuscript map of the country between Vera Cruz and the Rio Xamappa, 1796. Trans.

| Manuscript map of the province of Xalappa, with a detail of the environs of Antigua and la Nueva Vera Cruz. Trans.

s Manuscript map of the province of Oaxaca and the whole coast from Acapulco to Tehuantepec, drawn up by Don Pedro de la Laguna. Trans.

map is founded on eleven positions, which are asserted to have been determined in latitude, by direct observations. As to the Rio Huasacualco, celebrated from the project of a canal to unite the Sou h Sea with the Ailantic Ocean ; I have assigned to it the course which I found traced in the plans of the two engineer officers, Don Augustin Crumer, and Don Viguel del Corral. These plans are preserved in the archives of the viceroyalty of Mexico.

Mapa anonimo de la Sierra Gorda, dans la province de Nuevo Santander *, from the 210 to the 29° of latitude, a manu cript map painted on vel. lum, and ornamented with figures of Indian savages. It is very exact for the environs of Sotto la Marina and of Camargo.

The course of the rivers contained between the Rio del Norte and the mouth of the Rio Sabino was copied from a manuscript map which General Wilkinson communicated to me at Washington, on his return from Louisiana.

Mapa de la Nueva Galliziat; a manuscript map constructed in 1794 by M. Pagaza, from his own observations and the map of M. Forcada.

Carte de la province de Sonora et de la Nouvelle Biscayet, dedicated to M. d'Azanza, and con


* Anonymous map of the Sierra Gorda, in the province of Nueva Santander. Trans.

+ Map of Nueva Gallizia. Trans.
# Map of the province of Sonora and of New Biscay. Trans.

structed at Cadiz, by the engineer Don Juan de Pagaza. This manuscript map, four feet in length, is very minute as to the mountainous places, where the savage Indians conceal themselves for excursions and attacks on travellers. It is also very minute as to the environs of the Passo del Norte, and particularly as to the desert territory called the Bolson de Mapimi. · Carte manuscrite de la Sonora *, from the 270 to the 36° of latitude, dedicated to Colonel Don Jose Tienda de Cuerdo. The author of this map appears to have been a German Jesuit, who had resided in the Piineria-alta, that is to say, in the most northern part of the province of Sonora.

Carte manuscrite de la Pimeria altat.-It extends to the Rio Gila. The famous ruins of the Casas grandes are placed there at 36° 20° of lati. tude, an error of three degrees !

Mapa de la California, a manuscript map of Fathers Francisco Garces and Pedro Font, 1777. It has also been engraved at Mexico, but with an error of a diminution of three minutes for all the latitudes. It is interesting for la Pimeria alta and the Rio Colorado.

Carta geografica de la Costa occidental de la California que se discubrió en los años 1769 y 1775, por Don Francisco de Bodega y Quadra y Don Jose Canizares, desde los 17 hasta los 58 * Manuscript map of Sonora. Trans. + Manuscript map of the Pimeria alta.

VOL. 1.

grados *. - This small map, engraved in 1788 by Manuel Villavicencio at Mexico, is drawn up on the meridian of S. Blas. It must interest those who study the history of discoveries in the great ocean.

The gulf of Cortez appears very much detailed in the map of California, which accompanies the Noticia de la California del Padre Fr. Miguel Venegas, 1757; but the true position of the mis. sions actually existing in this peninsula is indicated in the map subjoined to the life of the Father Fray Junipero Serra, printed at Mexico in 1787.

Carte manuscrite de la province de la Nouvelle Biscaye t, from the 23° to the 37° of latitude, drawn up in 1792 by the engineer Don Juan de Pagaza Urtundua, from information obtained at Chihuahua. This curious work was executed by order of M. de Nava, captain-general of the provincias internas. It served me for the whole intendancy of Durango; though the environs of the town of Durango do not appear very accurate.

Carte manuscrite des frontieres septentrionales de la nouvelle Espagne*, from the 23° to the 370 of latitude, by the engineer Don Nicolas Lafora. It develops the plan of defence of the Marquis de Rubi, and served me for verifying the situation of the small forts named Presidios. I saw a copy of this same map, three metrest in length, in the archives of the viceroyalty.

* Geographical map of the western coast of California, discovered in 1769 and 1775, by Don Francisco de Bodaga y Quadra and Don Jose Canizares, from the 17° to the 58o. Trans.

† Manuscript map of the province of New Biscay. Trans.

Mapa del Nuevo Merico I, from the 29° to the 42° of latitude. This manuscript map is very minute with regard to the countries situated under the parallel of 41°. It contains details as to the lake des Timpanogos, and the sources of the Rio Colca rado and the Rio del Norte.

Carte du nouveau Mexique, gravée en 1795, par Lopez)). I have made no use of it. It appears exceedingly defective as to the sources of the Rio del Norte. The countries situated between these sources and those of the Missoury are better detailed in a Map of Louisiana published at Philadelphia in 1803.

I flatter myself that, notwithstanding great imperfections, my general map of New Spain has two essential advantages over all those which have hi. therto appeared. It exhibits the situation of three

* Manuscript map of the northern frontiers of New Spain. Trans. † Nine feet ten inches English. Trans.

Map of New Mexico. Trans. || Map of New Mexico, engraved in 1795 by Lopez. Truns.

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