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Preparations for the coming conflict. Town’s-meetings and their
Death of Bradbury, Job Orton. His advice to Caleb Ashworth on the
management of the academy at Daventry. William Hextal. Trying
Dr. Zubly on the law of Liberty. Appeal to Lord Dartmouth. Instruc-
tion of Lord Dartmouth to General Gage. Violent articles in the
General resistance to American independence. Letter of the King to
Lord North English ports in danger. Resolution in parliament to
No social change
CHAPTER XIX.- AMERICA AND ENGLAND.
Philadelphia. Settlement at Northumberland. Change in American
AFTER the revolution of 1688, liberal Churchmen expected that Nonconformity would quietly subside. It was not thought decorous to disturb the
Expected last days of the venerable survivors of the
quietus of ejectment of 1662; but when in the course Nonconform
ity. of nature they had passed away, the most tolerant of the bishops saw no reason why the pulpits left vacant by them should again be occupied.
The impolicy of coercion was freely admitted, but it was supposed that a slight modification in the Church services would be sufficient to bring the weak and erratic Dissenting brethren within the national fold. “ To mollify them, we have tried Church censures,” they said, "and penal laws, and inflicted them with a severity perhaps beyond what we can justify, but only to heighten our own divisions, and increase the divisions we endeavoured to remove. The only remedy left us is.to remove the exceptional passages in our Liturgy, and those ceremonies in our worship to which they cannot conform with us, and to follow the steps which the State, by the Act of Toleration, has gone
before us in, to reconcile them
to us; for they are now no more in our power to force them to a conformity with us than we are in
William III. (a thorough Erastian) was entirely of this mind. His ecclesiastical advisers assured him that the whole matter of Dissent, with careful management, might be pleasantly arranged. “The Presbyterians especially,” said Bishop Burnet, "and the Independents, will one day come into the Church of England themselves. Their old teachers, Baxter, Bates, Owen, and the rest of their great men, are gone." +
Calamy, when a student of Oxford, waited to see if alterations would be made in the public settlement he could fall in with without doing violence to or disturbing his mind and conscience. To introduce a Bill for Comprehension was soon, however, found to be impracticable. Meanwhile, notwithstanding the flexibility of some, the descendants of the “old teachers cherished their memory, and held fast their principles. The tears that fell
The tears that fell upon the bier of the last of the Puritans were not those of hopeless sorrow for vanquished leaders in a cause henceforth to be abandoned, but with sincere and keen regret was mingled the sacred determination to grasp more firmly the banner to be " displayed because of the truth."
John CROMPTON, the nephew of Oliver Heywood, in a letter of condolence to his widow (Aug. 2, 1702), says : “God is raising up new ones to fill up the room and places of those more experienced ones that are gone. God Almighty make us as diligent and faith
* Printed Letter to Convocation. + Memorial to the Princess Sophia.