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CHAPTER XIV.-ENGLAND.

Death of Bradbury, Job Orton. His advice to Caleb Ashworth on the

management of the academy at Daventry. William Hextal. Trying
position of Ashworth. Losses of Mrs. Doddridge. Joseph Priestley's
account of the Academy. His settlement at Needham Market.
Dissatisfied with the Apostle Paul. Removal. Academy of the
“Rational" dissenters at Warrington. “Rational” liturgy opposed
ky John Taylor. The Divinity Tutor. Suit of the dissenting deputies
in the case of the sheriffs of London. Legal status given to dissent
by Lord Mansfield's decision. Priestley at Warrington. Usefulness
of Seddon's MS. sermons to his friend Wilding. Foolish opinion that
study is not necessary to a gentleman. Benjamin Stapp and the
church at Shrewsbury. Letter of Orton to Mrs. Doddridge. Majority
of the church withdraw and build the chapel at Swan Hill. Letter
of Cheney Hart to Seddon. James Scott and first students at
Heckmondwike. Church at Cockermouth and resistance to the
intrusion of Arianism. John Glover at Mattishall. George Lambert,

John Newton, and Whitefield. First sermon of Newton in White

Chapel, Leeds. Unsuccessful applications for episcopal ordination.

Preaches at Warwick. Letter of Newton to Warhurst, and his desire

to become a dissenting minister. Presentation to Olney . 495-524

CHAPTER XV.-AMERICA.

Dr. Zubly on the law of Liberty. Appeal to Lord Dartmouth. Instruc-

tion of Lord Dartmouth to General Gage. Violent articles in the
New York journals against the descendants of the Puritans in New
England,- described as "holy sinners and thorough-paced hypo-

CHAPTER XVII.- AMERICA.

General resistance to American independence. Letter of the King to

Lord North English ports in danger. Resolution in parliament to
discontinue the war. Negotiation for peace.

No social change
required. Priestley against Kings. Loyalty of Congregational
charches. Views of Lambert. Settlement of the terms of the Treaty
of Peace. Oswald and the American Commissioners. Repeated
conferences and correspondence. A curious episode. Claims of the
Loyalists. Threat of accumulative damages. Final settlement.

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CHAPTER XIX.- AMERICA AND ENGLAND.
Priestley in the Land of Promise. Dread of his coming. New York and

Philadelphia. Settlement at Northumberland. Change in American
politics. The wild and broken state of things in Paris. Letter'of Ashbel
Green. Disappointment of Priestley. Letter of Samuel Miller.
Timothy Dwight. Brighter prospects of the churches in New England.
Metaphysical preachers. Old meeting-house at Andover. Sabba-day
houses. Letters of Samuel Phillips. New England divinity. Letter
of Andrew Fuller. Jonathan Edwards the second. Hopkins and
Granville Sharp. Hopkins in his old age. Letter to Fuller. “Fare-
well to the world.” Last days. Missionary Society of Connecticut.
Missionary journey of David Bacon. Interview with Indian chief.
Home letter. Summary of a cancelled chapter on Northern Academies.
Haldane movement, Bengal Mission, and origin of London Missionary
Society. William Vint. Samuel Bottomley. George Gill. John
Cockin. William Carey. James Wilson. John Griffin. Village
preaching. William Alexander. Thomas Hillyard. James Hinton.
New order of preachers

681_720

CONGREGATIONAL HISTORY.

CHAPTER I.

AFTER the revolution of 1688, liberal Churchmen expected that Nonconformity would quietly subside. It was not thought decorous to disturb the

Expected last days of the venerable survivors of the

quietus of ejectment of 1662; but when in the course Nonconform

ity. of nature they had passed away, the most tolerant of the bishops saw no reason why the pulpits left vacant by them should again be occupied.

The impolicy of coercion was freely admitted, but it was supposed that a slight modification in the Church services would be sufficient to bring the weak and erratic Dissenting brethren within the national fold. “ To mollify them, we have tried Church censures,” they said, "and penal laws, and inflicted them with a severity perhaps beyond what we can justify, but only to heighten our own divisions, and increase the divisions we endeavoured to remove. The only remedy left us is.to remove the exceptional passages in our Liturgy, and those ceremonies in our worship to which they cannot conform with us, and to follow the steps which the State, by the Act of Toleration, has gone

before us in, to reconcile them

to us; for they are now no more in our power to force them to a conformity with us than we are in

theirs." *

William III. (a thorough Erastian) was entirely of this mind. His ecclesiastical advisers assured him that the whole matter of Dissent, with careful management, might be pleasantly arranged. “The Presbyterians especially,” said Bishop Burnet, "and the Independents, will one day come into the Church of England themselves. Their old teachers, Baxter, Bates, Owen, and the rest of their great men, are gone." +

Calamy, when a student of Oxford, waited to see if alterations would be made in the public settlement he could fall in with without doing violence to or disturbing his mind and conscience. To introduce a Bill for Comprehension was soon, however, found to be impracticable. Meanwhile, notwithstanding the flexibility of some, the descendants of the “old teachers cherished their memory, and held fast their principles. The tears that fell

The tears that fell upon the bier of the last of the Puritans were not those of hopeless sorrow for vanquished leaders in a cause henceforth to be abandoned, but with sincere and keen regret was mingled the sacred determination to grasp more firmly the banner to be " displayed because of the truth."

John CROMPTON, the nephew of Oliver Heywood, in a letter of condolence to his widow (Aug. 2, 1702), says : “God is raising up new ones to fill up the room and places of those more experienced ones that are gone. God Almighty make us as diligent and faith

* Printed Letter to Convocation. + Memorial to the Princess Sophia.

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