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1863.
Mr. Layard to Aug. 31 | Inquiring how far the statement that the 162
Mr. Laird.

Alabama was “fitted out and dispatched
from the port of Liverpool," contained in
a note from Mr. Adams to Earl Russell, is

correct. 710 Mr. Seward to Sept. 17 | Adding to the number of similar cases that | 163 Mr. Adams.

of the bark Union Jack, destroyed by the

Alabama, to be presented for redress. 500 Mr. Adams to Sept. 18 Inclosing Lord Russell's note in reply to his 163 Mr. Seward.

of 24th ultimo, covering communication
from Mr. John Laird, stating that at the
time of her leaving Liverpool the Alabama
was not fitted out as a vessel of war. Lord
Russell disclaims all responsibility of Brit-
ish government for her subsequent pro-
ceedings, and hopes no more claims for
damages will be presented. Also Mr. Ad-
ams's reply stating that until further in-
structions he will abstain from presenting
claims, but regretting that Mr. Laird's eyi-
dence should be adduced in support of any
proposition made to United States govern-

ment. 727 Mr. Seward to Sept. 30 Inclosing claim of Joshua Atkins & Co., and 165 Mr. Adams.

Geo. Hager, for destruction of ship Bril

liant by the Alabama. 505 Mr. Adams to Oct. 1 | Incloses copy of his note to Lord Russell, cov 165 Mr. Seward.

ering inclosed letter and papers received
from Consul Graham at Cape Town, being
the consul's correspondence with the colo-
nial government in reference to the Ala-
bama, which had entered Saldanha Bay,
landed prisoners, and captured American
bark Sea Bride within sight of land and
the Tuscaloosa, a former prize of the Ala-
bama, which had entered Simon's Bay

claiming to be a confederate vessel of war. 728 Mr. Seward to Oct. 5 Inclosing communication from J. D. Jones, | 176 | Mr. Adams.

president, relative to claim of Atlantic Mu-
tual Insurance Company for destruction of

bark Brilliant by the Alabama. 730 ....... do........ Oct. 6 Refers to Lord Russell's note to Mr. Adams |

of the 14th ultimo, and again presents the
views upon which the United States must
insist on the responsibility of Great Britain
for the outrages of the Alabama. They
think it best to postpone the consider-
ation of the question, but must con-

tinue to present the cases as they arise. 512 Mr. Adams to Oct. .8 | Incloses Lord Russell's acknowledgment of | 178 Mr. Seward.

his note, covering papers in reference to
the Alabama at Cape Town. The matter
is under consideration by her Majesty's

government. 522 ....... do ........ Oct. 23 Has prepared a note to Lord Russell, based | 178

on instruction No. 730, to accompany
papers withheld relative to captures by

the Alabama. 739 | Mr. Seward to Oct. 23 Has received No. 505. Mr. Adams's repre 179 Mr. Adams.

sentation to British government of pro-
ceedings of Alabama at the Cape of Good
Hope is approved. If no more distinction

76

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1863.

179

527 | Mr. Adams to Oct. 30

Mr. Seward.

is to be made between war vessels, privateers, and pirates than has been made by colonial authorities, it is difficult to see the benefits of the Paris declaration. Great Britain's interest in the reprobation of such practices is not less than that of the United States. Transmits his note to Lord Russell of the

23d, based on instruction No. 730, reviewing the circumstances of the outfit of the Alabama, claiming her building and equipment in a legal point of view to have been wholly within British jurisdiction; and that sufficient notice had been given thereof to the authorities, showing the British character of her crew, recounting her proceedings since leaving port, reasserting the position of the United States of the responsibility of British government therefor, and its willingness to postpone the consideration of the question and submit it to any equitable form of arbitrament; and transmitting further inclosed papers in relation to destruction of the Union Jack and the Brilliant by the Alabama. Also transmits Earl Russell's reply of the 26th, agreeing to postponement of the consideration of the question; defining the point contended for by Great Britain to be only that of her irresponsibility for acts of parties fitting out seeming merchant vessels in her ports, and sending them out of British jurisdiction to be armed, commissioned, and manned as ships of war; showing the effects of a contrary doctrine upon British ship-building: expressing surprise at the non-capture of the Alabama by United States vessels, and asserting the earnest desire of her Majesty's government to preserve peace and amity. Mr. Adams proposes to send Lord Russell another note inclosing papers in relation to depredations by the Florida, and taking notice of his allusion to “seeming merchant ships” in inclosed note of

26th. Transmits Lord Russell's reply to his representation of Alabama's proceedings at Cape Town, (sent with No.505,) stating that the capture of the Sea Bride took place more than three miles from shore, that the Alabama was entitled to be treated as a belligerent ship of war, and that the question of treatment due to the Tuscaloosa under her Majesty's orders was one of uncertainty. Instructions on the latter point will be sent to colonial authorities for their future guidance. Their reports, &c., will be sent to British minister at Washington to be presented to government of United States. Lord Russell makes no mention of alleged sales of captured cargo of Sea Bride in Cape

530 .......do ........ Nov. 5

202

THE ALABAMA-Continued.

From whom and

to whom.

Date.

Subject.

Page.

1863.

Town, which would involve a question of
restoration. Mr. Adams also incloses his
acknowledgment of above note, and a let-
ter from Consul Graham giving further
particulars of Alabama's proceedings, and
showing that the colonial authorities do
not regard the purchase of prize cargoes as
forbidden by the Queen's proclamation.
He has received a Cape Town newspaper
containing the private journal of an officer
of the Alabama, which he proposes to have
printed and laid before the British govern-

ment. 533 Mr. Adams to | Nov. 12 | Has received instructions 738 to 746, inclu- | 205 Mr. Seward.

sive. Although Lord Russell's note ex-
pressed an intention of making explana-
tions of Alabama's proceedings at Cape
Town through Lord Lyons, Mr. Adams
proposes to send him a copy of the journal
of the officer of that vessel, before refer-

red to. 540 ....... do ........ Nov. 19 Transmits his note to Lord Russell of the 205

14th, inclosing journal of officer of Ala-
bama, and calling his attention to the fact
that said officer is a British subject. Also,
transmits Lord Russell's acknowledgment,

dated the 16th. 766 | Mr. Seward to Nov. 23 Has received No. 530. Approves Mr. Adams's 206 Mr. Adams.

course in presenting claims. Will discuss
transactions at Cape of Good Hope with

Lord Lyons.
Mr. Elliott to Dec. 9 | Transmitting, for Earl Russell's information, | 207
Mr. Hammond.

copy of the Duke of Newcastle’s dispatch
to Governor Wodehouse, giving views of
the government in regard to proceedings
of confederate vessels at Cape of Good
Hope. The capture of the Sea Bride, over
three miles from shore, was lawful, but not
so her subsequent coming within two miles.
The Alabama herself was entitled to the
treatment of a belligerent ship of war.
Captain Semmes should have been notified
of charges made by United States consul
against the Tuscaloosa, and requested to
show her papers. If she had been found
to be an uncondemned prize, the colonial
authorities should have retained her until

reclaimed by her original owners. 792 | Mr. F.W.Seward | Dec. 28 | Transmits papers in reference to claim of the 209 I to Mr. Adams.

owners of bark Sea Bride, captured by the

Alabama.

1864. 576 Mr. Adams to Jan. 15 | Incloses copy of his note to Lord Russell, / 209 1 Mr. Seward.

transmitting Mr. Dudley's letter in rela-
tion to the English character of the crew
of the Alabama, with a list of their names,
and depositions, &c., showing that their
families in England 'draw half their pay

through Liverpool houses. 581 ....... do ........ Jan, 22 Incloses copy of his note to Lord Russell, | 219

transmitting papers in reference to capture
of bark Sea Bride by the Alabama, in

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249

1864.

their property, a fair price will be paid

for it. 626 | Mr. Adams to | Mar. 18 | Mr. Seward.

ence respecting the Tuscaloosa." 251 | Mr. Dudley to April 1 Showing payment by M. G. Klingender & | 249 Mr. Seward.

Co. of the wages of the Alabama's crew

to their families in Liverpool.
898 | Mr. Seward to April 5 | Transmitting letter of Consul Mellen, at
Mr. Adams.

Mauritius, and inclosed correspondence
with colonial authorities relative to ex-
pected sale of the Sea Bride's uncondemned
cargo. If the views of the governor, that
captured cargoes brought in by parties
other than the captors, or in an unarmed
ship, not being the one in which they were
originally captured, are not, even though
uncondemned, subject to the Queen's proc-
lamation, are sustained by his instruc-
tions, Mr. Adams is directed to ask for

their modification. 653 Mr. Adams to April 8 | Has received from Consul Mellen copies of 254 | Mr. Seward.

his correspondence with colonial authori-
ties. Inferring that it has been sent to
the department, Mr. Adams will make no

use of it until further instructions, 664 ....... do ........ April 21 | Has received No. 898, but thinking the Brit- | 254

ish government preferred to conduct the
correspondence in the case of the Sea Bride
through Lord Lyons, has deferred all action

upon it until further advices. 916 Mr. Seward to April 22 Has received No. 653; desires no representa- 255 | Mr. Adams.

tions made at present in the case of the Sea

Bride. 675 Mr. Adams to | April 29 Transmits reports of debates in Parliament 255 Mr. Seward.

on the subject of the Tuscaloosa. 930 | Mr. Seward to ) April 30 | Incloses further papers from Mr. Mellen, rela- | 255 Mr. Adams.

tive to captured cargo of Sea Bride, but
desires their presentation to British gov-

ernment to be delayed.
Lord Lyons to May 24 | Incloses bill of lading going to show that 256
Mr. Seward.

coal taken from Angra Pequena was the
property of British merchants, and trusts

that their claim will be promptly satisfied. 720 Mr. Adams to June 16 Announces the arrival of the Alabama at 257 Mr. Seward.

Cherbourg for repairs, and incloses a copy
of a letter from her commander printed in

the Times. 302 | Mr. Dudley to June 21 | Announces the destruction of the Alabama off 257 Mr. Seward.

Cherbourg by the Kearsarge, and incloses
newspaper accounts of the action. The
feeling in Liverpool is one of regret. The
British part of the Alabama's crew were
taken care of at the Sailors' Home, South-
ampton. The English steamer Deerhound

rescued her officers. 724 / Mr. Adams to June 21 | Transmitting newspaper accounts of the en- | 258 1 Mr. Seward.

gagement between the Alabama and Kear-
sarge, and referring to conduct of the yacht

Deerhound. 726 ....... do ...... June 23 | Incloses published report of Captain Semmes 258

to Mr. Mason. The conduct of the Deer

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