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From whom and
tion the questions whether they acted in
relations with the United States.
the proposition for a commission is nearly
cumstance in his answer.
1043 Mr. Adams to
1046 .......do ........
1052 .......do ........
poned till next steamer.
which he refers to the latter's admission that the recognition of rebel belligerency was unprecedented, and that it was made when only the intention of establishing a blockade had been declared by the President, which was sufficient to justify its being called precipitate. In point of magnitude the revolutionary war was a parallel to the late insurrection, yet there was no hasty recognition of the Americans by foreign powers. The disposition of France was then perhaps unfriendly to Great Britain, but she abstained from recognition at the solicitation of the British government. Mr. Adams cites the Neapolitan revolution and the southern rebellion to show that careful observation of the probabilities of the issue of an insurrection, rather than its magnitude or its suddenness, is the real criterion for the action of foreign nations. Every nation then, in the case of insurrection against a government with which it is at peace, should first abstain carefully from doing anything which may affect the result, and then act in a spirit of strict neutrality as emergencies for action may arise. If, after a reasonable period, the probable length and importance of the struggle justify it, belligerency should be recognized. This was the course of the United States during the South American revolutions. Mr. Adams believes that the security of belligerents commerce hereafter depends upon a correct decision of this question; for if it be recognized by Great Britain as international law that a neutral may de
No | From whom and
cline responsibility for outrages committed
ernment and people of the United States. 1551 Mr. Seward to Sept. 27 The proposition for arbitration of claims, 574 Mr. Adams.
made in Mr. Adams's note to Earl Russell
proposes now to refer to a commission. 1064 | Mr. Adams to Oct. 12 Transmits copy of the London Morning Post 576 Mr. Seward.
containing a leader on the Alabama claims.
refused. 1066 .......do ........ Oct. 14 | Transmits copy of the London Times stating 579
officially that the Alabama and similar
claims. 1067 .......do ........ Oct. 19 Has received No. 1551. Refers to the news. | 580
paper articles on the subject of the Ala-
From whom and
ams replies that his proposition for a con-
proposes now to consider. 1072 Mr. Adams to Oct. 20 | Transmits note from Lord Russell stating 582 Mr. Seward.
that he will notify Mr. Adams as soon as
posed to be submitted to a commission. 1580 | Mr. Seward to Nov. 4 Has received dispatches up to No. 1072, and | 583 Mr. Adams
approves Mr. Adams's proceedings. Lord
declined. 1081 Mr. Adams to Nov. 9 Transmits copy of Lord Russell's note reas 583 Mr. Seward.
serting the similarity between the present
similar vessels. Lord Russell inclosesMemorandum from the foreign office in rela 588
tion to the conduct of Great Britain during
the revolutionary war; also, inclosesMemorandum showing the disposition made | 603
of all complaints preferred by Mr. Adams
in the late war; and then suggests an . improvement of both the English and
American foreign enlistment acts. 1090 ...... do .........Nov. 15 | Incloses London Gazette containing printed 613
correspondence between himself and Lord
to take shelter under American authority.
613 his note to Lord Clarendon declining Earl
Russell's proposition for a convention. 1093 ...... do ......... Nov. 22 Transmits copy of his note to Lord Claren- | 614
don in reply to Lord Russell's of the 2d.
extensive. 1105 ...... do ......... Dec. 6 Transmits copy of Lord Clarendon's note 624
stating that no armed vessel left a British
From whom and
neutral throughout the civil war. Seeing
tinue the correspondence. 1626 | Mr. Seward to | Dec. 14 | Has received No. 1073, and approves Mr. | 625 | Mr. Adams.
Adams's proceedings. Lord Russell's pro-
laws is declined. 1629 -.... do ......... Dec. 18 Has received No. 1092, and approves Mr. 625
Adams's proceedings. 1115 Mr. Adams to Dec. 21 The authorities of Cape Town, having pro 626 Mr. Seward.
posed to deliver the Tuscaloosa to the
which the latter read Mr. Seward's dis-
patch in reference to the surrender of the
future prevention of violations of neutral-
amending the laws of both countries. 1119 Mr. Adams to Dec. 28 Transmits copy of the London Gazette, of 627 Mr. Seward.
22d instant, containing remainder of cor-
brought before Parliament.
The government and people of the United
intercourse. 1151 Mr. Adams to Feb. 15 Refers to Lord Clarendon's dispatch to Sir 628 Mr. Seward.
Frederick Bruce proposing to amend the
time powers. 1700 Mr. Seward to March 5 Has received 1151. Sir Frederick Bruce has 630 | Mr. Adams.
| not yet communicated Lord Clarendon's
proposal. The United States cannot con-
Sir Frederick. 1798 | Mr. Seward to July 7 Refers to the reorganization of the British 630 | Mr. Adams.
ministry. Mr. Adams is directed to ascer-
the claims question. 1801 ......do ......... July 14 Has received No. 1223, announcing the res- 631
ignation of Earl Russell's government,
reply to No. 1798 is also desired. 1244 | Mr. Adams to | July 26 | Has received dispatches up to No. 1800. 631 Mr. Seward.
Lord Stanley's reply to a question in the
tention to reopen the subject of claims. 1819 Mr. Seward to July 30 Has received No. 1235, and is pleased to 632 Mr. Adams.
learn Lord Stanley's friendly disposition
countries. 1835 1... ...do ......... Aug. 27 | Incloses summary of the Alabama and simi 632
lar claims and recapitulates the circum-
promote peace throughout the world. 1270 Mr. Adams to Sept. 21 Has received No. 1835, and presented the 636 Mr. Seward.
subject to Lord Stanley. The latter de-
cabinet meetings were resumed. 7 | Mr. Moran to Oct. 6 | Calls Mr. Seward's attention to inclosed arti- | 637 Mr. Seward.
cle from the London Times in reference to
inspired by the government. 1855 | Mr. Seward to Oct. 8 Has received No. 1270, and approves Mr. 640 Mr. Adams.
Adams's proceedings. The delay is to be
regretted. 1275 Mr. Adams to | Nov. 23 Refers to probable change of policy of the 641 Mr. Seward.
British government in regard to the Ala-