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sented. Mr. Adams suggests that British
the Oreto or the Alabama.
reference to the Alabama.
bama. There are rumors from Liverpool
Oct. 10 | Inclosing
Inclosing copy of Lord Russell's note of the
4th, acknowledging receipt of his letter of
has serious ground for remonstrance.
9th, and the report of the customs commis-
now is to complete the record.
proceedings of Mr. Adams in reference to
No | From whom and
the “ 290.” Proposition of United States
sul Dabney, at Teneriffe, to Mr. Perry, at
his of the 9th, stating that although the
Adams's reply to Earl Russell's note of the
4th is approved.
ister Harvey, at Lisbon, concerning depre-
after. 383 ......do.
Oct. 27 Incloses resolutions of New York Chamber of
Commerce, lamenting the destruction of
ports. Mr. Adams may, if he thinks fit,
submit these resolutions to Earl Russell. 384 Mr. Seward to Oct. 30 Incloses communication from Navy DepartMr. Adams.
ment in reference to breach of interna-
the purpose of investigation and redress. 385 ....... do ........ Nov. 3 Information of further devastation by Ala
bama received. The President is obliged
be forwarded as soon as possible.
President regrets to see no disposition on
fore the British government.
Kearsarge to keep lookout for the Ala-
here for defense of Charleston.
ident regrets that our complaints in re- gard to the Alabama have not been more favorably received by her Majesty's government. Future outrages will, perhaps, induce then to give the matter more de
asking whether everything was done that
Lairds are still interested in the Alabama. 260 Mr. Adams to | Nov. 13 Acknowledges receipt of instruction No. 381 Mr. Seward.
with inclosures. Will present the latter, with other papers in reference to Alabama to Lord Russell, with a view to obtaining redress and prevention. The attention of the government seems to have been drawn
to the matter, and they are reported to
with Lord Russell.
ified at the apparent change in British
arrived and been cordially received.
Is preparing a note to Lord Russell, covering the whole case of the Alabama, and will postpone action on the other matters. Our policy of reclamations, as set forth in Mr. Seward's letter to New York Chamber of Commerce, is construed in England as encouraging foreign difficulties to counteract the tendency of home elections. Mr. Adams believes the question can be more conveniently discussed and settled hereafter. The publication of the notes of the three powers on the proposition of France, together with the revival of the anti-slavery feeling in England, has caused a better sentiment toward the United States. Incloses a copy of his note to Earl
262 | Mr. Adams to
from Washington and Liverpool in reference to the Alabama; recounting the circumstances of her building, departure, and
ted by a British crew and sometimes under British colors; showing the inevitable consequences to commerce of government toleration of such proceedings; raising the question of reclamations in the light of the treaty of 1794; and finally soliciting present reparation for, and future preven
tion of, such injuries. .......do........ Nov. 21 | In his conference with Lord Russell last week
Mr. Adams had apprised him of the complaints in reference to the Alabama which he was about to present. Lord Russell referred to the delay in stopping the vessel occasioned by the illness of Sir John Harding, and denied John Bright's reported statement that he had warned the vessel of proposed proceedings in time for her escape. No investigation seems to have been made of the action of the collector in
permitting her to leave. 265 ....... do ........ Nov. 27 Hás received dispatches 389 to 398 and print 185
ed circular 27. Lord Russell has only briefly acknowledged his note of the 20th.
ners still continue. Mr. Adams is await-
proves Mr. Adams's course in presenting claims. This government has no desire to harass Great Britain at present, but asks prevention for the future. Claims are to be presented to us for injuries done to foreigners by the rebels, to which we should have no answer if we did not use all our efforts to put down the insurrection. It seems to the President incontestable that Great Britain must, redress our injuries inflicted by her subjects, unless she can show that she has done all in her power to prevent them. The recognition of a contrary doctrine would be followed by universal piracy. British interest in the establishment of this principle is no less than ours. The fact that the Alabama was built in one place and armed, manned, and equipped elsewhere aggravates rather
than extenuates the offense. 429 ...... do .... .... | Dec. 20 Incloses additional papers in reference to
ravages of the Alabama. 281 Mr. Adams to Dec. 25 Incloses Lord Russell's note of the 19th, to Mr. Seward.
the minor points of which he is preparing an answer. Lord Russell adverts to cir
as being materially different from those in case of the Alabama. It was the deliberate violation of international law in the former case, and not accidental evasion of a municipal law, which was made the basis of British complaints. Her Majesty's government have been much concerned at, and endeavored to discourage shipments of contraband of war to belligerents, in violation of the Queen's proclamation, which withdrew her protection from subjects engaged in such enterprises. The United States, however, have been much the largest gainers by these shipments. The British government has just grounds of complaint against both parties for haying induced its subjects to such practices, and cannot be held responsible for them by either. In support of this view Lord
message of 1855. He then refers to the case of the Alabama, and repeats that she sailed in opposition to British municipal law, and in spite of earnest endeavors to enforce it. This should not surprise, the United States, because their own law, almost identical in terms, was similarly eva